Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1858)
DEVOTED TO ART, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE,-M INTERESTS OF NEBRASKA.
CITY OF BROWNVILLE (NEii 1858.
' fVELnED ETEBT TUVKSDAT IT
NAS & LANGDON;
!Sury IloaJleySc Muir's Building,
' (;jrDTof Main and First Streets.)
Tearif in ivnee, - - $2,00
1 " it the cud of 6 months, 2.50
.' 44 44 44 12 44 3,00
of lkr nnre will be furnished at $1,50 per
"tfuvllcl the cash accompuniei the order,
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
,r!V ( 10 or less) one insertion,
... a.. one month.
' three months,
fc f ix months,
Cards uf fix line3 or less, one year,
ilumn one year,
jkJfColamn, one year,
,'jinn, six month?,
A:f Column, six months,
Vluinn three month,
3 f Column, three months,
.u u 44
..u a u
ticinB CHndiJatcs Tor ouice in aavancc,
A in adrnncc will be required for allaJyertise-,,1-ci
wh.-rea-.tual re-nsibihty is known.
, fr cent for eac-h change ill be added to the
?vcrt;mrnt will be considered by the year,
, sl-ifi d on the mauscriit, or previously
i upon between the parties.
vertWmeis not m irked n the copy for a spec
number of insertions, will be continued until
.' nf and eharced accordinily
"i l-erti"inents from strangersortransient per-
. , leiaid in aJranoe. '
Wen of vearlv advertisers will be conun
'.jnlly t their own busine; and ail advertise
Merjot peitiining thereto, to be paid for cx-
r,r'v alvcrti'cr have the privilege of changing
oJt-nrtiPilttOntA (111 artcrlv.
S leaded alvertisementa charged double the
r mf as
jrriisem?ntJ on the inside'exdasiveiy will be
BOOK AND FANCY
Saving' added to the Advertiser Office Card and
k Treses. New Type of the latest styles, Inks of
eoUm.BroDies, t ine Paper, Envelopes, Ac.; we
mw prepared to execute Job Work of every de
; tir.n in a style unsurpassel by any other oSce
Le United States. :
Vticular attention will be'givento orders from
i-laiiee-in having them promptly attended to.
PnprieUirs, having had an extensive expe
vt, will give their personal attention to this
aea of business, and hope, in their endeavors to
a, tvith in the excellence- Cf their work, and
J 'twlla charges to reeeive a share ofthe public
jes r. risKE
WM. B. CARRIT.
OLIVER BENNETT & CO.,
', Manufacturers and Whalesale Dealers in
100TS AND SHOES,
No. S7 Main Strest.
8KIKLT,No.l0l.CoRNRoF MIS AXDOCrST.)
'l . ' ST. LOUIS, MO.
I . MISS MARY TURNER,
ILLIflER AND DRESS MAKER.
First Street, between lIain and Water. -BllOWXVILLE,
snv.tft and Trhnmings always on hand.
C. W. WHEELER,
ircMtect and Builder.
317, TZLVS 1?V:-SS2. .
Crownvillo, U. T.
! JAMES W. GIBSON,
Second Street.betwecn Main and Nebraska,
I BROWNVILLE, N. T. :
? . TJ. C. JOHNSON.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
Real Estate Agent,
. . BROWNVILLE, X. 2.
Hon. Wm.Jessuj., Montrose, Ta.
B. S. Bently, 44 44 44
John C. Miller, Chicago, 111.
j m.K. McAllister, 44 44
Charles F. Fowler, 44 "
W. Fornas, BrownTille, N. T. .
t 0. P. Lake. 44 44 44
J - R. PEERY. M. D-
f URGEON, PHYSICIAN
I And :
I OBsTtrrnicAsr, -
. ELDORADO, N. T.
RESPECTFULLY tenders his nrnfixoinnol n.
einiX1Ce" 10 the citiien" of Nemaha county and ad
4 g eountie, both in Nebraska and Missouri.
'Uh, 1S57. 5lCm
I- T. Whyte & Co.,
WRntraiTv . - . -- ..
?RY GOODS, GROCERIES
i . Uaeensw.irc, Hardwire,
j Country Produce,
; UROWNVILLE, N. T. '
DANIEL L. Mc'GARY,
1TT0MEY IT LAW.
AND ' '
SOLICITOR LY CHANCER Y.
