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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1857)
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DEVOTED TO AET, 'SCIENCE, AGEICULTUBE, COMMERCE, NEWS, . POLITICS,5 GENERAL INTELLIGENCE' AND THE INTERESTS OF NEBRASKA. ''
CITOF BROWNILLii mMAHi
NOVEMBER 12, 1857:
i . r
W KDITID AND PUBLISHED KTXRT THTKSDAY BT
FUKNAS & LANGDON,
Second St. Id. Jllain and Water.
(Lake's Block,) V
BROWNVILLE, X. T. '
Foronayearif paid in advance, - - $2,00
u , at the end of 6 months, ' 2,50
u u u u u u u 12 3 k ,
Cluls of 12 or more will be furnished at $1,50 ter
nnum, provided the cash accompanie tho order,
cut otherwise. jl
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One qunre, (12 lines or less,) one insertion,
Eeh additional insertion,
One spare, one month
" three months,
a " six months,
f u one year,
Baines Cards of six lines or less one year,
Obo Column, one year,
One-ha!f Column, one year,
- fourth " "
One-t-ighth " " "
Column, six months,
" half Column, six months,
fourth " " "
eighth . " "
(.lumn, three months,
half Column, three months,
ritrhth " . " '
Ann"uncin candidates for office, ( in advance,)
Cash in advance will be required for all advertise
ments except where actual responsibility is known.
Ten per cent for each change be added to the
Standing Business Cards of five lines orless,for
one year, $5,00.
No advertisements will bo considered by the year,
usles specified on the manuscript, or previously
"reed upon between the parties.
"Advertisements not marked on thecopy for a speci
fied namberof insertions, will be continued until or
dored out, and charged accordingly.
All advertisements from strangers or transient per
son, to be paid in advance.
The privilege of yearly advertisers will be confined
timidly to their own business ; and all advertisements
not pertaining thereto, to be paid for extra.
Yearly advertisers have the privilege of changing
their advertisements quarterly.
AH leaded advertisement charged double the above
Advertisements on the inside exclusively will be
BOOK AND FANCY
Having added to the Advertiser Office Card and
Job Presses, New Types of the latest styles, Inks of
all colors, Bronies, Fine Paper, Envelopes, Ac. ; we
are now prepared to execute Job Work of every de
c sription in a Style unsurpassed bv anv other office
i the United States.
Particular attention will be given to orders from a
distance in having them promptly attended to.
The Proprietors, who,having had an extensive ex
p;rience, will give their personal attention to this
branch of business, and hope, in their endeavors to
please, both in the excellence of thir work, and
rMfonaiq charges, to receive a share of the public
BROWNVILLE, N. T.;
Solicits a share of public patronage, in the various
.tranchesof his profession, from the citizens of Iirown
MISS MARY TURNER,
A-Hcl 3Dross UTaltor.
First Street, between Main and "Water.
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
Bonnets and Trimmings always on hand.
C. W. WHEELER,
Ircliitect and Builder.
TZZ? 323. T7A?I2 233. .
Brown-vlllo, 3NT. "I.
JAMES W. GIBSON,
Second Street, between Main and Nebraska,
BROWNVILLE, X. T.
IT. C. JOHNSON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
HEAL ESTATE AGENT.
HEOWNVILLE, N. T. .
non.Wm.Jsip, Montrose, Pa.
I). S. Bently, .
John O. Miller, Chicago, 111.
Wm. I. McAllister,
Charles F. Fowler, "
Wm. Ferguson, Brownville. N. T.
O. F. Lake,
May 7, 1S57.
R. PEERY, M. D.,
QBOTirrraci v sr,
ELDORADO, K". T.
T HSPECTFCLLT tenders his Drofessional ser-
-U. vice, to the citizens of Nemaha county and ad
Joining eounties, both in Nebraska and Missouri.
Jane 11th, 1857. 5l-m
I. T. Whyte & Co.,
HOLES 1H AKD RETAIL DEALERS IN
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES
Queensware, Hardware, -
Ccritry Produce, "
BIQWNVILLE, N. T.
V v?s n ' O
T 7 TV? Tol
NEMAHA CITY, IS. T.
WILL attend promptly to all business in his pro
fession when called on : such as subdiving
Claims, laying out Town Lots, Drafting City Plats
OLIVER BENKET. W. B. GAKBIT.
JAMES P. FISKE. : ' ACGCSTC8 KNIGHT.
OLIVER BENNETT & CO.,
Manufacturers and Whalesale Dealers in .
BOOTS AND SHOES,
No. yl Main Street.
(FOBJIBLY,Xoli0l, CoBNBOP MAIN AKdLoCC8T.)
. .'a ST. LOUIS, 310. ' ,;r.
WM. OSBORN. ...
tealib is .
Jewelry, Plated Ware, Cutlery, Spoons, 4c, Ac.
NEBRASKA. CITY, N. T.
"Ekgbatino and Repaibino done on short
notice and all work warranted.
