Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1857)
V " .Hw IL mm mm ,v
YY fi 'Yr I " Y A
Ay Ay y ;.y r
DEYOTED TO ' AET, - SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, ' COMMERCE, NEWS, EOLOTCS, GENERAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE INTERESTS OF NEBRASKA.
CITY OF BROWNVILLE, NEMAHA CQUNTY, N. T., THUESDAY, NOYEMBEP 19, 1857. , NO. 21.
mt. .JSi .. . . i. .
( j il vr
w I t I
Nebraska , SUucrtiscr.
is irrrn am rrBLisnED ettit tdtesdat bt
pUENAS & LANGDON,
Sccoiid Si. bd. Main and Water.
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
rrfpnrvcarif paid in advance, . - - $2,00
- " at the end of 6 months, 2,50
m u . u u u 12 3 oo
r.Jis' A or moreul be furnished at $1,50 per
'-'za'. yzoriiod the eash accompanies the order,
! ' . . JIATES OF ADVERTISING:
r it M nAa nn incnrtinn.
r-j-v iiitionaI insertion,
e juarc, cue montn
. three months,
u " fix. months,
- " one year,
it.w Cards o'f rii lines or less one year,
(.laCulaim, one rear, "
en--baf Column, one year,
- f.-arth . " " .
- daniaa. six months,
h'.f Column, six months,
- f.,arth 44 " "
eirhth " " "
f. CmIubb. three months,
baf Coiomn, three months,
..;. Mnidates for office.f in advance,
" sth in airar.ee nill be required for all adrertise
t.iU except where actual responsibility is known,
fen fff cent for each change be added to tin
SUBilnr T-Wmess Cards of fiveiincs orless,for
in jir, 5,00. .
N'.j Skirertiments will be considered by the year,
ified on the manuscript, or previously
trci urn between the parties.
r 3Tertiseaientsnft marked on theeopy fora rpeci
el oatiiberof inscrtioni, will be continued until or-d-t
1 tnt, and charged accordiny.
All ireriUement from strangers or transient pcr
ob.4ci be paid in advance. , ,
'Th rrisilce of reartv drcrti?ers will be eonfined
liridiv'M their own business ; and all advertisements
n.? rUining thereto, to be paid for extra.
Yearly drerti?ers have the privilege of changing
tb'ir advertisement quarterly.
ill leaded advertisements charged double the above
4cTti'raents on the inside exclusively will be
BOOK AND FANCY
JOB P HINTING!
Having added to the Advertiser Office Card and
Jul IVesscs. New Trpes of the latest styles, Inks of
-11 colors, lironies. Fine I'a per, Envelopes, Ac: wo
sro iii.w prepared to execute Job Work of every de
K'hj.iinn in a Style unsarjiossed by any other office
is the United States.
Particular attention will be given to orders from a
d'tance in hrin them promptly attended to.
The Proprietors, who. having had an extensive ex
perience, will give their personal atiection to this
branch of business, asd hope, in their endeavors to
Tlcase, both in the exsellence of their work, and
reaonaii charges, to receive a share of the public
A. S. HOLLADAY,
EliOWNVILLE, N. T.;
Solicits a share of public patronage, in the various
J'ranfhes of hi profession,f rom the citizens of Lrown
vdle and vicicitv. . -
MISS JIAUY TURNER,
MILLINER AND DRESS MAKER.
First Street, between Hain and "Water.
' BltOWNVlLLE, x. T.
Bounds and Trimmings alvrays on hand.
C. W. WHEELER,
Architect and Builder.
AaLES Y. GIBSON,
Second Street.betwecn Main and Nebraska,
liROWNVILLE, N. Ts
TJ. C. JOHNSON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Laic
HEAL ESTATE AGENT.
EEOWKVILLE, X. T.
lion. Wm. Jessup, Montrose, Ta.
B. S. BenUy,
John C. Miller, Chicago, 111.
Wm. I. McAllister,
Charles F. Fowler,
Wm. Ferguson, Brownville, N. T.
. O. F. Lake, u
May 7, 1S57. . . 47-ly
' . R. PEERY. M. D.,
T1T.DOEADO. TS. T.
I) ESPECTFULLT tenders his professional ser
C vices to the citiaens of Nemaha eounty and ad
J jinirg counties, both in Nebraska and Missouri.
Jane llth, 1S57. 51-m
I. T. TTliyte & Co.,
WHOLESALE JLJCD EXT AIL CEALES8 IX
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES
CROWNYILLE, K. .T.
I 'If WiMI I
- G. W. IIURN,
MTITiT AHA CITT, B". T. .
"T7ILL attend promptly to all business in hU ro
V fession when called on: such as subduing
Gaiffi3, laving out Town Lota, Drafting Citj lliiz
ete., etc, ST-tf
OLIVER EXNET.. . TVK. B. GAEETT."
JAXEB F. FISEE. ArGCSTCS KKI6IIT.
OLIVER BENNETT & CO.y
Manufacturers and Whalesalo Dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Ho. 87 Hain Street.