Brownville, Nebraska Territory.,
Will practice in the Conrti of Nebraska, ndXorth
REFEKEXCES. , ;
Messrs. Crow. McCreary & Co., St. Louis, Mo.'
Hon. James M. Hush, - - Do .
Hon J..hn It. Siieply, '- - Do '
Hon. Jaiuei Craig, i St. Joseph, Mo.
Hon. Silug M'dMoa, - - --'. Do"
. Judge A. A. Bradford, . Nebraska City, N. T.
S. F. Nuckolls. Esq.. Do
G. W. ilURN, . .
KEMAEA CITY, N. T.. .
TTILL attend promptly to all business in bis pro
V fession when culled on: such a subdivinz
Claims, laying out owh Lots, Drafting City Plats-
JOHN A. PARKER & CO.,
JOIIK A. PARER, late licnister ot the Land Offlce,
Omaha, X. T., having rcipncd his cftice will Uereaiier.
d -lonnection with one of the bent Land L;iwgiver8 in the
country, attend to all business conQdcd to him; and es
pecially ' .
,. PRE-EMPTION CASES,
Which be has made himself thoroughly acuuaintcd with
by study and practice for years.
He refers to the Heads of Departments and Members
of Congress of both Houses.
All application for services must be accompanied with
a fee to insure attention. ' '
January 28. 1S53. ' no31-ly
Jewelry, Flatcd Ware, Cutlery, Spoons, kc, Ac.
NEBRASKA CITY, N. T.
57Engraving and ' Repaibino done on short
notice and aix wohk warranted. .
A. D. KIRK,
Land A scat and Xolary Public.
Archer, Kichardson co., wv. i.
Will practice in the Courts of Nebraska, assisted
by Ilarding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
Attorney and Counsellor at -Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE AND LAND AGENT. .
And Notary Public.
NEBRASKA CITY, N. T.
WILL attend promptly to all buisness entrusted
to biscare, in Nebraska Territory and West
September 12, !S56.Tlnl5-ly
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Archer, Kichardson County, X. T.
Notice to Pre-Emptors ! !
j. S. HORBACH & CO.,
Attorneys at Law
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
OMAHA CITY, N. T.
WILL give particular attention to preparing all
the tieces.axy papers for Pre-emptions, and
eringany assistance which may bcrequired by
emptors in proving up their Pre-emption rights
S. Land Office.
F HiRDIKfl. G. C. KIMBOCGH . R. F. TOOMER.
HARDltlG, KIMB0UQ1I & CO.,
Jluniif'tcturcrt and Wholeiale J)caler$ in
UTS, CAPS & STRAW GOODS
No 49 Main street, bet. Olive and Pine,
Particular attention paid to manufacturing our
finest Mole Uata.
J. HART 8c SON .
soil,! k mmi
Orson, Holt County, Missouri.
Keepfonstantly on hand alldcscriptiou of Harness
Sn.l.tlAS. Uri.llcs. Ac. Ac.
X 15 Everv article in our shop is manufactured
by ourselve.yind warrantea 10 giveaiisi;u;iion. .
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
GEORGE CLATES. . " w- E.
Clayos cJSs Loo.
Real Estate and General Agency,
OMAHA CITT, N. T.
James Wright, Broker, v New . York,
Wm. A. Woodw&rd, Esq. ".. 44
Hon. K. Wood, Ex-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Brownell, Bankers, 4 -Alcott
A llorton, ,4
Col. Robert Campbell, . , . St. Louis,
James Ridgway, Esq. " '
Crawforn and Sackett, Chicago.
Omaha City, Aug,30,l856. vlnl3-ly
H. r. BENNETT, J. 8. MORTON, H. H. HARDING
BENNET, MORTON & HARDING
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Xebraska City, V. T.,and Glcnwood, Ia.
WILL practicein all the Courts of Nebraska and
Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
obtaining, locating Land Warrants, and collection of
Hon. Lewis Cass, Detroit. 1 , .
Julius D. Morton, 44 Michigan;
Gov. Joel A. Matteson, Springfield, 111
Gov. J. W. Grimes, Iowa City, Iowa:
B. P. Fifiled, St. Louis.Mo.;
Hon. Daniel O. Morton, Toledo, Ohioj
P. A. Sarpy, Bellevue, Nebraska:
Sedgewich A Walker, Chicago, III: .
