Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1857)
1 . T
-y Ay-y Ay
DEVOTED TO ART, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE, NEWS, POLITICS, GENERAL ; INTELLIGENCE AND THE INTERESTS , OF NEBRASKA.
CITY OF BROWNVILLE, NEMAHA COUNTY, N. T., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1857.
j r i j
'X'jl7t ASV rt".ELIS BED EVERT TDXRSDAV ET
at W . . FURNAS
j&coxie Street, bet. Kain nd Water,.
. (Luke Block.) ;
bj:ovxvij;lk, n. t.
For on year if paid id adtuce, - - $2.00
. at the eiid of 0 months, -,50
" . r 44 12 3,0U..
" Clufeof 12 or niore will be furnished at $1,50 per
'ailniwi. provided the cash accoinpauie the order,
td otherwise. '.. . '.
IiATES OF ADVERTISING:
iu.ir?, 12 lines uj less.; one insertion,
Ekt additional msertiou,
Oncsaaare. one mouth
three months, .
" " M one vear,
Kii-ineis Cards of six lic.es or less one year,
ri je CVmtnt:, one year,
'i.ie-half Column, one year,
' " Joarth
(Sue-vi-Llb " " u
' Ciiumn, six ui nths.
haif Column, six months,
tarth " " '
cL'bth " " 44
('.. irn a, three months,
"o I.aif -"Iumn, three months,
. f,.urth - 44 '
. ti'Lth " - -
i-,. ,,i:n -iii" candidates for office, fin advance.)
Cih in advant-e wi'.l be required f-.r all ad verti.se
mc'.ts ex?ept where actual responsibility is known.
Tea per ceLt for each cbar.ge be added to the
;:ar; ln.? Business Cards of five hnee or less, for
t,c voar. t.'.,l'.
No ;idvcriiat.'meDt? wi'lbe mnsidered by the year,
o'ieV- H-iSd on the m.anureript, or previously
' u-ij between the jarties.
"AdTreuientf not marked on tbeeopy for a pci
ff'.ir.u:ui.crof inertbn, will be continued until or-ir-i
out. and .-Laved accrdincly.
Ail lv?r:ierjciitf from strangers or transient per-
v t . i piid in aivaricc.
Trie privilege "f vcar'.v advertiser? will be confined
u;id!v to then- own" business : f nd all advertisement
uertainins thereto. X be paid for extra.
Yearly i vert lsers have tlie: privilege of cbnnging
rbeir alvwisiufcrs onartcrly.
Ulieadid advertisements charged double tbe above
'.verti-rrijents on the inside exclusively will be
EOOK AND FANCY
HaviuK aiiieJ 'o the ,dvTt;si-r .'Jiec Card and
iwb l'reM?. New Tyju.-s of the latest styles, Inks of
ail colors. Uremics. Fn.e l'aper. Lnvelojies, A.c; we
are now prepared to execute .lob Work of every de
FTijt'un ina Styie unsunissed by any other o&ee
in the I Liied Stntr.
Particular attention will be gven toorjer? from a
diiiarjfe in bviu thtm promptly tttetid'.-J to.
rj i'ropri tr, wa, havmz had wu extenive ex
r -nen ic, will sive his pfrs.mal attention to this branch
oi' luincs?, and hopes, ir. his endeavor? to pleac, i j
botb in the ex tln"p of his work, and reasona't.'.-; I
c1ar(re9.tore?n e :i ;hare rf the public patronage.
BPS I X E SSC A R I)S L
A. S. H3LLADAY, M. D.
UROWNVILLE, N. T.;
. ourits a harc of public patronage, in the various
'Micucsof his .f exion, from tbecitiiensof Brown-
.lle and ricinitr.
MISS MARY TURNER,
first Street, fcetweea Haia and "Water,
browx villi:, X. T.
fionnsis ani Irimmivgs always on hand.
C. W. WHEELEE.
RCHlTSuT HID BUILDER
Erowuvillo, 2NT. T.
JAMES W. GIBSON,
SeconcfStrcet. between Main and Nebraska,
BROWN VILLE, X. T.
A. A. BRADFORD.
"M. ilCLENKAN, -
I). L. HC li AKY
BRADFORD, McLENNAN k McGARY
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY.
Brnwin ille mid Nebrka City,
BEINCi pcnnanejirly located in the Territory, we
will pive our entire time and attention to the
T'actiee at our profession, in all its branches. Mat
'! in Litigation. Collections of Debts, Sales and
rurchaw of lical Estate, Selections of Lands, Lea
tlnff of Land Warrants, and all other business on
riiUi to our muagement, will receive promptand
; r F. .Vu-kolls, ' . . Nebraska City,
chard Lriwnw Brownville,
n;. IloUitzel & Co.,
Jaaics Craij. St. Joserh. 5fo..
i , , r
H m.John R. Shenier,
Meter. Crow, McCrearrA Co.