(FOBMM.T,X0.101, CoBSBOP MapC ASD LOCFST.)
ST. LOUIS, MO. '" '
WAI. OSBORN. .
Jewelry, Plated TVare, Cutlery, S poons, icM A.C.
TTFTtRARKA CITY", N. T.
J"Exgbattng and Retatkixo done on liort
notice and ALL vokk warbavted.
A. D. KIRK,
Attorney., at. Law,"
Land Aprcat and Notary Public
Jlrch.tr Richardson Co., V. T.
"VTill practice in the Courts of Nebraska, aisted
by Harding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE AND LAND AGLM.
And Notary Public. :
KEBEASKA CXTX, '"K. T.
WILL attend, promly to all buwness entrnstea
to his care, in Nebraska Territory and yest
September 12, 1S56. vlnl5-ly
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Arclier, Richardson Donmy, a. i.
Notice to Pre-Emptors ! !
J. S. HORBACHb CO.,
Attorneys at Law,
HEAL ESTATE BROKERS,
OUAHA CITY, IT. T.
"T"vyTLL give particular attention to preparing all
V th TiM(Marv tters for IVe-emptiotiS, and
rendering any assistance whicb may be requires ty
Ire-emrtprs in prfvinnp their I'rs-cirptioa rights'
at the L". S. Land 02.p.
t 44 -sa
JlaH-nfncttrrrrt-and Whalemle Dealer in
HATS, CAPS & STRAW GOODS,
JSo 49 Main street, bet. Olive and Fine,
&T. LOUIS, MO.
Particular attention paid to laanufacturing our
finest Mole Hats.
J. HART & SON
Oregon, Holt County, Missouri.
Keep constantly on hand all description of Harness,
Saddles, Bridles, &c kc.
N. B. Every article in our shop is manufactured
by ourselvesnd warranted to give satisfaction.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
CEOBGE CLATES. i. TT. LEE.
Clnyos cs Zioe
Real Estate nnd Geueral. Agency,
OMAHA CITY, IS. T.
"James Wright, Broker, ' New York,
"Wm. A. Woodward, Esq. .
Hon. II. Wood, Ex-Gov. of Ohio, . Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Brownell, Bankers, -
Alcott A Ilorton, '
Col . Robert Campbell, . S t. liouis,
James Ridgway, Esq.
Crawforn and Sacked, Chictgo.
Omaha City, Aug, 30, 1855. Ylnl3-ly
n.T.BZXXETT, J. B.MOBTOX, H.B.. UABDI.NO
BENNET, MORTON & HARDING,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Jftbraska City, J". T., ancf Glcnwood, la.
TT7ILL practice in all the Courts of Nebraska and
V Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
obtaining, locating Land WarcanU, and collection of
REFERENCE : ( . ,
Hon. Lewis Cass, Detroit. -it--i.:-.''
Julius D. Morton, u Michigan;
Gov. Joel A. Matteson, Springfield, 111 " .
Gov. J. W. Grimes, Iowa City, Iowa;
B. P. Fifilcd. St. Lonis,Mo.; .'i
Hon. Daniel O. Morton, Toledo, Ohio;
P. A. Sarpy. Bcllevae, Nebraska:
Sedgewich A Walker, Chi:aro,lll:
Green, Weare A Benton, Council Bluffs, Iowa.
T. E. CUXIN'G. JOES C. TV EX.
CHUNG & TUXE,
Aitorncys at Law & Real Estate Agents,
OMAHA CITY, UT. T.
"TT7TLL attend faithfully and promptry to all busi
VV ness. entrusted to them, in the Tprrilnri! r,r
Towa Courts, to the purchase of lots and lands, en
trrie and pre-emptioa. ejections, Ac.
Of5ce in the second story of Henry Roots new
building, nearly opposite the Western Eichanro
Dec. 27, 15G. vln23tf .
Nebraska City, N. T.
I. L. Mc'fiABT,
BRADFORD, McLENKAK & McGARY,
mwm at liw
SOLICITORS LY CHAXCERY.
BrowHTille and Kcbraska Cify, N. T.
BEING permanently located in the Territory, vre
will give our entire tirae and attention to the
practice of our profession, in all its branches. , Mat
ters in Litigation, Collections of Debts, Sales and
Purchases of Real Lsttte, Selections of Lands, Lea
ting of Land Warrants, and all other business en
trusted to our management, will recciia promptaud
faithful attention. - ;
S. F. Nuckolls, ;
. Richard Brown,
-Wm. Hoblitzcll t Co.,
Hon. James Craig,
Hon. James M. ijughes,
Hon. John R. Shepley,
Messrs, Crw, McCrearv A Co.
. Messrs, S. G. Hubbard C
Hun. J. M, Love,
fk. Ijouis, Mo.,
i . , '
t u u ,
unc 7, 1S5C.
Laws of the United States.
. rPublic 20. -.
