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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (April 8, 1858)
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DEVOTED TO AKT, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, COMMEKCE, NEWS, POLITICS, GENERAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE ' INTERESTS' OF NEBRASKA.
CITY OF 'BROWNVILLE, NEMAHA CPUNTY, N.. T., THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 1858.
rrtLISUED ETIET TUTBSDAT BT
FTJKNAS & LANGDON,
Second Story Hoadleyfii Muir's Building,
(Corner of Main and First Streets.)
For oneyearif jaid u advance, . -. $!,00
"'" at the end of 6 month,-2.50
4i . x . " "12 . -L . 3,00
Clabscf 12 or more will be furnUhed at $1,50 per"
nnn..proTded the caih accompaniej the order,
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One wuare 10 !.s -.r lea; one insertion,
Each additional insertion,
Une square, one month,
- three mouth,
u - ' Bix months,
" one year,
F.usiners Cards of ix line or Uu, one year,
One Cwlamn one year,
One-half Column, oneyear,
' . fonrth u
ijrhth " "
Column, iix months,
' half Column, iix months,
.ighth - u. "
Cuinmn three months,
half Column, three mmtfiS,
Announcing candidates for oEceTin advance,) 5,00
Cash in advance wi'.l be required for all advertise
ment except where actual responsibility is known.
Ten per cent for each change will be added to the
No advertisement will be considered by the year,
xtnlew" specified on the manuscript, or previously
rd upon between the parties.
Advertisement not mtrked on tbecopy fora ipec
i5ed number uT insertions, will be continued until
ordered ut,aud caarjd accordingly
" All advertisements from uraascrfortransient pcr
lons.idO be rid in advance.
Tbe privilr of yearly advcrtir will be confin
ed ndgedly to their own buines;and all advertise
.imdu not pertaiuing theieio, to bo paid for ex
tra. Yearly adrerti'er; bnve the privilege of changing
tUeir advertHiiienti quartrrl j.
All load ad ad-crtiomjuU charged double the
AivortsmNiH on tha uiiide exclasively will be
Having added ti tbe Advertiser Office Card and
Job Pre?, New Type or the latest styles, Inks of
all colores,Broni'is,Vine Paper, Envelopes, Ac; we
are now prepared to execute Job Work of every de
scription in a ntjie unsurpassed by any. other office
.in the United Slates.
Particular attention will be given to orders from
a distance in tuv'.n'liui promptly attended to.
The Proprietors, having had an extcusive expe
rience, will give their personal attention to this
branch of business, and hope, in their endeavors to
pleate, both in the excellence of their work, and
reasonable charges to receive a share of the public
jamep r. risE.
WM. B. GAKRIT.
OLR'Ell BENNETT & CO.,
Manufacturers and Whalesalf Dealerhin
BOOTS AND SHOES,
No. 87 Main Street.
(FOKJtXLTtNo.lVl,CoKMt.F dAix axd Loctst.)
ST. LOUIS, MO.
MISS . MARY TURNER,
KILMER AND DRESS MAKER.
Tirst Street, between Main and "Water.
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
Bonnets and Tnmmings altcays on hand.
C. 57. WHEELER,
Architect and Builder.
Urownvillo, 3J" T.
JAMES W. GIBSON,
Second Street, between Main and Nebraska,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
TJ. C. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
Real Estate Agrcnt,
BUOWSVILLE, N. T.
. rion. Wm. Jesiup, Montrose, Pa.
. 1L S. Bently, -
John C. Miller, Chicago, 111.
Wm. K. McAllister, "
Charles F. Fowler,
R. W. Furnas, Brownville, N. T.
O. F Lake. -
liT 7. 1857. 47-ly
R. PEERY, M. D.,
' s - - - And
o-rsTyrrg rrrrr y -ray
: HLD O CADO, I. T.
RESPECTFULLY tenders bis professional ser
ricea to the etuiaens of Nemaha county and ad
in in j soantiev both in Nebraska and Missonri.
Jd 1 1th, 1657. 51-6m
I. T. Whyts & Co.,
WHOLES ALC IJTO RETAIL !E ALFKfr IX
i)RY goods, groceries
Queensw ire,' Hirdwnre,
tlKOWNVILLE, X. T.
