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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1858)
1. V. FURNAS, EDITOR.
THURSDAY' HORSING, FEBRUARY 4. ISijS.
GALiAGnEii & Gilsfet, Proprietors of ta Itelal
,.r fcw i.:.r. ascTeP!C, Cbicj. la.
S il.I'AEViH, lieoerl! Advertifcir.R Apr-r.t,in rearlcf
-w York, Li1i5' tea Cliild;cu' Shoe Sture, io U cmt
YisicjiEa,Owr.Co., No. Si0au4 31S, Eroadwtj-,
. :: im.rinn far.adian and EurereiB.
. W , 1 niJ. 1U.- ' -
yjTE?rDcDOEiDcrf X. "W. ornr O'.iva ad Hal
itrceis, St. LouU, Mo.
B. F.McLcko, Troy, Ohio.
Dr. H. II. Darit, Tippr-canoe, Oai. .
W. C. Mckoer, CoTiagUm, Ky.
A.D. K:hi, Archer, Nebraska. ...
ST.W. Fetix, Oree-n, Mo. . .
' PiLLOK&IiA K.RkPort, Ka.
KIDE5& White, Nebraska City, VT.
Da.it. WVTA'rr.UfuJen, Ma. .,
T. I. BiCM, Tares Grove. N.T.
a r authorize Aeects to (olicilSabfcnpt.onndA.1-Vmen-
f Adverti-er, nd rce.v ar.U r
ei?t for oe therefor. . '
. . - -
Pernors resident in ss Jtrriwrj, wm..
portions of the State, often surest to cs thenarr.f
pepsin tteird neighborhood who vonM doubtlfM
terW ur.scnbers if tney could see a copy of the "Ad-
Tertiser wf jmaTiscnu sywiuru P n v.
receirin?, will consider it a solicitation to become a regu-
UFrtmatera and others, feelinjt sufficient interest to
make op aelub, cn retain the usual per cent fur their
r.i.niesa no.iuiru imiii
rontimi tie "Advej-tiscr;" we shall take it Tor granted
that ubcribTi i their ra:er continued, and Aball
ccordiasJy contianc ta cnd as teretorore.S
$3- The "Nebraska Advertiser" having
much th.6l&rsest circulation of any paper in
tta Territory, "Wholesale Merchants in St.
Louis, -St. Joseph, Cincinnati and other East
era markets where Nebraska merchants pur
chase, trill find no better advertising medium
in tha "Western country .-T3
" .3XjA3JJSSr tfce.
"We have ju'i ompVetcd a new stockof Blanks of every
tlecription, ncntiv executed on fin- substantial papr;
and are irriared to fill orders at a moment's notice and
cn reachable term.
We hare also a date r.f a small inaptf South P.atte.
yebraia, fur printing common sized envelopes, with any
aeirt-J badness-curd attached. Orders solicited.
v " . . ; 7CiXAS .U LANGD0X.
r- Vtra.iha va'.lev and Western Kxchanpe money
t.ikMi it par for iadcWedhe.- to thia office. BrowimiU?
Hotel Wtip at ton pr ctbt vremiuia. CS :
We have not this week pursued the in
vestigation of "Legislative diiSculties" as
.we designed, for the - reason we have
been pressed with business, affairs outside
legitimate newspaper business. ; .
We publish this w:eek several articles
touching, this subject, from disinterested
persons. In addition to what we ourself
-writs, we intend to extract copiously
from 5ncH "sources. The pamphlet of testimony-being
prepared by the majority,
will be principally made up of evidence
from others than members of the Legis
laturethose from -various parts of the
Territory who happened to be present du
ring ihe sitting of the Assembly. -
Removal of the Capital.
For'the benefitof oiir readers we brief
ly give the outlines of-the Act, passed at
Uie last session ot tiie L-egisIature ot Ne
braska, providing, for the re-location of
the Seat of Government.
The new Capital is to be called "Nro
folis," and is to be located, by com
missioners, four in number, on govem
nient. lands:'- -The. -commissioners -were
named, in the "jbill, viz: S. F. Nuckolls of
Otoe, W. Dl 3f cCord of Gass, John Fin
ney of .Sarpy, and Ehsha Im. Hainilton of
VashingiGn..' ..They are to proceed at as
early a-, da', as practicable and locate
within boundaries,. "from east to west, be
tween the Guide Meridian and the Sixth
Principal .IIerid;an; and within six miles
r t!m P'ftio riv.r. rr f-.ithftr . the north
or south side." ' The entire town site is to
belong to the Territory; one third' of the
lots.ta be sold the first year,- the" proceeds
cf which are tobe(exj:ended in the erec
tion t& suitable public buildings for the
accommodation of " Uie legislature ana
Territorial ofiicers. " . . - -
. . 3Icctir.satycmaha City.