Green, Weare i Benton, Council Bluffs,Iowa.
T. B. CTXING. - IOHN C. TCKE.
. CU3IING & TURK, : -
Attorneys at Law & Real Estate Agents,
. OMAHA CITY, IT. T. "
WILL attend faithfully and promptly to all busi
ness entrusted to them, in the Territorial or
Iowa Courts, to the purchase of lots and lands, en
trries and pre-emptions, collections, Ac.-' w-
Office in the second story of Henry & Rootonew
building, nearly opposite the" Western Exchange
Bank, Farnham street.
Dec. 27, 155. yln2Stf .
. DR. J. L. McKEE,
: BrWville, N.-T. ;
TEETH PLUGGED AND FILLED ITT THE ilOSF
ilay 14, 1S57.
MAK.MR. , ; ;
By Col. Charles Whittlesey of Cleveland, Ohio.' ,
1 These wells are sunk, not with a pick
and shorel, but consist of a small hole dril
led into the earth and rock by a drill-chisel,
in the same way thaT rocks are blown
by powder, only, the weight of the appa
tus does not require any blows. 1 Theynre
the same in form and construction as the
borings for salt water or for coal. ; When
the drill chisel, with a bitt of two and a
half or three inches across, is sunk a short
distance into the soil or surface rock, an
iron rod is attached by a screw, and this
it sinks into the earth. By means of rods
and joints the hole may be" sunk to any
depth, hundreds and thousands of feet. It
cannot be carried downi however, with
out water. 'Every few inches the rods
and chisel, or bitt, must be drawn out and
the crushed rock 'and dirt pumped up.
This is done by an iron tube that is moved
up and down in the hole, with a valve in
the bottom througli which the mud and
sand enters and is drawn up. In this way
the well is closed, and the character of
the rocks passed through,' is accurately
known. Holes have been bored of four
and five inches in diametef.
They are called "Artesian wells,'' be
cause they were first used to obtain fresh
water at Artois, in France. In that coun
try they are common, and are becoming
so in the United States., One at the Foun
tain of ihe Grenoble in Paris, is 1686
French feet in depth,' and the water flows
over at 87 feet above the surface.
On the Kenhawa river borings for salt
water are carried down from 1200 to 1300
feet. As the eartn is everywhere satu
rated with water, it is necessary in brine
springs to insert a tube of tin or copper
rom the surface of the ground to the
place where salt water comes into the
well. In Artesian wells proper, or those
intended to procure fresh water, there
should be a sufficient quantity of good soft
water to flow over in a continuous stream.
The mthanical principle which produces
this flow is considered to be simply hydro
static pressure. This pressure exists be
neath the surface wherever there is a. bed
of sand or clear gravel between beds of
clay or any , impervious substance. The
same thing is observed where an open
and porous rocky stratum is overlaid and
underlaid by strata. that are close-g:aind
and do not allow the passage of water. .
The water comes into the porous bed
wherever it crops out to the day, and set
ties through to the lowest part of the bed
ltis tnus pent up, ana wnen lappea at
ltfw levels by the drill, will rise not w:ith
reference to the surface of the country at
. .1 . ' 1 1 ..'I-.
the well, but as high as the country where
it out-crops, perhaps at the summit of
ran?e of hills or mountains.
They have been made with great suc
cess in the red clays of Wisconsin, around
WTinnebago Lake. The water coming m
when the auger passes into a bed of sand
or gravel, generally near the underlying
lime rock. On the dry 'cretaceous and
teniarv plains of Alabama and Missis
sippi. the water stratum is foun with great
regularity roiiowing me aip oi me rocKy
stratum ' : . ' ' ' '
As they sink them more distant from
the outcropping edges of the sandy beds.
they are obliged to go proportidnably deep
er, even to 3.000 feet. Water will fre
quently flow out that is not pure. Such
in general is that-from lime rocks and
limestone gravel. Coarse sand and sand
rocks produce the most and the best wa- j
ter. '' ' j
It is not always possible to predict
where the water will be found, but a close
study of the geological structure of the ;
country will enable one to decide within a
reasonable probability. With-the excep
tion of the-conglomerate that 'underlies
the coal measures of Ohio, the rock's are'
either close-grained sand-stone, or shales
and lime rock, neither of which are fa
vorable. In some parts of ; the State the
rocks are covered to a considerable depth
by dry clays and hard pan, between which
and the rocky stratum beneath, there is
I frequently a thin layer of gravel like that
at Lake Winnebago.