DANIEL I,. McGARY,
ftTTOEHY IT m
- AND '
SOLICITOR LV CHJ1XCERY.
Brownville, Nebraska Territory.,
Will practice In the Court ot Ketvraskaaad Xorth
Jiesr. Crow. McCreary & Co
lion. Jame II. Ilufhs,
Hon. Juba B. SUeply, - .
Bun. James Craig, . .
Mod. Silua UuuUion, -
St. Ioni, Mo.
St. Jwepb, Ho.
Xebraska City, K. T.
Judce A. A. Bradford,
S. F. Kuckoirs E)V,
. IZT.KKT. A CITY, 2T. T.
IT'ILL attend promptly'to all buainesf in hispro-
V fusion when called oil : such a subdivin?
Claims. laying out Town Lots. Drafting City Hats-
JOHN A. PARKER & CO.,
JOHK A. PA&KX&, late Register of the Land Offlc.
Onmh. N. T., having Tfesisned his rffice will bereafter,
In Mnnscuon with one of tfae best Land Lawgivers in the
couni.y, attend to all business confided to him; and es
pecially . PHE-EilPTION CASES,
Which be ba made himself thoroughly acquainted with
by study and practice for years.
He refers t the Heads of Department -txA Members
of Caiipress of both Houses.
All applications tor services mist be accompanied wih
a fee to insure attention.
January 28 135S. n-31-ly
Jewelry, Hated Ware, Cutlery, Spoons, 4c, Ac.
" iTEEIlAEKA CITY, N. T.
fENGKAVisG and Uepaikino done on hort
notice and all wokb wakkakted.
A. D. KIRK,
Attorney at Law,
Land Ageat and Notary Public
Archer Richardson Co., JV. T.
Will uractice in the Courts of Nebraska, assisted
by Flarding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE AND LAND AGENT.
And Notary Public.
HT5BT! AfifTA CITY, W. T. J
WILL attend promptly to all bnisness entrusted
to his care, in Nebraska Territory and West
ern Iowa. .,
September 12, 1S56. vlnl5-ly
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Archer, Richardson Coumy, it. T
Notice to Pre-Fmptcrs! !
J. S. HORBA CH & CO.,
Attorneys at Law,
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
OMAHA CITY, N. T.
WILL give particular attention to preparing all
th fieesarv uaoers for Pre-emptions, and
rendering any assistance which inaybe required by
Pre-emptorsin proving np their Pre-emption rights
at the L . S. Land Office
B. E. HARDING. C. C. KIJIBOIC-H T- F . TOOSCIB
HAHD1HG, K1MB0UBH & CO.,
Xo-nvfacturcrtrnHd Wioletale Dealer in
ITATS, CAPS & STRAW GOODS,
Ko 4.0 Main street, bet. Olire ana .rcne,
ST. LOUIS, MO. i
Particular -mention paid to manufacturing our
net Mule Hats.
J. HART & SON
Oregon, Hlt County, Mi-touri.
Keenjonstantly in hand alJdescriptiom.f Harness
ttri.tlefi- Ac - Ac.
If. 11. tveryarticle inour snop:smanciacturcu
v. , ... . , - ,
by ourselvesand warranted to give misiacuon.
UEAL ESTATE AGENCY.
Real Eitrte nnd General Agency,
James Wright, Uroker, New York, '
Wm. A. Voodwi.rd, Lsq. - "
Hon. K. WoikI, Kx-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks. Otic and Browntll, Bankers, ':
Alcott L llorton, , 4
Col. Robert Caupbcll, St. Louis,
James Uidgwy, Esq. "
Crawfom and SacketU Chicago.
Oranh City. Aujf.30.lS5R. vlnl3-l
H. r. BENNETT, 3. 8. J1OUT0X, E.H.HARDING
BENNET, MORTON &. HARDING
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
J"tbra$ka CUj, -V. 71, and Gleivxood, Ia
TI? ILL practice in all the Courts of Nebraska and
1 Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
obtaining, locating Land Warrants, and collection of
nn. Lewis Cajs.Detroit. ,.