Ye enjoyed the pleasure of meeting the
citizens of our sister city Nemaha, togeth
er with a number from other .portions of
the county, yesterday, in public meeting.
' The meeting had .been called through the
"Journal," for the purpose of hearing the
T1 . . : 11 t P .-1 ir .1
ivcifsciiidmcadua -uuiiciKJiau II um IU1S
county '"give an account of their steward
ship." . A resolution-was oflcred before
hearing from the 'Delegates, endorsing
the course of the minority at the last ses
ion of the . Legislature. Aftez. hearing
from both sidts of the, question, : the mo
tion was withdrawn -and the meeting ad
. . ..."
. jcurncd," ' .' ' ;
'. Ve jare satisfied from our .intercourse
with the people of Nemaha county that
they do by a very large majority endorse
the course pursued' by the majority at
Omab4ti. touching the real issue in which
constitutional rights are involved. . -v' .
- We are sorry to see our friend Minick
of , the ilouse forsaking the main question
and imagining the issue to be a personal
one between he . and the balance of the
t NfcinaLa Delegation. '. We have made no
charges acrainst you, John, 'either nriva-
tely or public!', nor have we heard of
any. We have ' never expressed a doubt
but that you ivere governed in your action
Ly the dictates of conscience and judge
ment. We hope to see or hear no more
attempt tnake a-persoaal issue -of this
matter an assuming cf a persecuted po
sition in ordertoTreate'sympathyr Face
- the music gentlemen . No dodging the
, question. a, . . . :
'. TAr,l om.'I CfihecHrif
. Wecall 18- attention of our readers to
th.e Prospectus, -in another ' column, cf a
number cf most excellent papers published
in 'various pans of the country. We, will
take great pleasure in JX'ceiving and for
warding, -subscriptions to any cr.aii;&i
Wc call attention to the letting of mail
tracts, found cn the first page of to-day's
paper.'- The accompanying instructions
will b ';UUhf d nvjl vrek
Rather unexpectedly, the American
majority in the Kentucky Senate have
yielded to the 1' necessity of electing a
Senator in place of' John B. Thompson,
whoseterm expires cnthe 4th. of March..
1539, and on the 5th instjan election was
held. There was but one lallot, I result
ing in the election of Gov. L. W. Towel,
who received 80 votes,' for Garrett Da
vis 51, and J. . B. Thompson 4. Gov.
Powell is a man of distinguished reputa
tion he beat Archid Dixon iua severe
canvass for Governor some years ago, and
was then the only Democratic Governor;
as he is now the only Democratic Senator
who has been "elected "for many years in
Kentucky. ' ( ' . ' , V '
Tl:c Legislfitcre. -r-
A gentleman who ws jiresent during
the sitting of the Legislature at Florence,
in writing to theBeilevue Gazette, says:
On Saturday night, at 12 o'clock, both
Houses adjourned sins die. Before ad
journment several resolutions were pass
ed : one complimentary to the Speaker
of the House, (I was not in the Council,
the same may have been done there) for
the able and impartial manner in which
he presided; to which Mr. Decker replied
briefly in his own happy style. Every
thing was done with that decorum and
dignity which should always characterize
Legislative bodies. It undoubtedly would
have been different, had Omaha bullies
been present; but thank God, . they did
not consider Florence a congenial spot,
and thus the members were not cursed
with their presence, and their delibera
tions were undisturbed.
Undoubtedly the members all felt re
lieved when they heard the last sound of
the Speaker's gavil, which told that their
labors were ended, and their work com
pleted. The session had been an eventful
one, and will ever be a memorable one ;
one in which the souls" of the ' members
were tried, as by fire, and in which the
dearest rights of freemen were brought to
a critical test; and mobocracy and oligar
chy received a rebuke, prompt and with
An excited mob; and indignant and self
important accidental Executive, together
with the free-offer of gold, could not
swerve them from the path of duty and in
tegrity. They knew that to yield would
be to act the traitor to their friends, that
they would prove faithless ; to themselves
faithless to their constituents faithless
to the-country of their adcption.and faith
less to the eternal principles of Democra
cy, as embodied in the Declaration cf our
Independence, and with these sentiment
of right and honor in their hearts, they
took their stand. An effort was made to
buy some of them, but failed. They stood
firm to the last hour and minute, m the
defence of the people and right, and if
their labor is lost, and the Territory re-
mams witnout laws lor anotner year, they
are npf responsible for the consequences.
Mr. Strickland of Sarpy county, intro
duced in the Ilouse the following bill
which passed both Houses unanimously.