To repeal Tart of an act entitled'? An act to provide
for the Safekeeping of the Acts, Record?, and
Seal of the Luted States, and for other pur
. poses. .
it tnacted by tie Senate and Jloutt of Jleprrten
tittt of the United Sratet of America in Cogrt$
atiaubied, That so much of the act entitled "An
noUto provid for the safe-keeping f the acts, re
cords, and seal of the United S:ates, and for other
purpa-fes," as is embraced in the last clause of the
isixth section of said act, and which reads in words
ns follows : For authenticating a copy of a record
or paper, under the seal of office, twenty-five cents"
shall be and the same is hereby repealed.
Approved, April 23, 1856.
Amendatory of an act entitled ''An act to regulate
the Fees and Uosts to be allowed Clerks, Mar
shiils, and Attorneys of the Circuit aod District
Courts of the United States, and for other Pur
lie it-arled lytle Srnate vd Hotwe of Jlepreten
tntitta " f t Uuittd Slate of Aicrica 'm Congre
i"tnUtd ', That so much of the a:t entitled An act
to regulate the fees and costs j bo allowed clerks,
marshals, and attorneys of the circuit and district
courts of the United States,and for other purposes"
approve! February twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred
and fifty-three, as'applies to ihe fees of jurors, be
and the same is hereby mads ti ranbrace tho jurors
of the United-States courts for tho District of Co
lambia.. . V Approved, April 23, 1?156.
AN ACT " -
To alter and amend an act entitled "An act to estab
lish a Circuit Court of the United States in and
for the State of California," approved March third
, eighteen hundred and fiJty-Qve.
Belt enacted by the Senate anI Uoe of Rrpretcn
tatitct of the limited Suite of America in Congre
aMemUed, That the circuit courts of the United
Sties for the districts of California shall hereafter
aold four regular sessions m each year, two of which
beginning respectively on the first Monday in Janu
ary and July, shall bo held at San Francisco, in and.
for tho northern district of California ; and tho oth
er two. beginning respectively on the first Monday of
March and September, shall be held at Ixs Angeles
in the southern district of California, and the circuiC
judgs of California shall have the same powers in
relation to his attendance on said sessions and the
arrangement of business thereat as are vested in the
other circuit judges of the United States by the
secojid section of the act approved the seventeenth
of J ane, one thousand eight hundred and forty-four,
entitled An act concerning the Supreme Court of
the United States;" I'rovid&i, That the term of
said eonrtherein provided to be held at San Francisco
i , f. . 1 fc l X-11
on l it nrf i -Honaay in January n:xi, uwiy oe neiu in
aiviwce -f thi.time ucder 'arler of sail eircaii
iiad'inr-' cso'Jce rrevicnsi-'v iii'ren in otforrsitr
J niUi the scn-aisec:ion ef the iwt cf wti,'h this act
t S ' ' ' t;uiiidt That the circuit
eu:p. shalt !:, p .-f.-! - el over by .'the j udgi f th cir
cuit turt tif tae United State?t f flT'thtj-dbtricts f
California, and by the judge of the district court for
the district in which the court is holden, cither of
whem shall constitute a quorum: and the said cir
cuit court and the said circuit judge, and each of tho
said district judzes within his separate district, when
sitting as circuit judge, shall be, and they arejiere
by vested with all the authority, powers, and juris
diction which are vested by existing laws in the sev
eral circuii courtsof the United States, or the jud
ges thereof. And all laws, and parts of laws, which
now are ormay hereafter be enacted, regulating the
urisdiction,process,and practise of the eircnitcourts
of the United S:ates,shall be, and the same are here
by made applicable for the said circuit court for each
of sa id districts of California. And the marshal of
the United States for each district of California shall
act as marshal for said circuit court for his district,
and shall attend not only the regular sessions of said
courts, but such special or extra terms as may be held
in either district, which the said circuit judge is
hereby autheriied to order in conformity to the
mode directed by the second s action of the act of
which this act is aniend;r.ory.
Sec. 2. And be it fmrihtr enacted, That the clerk
of the said circuit court of the United States for the
districts of California shall keep the records of said
court in the city of San Francisco, and ho is hereby
anthorixed to appoint a deputy or deputies, whoso
off.cial acts, signatures; attestations and certificates
sh.ll bo entitled to as full credit as those of tho 6aid
cltrk. . ...
Sec 4. And be it further enacted, That all suits
or canes instituted in the fiistrscteouri3 oi aiuor
ni prior to the first Monday of July, eighteen hun
dred and fifty-five, and which remain pending in
cilher of said courts, or in which final process ias
not been executed, and which are properly within
the jurisdiction of circuit courts, and not of district
courtsof the United States, shall be removed for
tlie district in which the cause is pending by a
transfer and delivery to the clerk of the said circuit
court of the original papers with an exemplification
of the rcijord or docket entries under the seal of the
district court, for which exemplification the clerk of
the said district court 6hall receive the same fees as
are allowed for similar services in making the trans
cripts for apjKjals or writs of cn-or , to be paid by the
part v applying for the same, and taxed as costs on
final judgment; and all causes now pending in said
circuit ourts of the Unite! States, against parties
residing in the southern district of California, shall,
on application of the parties defendant, made with
in three mouths from the date when this act shall
take effect, be removed in like manner to the said
circuit coarthclJ in the southern district of Cali
fornia, and all euch causes shall toko rank on the
docket according to the date of removal; and all
the Trovisions of this section
i liH Ka -rw -nn rvl in.
and conducted in ine same
manner as if originally instituted in the court in
which they may be removed.
r. a 1. k ;t farther e.urrtrd. That all laws, or
parts of iaws, contrary to or inconsistent with this
act, shall La and remain rcpcaicu, xrom uh
. - ... . i i .
when this act shall take effiict.