..alius D.Morton, Michigan;
. Gov. Joel A. MAtteson, Springfield, 111
- Got. J.'W. Ur.mes, Iowa City, Iowa: -r -B.P.Filed,St.Lonis,Mo
' ; r
Hon. Daniel O. Morton. Toledo, Ohio; " '
P. A. Sarpy. Bel"eTBe,Nehraska:
Sedgewich & Walker, Chieago,Ill:
Green. Wear k Benton. Council Blufff ,Iowa.
T. B. CTJIISG. OHN C. TCSX.
CI1IISG & TURK,
Attorneys at Law & Heal Estate Agents,
OMAHA CITY, N. T.
WILL attend faithfully and promptly toall busi
ness entrusted to them, in the Territorial or
Iowa Courts, to the purchase of lots and lands, en
trries and pre-emptions, collections, Ac.
Office in the second etory f Henry Jc Uootxnew
bnildiue. nearly opposite the Western Exchange
Bank, r arnham street.
Dee. 27. 156. vln28tf
DR. J. L- McKEE. "
r ' Bmvnville, N. T.
TEETH PLUGGED ASS TILLED IJT TBE MOST
APPROVED 2IAN5EB. '
JLjj 11, 1S57.
Farin, and. Garden.
r ' ' IFrom the. Gountry Gentleman.
. : Raising Early Chickens.
Those who hare an old kitchen, or oth
er nom which can be spared for the pur
pose,. where afire can be made if nee s
sary, will find the raising of a few dozen
chickens, to be ready for market during
the months of April and May, quite as
profitable, considering the time and ex
pense required, as they could desire.
But if you have not accommodations for
fifty chickens,' this is no' reason why you
should cot raise any. We have a dozen
little ftllows running about on the dry
ground floor of a well-lighted, basement
cellar; and 'when the changed skies are
soft and warm, and Heaven puts on the
blue of Slay," it is the work of but a mo
ment to 'put them with their mother in
one of those long deep boxes, that come
from -Massachusetts full of pegged boots,
and set them out ia the sun. She will of
course invite them very earnestly to leave
the box with her, and sometimes" an ad
venturous chap will by jumping upon her
back, make his escape from the box ; but
they can be easily taken care of in this
way, until they are large enough to be
transferred to a coop with a glass front,
out of doors. Such coops may be provid
ed. for setting hens, as early as in March
so that they need not be taken in the
hou"e at all. Let the coop Le five feet
long, in the form of ashed, with perfectly
tight roof, back, and ends, nailed to four
small upright joists in the corners. A
width of two feet and a height of eigh
teen inches in the rear, will be sufficient
to give the roof a good slope from the
ront, whicii may be from three to three
and a half feet high, to suit such sash as
you can procure. , Nail to the joists in
ront two strips of plank, of the same
thickness as your sash, one at the bottom
and the other at the top, on which to nail
the boards of your roof, and let the ends
of these boards project about , six inches
over the rear and the front. Nail some
thin slats along on the inside and outside
of both your .horizontal strips in front, to
form a groove for your sash to slide in ;
then run. in your sash at the right hand
side, and close up the remainder of the
ront securely with boards nailed perpen
dicularly to the front strips, letting them
over-Ian the. sash, an inch or. two. The
s wi.ica are nauea on tee
should exten-3 the whole
coop, thus albwmg the sash to be run en-
tirf v msiae cr trie nriaraei ns.ii. so as to
be out of the way when necessary. This
coop must have no bottom, but rest evenly
by its own weight -on the ground, with a
oose floor of plank about two feet square,
fitted neatly into the boarded end. When
you have a hen to set, make a nest for
her on this floor with an addled egg or
two in it, and shut her up in the coop, and
if she is a hen of the right kind she will
soon take to the nest, when she can be
supplied with her eggs. She may remain
in this coop, supplied with water and food,
including a little meat, and with. ashes in
which to dust herself, without danger of
wauderinjr away to places where she has
previously laid, or of being intrude d upon
by other hens. Her coop can be cleaned
without disturbing her, or she can be
sometimes permitted to go out of it ; and
when her chicks are hatched, the nest
should be removed, the floor cleaned and
replaced Jiud perhaps the coop itself shift
ed to a new spot.