Mr. S. made one of his warm and able
speeches in favor of the bill. In common
with him and the other members of the
Legislature, we regard it as one of the
most important moves that could be made,
and one which will redound greatly to the
interests of Nebraska.
Jin Act to provide for calling a Constitu
Sec 1. Be it enacted by the Council
and House of Representatives of the Ter
ritory of Nebraska, That a Constitution
al Convention shall be held at the seat
of Government on the second Tuesday of
May, 1859, for the purpose of framing a
Constitution for the State of Nebraska.
Sec. 2. The Delegates to said Con
vention shall be apportioned among the
several counties in this Territory by the
next Legislature, and shall be composed
of as many members from each county as
it is entitled to Councilmen and Repre
sentatives in the Legislature.
Sec. 3. The election for Delegates
shall be held on the first Monday in April
1S59 and shall be conducted in all re
spects as elections for members of the
Sec. 4. When the Convention has
finished its labors, it shall provide that
the Constitution in all its parts shall be
submitted to a vote of the people at such
time as it may deem best, not exceeding
six months from the time of the meeting
of the Convention, and in the event that
a majority of said votes are in favor of
the Constitution so submitted, it shall be
the supreme law of the land and a gov
ernment shall be organized in accordance
with its provisions. -
This is the last day for the meetings
of the Nebraska Legislature. Even now
the members are making their prepara
tions to leave for their homes, rejoiced
that the forty disagrealie days are over
and that they will soon, around their own
firesides, surrounded by their families and
their immediate friends, rejoice that the
Legislature meets but once a year.
While they rejoice, we regret. We
regret that we are about to loose the so
ciety of ?o manjr men, for whom we have
formed so high' ah ; estimate as men and
servants of the people. Men who have
shown that they are made of the true me
tal. It is on occasions like that of the
rict of Omaha,. that true men and knaves
shew themselves in their true colors.
Wc envy those members who had the
opportunity, and availed themselves of it,
to show to their constituents that they had
the courage and will to do their duty, re
gardless of threats or bribes.
i The day is not far distant When Ne
braska will 'be a State when Omaha
executi-es will .cease to rule u& when
th people 'of Nebraska will have their
rights; and foremost, in the ranks w-e ex
pect to see those who have shown that
they are made of the right stuff. There
may be political differences;' buthe es
teem which these events have engender
ed must last through life, and override
all party 'differenc.. Frenct Ccvritr.
The following letter from Isaac L.
Hambv, Esq., a prominent citizen of
Richardson county in this Territory,; and
who was at Omaha for a week'previous,
and on the' day of the difficulty in the
House, fully explains' itself. It-shows
how much some members of the Legisla
ture had at heart the welfare of ,the peo
ple. It shows too, what an uprising and
speaking out there is about to be on the
part of the people, because of the ruthless
trampling under foot of their rights.
Falls City, Richardson C6.)
... v -, January 28 1858. $
R. 'W. FcRyAs, Esq, ' ' ' ,
. Dt AR Sir : On my arrival at Omaha
about the-14th of December, 1857, to
transact some important business, I met
Mr. Minick, a delegate from Nemaha,
and after some conversation he stated that
the delegates from my county went for
the resolutions to sustain Mr. Ferguson,
and there could nothing of importance fcs
done "unless you can get your delegates
to go with us." I assured him that I
would look into the matter and advise
with them, which I did. They told me
they thought the resolutions ought never
to have been brought in the House ; but
"as they are already introduced and as
our constituents voted for Ferguson we
ought to sustain them." I also had a
conversation with Mr. McDonald from
our county, and he advanced the same
ideas as entertained by Mr. Minick.
Messrs. King and Rogers said that.
minority 'wanted them to pledge them
selres to go with them in, all their legisla
iivc business, to which they would not
agree. I also formed an acquaintance
with a number of other members. '.Mr.
Clays of Omaha, to whom my business
was referred, told me that my delegation
or. a part of them went against them, and
if I could get them to go for Mcm-allud-
ing to the Capital question I should have
no trouble in getting through my busi
ness all right. , I informed him that they
were not instructed on the" Capital mies
tion, and that they were not in favor of
its oeing removed. . ays he.: "Uet them
to go with us To which I could not agree,
as ihey did not desire to pledge them
selves on that question. Captain . Moore
of Omaha said to me : "Get your delega
tion to pledge themselves to vote against
the removal of the Capital, for if they
will not go with us you caxsot get a
! . .
tUKl'UHATIOS BILL, OK A KOAD BILL, OR
ANY OTHER BILL THROUGH, SS OU dele
gation are pledged to stand ,out agains
the removal of the Capital at all ha
zards, and that 500 of the citizens of
Omdha are pledged to assist them in any
attempt to retain it; but if you can get the
upiic jjiii wiuiuiuwii you can nave any
billpasscd you want we intend to stay in
Committee of the Whole till the session
is out." This was previous to the ad
journment to Florence.