Sec. 6. And be it artier enacted. That this act
shall take effect in ninety days artcr the passing
thereof, and not before that period
Approved, April 30, 1S5C, .
Creating Columbus, in Kentucky, a Port of.
: - v, . Delivery.
aleZled That Columbus, in the State of Kentuc- for any agent or agents, to be Wtod .by the gov
?MT ' i x lv. 'mA . r ii,ffr Tf iid State, to select, subjt to the approval
win tbe collection district of New Orleans, and
there shall a surveyor of customs appoint! for the
. r. V 1 , Aa;-..a .wi
LcTof C?pprovel on the seeond day of March
ctuelSTred Ld thirty-one, entitled -An act
. D '.:.n . . ... 5 - u. r.,;.
into tittsDarn. neeioz. vjinciunau, i
, , -L v .- v;a inxnL the
'viiTiAarT in i lira AimsMij
s":-rLMarlIrin5 of deli
1.UU4U1UH1U. lliMI X .
very at that place.
To surreader to the Stato of Illinois tho Cumberland
Be it enacted If th Si-note mnd Iloutf Repre-
Roa.1 in said btatc.
tl. -:. SSntM of Amerten C..m
TWninoh of the CunWUnd
lioad as lies within tho State of Illinois, and all the
interest of the United Stages in the same, together
wiUi all the stone, tiiulxv, and other materials be-
lon nn" to tbe United States, and procured for the
VnshTilleaad Natchez, to be secured and paid at nrve attacnao, mm 7 . V
tho7e placet Pravide,!, That it shall be the duty tions, a J ports of ecfaoris,deRgnated by odd aum
tnepsje iraviaea, ahlih Baiaif. , daresaid, and appriipfiatedt as afijrotaid)
purpose of bein used in ihe construction of the
same, and all the rights and privileges of every kind
belonging to tho United States, as cmn?cted with
said road, in sail State, be and the aauo are hereby
transferred and surrendered to the said State of
Approved, May fl, 1855.' '
: :' ; Public 2G. ' :
' i AN ACT : .
To amend the act in addition to certain acts grant-
- ing Bounty Land to certain Oncers and Soldiers
who have been engaged ia the Military service of
the United States, approved March third, eighteen
- hundred and fifly-five. '
Re it enacted by the tenateand Mouse oJ ' Represen
tative of the United State of Atneric " Congre
ananbUd, Thai, in all eases where a certificate or
warrant for bounty land for any I a quantity than
one hundred and sixty acress, shall ha.fe been issued
to any officer or soldier; or to the widow or minor
child or children of any ofaceroT .soldier, under ex
isting laws, the evidence upon which such certificate
or warrant was issued shall be received to establish
the service of inch officer or soldier in the applica
tion of himself, or of his widow or minor chUd or
children, for a certificate or warrant for so much land
as may be required to make up the full turn of one
hundred and sixty acres, on proof of the identity of
such officer or soldier, or in case of his death of the
marriage and identity of his widow, or in case of her
death, of the identity of his minor child or children:
Provided, nevertheless, .That if, upon a review of
such evidence, the Commissioner of Pensions, shall
not be satisfied that the former certificate or warrant
was properly granted, he may require additional
evidence as well of the tern as of tl.) fact r ser
vice. Sec 2. And be it further enacted, . That in . all
cases where a pension has been granted 'to any offi
cer or soldier, the evidence upon which such pension
was granted, shall be received to establish the ser
vice of such officer or soldier in,his"application for
bounty land under existing laws ; and upon proof of
his identity as such pensioner, a certificate or war
rant may be issued to him for the quantity of land
to which he 'shall be enlitled;and in the case of the
death of such pensioned officer or soldier; his widow
shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for the
same quantity of land to which her husband would
have been entitled, if living, upon proof that she is
such a widow, and in the case of the death of such
officer or soldier, leading a minor child or children
and no widow, or where the widow may have decea
sed before tho issuing of any certificate or warrant
for the same quantity of land as the father would
have been entitled to receive if living, upon pfoof
of the deceara of father and mother: Provided,
nevertheless, That if, upon a review of such evi
dence, the Commissioner of Pensions shall not be sa
tisfied that the pension was properly granted, he
may require additional evidence, as well of the term
as of the fact of service. -
Sec. 3. Anil be it further enacted, That so much
of the third section of the "Act in addi tion to cer
tain acts granting bounty land to certain officers and
soldiers who have been engaged in ihe military ser
vice of the United States, " approved March third,
eighteen hundred and fifty-five, as -requires a party
claiming a certificate or warrant, under the provision
of said act, to establish his or her right thereto, by
record evidence of the service for which such certifi
cate or warrant has been or may be claimed, be and
the same is hereby repealed, and parol evidence,
where no reotird evidence exists, may bo admitted to
rriveT.crtperl"trtse(3, unJet'Tich role and
rcg.-'-.ricnsaB the. Commissioner .JPecsioB may
p;.? .1.. e. ' . 11 ...