Here water may be expected, but not
of great purity.
The cost of boring in clay is very small,
much less than that of digging wells. In
rock a hole of two and a half inches in
diameter can be put down at seventy-five
cents per foot the first 50 f eet a. jlotfar
for the next 50 feet, increasing about 25
cents per foot for each distance of fifty
In flat countries, which are necessarily
destitute of springs; and in dry times of
well water, a supply is seldom wanting at
the bottom of the clays.
Legislatures and city authorities would
be justified in making experiments upon
Artesian wells m many districts that now
sufler for water . for stock and domestic
uses. . - -
His Feet Slipped Beweath Him.-
A new sensation novel has the following
capital climax. , '
"Am I really dear to you.. Sophia ?"
whispered, and pressed my burning lips to
her rosy mouth. She did not say, yes ; she
did not say no; but she returned my kiss ;
my soul. Was no : longer in my body; 'I
touched the -stars; I knew the happiness
of the seraphim; and the earth, went, from
under my feet ? : ' . .. ,
f w -
Before you marry a lady for her money
consider what ah incumbrance you will find
your wife, in ihe .event of having lost. or
spent all she was worth.
On the Making and Management of
. . Hot Beds. !
Quite possible not a few who read these ;
pages hardly know what' a' hotbed is, or
at any rate, to be charitable,' have never ,
possessed one, yet as we said in a former
paper, their expense is but a trifle, while
heir use is of importance, even in a profit.
and loss view of the case..; Those wTho de .
sign beginning, then, will need a little.iri
struction in the way to do it -for whom
this is expressly written, r Having first
secured the "frame," (the gardener's ver
nacular for. the structure,, theplants are
grown in,) which can be made one and a
half or two inches thick of any desirable
size, say ten or twelve - feet long and five:
!! .'J I -
o six wide, according to wnai. is to oe
grown; care should be taken to so con
struct this frame and . the .fitting of the
sash,' as to retain all the heat given by the
bed when' required ; it hbt" convenient, to
obtain glass sash, cloth is sometimes used
tacked c to the sash, ; and -if it is oiled, it
Will answer better than-without we wduld
advise glass though in all cases where prac
ticable ; the next ; point will b to: build
the bed. 1 his is 'best slightly ? sunk in
the soil, as; the ' trying winds' during
March have not the' power then' to so sen
sibly lessen the heat, as when all is above
ground ; let a pit be excavated the size of
the frame, and one footideep;! procure a
sufficient quantity. of fresh; horse stable
manure, if obtainable, if not, cow; will do;
this Would . have - been better thrown i ( in a
heap a few days before using, to sweeten
a term which implies that the first rank
neat oi. me manure, wmcn 13 aetnmeniai
to vegetation is past. ; The object mainly
to be sought after in the building, is to
secure a uniform, steady heat, ,which is
induced by a thorough breaking ' and mix
ing the manure together as it is built :
into the bed ; also to guard against an un
even sinking, of the bed, which is caused
often ; by one part being pressed down
tighter than another, although hot unfre
quently from the outside of the bed, ow
mg to. cold from without," not fermenting
so readily as the inside, which is prptec-
ted and warm.