We have no difficulty in managinjr our
Bramas in this way, and almost any htn
can be made to set in a particular spot, by
causing her to lay there first : Shut - up a
lavinsr hen in the above coon even- morn
ins till she has laid for a few days, and
she will then resort to ithers'tlf; or leave
the coop open with an inviting nest in it,
conudning two or three eggs, and some
one of your laying hens will be pretty
sure to find it out, and take possession of
her own accord.
Tt i? a PTcct mistake to set a hen in
cold weather, on more than nine or elev
en eggs, no matter how large she maybe,
for though more chickens may be hatched
thev will be puny things, not having rec
eived sufficient vital warmth, and not
wnrih the trouble of raisin?. It is also
much, better as a general rule, that a set
ting hen should wait for her eggs to be
laid, than that eggs already laid should
wait for a hen- Two or three .days are
almost always enough to procure a setting
of fresh laid eggs; but when you wish
set a hen on her own eggs, or those of
some other one, they should be obtained
as soon as "possible after being laid, and
kept where they will not be subjected to
dampness or great extremes of heat or
cold. After the eggs are under the hen,
our advice is to let them alone to take
care of her,nd let her take care of her
'Do not, except in extraordinary cases,
attempt to release chicks from their shells
those "that want to be helped out, will
probably always want helping. .
It is our practice to set two hens as
nearly as possible on the same day, so
that both broods mav be given to one of
them, unless they are both large broods,
or the weither cold, in which cases it is
better to let each hen take care of her
own. Should one hen hatch out her
chicks a day or two after the other, it is
best to give both broods to the hen last
hatching as they can be put under her at
night, and the chicks themselves will be
much more easily reconciled to their new
mother than the first hen would . be to
chickens placed with her after she had
learned to distinguish her own.'
. Ycu should discover by the pale,Tsickly
or restless appearance of a hen while
setting, that she is troubled with iice Do
not grease her, as that would grease the
eggs, and "destroy all "hopes of chickens,
by;stopping the air-holes in their shells;
but dust her well with flour of sulphur
and powdered rosin mixed together, and
remove the eggs carefully to a clean nest.
And if after the chicks rare a few days
old, you make the same unpleas int disco
very, you can then thoroughly grease her
with lamp-oil, slightly flavored with tur
pentine, and put some of the same mix
ture on the head, rumpand under the
wings of the chickens, but too much tur
pentine in the grease will finish the chicks
as effectually as it does cockroaches, as
we have learned by experience.
tFnmi'tne Country Gentleman.
Tbe proper depth or coiering Grass
. ' Seefls.
C. L. Flint, Esq., Secretary of the Mas
sachusetts Board of Agriculture, in 'his
valuable Report on Grasses, gives a table
showing the depth of soil in inches and
fractions of an inch, at which the greatest
number of seeds germinate; also the depth
of soil in inches and fractions of an inch,
at which only half the seds germinate;
and further, the least depth of soil in
inches and fractions of an inch, at which
none of the seeds germinated.
We here only give a list of a few kinds
they being the kinds mostly grown in this
Orchard Grass t 0 to 1)4 3j4 to 1 i'2
Timothy - Otol4 34 to 1 S
RedCIover Otol2 11)5 to 11)2 2
White Clover" 0 to lj4 li2to ZA 11(2
Tal Oat Grass l2to34 .Hi2tol3(4 4
The foregoing results were obtained by
careful experiments. The first J column
shows that the five kinds of seeds germi
nated as well on the surface of the ground
as those that were covered from one fourth
to three fourths of an inch. But it is
proper to say that the soil used in the ex
periments to ascertain the proper depth
of covering, was ' kept moist during the
process, of germination, though freely ex
posed to the light, which accounts for the
large number of seeds germinating with
out any covering whatever.
Only one half of the several kinds of
seeds germinated when covered at the
depths specified in column second ; and
none of the seeds germinated when cov
ered at the depths specified in the third
columns.-- The atcn-e statements will
dcubdes3 furprise' many farmers. We
ha:ve tinicacu a cam known fnrmers to
0W jveir rrtsi tQe3. zl sairte tirce
they.Bowed their grata, and then with a
heavy barrow, go over the ground from
two to four times, bucha process must
bury much of the seed too deep to vege
tate, if there is any truth in the figures
we have given.'