KIRK, ' ' ,
Land Agcat aiid;IVolary Public.
1rcher, Richardson Co., JV. T.
Will practice in the Courts of Nebraska, assisted
by Harding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
Attorney and Counsellor, at Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE' AND LAND AGENT.
-And Notary Public.
NEBKASKA CITr, N. T.
WILL attend promptly to alltuisness entrusted
to his care, in Nebraska Territory and West-
September 12, 1836
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Archer, Richardson Comity, N. T.
Notice to Pre-Emptors ! !
J. S. HORBACH Sf CO.,
Attorneys at Law,
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
OMAHA CITY, S". T.
WILL give particular attention to preparing all
tha necessary papers for Pre-emptions, and
rendering any assistance which maybe required by
Pre-emptors in proving up their Pre-emption rights
atthe-U. S. LandOf&ce. r: : , 4J-6m,
. hakpixo. g. c, ximboi ;a . r. rouxi,
Hanvfat!iurer$ and WkalcnoU Dealer in ;
HATS, CAPS & STRAW GOODS,
No 49 Main Btreet, bet. Olive and Pine,
j ST. LOUIS, MO.
Particular attention paid to man'afactaring onr
finest Mole Hats. !" '
J. HART 8c SOW
mm k i
Oregon, Holt Count, Missouri.
Keepconstantly on hand all description of Harness,
Saddles, liridles, Ac, Ac.
N. B. Every article in our shop is manufactured
by ourselvesand warranted to give satisfaction.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
GEORGE CLATES. . ' J. TV. LEE.
Claves cfej Xjoo.
Real Estate and General Agency,
nMATTA rvprv n t
James "Wright, Broker, ; New York,
Wm. A. Woodwtrd, Esq.
Hon. R. Wood, Ex-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Brownell, Bankers, " ...
Alcott A Horton, , ,
Col . Robert Campbell, St. Louis, '
James Ridgway, Esq. " . '
Crawforn and Sackett, Chicago.
Omaha City, Ang, 30, 1856. yln!3-ly
H. P. BENNETT, J. 8. MORTON, H. H. H AKDINQ
BENNET, MORTON & HARDING,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Nebraska City, JV. T., and Glenucood, la.
"TT7ILL practice in all the Courts of Nebraska and
W Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
obtaining, locating Land Warrants, and collection of
Hon. Lewis Cass, Detroit.
Julius D. Morton, 4
(xov. Joel A. Matteson, bpnngneld, HI
Gov. J. W. Grimes, Iowa City, Iowa; .
B. P. Fifiled, St. Louis, Mo.;
Hon. Daniel O. Morton, Toledo, Ohio
P. A. Sarpy, Bellevue, IS ebraska:
Sedgewich k Walker, Chicago, 111:
Green, Weare & Benton, Council Bluffs, Iowa.
T. B. CViiiKQ. JOHN C. TCBX.
CU3IIXG & TURK,
I Attorneys at Law & Real Estate Agents,
OMAHA CITY, IT. T.
"Y7TLL attend faithfully and promptly to all bnsi
u euirusven v) mem, in me i erntorial or
lowa uourts, to the purchase of lots and lands, en
trries and pre-emptions, collections, Ao.
OfOce in the second story of Henry Roots new
building, nearly opposite tho Western Exchange
Bank, t arnham street.
Dec. 27, 156. vln28tf
X. A. BRADFORD,
D. L. mc'gart,
Brownville, N. T.
Nebraska City, N. T.
TITl t TT?ATT 1 r . T tiit-,. -. . .
ITTOIlHiS AT LAW
. SOLICITORS LY CHANCERY.
Brownville and Nebraska-City, N. T.
TLLNU permanently located in the Territory, we
- w.lU ive our at tl?10 .an.4 attention to the
praotice or our profession, ra all its branches. Mat
ters in Litigation, Collections of Debts, Sales and
Purchases of lical estate, selections of Lands, Lea
ting of Land Warrants, and all other business on
trusted to our management, will receive prompt and
S. F. Nuckolls,
Wm. Hoblitiell & Co
lion. James Craig,
Hon. James M. Hughes, -
Hon. John B. Shepley,
Messrs. Crow, McCreary A Co.
Messrs. S. Q. Hubbard Co.
Hon. J. M. Lovo.
tl-nl '. V:
Brownville, i .
St. Joseph, Mo
St. Louis, Mo
Cincinnati O. ,
Laws of the United States:
... t Public .1.. ; .l ,
: lr -AN ACT ,.,
To relieve the Commissioner of Pensions' from
Performance of certain clerical Duties. .
Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilauteof Bepreten
tive of the United State of America tn Vonyreet
attembled, That the Commissioner of Pensions is
hereby authorized, with the approval of the Secre
tary of the Interior, to appoint such person as may,
from time to time be i thought ru-oper to sign the
tame of said Commissioner of Pensions to certifi
cates or warrants for bounty bind j and ail such cer
tificates or warrants so signed shall be is valid to
all intents and purposes as if signed ' by said com
Approved, February 20, 1855i ' -
Authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to change
tho names of Vessels in certain cases.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Home oy 'Jiepre
eentativesoftke United States of America in Congre
assembled, That the Secretory of the Treasury be,
and hereby is, authorized to permit the owner or
owners of any vessel to change the name of the
same, when, in his opinion, there shall be sufficient
cause for so doing; and he may establish such jules
and regulations as he shall deem proper for that
purpose. . '
Approved, March 5, 1856.
, ., Public a f -. ,.
To define the Jurisdiction of the District and Cir
cuit Courts of the United States for, the District
of East Tennessee.
Be itenacled by the Senate and Honeeof Jlepreien
tatices of the United Statctof America in Congress
assembled, That the jusisdiction of the district and
circuit courts of the United States for the eastern
district of Tennessee be and the same is hereby dec
lared te extend to and include the following counties
of said State, to wit: Anderson, Bledsoe, Blount
Cradley, Campbell, Carter, Claiborne, Cocke, Graii
ger, Greene, Hawkins, Hamilton, Hancock, Jefferson,
Johnson, Knox, McMinn, Meigs, Marion, Monroe,
Morgan, Polk, Rhea, Roane, Sevier, Soott, Sullivan,
Washington, Union and Cumberland, and any new
county which may hereafter be formed out of the
Territory of one or more of said " counties shall be
included in said jurisdiction. , 1
Approved, March 19, 1956. ,
Public 9. .
Relating to Punishment in the Penitentiary.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Bouse of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America in Con
gress assembled, That, where any judicial district
has been or may hereafter be divided, the circuit or
district courts t f the United States shall have power
to sentence any one convicted of an offence punish
able by imprisonment and hard labor to the peniten
tiary within the State, though il be out of the ju
dicial district in which, the conviction is had. .
; Sec L. . And he it fHer enttcted, That the said
Courts in the northern district of Ohio, and in the
3iurt.hf.riK3iiitrWit.rtf TDinfj. b tMithorized to transfer
to the penitentiary of th; respective Suu-s, any
prisoner or prisoners who niay'nrfw be confined in
j&a in either district, whos ffeiwe by law is pun
ishable by confinement to hard labor in the peniten
tiary. Approved, March 28, 1855.
To continue temporarily the Land Offices at Kala
mazoo, in the State of Michigan, and at Palmyra,
in the State of Missouri,
Belt enacted by the Senate and House of Represen
tatives of the United State of America in Congress
assembled, That the offices of register and receiver
of the Land-Office at Kalamazoo in the State of
Michigan, and the-office itself, shall be continued
until such time as, in the opinion of the Fresident.
the same can be discontinued without prejudice to
the public interests. And that until that time, the
act of Congress approved June twefth, eighteen
hundred and forty, shall not apply to the said office
or officers. .
Sec. 2. And leil further enacted, That the com
pensation of the said receiver and register shall be
allowed them agreeably to law, during the time of
discontinuance under the existing order.
Sec 3. And be it farther enacted, That the pro
visions of sections one and two of this act are hereby
made applicable to tho Lftnd-Office at Palmyra, in
the State of Missouri, and the register and receiver
Approved, April 5, 1856.
. Public 12. .
To censtitute the cities of Hannibal, Missouri, and
Peoria, Illinois, Porta of Delivery. ,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen
tatives of the United Slat of America, in Congress
assembled, That the cityx'f Hannibal, in the State
of Missouri Bhall be and it hereby constituted a port
of delivery, annexed to and made a part of the col
lection district 3f New Orleans, and shall be subject
to the same regulations and restrictions as omer
ports of delivery in the United States, and all the
nrivilccres and facilities afforded by the act of Con
gress of the second March, eighteen hundred and
thirty-one, entitled "An act allowing me auties on
foreign merchandise imported into Pittsburgh,
Wheeling Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis, Nash
ville, and Natchez, to bo secured and paid at those
places," shall be and nre hereby extended to said
port. A surveyor of the customs shall be appointed
to reside at said port and perform the duties prescrib
ed by law, and shall receive in full compensation for
his services a salary of one thousand dollars per an
num.' Sec. 2. And le H farther enacted, That Peona,
? the, State of Tllinois.be and is hereby constituted
a port of delivery within the collection district of
New Orleans, and there shall be appointed a survey
or of the customs for such port, who shall be resident
thorAaf, Said aurvevor stall oeriormme ouuwwu
receive the salary and emolument prescribed by the
.t nf finnoTBsa annroved on. Iho second day of March
n rvV faun KnmirAil stnA .thirtv-one. entitled "An act
?t. PiHiiininrh. . WheelLn?. Cincinnati, bt. l
Nashville and Natchea, to be secured and paid at
those places. .
Approved, Apnl a, looo.
f Public 13.