The evening previous to the adjourn
ment the excitement was great, and all
appeared to be complete confusion. .'At
one lime I saw, five or six speaking at
once, and so much noise that it was im
possible to do business with any kind of
regularity, owing to the various tricks
resorted to by the minority; the course
pursued in taking up time ; the determi
nation cf the citizens of Omaha to stop all
legislation, unless directly advancing the
interests of their own city. The mem
bers from Omaha, backed by the citizens,
were so determined to carry their points
through that it not only became difficult
but even dangerous to legislate under ex
isting circumstances. And in my judge
ment the best thing that the majority
could do was to adjourn to the nearest
place of safety where they could be un
trammelled and free from the intrigue
and violence of the citizens of Omaha.
I approve the course pursued by a majo
rity to adjourn to Florence, where they
could transact ; such business and pass
such laws as the necessities of the people
require. After the Legislature adjourn
ed to Florence, Mr. Clays remarked to
me that "if theyjcould withdraw the Ca
pital Bill, they might return to Omaha
and legislate without being disturbed "
.Yesterday we had a meeting at this
place, pursuant to notice, for the purpose
of taking into ' consideration the course
adopted and pursued by our late General
Assembly at Omaha. . V
The meeting was addressed by our
Representative W' King, who' made a
fevvand appropriate remarks, which was
convincing and satisfactory to our citizens,
and his course received a hearty
ual from all those who heard him.
To -morrow another meeting is to be
held at Salem for the same purpose. We
intend to send j-ou the - proceedings in
full next week, and also the Resolutions
passed at these meetings. They will show
the expression of our citizensin full and
keep you fully, posted in relation to the
course pursued by us. We have also ap
pointed .committee to .correspond with
the committees of other counties, to keep
up an organization, and if necessary, to
send a delegate to meet in convention at
any place th ought advisable.
yours, . :' .
I. L. HAMBY.
The following, from the London Times,
concisely expressed what has the force of
common law among journalists: "No
notice can be taken of anonymous communications.-
Whatever is intended for in
sertion must be authenticated by the name
and address of the writer, .not necessarily
for publication, but as a guarantee of his
good faith." - ' -' . - . . ,
L JJrownviHeiJ an.' 30,-1358.
Some weeks ago I availed myself of
the privilege of expressing my sentiments
or feelings touching an organization of
the Democratic Par'ty in our lemtory.
I also 'took he liberty of asserting that I
did not for a moment entertain the idea
cf any good democrat , hesitating in giv
ing a cheerful and hearty approval of the
movement. I now reiterate and proclaim
a similar assertion; regardless of the piti
less murmurings of Abolitionists ins id e
or atrr 'bf Nebraska.' I do boldly and
fearlessly say, that no'trup and unadulteS
atea democrat can or win unci num
demonstrative of opposition; in any shape
or form, to the consumption of this object.
No had I at the" time of writing the
aforesaid expression of my feelings'" the
remotest Jdpa of drawing any . one into
controversy except those of the democra
tic faith. I cared not, nor do I now care,
anything for the political sentiments of
any Editor, or set of Editors, or meii
here, or elsewhere. I am far from "pin
ing my political faith" to the ccat-tail or
coat-sleeve ' of any particular man.
"Principles and not men", is and has
ever been the maxim of our party.
Having advanced a iavoraDie opinion
as to the democratic party taking prelimi
nary steps towards an organization, I met
(or' rather my article) with opposing
views from the Editor of the Nemaha
Journal. : This gentleman thought
wTould suit his( case a little better by
"keeping dark," "laying low," so that he
might find out which way the "wind" was
going to blow. ' I thought when reading
over'his response that .he was not what
he professed to be, and now find my first
impression correct and i fully confirmed.
Although he . informs us of the distin
guished honor of a -''special invitation" to
attend' the Democratic Convention at
Omaha ; on - the 1 8th of January, and that
he. 'would have .'graced that Convention
with his presence 'hyfc he had the "ready-John."-
Now does it not seem strange
that a man Jmown to cherish sentiments
incompatible with everV movement of the
democrats and still would have taken part
with them in a convention for the purpose
of organizing the party ? Is this consis
tency ? : Can a man be a democrat of the
"pure grit," -'"double-distilled," and
"dyed in the wool," whose lips or pen
emanate the most foul and unqualified
abuse of the great principles of the par
ty and their time-honored exponents? -.