Mr. F. also gives the number of seeds
in a bushel of red top seed; also in a peck
of timothy, and in four pounds of clover
eed. The above named quantities of
seeds are used by many farmers in stock
ing down an acre of land to grass, uther
farmers, frequently use, iu addition to the
bushel of red top.a large quantity of tim
othy and clover.
Now it has been ascertained by care
fully counting the seeds in an ounce of
the three kinds of seeds, how many there
are in a pound or a bushel. From this
data it has been ascertained that the far
mer that sows upon an acre of land one
bushel of . n d . top, one peck of timothy.
and four rounds of clover, puts upon his
acre no le&s than 95,S6S,000 seeds. This
gives over 15 seeds to the square inch, or
alou 2500 seeds to the square foot.
What farmer ever gets such a number of
gnus plants upon a square inch or foot of
his newly stocked down field ! .
.From many , years observation, and
some recent experiments, we are led to
believe that not much less than half the
grass seed sown by many farmers fails to
germinate in consequence of being "co
vered, too deep." . ..
We have frequently seen farmers sow
ing their grain and grass seeds upon the
furrow,.an;l then cross harrow, for the
express purpose of burying the seeds deep
from the mistaken idea that there was no
danger of covering the "minute seed"
too deep for vegetating.
We have known others to only pass the
harrow over the furrows, then sow their I
prain and gras seeds, and then "finish
off" by going over the ground twice with
the cultivator. But according to the table
of depths of covering grass seeds.it seems
that the seeds ot timotny, ciover ana
white clover fail to germinate when co
vered at the depth of two inches where
the cultivator is used for covering the
seeds.it is very probable that a large
portion of them get buried two inches or
more; if so, then they fail to vegetate.
Some defer sowing the grass seeds till
they have done using the harrow; then
sow the seeds, and go over the land with
a "brush harrow" but the brush harrow
sometimes draws the surface soil, and
seeds too much into ridges.
Some may ask, if there is so much dan
ger, of covering grass seeds too deep,
what is the remedy ? Will it do to sow
them pon the surface of the ground, and
i leave tbe seeds to their fate ? Without
answering the above questions direct, we
will give the results of several experi
ments we have recently made in sowing
crass seeds. " :
In November, 1S56, we solved a small
niece of land.with winter rye; after har
rowing the rye, sewed at the rate of one
peck of timothy seed per acre; intended
to have rolled the ground the next day,
buLlhat -proved rainy; nothing farther
was done with the field till bit April,
when we sowed about six pounds cf clover
seed per acre. The result was, a fair
crop of rye. and about the 'thickest catch'
of grass we ever had. Last spring sow
ed two acres, a part with wheat, the bal
ance with oats; after having done using
the harrow, jsowed clover and " timothy
seed, and finished off with a heavy roller.
We have seldom seen - a better catch of
grass, it being as good among the oats as
with the wheat Early in September
last, sowed two fields with winter wheat;
after the grain wtls sown and the ground
thoroughly harrowed, sowed timothy seed.
One piece of the ground was rolled after
the grass seeds were sown; the other was
not rolled; in a few days after, the grass
and grain came up, and a thicker stand
of grass plants we never saw, have no
doubt there was twice the number of
seeds vegetated that would had we har
rowed the ground two or three times over
after the grass seeds were sown.
The past season was unusually wet.
and there was generally a good catch of
grass. But wet or dry, for the future, we
shall not harrow in our grass seeds; shall
sow and then use the roller.; If any of
our readers have doubts uTreferrence to
this matter,' will they give the thing an
experimental trial the coming 'spring ?
Sow a portion of the seeds with the grain
on a part of a field, .and then drag or
harrow the ground over two or three
times. On the other part cf the field,
defer sowing the grass seeds tiD after all
the harrowing i? done; then sow the grass
seeds and roll the hole field alike, and
carefully note the results;, and after har
vest, report your success or failure, in ei
ther or both cases, "for publication in the
columns of the Country Gentleman.