..... AN ACT
Making appropriations for restoring and maintaining
tne peaceaoie uisposmuu ox ui uuiau uiuca uu
the Pacific, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted bvthe Senataand House of Represent
tatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled, That the sum oi three hundred thousand
dollars be, and the same is hereby appropriated, out
of any monies in the treasury not otherwise appro-
nated, to be expended under the directum ot tne
resident of the United States, ftr restoring and
maintaining the peaceable disposition of the Indian
tribes on the Pacific. . ' .
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum
or one hundred and twenty thousand dollars be and
the same is hereby appropriated, out of any monies
not otherwise appropriated, for th purchase or gun
powder for the Pacific coast.
Approved, April 5, 1858.
Making Appropriations for the payment of invalid
and other Pensions cf the United States for the
year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hun
dred and fifty -seven. , -
Be it enacted by the senate and House of Represen
wT . T f 1. . f 4 rT
tatxves cf M linxiea, sawjt or junenca tn vonqress
assembled, That the following sums be and the same
are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the
treasury not( otherwise appropriated, for the paymen
of pensions far the year ending the thirtieth of June
one thousand eight nurdred and fifty-seven ;
For invalid pensions, under various nets, five hun
dred and three thousatd three hundred dollars.. -
For pensions under sets of the eighteenth March,
One thousand eight hundred and eighteen, fifteenth
Mafyj oni thousand eiglt hundred and twepty-eight,
and seventh June, one thousane eight hundred and
thirty-two, one hundrfd and, thirteen thousand six
hundred dollnrs. . , ' ' ; !
i For pensions.to widows of those who served during
the revoL tionary war. under the third section of
acts of fourth 1 July; one thousand, eight hundred
and thirty-six, seventh July, one thousand eight
hundred'ancl thirty-eight, third March ,one thousand
eight hundred and forty three, seventeenth June,
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four, second
Febrvary, onq thousand ight hundrtd and forty
eight, and second section act of third February, one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, four hun
dred aid siir.y thousand dollars. ,
: Eor pensions to widows and --phmg, under act of
twenty-firsl July, one thousand eight hundred and
forty-eight, first section act of third February, one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, two hundred
and four thousand dollars.
; For half-pay pensions, payable through the second
and . third auditors of the . treasury, thirty-eight
thousand and forty-seven dollars and seven cents.
: For navy invalid pensions, thirty thousand dollars
For navy pensions to widows and . orphans,' under
act of eleventh August, one thousand eight hundred
and forty-eight, one hundred and ten thousand dol
lars. . -. - ; ; .v.". : '! , :'
For paying pensions of invalids whe wre wound
ed on board of private armed Vessels, .during the
last war with Great Britain, in addition to the un
expended balance of former appropriations, for the
same object, thirteen hundred and fifty-eeven dol
lars.' ; ; '
Sec. 2. . And le it further -enacted, That 80 much
of the first section of tho aot entitled "An act for
the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers
cf the army of the Revolution," approved fifteenth
May, one thousand eight hundaed and twenty.eight,
of the Orst section of the act entitled "An act sup
plementary to the act for the relief of certain sur
viving officers and soldiers of the army- of the Rov
olutkn," approved seventh June, one thousand
eight hundred and thirty-two, and of the first pro
viso of the first section of the act entitled. 'An act
renewing certain naval pensions, and eqteiiding the
benefit of existing lawg respecting naval pensions to
engineers, firemen, and ceal-heavera ia the navy and
to their widows," approved eleventh Angust,' one
thousand eight hundred and rorty-eight, as provides
for the payment of, all pensions under the aforesaid
acts out of any moneys in tee treasarynot otherwise
appaoyriated, be and the same, is hereby repealed,
from and after the thirtieth of June, one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-six.
Sec. 3, And be it further enacted, That any mo
neys appropriated by the act of thirty-first May,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four, to supplv deficien
cies for the fiscal year ending the thirtieth of June
of that year, and by the second section of the act of
twenty-eighth February, eighteen hundred and fifty
five, making appropriations for tho payment of pen
sions opplicahle to the payment of pensioni of inva
lids who were wounded on board of private vessels
during the last war withGrert Britain, not required
under the proAisions thereof, may be applied to the
same purpose subsequent to the teirtieth of June,
eighteen hundred and fifty-five, is being hereby
provided that pensions to invalids thus wounded
shall be paid from moneys in the treasury of the Uni
ted States in the same manner, upon appropriations
made or to be made, as other pensions for naval or
military services. . f. .,,. , ...