, Hoc l. -if? l'it further j--, flstf l:.s-!rHh
section oZ tt active meut.uii-. I, f irjrrei tae tirl
d iy cf March, in th ytar tig'jiw n li-.ir.ired and
City-fire, bhiJ be eoustrwed ou embsbn oncers,
marines, seamen, and other persons engaged in the
naval service of the United States during "the revo
lutionary war, and the widows and minor children
of all such officers, marines, seamen, and other per
sons engaged as aforesaid.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the pro
visions of the Baid act shall extend to til persons who
served as volunteers with the armed forces of the
United Stasis, subject to military cTders, for the
space of fourteen days, in any of the wars specified
in the first flection f thr act, whether uch persons
were or were not mustered into th Hcrvioo of the
United States. -
Sec. 6. irni be it further enacted. That the wi
dows and minor children of all such persons as are
specified in the last preceding sec tie n of thii act,
and are now dead, shall be entitled p the same pri
vileges as tho widows and minor children of the be
neficiaries named in the act to which this is an
amendment. - '
Sec. 7. And be it further enact td, That when
any compary, battalion, or regiment, in an organized
form, marched more than twenty milos to the place
where they were mustered into the service of the
United States, or were discharged more than twenty
miles from the place where such comteny, battalion,
or regiment was organized,in all Mich eases, in com
puting the length of service of the oScers and sol
diers cf any such company, battalion, or regiment,
there Ehall be allowed one day for every twenty
miles from the place where the company, battalion,
or regimant was organized to the place where the
samewas mustered into the service of the United
States, and also one day for every twenty miles from
the place where such company, battalion, or regiment
was discharged, to the place where it was organized,
and from whence it marched to enter the service :
Provided, That such march' was in jobedience to the
command ci direction tf the President of the United
States, or some reneral officer of tbo United States,
f!oTnmandin!r an army or denartmont. nr the chief
cxeoutivo officer of the State or Territory by "which
such company, battalion, cr regimes t wes called into
Approved, May 14, 1856.
i Public 28.1 -AN
Making a Grant of Lands to the State os Iowa;
alternate sections to aid in the construction
ccrrain Railroads in the State.
Re it enacted by the Senate and Uoute oy Repr-.
tcntatiremoftke United State of America in Congre
aemtjled,'lhni thhere be and is hereby granted to
the State of Iowa, for the purpose of aiding in the
construction of railroads from istriington, on me
Mississippi river, to a point on the Missouri nver,
near the mouth of the Platte river, from the city of
w - i' T a T f . : A
i)aTenport, via Iowa city and Fort Des Moines, to
Council Eluffs; from Lyons city northwesterly to a
r i ntprsectiou-vrtth the main line of the Iowa
Centrmi Air Line Railroad, near Maquoketa, thence
the forrv-seeond parallel across the said State to the
Miouri river, from the city of Dubuque to a point
the Missouri river near oiuua vii),jku wura
from the mouth of the TeteDis Moris to the nearest
point on said roaa, w do cvuiom
ii. , J n tKa.tTmint-FrrrT<orTUitf.
main roaa is """ . Y , "
ection cf land, designated by odd numbers, for six
sections hi width on each ride cf each of said road.
But incase it shall appear that the United States
hv, when the lines or routes ei said roads are aen-
. . ,' r .- t .nM n tiiint. a hit ivurt thpr-nf
nueiy n.cu, w -"j TiiT "1 .r V '
"ranted as aforesaid, or uiafc riui. i pro-emp-
ofthe Secretary of the Interior from .the i land ef
the United States nearess w u uen secuons
Lv.-,a.;fiBd.sorauohland,ui tdternate sections,
orfsections, as shall be , lo such lands
as the United States hare sold er otherwise apprc-
priated.er to which th.rrghti.of pre-emption have
attached rforaKlr which os(tii edm
il., arJd and to which lire emotion nzkts
mv. -" ' . ., , - . "
t '"--' . - . .
cVan..i.l hvthe tator lowaior tae nse and
- oresaid Provided,' That the land to be
1 I ..."
L ahalk in no case, be, farther than fifteen
mil rm the lines of said roads : Provided, furth
er, That the lands hereby rrantcd for and on account
cfsai!: roads severally shall be exclusively applied
in th construction ef that road for and on account
,f mh,..h irh lands are heret.y granted, and shall
bcdisiwHcdofonlyasthework trpgresses, an5 the
ever : And provided further, Tint any and all lands
samo shall be pf " puipuao
-hrTcUiV.xm reserved 10 luc iuirai ouiiea, oj any aci.
f Om-rress. or in any other miianer by eompetent
authority, tor the purpose of aiding in any object of
internal improvement, or ; f.r -any other purpose
whaUw-sver. bo and the same aro hereby reserved to
the United States from the ppcraiba of thia act.
except so far as it may be found necessary to locate
the routes of said railroads through such reserved
lands; in which case the right of way only shall be
granted, subject to the appfoval of the President of
the United States. .