The position of the democratic party
upon its all-absorbing and distracting sub
ject of negro-slavery is too well known for
me to enter into a lengthy dissertation on
the subject. A perusal of the Platform
adopted by the Cincinnati Democratic
Convention in 1856, will show that the
institution cf slavery is regarded by
the democratic party as susceptible
of being settled by the people; that
the people of the respective States or Ter
ritories should have the indisputable right
of regulating their own local affairs to
suit themselves. And when this doctrine
is fairly and impartially carried out
without interference by Southern or
Northern extraneous influence,' I pretend
to say it is the doctrine of all republican
governments, nations or' countries, ex
tant. For heaven sake, are not the citi
zens of our States or Territories capable
of knowing what particular form of gov
ernment will suit, without being dictated
td by Massachusetts, Missouri, or the
Congress of the United States ? I think
the conclusion that they are fully compe
tent so to do is quite rational. Would it
not appear equally absurd and arrogant
for Congress to say to Nebraska, you
- F. Tl 111 ., .
snau or you snail not have the institution
of slavery? Would any sensible man
think either one of these dictations in con
formity with the spirit of a democratic,
republican government ? No, my friends.
Not one of you could give your consent
to such a tyrannical, usurping1 procedure.
Then why not content yourselves when
the privilege is granted' you to f'rote
down". or "vote up" the, institution as it
may best suit you. It is not the object of
the Kansas and Nebraska Act to force
slavery into nor out of our Territories,
but to leave the adjustment of that ques
tion, as well as all others of a domestic
character, to the free and untrammelled
expression of the will of the people.
This is a sacred and endearing principle
destined to outlive all its traducers and
.vilifiers, and to be still triumphant, as it
ever has been, long after their names
have been consigned to the dark and
loathsome shades ol; oblivion and infamy.
Have we not the unquestionable right, as
American citizens, to exercise the privi
lege of casting our votes on any subject or
matter affecting cur "weal or woe ?" It
is supremely, preposterous that any sane
man, divested of sectionalism and fanati
cism, should urge he had no right or
ought 'not to have any in the regulation
of the government under which he lives.
' The Journal scorns the very sound of
"popular sovereignty," and curses in his
wrath the ground upon which Stephen A'.
Douglas walks, and says the mere men
tion of I'-populor sovereignty would make
a virtuous democrat blush." Wonder, if
it ever called fortha virtuous' blush from
an Abolitionist ? I feel . persuaded ; the
Editor can speak from experience, as he
takes great pains to inform us that he has
been "put through the flint-mill" in days
long past. ' This I think highly probable,
and most cordially congratulate him on
unexpected and unbounded success. Asa j
man I like him, but heaven preserve me
from such democrats I
Had ! not already consumed too much
valuable time in response to the Journal,
I might notice a communication in that
most beautiful, democratic sheet over the
signature of "Republican." It j is un
doubtedly an effusion from the Editor's
own-able "Union-saving". and "Union-
loving pen. Allow me,,however, to make
oneor twTo short extracts from the com
"Mr. Nemaha appears to be somewhat
alarmed atfor dissatisfied at least, with a
few articles that have; appeared recently
in the Journal.'-' - ' - - - '
: Now, Mr. Journal, you will much ob
lige me," besides retain' your well-known
reputation as a man of truth, by revers
ing the above and say yoii'were dissatis
fied with my first call . for a democratic
organization. Is that not a fact? You
cannot deny having made the first attack,
without compromising the truth and sub
ject yourself . tc the "soft impeachment"
of falsehood. . I have not felt the least
displeasure at, or become the least offend
ed with anything that ever appeared in the
columns of your highly in teresting, demo
cratic paper. Displeased with the Jour
nal! Why, I am much exceedingly
astonished at such an unaccountable hallu
cination. I have not the shadow of an
objection to your abolition sentiments.
I feel rejoiced rather than aggrieved at
your couse. If the natural inclination of
your mind leads towards "Africa," I say
howl on I If I choose to advance or en
tertain adverse sentiments, I hope it may
meet with analogous kindness and libera
lity. - ; . ... - .
T 1 11
. in conclusion, allow me to assure you
that the art or science of flattery is foreign
to my nature. If you consider any part
of my last article as blandishment, I beg
leave to ask your pardon for such a pal
pable inadvertency and I pledge myself
not to "pen a word hereafter which can be
construed as flattery. . -I
!r I remain as ever, .-
' Your democratic friend,
Grrat success is attending the experi
ment of transplanting the camel to this
continent. Lieut. Beale, formerly of the
Navy, in dispatches to. the Government,
dated "Colorado river, California, Octo
ber 18th, 1857," says :
"Unsurported by the testimony of every
manof my party, I should-be unwilling
to state all that I have seen them do.