Approved, April 5,- - ' " -' - '
i v. -ai AN ACT. ' ' -
To change tho Times of hotding tho United' States
Courts in the Southern Uistrict of Illinois,
Be it enacted bv the tenan aud House of Represen-
tatixes of th United Sta.te9.of America in Congress
assembled, That, instead of tho times heretofore fixed
by law,' the circuit and district courts of the United
States gor the Southern District of Illinois, shall
hereafter be held as follows : , . r
At Sprinjrfield, on first Mondays in Janvarv. and
first Mondays in June, -and all writs.pleas, suits,
recognizances, indictments,- or other proceedings,
civil or criminal, issued' commenced, or pending in
either of sa id courts, snail be returnable to, be en
tered and have day in court, ond bo heard and tried
acaerding to the times of holding said courts as here
in provided. '
Sec. 2. And be it furCur enacted,' Thet the clerk
of the said district courts pf the southern district of
Illinois, is hereby authorised, under the direction of
the Judge of said district court, to make a transcript
from the records of the dirtrict and circuit courts of
the northern distrrct of Illinois, cf all such matters
and proceedings as relate to or concern titles io real
estate orcauses originating in that part of the Stato
of Illinois included within said southern district
aforesaid; and that the compensation of said services
be the same as now allowed for like services .under
existing laws, and provided that such transcripts and
record when so made shall be certified by said clerk
to be true and correct, the same fhall be evidence as
fully and effectually as though originally entered and
made in the courts ot Jhe Umted states for the
northern district of niiniis.
Apgioved, April 26, 1355. ;
: AN ACT
Making Appropriations for the Support oflheMili
tary Academy tor tne year ending the thirtieth ot
June, eigotcen hundred and fifts'-sevrn.
Beit enicted by the senate and House of Represen
tatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembledjTh&t the following sums be, and the same
are hereby appropriated out of any money in tho
treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the support
of the Military Academy for'the year ending toe
thirtieth of June one ihousand eight hundred and
Ofty-seven: - -
For pay of officers, instructors, cadets, and musi
cians, ninety-one thousand one h undred and six dol
For commutation of subsistence, two thousand add
forty-four dollars. ' ! ' . .;
For forage for officers horses, eight hundred and
sixty-four dollars. ' 1'' ' . '
For nrreoCajA oHiry 4trrii3es.. a fallow
repairs and iroprovemente, fuel, a 3d apparatus, for
ae, postage, siauonerj, iro.j.nii union, printing,
clerks, miscellaneous and incidental expenses, and
deparsments of instruction.' thirty-four thousand
seven hundred and ninety dollars.
For ffradual increas add expense of library, one
thousand dollars. ': ...
For expenses of the board if visitors., three thou
Forloragefor artillery and cavalry horses, eight
thousand six qundreduia iony aouare. - , .
For rejilacing dead nd worn out eaqaliy and ar
iiipi-r hnraes-one thotsanddollars. :
For repairs and add.tions to. professors' quarters,
five thousand dollars.
For furniture for hospital for cadets, one hundre
and fifty dollars. v - . ' r '
For a gun pendulum six oiunarua aoiiars.
nnhlic clock. sven hundred dollars.
Sv 2 Ad be it furher ., That the amounts
disbursed, or that may be disbursed, out of money
appropriated for the support of th Military Academy
by the acts ol May teixu, curau uuuuw ana raiy.
four, and March third eighteen hundred and fifty-
five, in payment oi acauio"" vc-mpeDsaiion to me
i;Writii assistant Lhranan ana certain eniistea
11 1 . . J 4- IV. J!i il. ar-
S en at that post, be psseu ure creuii, oi us ui-
bursing officer : Rrovtiea, inaime adaitionat pay
to said librarian, assisBniiiuranun, snail jiot exceea
the sum of one hundred and twenty dollars each per
annum, and to the noncommissioned officer in charge
o f mechanics and other labor at the post, the soldter
actin g as clerk in the Adjuiant's office, and the four
enlisted men in the philosophical and chemical de
partments, and iithognphic office, not exceeding the
sum of fifty dollars eath per annum : and that a like
measure of compensatbn be hereby authoriied to be
allowed nereaiier iuriv . 'fw""1;-
1' And be it ftrther enacted. That the Sec
retary of the Senate firnish annually the library of
the MilitarTAcademyat West Point with a copy of
all documents published by the Senate.
Approved, April 23,1856. -
Wheat is selliaff at the towns on the
Upper Mississippi at 60 to 65 cents per
Drinking among Young 3Icn.
: The Philadelphia Sun says , truly,' that
indeserirninate drinking among pur young
men must effectually make its mark upon
the population. of. put cities. We can see
it already betraying itself in the rising
generation. It is impossible for any man
to drink everi pure.: liquors -sit ,or setgn
times a day without suffering sererely in
constitution.. ,And when he transmits
this impaired constitution to his sori,"tvho
in turn : impairs - it still-further "by the
same course, it. requires lut little fore
sight to see that we, are preparing & popu
lation for our cities ,that will, not , in physi
cal frame be much better than the wretch-;
ed Aztecs. This love1 of drink and bar
rooms is every 'day increasing. : Every
days sees fr'esh saloons starting up in our
midst. . "Every day sees our youth becom
ing more and more the victims of this ha
bit, for really we think it more a habit
than a passion. ' It is no love for jovialty
that tempts them, except in a few cases.