Stfc. 2. And be it further enacted, That the
sections and parts of sections of bind which, by such
grant, shall remain to the United States within six
miles on each side o f said aisuls, shall not be sold for
less than double the minimum price of the public
lands whdn sold; nor shall any of said lands become
subject to private entry until the same have been
first offered at public sale at the increased rates.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted; That the said
lands hereby granted to the said State Ehall be sub
ject to the disposal of the legislature thereof, for the
purposes aforesaid and no other ; and the said rail
roads shall be and remain public highways for the
use of the Government ct the United States, free
from toll or other charge upon .tho transportation of
any prrperty or troops of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Uni
ted Statesman shall be transported over said roads
under the direction of the Post-Office Department, at
such price as Congress may by law direct : Provided,
That until such price is fixed by law, the Pos tmaster
General shall hove power to determine the mc.
Approved, May 15, 1858.
He ircnt Down TTlth Earness on.
We find in the National Intelligencer,
a letter to the Secretary of the Navy,
written by Lieut. Maury, giving in detail
the order of events connected with the
loss of the steamer "Central America."
Lieut. Maury, who was a brother-in-law
of the brave Herndon, in the introduc
tion, says : ' ' "
As a tribute to his (Herndon's) memo
ry, as material for history, as an heirloom
of the Navy, and a legacy to his country,
I desire to place on record Si the Depart
ment this simple writing and memorial of
The letter gives the history of the dis
aster as gleaned from the most authentic
sources, and is thrillingly beautiful. "We
make one extract, which we know will
draw tears from eyes unused to weeping.
The letter says :
There were many touching incidents of
the most heroic personal devotion to duty
and to him during that dreadful storm.
Even after the ship had gone down, and
her passengers were left in the water
clinging by whatever they could lay hands
on, offices of knightly courtesy were pass
ed among them.
As one of the last boats was about to
leave the ship, her commander gave his
watch to arrassenrrer, with a request that
it miifht be delivered to his vrife. He i
t jr 1
her r.lso, but his utterance wes choked.- i
Teii her Unable to proceed, he I
bent down his head and buriedliis face in
his hands for a moment, as if in prayer,
for he was a devout man and true Christ
In that moment, brief as it was, he en
dured the OTeatest asronv. But it was
over now. His crowded thoughts, no
doubt, had been friends and home; its de
solation; a beloved wife and lovely daugh
ter dependent alone for support upon him.
God and his 'country would care for them
now. Honor and duty required him to
stick to his ship, and he saw she must so
Calm and collected, he rose up from
that short but mighty struggle with re
newed vigor, and went with encouraging
looks about the duties of the ship as be
fore. He ordered the hurricane-deck to
be cut awav and rafts to be made. The
life-preservers were also brought up and
distributed to all who would wear them.
Night was setting in, and he directed
Frazer, the second officer, to take charge
of the arm-chest, and send up a rocket
everv half hour.
Van Ilenssaleer, his first officer, was
also by him. Herndon has spoken of him
to me in terms of esteem and admiration,
and Van Rensaleer proved himself wor
thy to the last of such- commendations.
Side by side these two stood at their post,
and perished together with their harness
After the boat which bore Mr. Payne,
to whom Herndon entrusted his watch,
had shoved off, the captain went ' to his
state Toom and put on his uniform. The
gold band around his cap was concealed
bv the oil-silk covering which he usually
wore over it. He took the covering off
and threw it on his cabin flour, then walk
ing out he took his stand on the wheel
house, holding on to the iron railing with
his left hand. A rocket was set off; the
ship fetched her last lurch, and as she
went down he uncovered. .
A crv arose from the sea, but not from
his lira. The waves had closed over him,
and the curtain of the night was drawn
aver one of the most sublime moral spec
tacles that the sea ever saw.
Just before the steamer went down, a
row-boat was heard approaching. Herndon
hailed her. It was the boatswain's boat,
rowed bv hard hands and a gentle heart
returning on board from a brig to report
her disabled condition, u sne came
alonide she would be engulphed by the
sinking shin. Herndon ordered her to
keen off. She did so, and was saved. This
so far as I have beenrable to learn, was his
last order. Forgetful of self, mindful of
others, his life was beautiful to the last ;
and in his death he has added a new glory
to the annals of the sea.
It. does not appear certain that her com
mander was seen or heard, after she went
down, by any of those who survived the
wreck. Mr. Lhiids, one oi ine passen
gers, thinks he conversed with him in the
water after midnight on Saturday, only a
little while before he himself was picked
up. But Herndon was small -of- stature
of delicate frame and constitution, and by
no mea'ns in robust health. He was al
ready suffering from the incessant labor
and exposure cf the'st two days and
that long Friday "night. His 'fatigue
must have been greatand when the waves
closed over iis ship he was, in all proba
bility, too exhausted to struggle witli the
rest in that, pool of drowning men' for
floats and life.