, , Commence at one end and ihake in a
layer of manure, say six or nine inches
thick all over the excavated pitf press it
down with the fork, then. build another lay
er, and so pn until a tightly pressed mass
of two feet deep is collected: together;
this will be , thick enough for the raising
of all crops likely to be wanted by farm
ers; let it be tried two or three ! times, al
so, to settle it while in process of build
insr : when done, the back should be six
inches higher than the -front, to' present
the glass at a better altitude .to the sun's
rays. v uen limsuuu, . mi on ine iraiue,
knock in the sides of" the bed well with
the tines of the fork, and throw any short,
loose droppings that may lay around into
the frame; level that down and placed on
the sash, and thVow over a quantity of
litter to encourage the heat to use. Some
times during, very cold spells, . this will
not take place; in which case, a boiler of
good hot water should be thrown in, and
an covered up as Derore. iveep a pointed
stick thrust into the bed, which ts called
a "tryerV lift that out occasionally," to
examine if that is warm or cold. If too
hot to be. pleasant to the hand, throw off
the sash arfew hours, and tread the bed
all over evenly ; , when the heat is evi
dent and not likely ,to be too warm, the
soil maybe put in, in which to sow the
seed, and should be about three. inches
deep. A sandy soil tolerably rich is the
best, although any sf ort soil of clay may
be made to do. Throw the soil in rough,
and leave so twelve hours before sowing to
get uniformly warm; level down then with
a rake and sow the seed broadcast but
evenly over the whole, space; press the
seed in with the rake sufficiently to cover
all the seed, shut up the frame, and, keep
it so "until the heat begins sensibly to rise
again. A south-eastern aspect ist consid
ered the best of all, a south, perhaps near
ly equal, an east one will do while no oth
er should be 'tolerated. ..The bed is bene
fitted if faggots or straw screens are
placed around to break the cojd wind?. ;
The time to build must depend mainly
on the latitude of the plate, file first of
March being the time for this latitude,
while further south they have to "com
mence earlier. , , ' " '
Case lor Legislators.
Tf T trn'intn a rrroceVs shop'and Steal
two or three pieces of sugar, I am a thieL
But if the grocer sells me a pouna oi su-
gar, and mere are one oi
short, he merely sells things by - false
weight. L ara imprisoned. The grocer
fined a few shillings and escapes, l am
guilty of but one theft. The grocer it
may be, is guilty of thousands, for he
robs every person to whom he sells goods
with these false weights. Now, can you
tpll us bv what strange anomaly of the
law the greater thief is allowed to get off
so much more cheaply, than the lesser ?
Why shouldn't there be the same law for
A recruit going through the exercise
of sword-cut, asked, how he should par
ry. Never .mind that . said the old hus
sar. who was fencing-master of the regi
ment, da you only, cut let the enemy
.Mr. Smaller. of Centralia, was mar
ried to-Miss Garlic: of Amboy, ori' the
14th inst.; : He had a strong dose to take
- "Nat, t why are you leaning orerthat
empty caskl'? c, I'm: mourning' over de
parted spirits." v ' V ' ' "
Standard of Measures. : :
It is necessary in all countries where
commerce is in any way encouraged, that
some standard of weight and measure
should be adopted. In this country and
Great, Britain the yard is the standard of
measure, the length of .which is deter
mined by the vibrations of the-seconds
pendulum at London in a vacuum. at; the
level of the sea ; but as the length of the
pendulum' 'varies in different latitudes,
the yard is a little longer in New York
than London, because of the pendulum of
the former place being about one-eighth
of an inch longer than in the latter. This
yard is divided into thirty-six inches,' or
three feet. The old method of teaching
the tables of measure was very vague, as
it commenced with the statement that three
barleycorns make one inch, which, to say.
the best, was a remarkably uncertain meth
od of fixing 'a standard," as barleycorns
are very liable to differ considerably "in
The French, on the-V,&er handvUkea
quarter of the earth's circumference,' and'
uiviumg mat into ten million pans, taice
one of them, which ' is -'equal 10 39,371
standard inches, and -calling it a 'metr'e',
torm all their weights, and measures. .j As
the circumference of the earth is not like
ly to vary much with time or tempera
ture,' and cannot meet' with the accident
that befel the standard British yard, which
was melted in the old House of Parlia
ment when it .was burned! it is decidedly
the most accurate ; but so long as we have
some given. and known standard, it does
not matter much what it is.' " ' '
Prof. Rogers on English Coal. )
This distinguished ' American , savant,
who has just accepted a chair in the -Uni
versity of Glasgow, Scotland, in writing
of the physical, power which England de
riyqs from the transformation of. the la
tent power of coal into active force, states
the following facts: -
, "Each acre of coal seam, four feet in
thickness, and yielding one yard net of
pure fuel, is equivalent to about, o,
000. tons; ind possesses, therefore, a re
serve of mechanical strength .in its fuel
equal to the. life-labor of more than 1,600
men- , Each square mile of one such sin
gle coal bed contains 8,000,000 tons of
fuel; equivalent to 1,000,000 of men la
boring through twenty years of their ripe
strength. Assuming, for calculation, tha
10,000,000 tons out of the present annua
products, of the British coal mines, (name
ly, 65,000,000,) are applied to the pro
duction of mechanical power, then Eng
land annually summons to her aid an ar
my of 3,300,000 fresh men pledged Jo
exert their fullest strength through twen
ty years. Her actual annual expenditure
of power then is represented by 66,000,
000 of able-bodied laborers. The latent
strength , resident in the whole coal pro
duct of the kingdom may, bv the same
process, be calculated at more than 400,
000,000 of strong men, more than double
the number of adult males now upon the
globe." , . . - . , v. .;
Assets of a Nebraska Bank. '
The Macomb Eagle isf some on "wild
cats.' lheeditorof that paper has been
at very great labor 'and expense in pro-
curing me assets or a JNebraska tank, and
thus speaks of it : '
V e have been to a vast amount of labor
and expense in collecting an inventory of
the assets of a JNebraska bank. We will
not mention the sum we have paid for the
information given below, lest it should be
considered apocryphal. It will be appa
rent that it .entailed a great expense on
us, and had we not been able to use Ne
maha in payment, it would have swamped
us flat as that "currency is. The assets
we found to be as follows:' ' . 1
One wild cat. . : . .t : '
Two large wild cats. -
Seven young wildcats. '' J . r i V-.