It is not the hot exhuberance of youth.
It is not the evanescent impulse of the
gay young fellow who is sowing his wild
oatsi It is,' as has been said, a cold, 'deli
berate, confirmed habit: No atmosphere
pf recklessness or . jollity; surronnds : the
drinking group, except on occasions;, and
no peals of merriment atone for "the act,
by proving that it is at least unusual.' JA
grim and melancholy air pervades each
countenance. The drinks are poured out,
the glasses raised and touched with , a
loathsome air of custom, and , each man
swallows his potion with the same impas
sive countenance he would wear if he was
drinking a glass of plain Water. All the
concomitants that partially redeem or ex
cuse drinking, so far as it can be redeem
ed or excused, are wanting mthis sad and
ormal ceremony. The actors drink, not
because they love it, and want to be merry,
but because they have been accustomed
to it ever since tnev were boys, and it
has now become a habit which is more
imperious than if it were a passion.
This poison, which has of late become
so notorious in its abuse; (we cannot say
use,) is the most uncertain in' its action
on tne numan irame; m some producing
instant death ; Ithe kame dose in others
only bringing t'li.tetaniy colivulsion;-,:and
in a lucky fetr hq enect at all: ana .this
does not appear . to have- jany relation to
the physical strength of the patient. It
is a whitish, crystalline substance, and is
extracted from the nut of r a. .tree called
stryejinos nux vomica. This tree grows
in Ceylon, is of . a moderate size, and has
thick shining leaves,' with a short,crooked
stem. In the fruit season, it is readily
recognized by its rich, orange-colored
berries, about as large as golden pippins.
The rind is smooth and hard, and con
tains a white pulp, of which many varie
ties of birds are very fond ; within this
are flat, round seeds, not an inch in diam
eter, covered with very beautiful silky
tiairs, and of an ash grey color. The nut
is the deadly poison which was well known
and its medicinal properties well under
stood by Oriental doctors, long before Eu
rope or America had heard its name.
Dog-killer" and VR$h scale are trans-
ations of two of its Arabic names. , The
natives of llmdostan often eat it for
months, and it becomes a habit, like cpi-
um-eating, with the same desastrous re
sults. They commence with -taking, the
eighth of a nut a day, and gradually in
crease their allowance to an entire nut,
which would be about twenty grains. If
they eat directly before or after food, no
unpleasant effects are produced," but if
they neglect this precaution, spasms result.
The chemical tests for it are numerous,
but only one or two can be relied upon as
thorougly accurate. Scientific American.
A short time since a little boy of four
summers, was carefully examining some
pictures, among which was one of the
tomb of Washington. Taking the picture
up, ne askea ms raomer "wno mat picture
was.". He was told that it was the picture
of; ushnn:to:i s tomn. The inue feiiuw
thought a moment, and looking up, said
"Mother, I don't see- how they ever got
so great a man as Washington into a
Durinsr a late thunder-storm at Green
ville, South Carolina, the lightning struck
a mill, knocking over two slaves who were
at work in it. As soon as they regained
their feet, the first exclamation of one of
them, in great surprise, was, "who fire
dot gun ? ...-''''" .
Brown had been in love, witn a young
lady and asked permission to call her "by
the name of some animal, which 1 request
4. . V
was granted on condition that she should
have the same privilege. On leaving
Brown said . "Goodnight, dear" '.'Good
niirht. bore" said she. Brown has since
quit the company of young ladies.
Why is a chicken-pie like a gunsmith's
store f .because it contains iowi-m pieces.
When a man can not contain himself,
is he too large or too small ?
The man whose heart was in the High
lands, went op there the other day and
gOt It. - . .
Two opposite opinions should not lie, on
the sasrte bolster .
f Determlr'itidiXor Purposed 1
The earnest mnSjins way for himself,
and earnestness and truth goTogether.
Never affect to be other than you are,
either richer or wiser. Never be asham
ed to;say,T"I do not know:' men will then
believe you when you say,. "I do know;".
nivci ue usuumeu w say, vueiiier as ap
plied to time or money, 'I cannot afford
iC "I cannot afford to waste an hour in
idleness, towhiclxybu invite mei'3 Vl can
not afford the guinea you ask me to throw
away." Once establish yourself, and
your mode of life, as what they really rare,
and your foot is oa. solid. grQun.d, whether
for the -gradual step -onward, -'or- for the
sudden spring ever a precipice. From
these maxims- let- deduce another
learn td'say "No"-with" decision, Yes"
with caution; 4.'No," with decision when
ever it' implies a promise. A promise
once given is a bond inviolable. A man
is already I of cons equence in the world
when we know that we can implicitly rely
upon' him. .1 have .frequently seen, in
life, a. person preferred to a long list of
applicants, "for 'some ' important charge
which lifts him at once into station and
fortune', merely because he has this repu
tation, that when he says he knows a thing
he knows it, and when he says he will do
a thing; he will do it. Muse, gentlemen,
over these maxims ; ypu will find it easy
enough to practice them, for . when you
have added them together, the sum total
looks very much like a Scotchman. Si
Bulwcr Lytion. ,
It is wonderful how cheap happiness
used to be. It used to grow in the field ;
we. haveiouhd it there, but not lately. It
lay about, like the sunshine, within arm's
length of everybody. Sometimes five
speckled eggs in a grassy nest constituted
it ; sometimes beautiful blue ones in the
lilacs It used to swim in the brooks, and
turn up its silvery and mottled sides, like
a polished little sabre, sprinkled with the
color of fame, which is generally supposed
to be crimson. We have found it many a
time, beside a mossy stone, when it look
ed very much like a first springs flower ;
we have seen it coming down in the
snow, and heard it descending in the rain.