Starting with a fwll determination that
the experiment should be no half-way one,
I have subjected them to trials which no
other animal could possibly have endured,
and yet I have arrived here not only with
out the loss cf a camel, but they are ad
mitted by those who saw them in Texas,
to be in as good a condition to-day as
when we left San Antonto. In. all our
lateral explorations they have carried
water, sometimes for more than a w eek,
for the mules used by the men, themselves
never receiving a bucketful to one of
"They have traversed patiently, with
heavy packs on these explorations, coun
tries covered with the sharpest volcanic
rocks, and yet their feet, to this hour,
have evinced no symptoms of tenderness
or injury. With heavy packs they have
crossed mountains, ascended and descend
ed precipitous places, where an unloaded
mule found it difficult to pass, even with
the assistance of the rider, dismounted,
and carefully picking its way. I think it
would be within bounds to say that in
these various lateral explorations they
have traversed nearly double the distance
passed over by our mules and wagons
Gold Product for 1S57.
The Washington Republics-ays the pro
duction of gold in Australia for the past
year 13 set down by the .best English au
thorities at one hundred millions of dol
lars. The production in other countries
is estimated as toliows : "
California ," $65,000,000
Russia and Siberia 20,000,000
" Other parts of the world - V. 15,000,000
We thus have two hundred millions as
the gold crop of 1857, and the actual
amount is likely to be more, than the esti
mated aggregate. At this rate, two thou
sand millions of gold will be thrown into
the monetary circulation of the world du
ring the next ten years. . ,
Bayard Taylor's 3Iarriage.
Our friend, Bayard Taylor writes to us
from Gotha, Germany. , lie has just re
turned from a bridal tour to London, and
was domiciled for the present at the ob
servatory, which is the residence of his
father-in-law, the professor of astronomy
at Gotha. His intention is to pass the
coming winter in Greece, and the follow
ing summer in Russia hoping to return
to America in the autumn of 1S58. He
says : Dana sent me a brief account of
your syposslum on the bridal eve. : I wish
I could have divided myself so as to be
there and here at the same time. ,You
were all remembered, however, among
the pledges given at tbe wedding dinner.
It was a happy thought to me that the
day was celebrated at the same time, in
St. Petersburg, at Dresden by some Ger
man authors, by you in New York, and
by my own family in Pennsylvania and
Michigan. For a oosmopolitan like my
self, nothing could have been more suit
able and welcome. JV1 Y. Home Jour.
By an act of the Georgia Legislature,
the salaries of the Governor, -and the
Judges of the Inferior jand." Superior
Courts of. that State,' have been increas
ed. .It raise's the salary of the Governor
to four thousand dollars;. Judges of the
Supreme Court ' three thousand and five
hundred dollars each; Judges of the Su
perior Court two thousand five hundred
dollars. ' ' "
- ; Stage Attacked bj W olves. ;
The following, which we take from the
Bangor Union, reminds us strongly of
similar scenes of which we have well au
thenticated accounts as taking place in the
northern parts of Europe;Russian'domi
niohs, &c. "A hungry pack of wolves are
certainly ugly customers? but we did not
suppose that they would be found in dro
ves so near to our own borders. '
r On Wednesdey night, says the -paper
above referred to, as Mr. Mitchell, was
driving a mail mud wagon on the -back
Calais route from Beddington to the next
stopping place, twenty miles from this
city being without passengers, -his team
was. beset .by a pack of wolves which
came within an ace ! of raising the duce
with him. They were about a dozen in
number and came on fierce and noisy.
Mitchell; however, drove up smart, which
he had no difficulty in doing, as the horses
were quite as much frightened as himself
As they pressed hard upon him and glared
their eye-balls and gnashed their teeth
about him, he let go the contents of a
rifle which laid out one of the hungry
crew and for the time checked their pur
suit. This was providentially near the
stopping place, upon arriving at which,
the driver is said to. have been pretty well
overcome with excitement and fright.:
Wolves and bears are very plenty on the
back route, and very audacious. Kansas
fThe President's" annual message Was
telegraphed from Liverpool to London,
and froih the latter, city to Paris on two
lines, one in French and the other En
glish, and the feat was accomplished in
six hours between the two first named
cities, and with entire accuracy. There
has been a great reduction in the cost of
telegraphing in England, while the ex
pense has been increased in the United
States, and general accuracy, even, is not
hopedi for. The press .is worst ; served
than any other portion of the community.
As it is, there is . nothing complete, no
thing 'even satisfactory about dispatches.
If the points of a debate in Congress are
attempted to be sent over the line, the
chances are that those of the least signi
ficance will be selected; and if a murder
or a respectable robbery can be found,
everything else is made to rive way to
such incidents; The tariff "of charges . is
altogether toohighjOve the .'American
lines, arid then there 'ought,, to be some
arrangements by "which full and, faithful
dispatches may -be transmitted for the
ill over the country, even to the in-
vcnience ot individuals.