.Three fat wild cats. -t ;
Two old wild cats. ,: V . V ' ' .
More wild cats ' -' . ;
Thirteen small wild cats.
Five. hungry wild cats..V , ' V
Skin of -a wild cat stretched, out to dry.
Alpt-of wild cats. . .
Nine wild cats tied together.
One wild . cat with his head shaved.
Some more wild cats. '
, Wild cats laying about loose. ' r - '
Nine very small wild cats tied up in a
One patriarcnial wild cat . showing his
teeth; - - ; -. ..; : .: .. ' '
Paws of a defunct wild cat preserved
in whisky.; "
Scratches of -wild cat on brandy cask.
Tails of three wild cats.
Lock of hair of wild cat.
A Veteran of the French Armj.
There is now living on the Boulevard
de la Chapelle' St. Denis an old soldier
named Hermand, who was born on the
30th of November, 1750, and therefore
is now in his 108th year. He has receiv
ed no less than forty-two wounds, and has
undergone the- operation or trepanning,
Two years ago he was able to read with
out glasses, had the use . of his hearing
and took .long walks alone. He retains
his memory in an extraordinary degree
and relates, without mistaking a name Or
a-date, all the different' scenes through
which he has passed. His fine face serv
ed a3 a model : to Ary Scheffer for one o
his pictures, and he is also represented, in
several other pictures by the first French
masters.: The Emperor has generously
added 120 francs ": to the. small pension
which he receives, and has conferred on
him marks of his beneficence. ' i
I stood upon a rocky cliff that overlook-
ed the . bright waters of a river. A3 I
gazed along the sloping valley, w-atching
the meandering stream, I saw a mighty
Uak that stood upon its margin. Its lofty
top reached the clouds, and its giant
branches spread afar. ' Its deep-planted
roots ran a thousand ways, and clung firm-
ly to tHe hilL It3 form was straight and
beautiful, tapering like the delicate finger
of her I love, and ks leaves quiver in the
breeze, like the: wavy ringlets of the fair
maiden." It sprang from, a genial sou.
nurtured by thedew3 cf Heaven, and here
and there, .around its base, a few stray
pearls lay half buried in the sand. The
murmuring stream, watered the verdant
fields, and gliding through the vale, stole
flowers from its banks, and bore thera on
its bosom. , ,, , . ,
: The scene' was picturesque and beauti-
rul. l he plaintive moan of the dove, and 1
wuu strains mat Dreatn-d trom the harp
of . a forest maicheiltraneed the soul with
its mfelcdy' - Deligh'teilJ enraptured I gaz-
ed with) a m'elahchofy pleasure upon the
various objects around me first upon the
giant.'oak-T-then through the winding val-
ley, observing the river's gentle flow, now
curling and breaking its glassy surface. I
then melting into smoothness. Filled with
emotions of rapture, I exclaimed, "How
lovely ! how beautiful ! Oh, Paradise !
land of bliss! JLong have 1 sought thee
tar and wide, thou art here henceforth
thou shalt be my residence here will I
woo' and'V- '-. - r .