What a world ofit used to be crowded into
a Saturday afternoon ! An old newspaper,
with 'cedar fibs, a. tail like three bashaws,
f.n'l a r er-ny's worth of 'twine, have cens
titute J Eianj a time that is-, n.any an old
iinie-w-the entire stock in trade, cf one
perfectly happy. B. Ft Taylor. '
; The Tomato Its Properties.
i ; Dr. .Bennet, a prof essoT of some cele
brity; considers it an invaluable article of
diet, and ascribes to it very, important
"1. That the tomato isr one of the most
powerful aperients of the Materi Medica,
and that in all those affections of the liver
and organs where, calomel is indicated, it
is probably thp most, effective . and least
harmful reined ical agent known to the
2. rThat a chemical extract will be ob
tained from it which will altogether su
percede the use of calomel in the cure of
disease. . '
3. That he has successfully treated
diarrhoea with this article alone.
4. That when used as an article of diet,
it is almost a sovereign remedy for dys
pepsia and indigestion.
5. That persons arriving from the
North or East to the South or West should
by all means make use of it as an aliment
as it . would in that event save them the
danger attendant upon those violent billi-
ous attacks to which almost all unacclirn-
ated persons are liable.
6. That the citizens in ordinary should
make use of it, either raw, cooked, or in
the form of a catsup, with their daily
ood, as it is the most healthy article in
the materia a imenearia.
To keep cabbages fresh all winter, se
ect a dry, sheltered plat of ground; dig
trenches in it ctise together, and dig up
your cabbages, with some dirt' about their
roots, and transplant them to the trenches
luakiuir the tubbarcs t.;acJ. as? thX.Is a
they can; then cover the whole 'up so
deeply in straw" that they cannot ' freeze
much. ' Thus Vou may have nice cabbage
all winter. .
Dorking and Poland fowls, crossed with
each other, are said to make about the
finest breed for common use that can be
found. A friend of ours finds a cross be
tween the Shanghai and Black Spanish to
be very prolific in eggs.
Mislortune was nis crime success
would have silenced censure.
Weep for love, but never for anger ; a
cold rain will never bring flowers. -
Afflictions are sent us by Providence, to
teach us to recollect our ways.
Bacon says, justly: the best part of beau
ty is that which a picture cannot express.
. i ;
We hope to grow old, and yet we fear
old age ; that is," we are willing to live,
and are afraid to die. .
Our tempers are like an opera-glass
which makes the object small or great
according to the end you look through. ..
well known, hatter, Genin, has
To CujtE a Cold, take tha juice of two
lemons, three-quarters of a pound of leaf r :
fugar, simmer itfor-half an. hour, thei
add twb table spoonful of paragoric'Dcs
a tea spoonful three times & day." .'. ", t: ' !,;',,J ' '
j CsEAii Pit, and very rich is made ty' '
a rich paste for bottom ; then ' layer of
butter, the: thickness of a cent; then en
of sugar;" then' one : of flour,' the':"sara
thickness, and fill up with CTeara.- f '
.To makx CnAtlxK.Pir, take eight wnf,,
ter or butter crackers ; . break. ! in piece? v
nd.jK)ur on them .one quart of bciliri
wot jr;add a tea-spoonful of tartaric acid
forwo pie's. Sweeten and ;spice . ta tlio
; To Pbeventthe SMoriso or LuAHft
soak" the wick in strong vinegar, and 'dry'.,
it well before using. It t will; then lurri
both sweet and pleasant, giving much w .
tisfaction for the irifling trouble in prepar.
ing.it. ' . v !:
j Pickled CAiiBAGi.-Slicered callage
very thifit; put on it ",a little coarse ualtj.
and let it rest twenty-four hours, to drain; t
add sliced onioiis, if yoti like them: Boil ,
four spoonfuls of pepper ,'and four cf tl '
spice, in' a quart of vinegar, and .potx iil
over - - . r . i i -
Wiping Wishes. Much time is wa.it ' ,
ed by house-keepers in wiping their dishes. .