Salt as a Manare for Cabbage, Tur
I was much interested in the perusal
of Mr. Levesque's account of his clearing
a field cf that troublesome plant, "colts
foot," as given to the Country Gentleman
of the 11th inst., and of the growth of
$100 worth of cabbage per acre, on land
that three months previous had received
a dressing of two tons per acre of salt
as also in his statement, that "cabbages of
sorts, Swedish turnips, kohl rabi, and
mangold wurzel, all being in their native
state, marine plants, consequently com
mon salt is a necessary and beneficient
addition to the soil in the cultivation of all
plants as naturally grow ni'ar the sea
sihore." I believe Mr. L. is correct in
liia tjw via above expressed.
Early id October, IS06, in -'company
with Dr. Tyler, the then "physi i in of
the New Hampshire Insane Hospital, I j
took a stroll over a portion ' of . the farm
connected with the Institution; none of
the crops interested me more than their
field cabbages, there being not far from
three thousand heads of the largest and
best cabbages I had ever seen, I remark
ed to him, that for a few years the cab
bage crop had, in my vicinity, been almost
worthless, in consequence of bein,jr 'clump
footed.' He remarked that a liberal ap
plication of salt to the land, or manure
intended for cabbages, was a certain cure
and preventive for fingers and toes, and
all other nils that the cabbage is heir to.'
The manure intended for cabbages, rec
eived all the beef and pork brine and salt
of the institution, amounting to many bar
rels each year, and since they had made
use of the salted manure, they had not
failed to raise extra large crops. For the
three past years, cabbages from the
grount of the insane asylum have always
taken the lead over all others at the N. H.
State Fair. L. B.
Experimental Gardening, Cabbage
The following brief description exhibits
the peculiarities and comparative excel
lence of several of thirteen varieties rai
sed the past summer. The d ifTerent kinds
have been planted out and cultivated alike
and their peculiarities in growth and pre
servation noted, and their excellence test
ed and discussed at my table, with as
much precision as colors of dress cr ft.S3
ions are at that of many others.
Premium Flat Dutch, is among the
first in point of goodness for the table,
and may justly be made a standard of ex
cellence. It is a fall and winter variety,
sweet and tender, .and one of the very
best to keep. '
Large Headed. from England. A large,
late, good heading winter variety, an ex-
oellent keeper, fine flavor, sweet and ten
der, green or boiled ; first quality.
White Brunswick Drumhead, from
Germany. An early fall, short-stalked
variety; heads irregularly square, very
flat, large and solid, and of remark-able
uniformity in size. They stand the heat
- . . .
and moisture well without bursting, and
are one of the surest varieties to head for
late planting. Solid, crisp and tender
raw; second quality cooked an exceilen
keeper, and fine market cabbage.
inningstadt, from t ranee. Une o
the best keeping and most solid heading
early cabbages known second only to
Red Dutch in this particular. Heads uni
formly conical, large and lvavy, solid to
the very extremity of the leaves, wnich
unite at the top in a beautifully twisted
form. hen planted early they stand
the heat and moisture for a long time
without bursting. Good slaughed, but
second quality cooked, a fine market cabbage...-
Planting.-Tew persons take the ne
cessary pains to grow cabbage for late
winter and spring use. The almost uni
versal practice of making one early plan
ting only, occasious early ripeness, and
consequently early df cay. The summer
of 1SJS, I planted White Brunswick the
first of June, which were planted out Julr
5th. The past season, planted Brunswick
and Winningstadt June 1st, which were
planted out the last of the raonih,' and
headed up finely, long before frost, and
are now, Feb. 8th, in sound fine condi
tion. Oxheart and other early cabbage
seed may be sown from the middle to the
last of June, and be planted out in July
with good success.
Saving for Seed. Before severe frost,
make choice of the finest heads for seed
plants, selecting those with fine compact
heads, with short stumps, and with few
loose leaves; with a fork remove them
carefully from the soil, leaving the roots
as perfect as possible. These should be
planted fully up to their heads in fine
mellow soil, in a favorable out-door situa
tion; and as the eeasoh advances be fully
protected from frost; or if taken to the
cellar for protection, the roots and stalks
should be buried in dry sand ina box, or
otherwise in a cool part of the cellar. On
removing to the open ground in the spring
a portion of the head should be removed,
slicing off about one-half of the head all
round, longitudinal with the stalk, using
care not to injure the center stem or
smau heart leaves. Cultivate and water
if necessary, as for other growing plants,
and as they advance tie the stalks loosely
to stakes to prevent accident. No two
varieties, nor should cauliflower, kahl
rabi or turnips, be grown in the same
enclosure, or within considerable distance
as they readily intermix.