' :4Whi,te man," ; said; Au-waii-kask, the i
savage ; chieftain, interrupting ' me, and
speaKiug.au ins nauvy; tongue, "now cam-
est thou : here, and what scekest thou?
This is consecrated . ground on this spot
my father worshipped, and twice every
moon we met upon this cliff, that our spir-
its may commune with each other."
I turned. The Indian stood before me.
He was tail, athletic, and arrayed in the
costume of war. An arrow was drawn
from his Quiver, and his bow was slightly
sprung. As' I caught his eye, his hand
fell, and, with a firm, elastic step, he ap-
proached. "Tellme, white man," said he,
"what thou beholdest ?
"Au-wau-kash, said 1, "cast thy eyes
along the valley, and behold that monu-
ment or nature, its wondertui size hrsl
drew my ' attention.' for its head is in the
clouds, its arms spead wide, and it stands
nrm as tne moreies3 mils. ' .
"The .tree which thou seest," said he.
was planted in the morningofTime.lt
has looked with scorn on the wrathful hur-
ricane. - The burning thunderbolt has
quivered harmless around the trunk. It
stands immovable." It was planted by
the Great Spirit to guide the Indian while
traversing the . wide, interminable plains
that stretch far beyond those hills. It has
stood for ages, and long since did the ar-
row;of my fathers pluck feathers from
the eagle that perched upon the top. But
mark, 'tis noon-day, and ere thou sleepest
lts limbs shall tremble, its top shall shake
in the clouds."
I loo ed again. A hazy mist was fast
gathering over the valley, and as I caught
through the eddying vapor, a glimpse of
of the giant tree, I saw it bend to the
weight of a sparrow. Its broad top no
longer veiled the horizon.
4'Tell me, Au-wau-kask," said I, "what
means this?" '
H iring no response, I turned and saw
the Indian descending to his cabin.
, 1 looked again, and. the mist had faded
in. the sunbeam. I beheld the broad, clear
sky, the surrounding hills, and the curling
stream.' The wild bird sailed on the breeze,
and the eagle soared high in the heavens,
and searched in vain for a place cf rest,
for the oakhad fallen! The silent stream
had found a secret channel, and its foun
dation grain, after grain, was washed
away. ' I hastened to the spot where it
stood,1 but the current had borne it to the
ocean,' . : . . : : - '.
..... ' -"Nor a trace left behind,
, Save a few reflecting gems
That woo'd the slimy deep."
So it is with man. I saw a noble youth,
the joy of his father, the pride of his mo-
ther and honorable in the eyes of the
world. lift 'knew nr ill sniinnpn nil
mean and vicious crowds ; but in his wan-
derings he haunted the flowery banks of
a sparkling streamlet. Her stood like the
oak that dared the tempest, but a secret
chinnel laughed at his firmness, and car-
ried offhis foundation. Reader the stream
Modern chemistry asserts that of the
human frame, bones included, only about
one-rourth is solid matter, chiefly carbon
and nitrogen, the rest is water. If a
jhing 160 pounds were squeezed
a hydraulic press, 120 pounds of
nnnnrl of m rKnn
through six pails full of water. Berzeli
nsavtbfit th livinf. nrrr-.r,;!
be regarded as a mass diffused in water,
and Dalton, by a series of experiments
V. Jk. LVw A liUCULO
tried on his own person, ascertained that
of the food with which we repair this wa-
tried on his own person, ascertained that
ter-built fabric, five sixths is also com
posed of water.
Miss Sally Campbell, of Grundy coun
ty, Mo., has sued F. D. Tickle for a
breach of promise damages laid at 84,-
000. Glasp-o Timerr '
, 'FouMhousand dollars for refusing to
tickle her ? Make him pay for it, Sally.
Muff a thing that holds a youn
hand without squeezing .it.
; Ont-Door Safetj.
(The fear of the weather has sent mul
tiludes to the grave, who otherwise might
hive lived m health many years longer
The fierce north wind atd "the furioua
snow-storm kill comparatively few, while
hot winter .rooms and crisping summer
suns have countless hecatombs cf human
victims to attest their power. Except in
localities where malignant miasm prevail,
and that only in warm weather, out-door
life is the healthiest and happiest, from
the trcrics to the poles.