Everything that could be "done by the
best sea-captain to save his ship was done
to save this one. Brave hearts, and strong
arms, and willing mind were on board.
There was no lack of skill or courage.
Order and discipline were preserved to
the l ist, and she went down under conduct
that :fiii3 the heart with sentiments cl un
. Herndon "was in the; 44th year cf his
age. He was born in Fredericksburg,
Virginia, cn the 2oth day cf October,
1S13. He was the son of the late Dab
ney Herndon, of that places ami was the
fifth of seven children, five sens and two
daughter, of whom Mrs. Maury is the
elder.J He was named after - Captain
William Lewis, of thfe Navy, who was
lost at sea on beard the U. S. brig Eper
vier. Lewis Herndon was left early an
orphan; and entered the navy at the age
of fifteen. Affectionate in disposition,
soft and gentle in his manners, he was
beloved of his own ; he also won the love
and esteem of his associates wherever he
went, and he became a favorite through
out the service.
None knew him better, or loved him
better than, respectfully, your obedient
M. F. MAURY.
. Lieutenant U. S. Navy.
I How to dispense Tvltn Paper Honey.
Heretofore it has been attempted, by
instrumentality of action in the several
States to effect a currency reform. This
has been impossible for although some
States might prohibit the circulation of
banknotes, others would continue it, and
still continue to deluge the prohibition
States with their emissions.
The true plan is and we invite the at
tention of the friends of a constitutional
currency to it for Congress to pass a law
imposing a direct tax on the circulation
of bank notes as currency. The power
of Congress to do this is unquestionable.
The constitution expressly gives Congress
authority to levy d:re:t taxes. In
case of 1813 it to-cd a !r,v taxb.r be
in all their der.aruirJs'
a cent on every dollar bill issued.' -This
tax was continued until ISIS. It was then i
taken ou wnne an mairect tax was conti
nued on sugar, salt, and other necessaries
. To comment upon this odious distinction
is entirely unnecessary. Banks have spe
cial privileges granted to them, and ought
to pay more taxes than those who have
not these special privileges. We call for
the reimposition of the tax, by Congress,
on bank-paper issues. Let it be from the
first so high as to prohibit all notes from
circulation of a less denomination than
twenty dollars. Gradually it could be in
creased upon the large bills, until the true
constitutional currency of gold and silver
was restored, It was never intended by
the framers df the constitution that there
should be any other money than gold and
silveri They were hard-money men.
They had seen the evils of the old paper
issues of the old Constitutional Congress
in the days cf the Revolution. The de
preciation in value of those notes was so
creat that it be$r;rared thousands, and
brought financial ruin and distress upon
the country. They insened a provision
in the present constitution making nothing
but coin legal tender for debts, and they
forbid States from issuing bills of credit.
This they supposed would accomplish' the
purpose. But the States have evaded it.
and have delegated to individuals the
power to issue what they had no right to
do thems?Ives. The violation of the cons
titution, in the issue of notes, has so long
been practiced and has become so inter
woven into the business of the country,
that the courts, in view of the immense
consequences, have shunned a decision on
,the point and allowed the circulation to
Let Congress now perform what the
courts have omitted to do. .The next Con
gress will be Democratic. We hope to
see it, before it adjourns, impose the tax
upon banks, and take off the tax upon
ealt. The tax on bank bills should be gra
duated; the smaller the denomination the
heavier should the tax be. None but large
bills would then be issued by the banks.
and lanre bills are more m the character
of bills of exchange than a currency4. By
driving all bins unaer twenty or nfty dol
lars from circulation, the channels cf trade
and the common money transactions of
every-day life will be filled with nothing
but gold or silver. The Congress which
restores to the people a sound metallic
currency and drives from general circula
lion all banks promises-tc-pcy will render
a. greater service than any which has met
since the constitution was formed, and
"?n ' e r i.
win gain an immortal iaiae icr ltseil in
the archives of the future. ' The country
is ripe for it. No -measure could be mare
popular or meet with a more hearty ap
provalf rom the Democratic masses. - The
ball for the constitutional currency ourht
to be immediately set in motion. Cincin
Well, Tom, how fare you about these
times? Oh, quite comfortable just now,
said Tom, rubbing his stomach. " You hold
your own, I see, said his neigbor. Yesx
replied loa, and a title oi another man s
"Ifce ScScoImiLstcr Abroaa." ; :
ROC til QIX.XS,' " . ' . ' T
(rift ' Tyt-rnpf
Or. and SJnJcmastcr. ''
Reforms ladys and gentlemen that hi
dntls teeth without watin a moment-
blisters on the Lwest tanr.3 and physics,
for a pentrjr a peace; He zelis Godfath"
ers Cordgel, kuts kornsr and undertakes
to keep every hdys nayles by the ear or
so on. Young hdees and gentleman larn-1.