If properly .washed and drained, in a dry T "
sink, with a cloth spread on , thebottom .-' t
they look much better' than;when' wipd1,-' :
besides the economy in saving ' lime 1 and
labor.' ;; '' ' ".i '' .; -i .!'..; "
; To BARt Cork Meat. Pcddiho. -Tor
seven heaping : table-spoonfuls bf Icdiaa - ,
meal, add. one: cup of molasses, a ,littl(s -,
salt and butter Stir all ( well .together,. . . .
and just as it goes into the .hot oven,' put
in a cupful.'of cold water or toilk. Btke'4
three quarters of an hour. ' .
I Gincer Sicafs. One cup mclass'os 1 '
one half cup sugar ;-' one half cup wana ;
water, the butter melted in it; two tibls' .
spoonfuls ginger;, one tea-spoonful seler-, .
atus .Knead it well with flour enough'tcr ( .
make it stiff. Cut it inter round eakeij '
bake in ft moderate oven. . ' ', . .
f'oAM SAircE.'One tea cup of svg.it t y
two-thirds of a cup cf hatter, and oiU'l .
table-spoonful of flour,- bcatert toeticr r
till :srfio.h then place over .the fii-e,, acd ;
stir in rapidly three gills cf toiling; wtt.jr:
season with ioitmegr A tetyrichar-'j;
delicious sauce for puddings .' , , ;;. ,1
Fat-iT PcDDiNG.-Make a crust same .
as for biscuit iind roll jt out, and spread h ' .
thick on the tipper side with any Kind 'off. .
fruit you like cherries, plums.- or-ahy;.
dried fruit. ; Roll it up tight,, put. it in. a,,
cloth and boil it an hour and a half, ,ana ,
you will have a delicious- pudding. ' .' ' ' -
! ExTEMroBE Buckwheat Cakejj.-
Three pints'of buckwheat flour ; ono tea- t ,
spcK)nful carbonate' of soda, dissolved xri -water
enough to make a batter with ' the ;
flour.- Whan mixed, add a tea-spoonful
of tartaric acid, dissolved in a. fev spwn- :
fuls of hot water. , Stir it inland fcaker t
immediately. ' . ; .. .... . ; , .. .
Oyster Soup. To one qWr'Uf oper ,
with their juice, put two quarts of cold .
water, half a pint of milk, and a Jiesrpir.g '
spoonful of salt ; let them toil one minute; '
skim out the oysters, and add half a tea- t
cup of crackers rolled fine, half a tea -cuj ..
of butter and a little pepper ; let it boil , ,
again; then pour over the oysters, j
'. Cunixc Hams. Rub salt all oyer them .
as soon as laid on the table; the next day ;
brush it off and pack them jna Cask ; put ' , 8 1
on a pickle as follows r 1 qdart . jalt to l1 ' ,
gallon water; to 6 gallons water, half -
gallon molasses and three ounces Kilpetre. .
Let the hams remain in six or eight weeks .
according to size. Smoke .to suit, and
pack away in salt in a cask and put irf a
cool dry place, and they will keep good all'
summer. ' ... .f . . -
LicnT?r a SicK tlooM.-A ' piece c(
candle will burn all night in a sicki room' .
-1 . V - J .11 I' 1. I. - .J
or eisewnere wnrn? auu ii;jni. w . ;miciv.
Y puttinj finely po wo ered salt on ths ian'
die until it reaches the black' part cl ' th
WRk. In im-i uny a nnld tv.d ii uiy I ;ht
may le kept thresh th night frira i
small piece of candle.- . . r.l ' i , .
Camfbox a Remedy tor5Iice Any1
one desirous of keeping- seeds frani tbei
depredations of mice, can do so by mixing .
pieces of camphor gum in with the. teedi. .
Uampnor placea in drawers or trunks will
prevent mice from dointr them iniunr. '
The little animal objects to the odor, ana "
keeps a good distance from it. , v. .'-.-.U
Att'lj: DuwPL!xcs.-4Pare, --fltiaftetV
and core twelve apples; and make a ' crust.
same as for soda biscuit ; put the apples:'
m the bottom of a tin puddrog d;sh,-tif.
crust on the top; set the ' pudding , disi id .
a kettle of boilmg water, and let- it toil
for one hour,; without ceasing, when done
turn it out on a dish, the applet wuJ be ca .
the top. , . , , ,, : t. r
WrA8Hic f tuiD.Take one poflal ci . ,
sal soda and half a pound of nnalackedi
lime, put in a gallon of water and bojt
twenty minutes ; let it stand1 till cocl.thei .
drain off and put it in a stone jug of far!.
Soak your clothes overnight, or until they :
are well wet through, then "wring, thera
out and rub on plenty of soap, an-c!. in one;
boiler of clothes well covered etrr'.witb .
water,' add one teaspoonfal of ''Wishing m
fluid.- 'Boil half an : hoar briskly ," ' th t a
wash them thoroughly through on .udj
and rinse well through waters', and .jour
clothes will look better than .thq old way
of washing' them twice be fore, boil iiigx ' '
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