Tee ueneral fact speaks for itself, that
persons who are out of deers most, take
cold least. In some parti cf the count rr
near one-half cf the adult deaths aro
from diseases of the air passages-' These
ailments arise from taking cold iasocitr
way er other; and surely the reader will
take some interest in a subject, which by
at least cne chance out cf four, his own
life may be lost.
All colds arise .trom ona ot two- causes.
.. lsL.Bv getting cool tooouick. after ex
ercise,' either as to the whole body, or any
part of it." . ".
2. ' By being chilled, and remaining
so for. a long time, from the want 'of ex-
To avoid colds from the former wa
have only to'go to a fire the moment the
exercises cease in the winter.' If in sum-
mer, repair at once to a closed room, and
there remain ; with the same clothing en,
until cooled on.
To avoid colds from the latter cause,
and these engender the most speedily f&-
tal diseases, such as pleurisis, croup, and
inflammation of the lungs, called pneumb-
mas, we navu omy 10 compel ourselves to
walk with sumcient . vigor tokeep.off a
feeling of chilliness. Attention. to acre-
cept contained in less than a dozen words,
would add twenty years to the average' of
Keep away chilliness by exercise ; cool
on slowly.. Then you will neter take
cold, m door or out,
Many n child, the light of the. house id
day, will have been laid m the grave be
fore the winter is ended, by inattention a3
to heat and cold, inducing pleunsie.'. m
flammation' of lungs, colds, croups, and
other dangerous maladies. ' ""A
Teachers should be spoken to about al
lowing the children to sit with the bade
-near a stove, or recistcr, o Tvmdow, or ia
any positiorfrwhere the child is exposed to
a draft af air: or to over-heat. ' 1
The children should not be allowed to
come directly to a fire, or stove .on'.ecter-
ing the school-room. . (
, -In addition, they should be delame'l in
an outer room fifteen or twenty degrees;
colder, for a few minutes after thescho)!
is dismissed, and then have their. gave
put on, and a. vail put over the face and
fastened so as not to be blown aside. ,The-
colder the weather, and the higher the;
wind, the more necessary are' these pr-
cautions, not only . m leaving the school-
room, but on leaving home.
The grateful relief which is experienc-.
ed when facing a nerce cold wind, on put-
ting a silk handkerchiet over the lace,
will surprise any one who tries it.
All india-rubber shoes or. garmedts"
should be removed the moment on ccminir .
Children should be instrucfed to run
with the mouth shut for the first blocfc or'
two after getting out of doors ia cold ;
Anecdotes and Fun.
An old Scotch preacher said of a yding'
opponent that he had a "great deal of the
young- man, not a little of the old man',
very little of the new man." t
An Irishman being told that a friend of
his had put money in the stocks, said :
"W ell, I never had a farthing tn the stocks
but I have had my legs , in them often
enough.".'; , ' . ' : '. , V" ,
"J suppose," said a quack', while feel-
ing the pui?e of a patient, "thatyotl think "
me a humbug." "Sir," replied the sick
man, "I perceive you can tell a rcan'a
thoughts by his pulse."
. A. quaint old ' genfleman, of an active
stirring disposition, had a man at work in
his garden who was quite-tKe" reverse.'
nes, said he, .-"did you; ereree a;
snail?" "Certainly," said Jones. "Then,'
sa.iJ die old boy, "you must have met him;,
for you never'could have overtaken him.
'' 'An -American gentleman having seat
ed himself in a London Omnltuss saw and
heard what a little amused him. A man
bearing no peculiar marks cf authority.-
ill ..i i -
koked in at the door, took a profesjionai
v? the passengers, and called out to
- "j"1 n P1' weui,!0So a inanaroso
and stepped out, saying as he did so, "I
,e l00, m"cn money 10 nae wim PiCk"
pocKeis. in a raomeni more a spruca
7? per?SD S,' " ne, afca?Ped 1 " '
I 111 ' -
now," said the detective policemt.ii, "the
swehs have got out, and airs right.
don Times. ' . .
A tradesman who does not adrertise
liberally has been very approprjat'jrv com
pared to a man who has a lantern, out is
too stingy to buy a. candle, j. :' :
"That's so ! Why
is an editor
bonk of RpTtflations ? '- ' J "
-Rpcause he. ft ii of 'ty"p. V- -
j ows," and a voic-.Iike tlio-suut! Ui xriiny I
waters is ever sying to him, Write.
Powered by Open ONI