Dr. C D. S.
The New York Tribune thus speaks of
some Herefords recently sold in that city:
We haee heretofore given a very fa
vorable opinion of the Herefords for beef.
There are several of them in market to
day from Copake, Columbia CoM that
came from Geo. Clarke's herd in Otsego
Co., about a 'year ago, and have been
since fed with great care and have come
into market as fine specimens of beeves
as we have ever seen, particularly the
pair fed by Orville II. "Wilcox, and sold by
Henry Hurd to D. Malby. Newark, at
12 12 cents a pound, estimating the
weight at 26 cwt. If the quality proves
as good as it looks in the animals, it will
establish the credit of the Herefords, as
producers cf beef superior to any other
imported stock. '
Another pair cf the same kind, nearly
as good, fed bv .11 P. Sirer!, are estimat
ed at i4 cwt.; s..id lv D. C. Culver, who
sddfourto Henry Kclley, and four to
A.os Oswoid, tt 11 -cents, who we hope
will note and report opinions of iir
customers upon the quality of Hereford
Diseases or the Pear and Apple.
There is no branch of fruit culture
which demands a more careful ii vestiga
tion than the causes and probable reme
dies of the discuses by which Our pcpular
fruits are aflt cted. There is little hope
of success in this inquiry, unless rare and
perseverance, with a sufficient amount of
scientifi; knowledge, be brought to bear
on the subject. It is enough for us to
know, that annually a great number of
valuable fruit trees are destroyed by an
undefined malady, and besides a large
amount of valuable fruit injured by a si
milar cause, both hitherto merely alluded
to in books and discussions, without any
decision being arrived at as to thair na
ture, developements, or cure. Probably
it is beyond limited human intelligence to
arrive at any satisfactory decision in the
Much is known and has been published
which has not been brought before the
notice of-our cultivators, and until our
means of information and research be
come exhausted. I think we should pursue
the inquiry. A member of tbe Isew x ork
irtut Grower s Society, has lately pre
sented some ideas to the public in a co-
temporary agricultural journal, and de
sires a lurther discussion of the topic
Two of the diseases which attack the
pear, he slates are beyond his comprehen
sion; one of them, the "I ire Blight," so
called, "one of the most inscrutable di
seases in vegetable life." This conclu
sion is certainly just, when we consider
the conflicting opinions and multifarious
theories which have been promulgated
for the past ten years in reference to it.
The other, "Leaf Blight," he is also un
able to elucidate and this is precisely
the result of all the talking and writing
hitherto. Shall we progress in the in
vestigation or abandon it? L. B. L. of
Greece, infers that the "Rust on the
leaf, which has recently appeared," has
more the appearance of a Lichen, which
he seems to think synonymous with moss,
than of a fungus, which he translates by
the use of the term toad-stool. I wish to
take exception to these two substituted
terms of moss for Lichen and toad-stool
for fungus, as likely to mislead. Lichen
does not mean moss, nor fungus, tcad-
stool, in a scientific sense; no more than
vine mildew, or oidium, means toad-stool
Mcs3is only the popular term for a large
group cf vegetable forms, and has really
no definite meaning unless those plants
included m the natural order of Muscior
Mosses ; while the Lichens belong to the
natural order of the Lichenes or. Lichens
nsw U.m l. Z Ivm - wmh1w e, m T f
this subject is to be thoroughly investigat
ed, let it be done in a seniitle manner,
tiding correct terms to represent certain
things, or we shall only confuse the reader
aal arrive at no result. R. R. S.
Two thousand beans may be raised in
one siaon from a siuzU seed.
Save tlie PiecBS, j
Knowledge, if neglected, h pcisca.
Food, if endigestod, is poison. '
If the harvest cf cne resr wruM tslL
nearly the whole human race would per
Forty-five pounds cf salt are contained
in one hundred pounds cf water frca the
Air may be so rarefied by heft a to oc
cupy five or six hundred times tha sr-ce
it did before. ' ; -
Water when converted into steam in
creases in bulk 1, COD.