Wash inglon , Jan. 20. .
Mr. Iverson of Georgia introduced a
bill to increase the efficiency of the army
and 'marine corps by retiaing the' disabl
ed officers.. Referred to the Committee
on Military Affairs.- .-
Mr. Iverson also gave notice of his in
tention to introduce a bill to change and
regulate the mode, of appointing cadets
lo the military academy at West Point,
and to modify the laws relative to that
Mr. Hale of New Hampshire, resum
ed his remarks, commencing on two of
the positions held by the Supreme Court
in thecelebrated Dred Scott" case. Firstly
The court affirm that the right of pro
perty in slaves is of the same nature- as
the right of all other property; and, Sec
ondly, That the right to hold, this descrip
tion of property, and traffic in" slaves," -at
the time of the American Revolution, and
the adoption of the Federal Constitution,
was so universally recognized and acknow
ledged, both by England and this country
that no man thought of disputing it. He
took issue with the court on both these
points. 1 he legal principle was unsound
and unsupported by authority, what pur
ported to be the statement ot a fact was
equally unsupported by the truth of histo
ry. The firspropositioh' was more dis
tinctly ancfdlly explained in the Lecompi
ton Constitution, where it is declared that
the rjcht of property is before' and high
an any constitutional sanction, and
e right ot the owner or a slave to sucn
slave and its increase, is the same as any
He had a higher respect for the Le
compton Convention than for the Supreme
Court, because the Convention had been
more explicit than the court in stating
just what they meant. He did not deny
that in the States tolerating slavery there
was a legal properly in States. In some
of the free States there was a qualified
property in human- beings. In ' New
Hampshire, criminals were sent to the
penitentiary, for. the public good, and any
body might contract with the warden hav
ing the custody of these . prisoners for
labor. The laws recognise his right to
the labor, of the convicts, ' and he can
take them where he pleases, within the
jurisdiction of that State; but if he shall
cross the Connecticut river, and undertake
to make them quarry marble in the
ureen Mountains of V ermont, his right
to their labor would cease. Precisely si
milar was the right of the slaveholder to
the labor of his slaves. It is legally right
where slavery exists by law, but nowhere
The moment the slave goes beyond the
jurisdiction which imposes servitude, that
moment he was free. There was an es
sential difference between the labor of
human beings and the right of property
in inanimate things, aud in the brute cre
ation. . .
A !uin may go all over the world with
a horse, and everywhere, both among ci
vilized and savage nations, bis right to
ownership will be respected. Thisriht
does not depend upon the existence of a
statute law, but because by the universal
consent of mankind a horse is the subject
of property. When the. horse was cre
ated he was made to be. the property of
man and man was made to own him.
The right dates back to the earliest period
Of recorded time. Whpn fin.? rrntPft
the earth and gave it to man to cultivate.
and filled the rind with'' cattle, and , the
sea with fish, and the air. with fowls, God
gave man dominion over the cattle, and
the fish, and the "fowls, : but never gave
him dominion, over his fellow-man.' ille
reserved his last and xrreatest work for
his own.' peculiar ownership. This dis
tinction has ' been "recognized by every
writer who ever wrote on the subject, an
by no Stales more clearly zXiu decisively
than by Virgin?- Maryland, and Loui
siana, ar;i other slaveholding States. ;
till MonrW .7.:iuwa
resolves of the
solves of &ev,.. ' jr,W
. --na i ft -
ntory voted .ior v. J of
ean n .1.1 F
sions cast on
A debate ensued on xu
refer so much of the Prel1
as referred to the Pacrl''
Mr.: Maynarl of To
sucn a road.wn
1 . , - - V
Cincinnati platform, and?J )
and annual message cf tfo j T'M
was as much a pan of the ii
the Administration as tL-
Cuba and Protectorate J l)
rica. .Laughter. en.trj
Mr. Greenwood of Arka
that such a road was cocst?
proper. ' Congress had ta""?
about the subject, anditou-M
He had a preference for JM
was prepared to votealmostf , ?
or rit tV. i. lljr a-.
Mr. Bennett of New YoH -substitute
proposing to rpfo.?
subject to a committee of tr;-,"
nating the number respectirplv7 J '
pointed from each section cf 'J'-j
according to federal reprenv 1 !
remarked that such a committVl
iv.ji uncij iu support tlieEJ'
or a certain leading gentlema
make a fair rprx-.rt TTj:i' 'i
the bouthern rou:e was practir-i'. .