ed their grammars language in the puniest",
manner. Also great kare taken, off there' .
mcrrels and speiiin. Akosarrn. zicrrirrj
teeiJilnguie oasepttlii e.i.3 an caacr'fcons "
of fa;)'work, Queer Quils, fashirgnble
pokeraiyl all other contrary dntes tort
at hom and akrod to perfekshun. ' Per
fumery and snuff in all its branches. As.
times be crewel bad He lairs to tell he is
jist begin to zell all sp'rs-of stashumarv
wares, Diacking Daiis, nu.nl hurrmgs aj;d
coles, shrubing" brushes, trackle, mouse
traps, brick dust, and all sorts of sweet
meats, mkluding taters, sassges, at.d
ether garden stuff Also phrute, hatv
zoegs, hoyl.latiin, biicket3, and ciher eat-'
abtes. Korn and punkin sarve , and " 'I
hardrr-rre He also performs ILriootuiiir.'
on il.i shortest notice, and Fathertnorfe in
particular he has laid in a Ian; assort
ment of trype, chains, degsmeat, lollypops,
and other pickels, such as carrots, hops
ters,windzer zoaps, Sec ' ,. '.':
Old rags bort and zold hear, and no
place helse, and new laid eggs every dajf
by me, Mr. Roger Gile& .
P- S.I teeches joggrephy, Rumaticks,,-an-
them outlandish things. '
N.ll A ball onWensdays, when cur
Mariar will perform on the Pi-annnr. , ,
The Printer's Dollars,
The Printer's Dollars ! Where a?
they ? Well, suppose one cf them' is in
somebody's pocket in rhilapelphia, axxt
er in Boston, a third in New York, a
f outh in Baltimore, while a fifth is resting
securely in some city or town in the West; '
a dollar here and there scattered all over
the country, mile upon mile apart; . tow
shall they be gathered together ?.-.:!
The type founder has his hundreds of
dollars against the printer; the paper nia.
ter, trie Duuaxrg- owner, the lourneyrauaJ;
uic grocer, ire lauar, ana ail aiwstanta ia
hira in carrjir.:' cn business,' Lire t!i
Uadiered'in and patiently' Leaked, ortae:'
wherewith to discharge the largs IrHIs
will never be obtained. We imagine the' -printer
will have to get up an addresH tc
his distant and widely scattered . dollars
something like the following r .
Dollars, halves, quarters, and all man-,
ners o? fractions into which you are divide
ed, collect yourselves and come- home1
you are wanted! "Combinations of all
sorts of men that help iKe printer to be
come your proprietor, gather in such force
and demaud with such good reason -ycuc!
appearance at this counter, that " nothing,
short of the sight cf ycru will appetsi.
them. Collect yourselves, for valuable
as you" are in the aggregate, single yoii
will never repay the cost cf gathericg.--
Come in here in silent single fue; lhe
printer may form you Into battalior-a arjl
send you rorth again, to battle for tin
and vindicate his credit. : -
The Milwaukee News of last iu-tk
record as follows one of the bravest-,
and noblest acts ever performed bj a;'
On Wednesday last, as "the train "nrt
the La Crosse Railroad was, c6niit ,"'
east, and when about dmile east df Cam-'
bria, the engineer saw a little boy ibrmS'
five years old on the track. He irnk--diately
whistled to "brake," and rcnirs
ed the. engine,. but as it was on a dow"
grade, he found he could not stop tho .
train, which-, when the-child wis '5rs'
seen was under full motion. The cdt-
neer stationed himself on the forepiri . .
ot the locomotive, and watching his
chance, jumped ahead of the engine,
snatching the boy from the track, an I
thus saying his life The train passed'-.
on some distance before it stored.--'
The name of th engineer is L. TV
Meade, who1 deserves unqualified praise
for his noble act. . There, arc f err ?ien
that possess the courage and the iierro ''
to perform such a eat But he is re- . ,
warded, for the pleasures to such 4 niith
having saved "some ones little boy,' is'
infinate. Take it altogether, it is tbV ..'
of best and noblest act of engineering:
we have eeard of. .::
A gentleman from Boston chsnc-s J to
find himself among a little party of Indies,
way down east last summer, and fhr!e ifv -the
enjoyment of suae innocent meal '
play, he carelessly placed his arn ibout,
the slender waist cf as petty adacsclas.
Maine can boast of when she starred and ,
exclaimed: c f .-i
Begone, sir! don't iiiiLiis!v '
The gentleman mitardy apccjjjj; frrY
the seendng rudeness, end "assure i' the'..
half offended fair one tnst he did net in-,
tend to insult her. ; " .i . .
" "Well,'' she replkf! archly,-MJf jltiTvl '
not yoninaydoso agaia." -. r." .'
, mmA i
Sally, said i fellow to a girl tint hat
red hair, keep awnyfrora me, cr yevt' '
will set kvc afire. No danger cj thlf,
was the pron.pt reply, you aro ;oVTcrr
tobttrn. ' : 1 "
Powered by Open ONI