There are nearly three thrasandatts
cles in the common grasshopper." '
"Please ex." as the printer said whsa
he offered his heart to a nice linle girL "
A fashionable mama, with tix marri
geable daughters on hand, is new defined
to mean "a match-making machine.". '
Yoa are no gentleman," said iin nnfry
disputant to his antagonist.
"Are you?" quietly cbseryid the oth
er. "Yes! I am, sir! , ...
"Then I am not' was tha caustic
Mrs. Partington took np "Life Illus
trated, by Fowler S: Wells,11 , and read ii
"Life Illustrated by Foul Air ni Well." "
We have the authority of her near friend
and scribe for this. ' i
- There are in the United States' aoout
seventeen thousand la wyers, , eighteen "
thousand clergymen, and twelv-3 thousand
physicians, exclusive of eight thousand
In the manufacture of steel, a single
article may be increased in value from '
one to two thousand dollars. " - 1
Law is like unto a sieve yuu may see
through it, but you must be considerably
reduced before you can get through it.
A cotemporary of ours protests mcst
earnestly that he is always as good as his
word. That maybe, for his word is good
for nothing. ! r
The "first. business in .Lynn. is the
manufacture of shoes. ' That, howeveri
is intimately connected with the "las:"
business. : . j ';
The ladies arc eppcted to stop;
males on the Sallcih, C-pL.cis.Ily iii ih
evening, vmcsi Uieyiiopat vbeir Ls.
Pitt Piatt has bee-ST-jnlaii-imv.
ter at Plattsburg. This' alliteration i
equal to Peter Piper, who picked the peck .
of pickled peppers.
"A woman is at the bottom of all mis
chief," said Joe. "Yes," aid Frank,
"arid when I used to get into mischief,
my mother was at the bottom of me."
An indolent boy being asked by his .
teacher who came latest to school ? re
plied : "Indeed sir I cannot sity, for I did
not get here early enough to see.'.' ".
A lady at sea, in a gale of wind, being
full of apprehension, cried out: "We
shall go to the bottom mercy on us how
my head swims: 3iaaain saia a
sailor, "you'll never go to the bottom
while your head swims I
If we are to live after dea-.li, why don't
we have some certain knowledge of it T" '
said a skeptic to a clergyman. "Why
don't we have some kncwltdge of this
world before we come into it ? was the .
The following question is before the
Sand Lake debating society: 44 Which do
women like the best to be bjgged in- a
polka, or squeezed in a sleigh?" We
shall iisue the decision in an extra. ' '
.Mistress: "Not going to remain in a
situation any longer ? "Why, you foolish
thing wb. t are you going to do then V
Eliza: "Why ma'am you see, our fortune
teller says that two young noblemen is
going to marry us so there's no call, to
remain in no situation no more,
A clergyman was walking out one day
and passed two little boys, one of whom
made a bow. As he walked away he
heard the following amusing conversation:
tWhy John, dida't you know that was
Parson May?" "Of course I did !" "Why
didn't you make a bow?" Why, mother
don't belong to his charcK." . .
bailiff having been ordered by Lady
Hardwick to procure a sow of the -breed .
and size she particularly described to him,
came one day into the dining room, when
lull cf company, proclaiming, with a burst
of joy he could not suppress : "I ' have
been at Rovstan Fair, my Jady, and got a
sow exactly cf your ladyship" size, .
A fast Irishman in the time cf a revi
val, joined the church, but was found sin
ning grieviously not long nfterwardi.--"Didn'tyou
join the Methodists!" inqui
red a piously dispose d person. "Fail an
I did I jintd for six months, and behav
ed so well that they let me out for three.
How TO HATE PLEASANT .'Dfi t A MS,-r-
- HUal Ujore P"ru' l td' 4 at tw
feet and a piec of oyater pie, wash uown
with a glas of good, ititr brandy," and ia
less than an hour you will iee a schr.aik
larger than a
Uuthaired children, hLo hx.d just tsc?.pq
from a y How monster, witia red-hc! tyca
and chvt mdecf raxor-Uizes, -
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