1 0Tk is more interested in tn ..
the whole South, and tlirep.fn.-i."
business with California is nor?Wr
ginia. : . . ':
Mr. Stanton of Vifm'nia .i
there seemed to be a dfisir I - '
bantling, he preferred that 'it
to the Committee on Reads and
me cnairman ot that committee feJ
nothing else to nnre - uuless v
gave him' this. Ltught'T 1 "
Note of Reporter---Mr:j)1C(SiI,
Mr. Letcher observed that nW
was concerned, hevwas opfweHt
Pacific Railroad measure, whcie: ?
coram end ed by' the President or
eise. . '
.Mr. Harris oflllir.ois saidbefci",
objection -to' the scurce (ceaii'Jt
Bennett of New York) whence.?cn:e
proposition to divide 'the. Unicn ?
patchwork. He supposed the
irom Virginia (Mr. Letcher) tPocIi
be. read out of the party for crDosbie
.President's views cn this subject,
ne was not an aspirant for the prea
If he were, the Wasfciacton XTnica c
otners would be .attac!cir,rhiin. I
The Committee of .the-AVlole cs 1
rejecting all pending resolarfons. iki
one setting forth liar so much d
President's rueS?? relates to t&e rV
cific railroad be fe'Trelto aspect com
mittee of fifteen, wi pef ,1o wpct
by bill or otherwise. '
"The committee then rose, whfa tie ;
resolutions Keretofcre conMderd wen
concurred in; theone reh;ive to Fide
Railroad by a vote cf 13G yeaitj 63 ;
Adjourned. " rf .
OnThurdy. Feb. 2n.l. nt the rew1frfC-T-
Wheelzb, by Rev. J. B.'ills. Mr. JoHruar
to itisa Mollie VHEELra. '
The fair bride has our thanks frr her rio'?'
tbe printer,. o4 Mir bet witliM fom Ivng nW brt?
By the Rev. W. S. 0R!i. n thfr28ih of M, it
house of Jimcs Emmons on'Sow ra I laud. Sr. if'
BALD MCGREW t.Mi9 GORCEAN5E H. C01W-
. Banki.no House or Lishsat-cr ICauo'
BrvwnvWe. Vebrniy 1, JSfi
0an. ;tcr thin date, l'pn Uit toriif
opeiMHl for specie, currency arl 'ri? pu''le
kind of funds, Cbeclts must be v.arkiil DrV;r"
Offlc hours f'rwn 9 to 12 a 5( arU 1 t..3PM.
To John Abler or AuIJer an 1 all ethers whom.
concern. You ar.c r.cre:)T noriticJ wui i '
thf in.l n. n in. Itr. i 1 la . Viim ihri,!inlT.Tv.
to prove 4ip my light ot Pre-emption to ,ti r
quarter ot BCcti!i21. Townbip3. tirth qHW
east or the sixth prlucipal uicr.u.ja,
Febrnary 2, '53
Residence for Sale.
The nndersigncdlJ now offcriifir s'e hi.
., - 'RESIDENCE,
Situated on the eorrwr -f Atlantic n, sfro". ,
consisting of three lots; enclosed by substantial r
fence, boune with fmir comfortable r-m. P"1
ment cellar, and porch fronting ou'h and eis.,
necessary ontbnildlnsi5. , i
This property is pleasantly sitnatcdrl'dj A
the city and tbe Missouri river and cann t ut : ,
for beautr aii.l convenience. 1 am deternunw
at aLOW.FItiLSE if appUeatio be B1:l(le '3tT
Bargain and no HumW-
I am now offerhis to sell my n-3wly-Di..i
On Main street, in the tnrst business porti-'f fpf-
vine. The house is IS by 40 feet
lot - "J .,,.
rersoua wimc to imvcanuot u win .- ,r
on me as I am fully, determined to wit ler .
body dare sell. . . , .nit-
A. 11 " . -
Repectfnllyannounces to the
tial bc " .
hand a large stock of
Cloths, Vestings, :
Alxo a laree awrtmen
Whkh be will sell at ot price. laH
He flatters himself that he nnderstaats a
i:iroiir?htvTt.1 nil nrk 1i'jras!eX CtM lr0 .tr-r"
tablishineiit, and cbaraes ito low a any other
in this place or the West. .
Bit ordained bv tho Council of the cttf .u1
y ille. That tbe Treasurer i4 saM city be roq
all city warrants In the order of their tum
Approved Jan, 4, 1SB. g muXXVXr. .
Johi H. Mat5,. Recorder.- .
f - ' 1 " -'
Bo it ordained bT the Conncil of the i
Thai th f .ri hA rMuirol to asce'tS. " ; '..u
or persons h.ts
c:r" t: :-w, sold Hiiy ' - t
of lucorration limit. Pn" ;fld b.wi
that such efTences have been ""L,
hi duty to report the mm to the touacn.
Approved Jan. 13, 1S38-- nolL.l0iT.
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