Messrs. S. O. Hubbard k Co.,
Ui-n. J. M. Love,
St. Louis, Mo.,
June 7, I85rj.
I. T. WEYTE & CO.,
wr.OLESALS AND RETAIL DEALERS IK
DRY GOODS. GROCERIES.
G. W. II URN.
DEPUTY COUNTY SURVEYOR.
N EM All A CITY, X. T.
AT7ILL attend promptly to all business in his pro-
f fe-sicn when called on : such as subdiving
Claims hijiug ut Towu Drafting Citj Mats
etc., etc. 37-tf
JAKES r. KIsKE.
TM. B. GAKRIT.
OLIVER BENNETT k CO.,
Manufacturers and Whalesale Dealer? in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
NO. 87 MAIN STREET,
Forhklt, No. lol, Corks of Mais akdLoccst.)
ST. LOUIS. MO.
Jewelry, Hated Ware, Cutlery, Spoons, ic, tz.
Iscbraska City, iVT. T.
JJEngravino and Kepairno done on short
notice and ALL WORK WARRANTED.
A. D. KIRK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Land Aent and Notary Public,
Archer, Itichardou county, N. T.
Will practice in the Courts of Nebraska, agisted
by Harding and Ucnnett, Nebraska City.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE AND LAND AGENT.
And Notary Public.
Nebraska City, Nebraska Territory.
"WILL attend pr-inptly to all buisness entrusted
to his care, in Nebraska Territory and West
September 12, 1S55. vln!5-ly
W. P. LOAN,
ATT0BSEY AT LAW
LAND AND LOT AGENT.
ARCHER, RICHARDSON COUNTY, N. T.
Notice to Pre-Emptors!
G. S. HORBACII k CO.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
HEAL ESTATE BROKERS.
Oil All A CITY, N. T.
VTTILL give particular attention to preparing all
N the necessary iarers for Pre-emptions, and
j rendering any assistance which maybe required by
tt the U. rf. Land OfSte. 45-Cm
R. E. HARPINO. G. C. KIMBOfKH R. F. TOOMER.
HARDING, Kifr'BQUGH & CO.,
Alannfactur?r$ and Wholeale Dealer in
HATS. CAPS & STRAW GOODS,
Ko 49 Kain street, tm Olire aad Pine,
ST. LOUIS, MO.
Farticula attention paid to manufacturing our
finest Mole Hats.
R. PEERY, M. D.,
ELDOHADO, N. T.
tlESrECTFULl.Y tend-rs bis professional ser-
I vices to the citizens of Nemaha county and ad-
oinins counties, both in Nebraska and JIi9riouri.
Jcnt 11th, ISoi. oi-t3tn
J. HART & SON
saqdlb k nnm
aiAlX YZlrl s,
Oregon, Holt Couutr, Klieoari.
Keepeonstantlr on hand all description of Harness,
Saddles, Bridles, Ac, ic.
N. B. Every article in our shop is manufactured
by ourselveand warranted to give satisfaction.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
GEORGE CLATES. i. TV. LEE.
CLAYES A: LEE,
Ileal Estate and Gener.il Agency,
OMALIA CITY, N. T.
James Wright, Broker, New York,
Wm. A. Yhxlward, Esq. "
lion. U. Wood, Es-(ov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Brownell, Bankers, "
Alcott llorton, "
Col. Robert Campbell, St. Louis,
James Ridjway, Esq.
Crawfom and Sackett Chicago.
Omaha City, Aug. 30, 1S5R. Tlnl3-ly
H. T. BENNETT, J. S. MORTON, E.H. HARDING
BEN NET, 3IOI1TON & IIAUDINf;.
Attorneys at Law,
Nebraska City, N. T., and Glenwood, la.
W1! I'rHC,icc in Rl1 the Courts of Nebraska and
Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
btainmg, locating Land Warrants, and coUcctiou of
Hon. Lewis Cass, Detroit, i ... ..
nlius l. Morton, f Michigan;
Gov. Joel A. Mattcson, Springfield, 111
r ,Gritues Ip,ira Cliy l;
B. P. FiEied, St. Louis,Mo.:
Hon. Daniel O. Morton. Toledo. Ohio;
P. A. Sarpy. Bellevue, Nebraska
Sedgcwirh &. Walker. Chicago. Ill-
izreen. v eare i.enton. Council Blufff.Iowa.
JAMES CARGILL. CEO. W. CARCILL.
J. A: (I. l. CAItCilIjJM
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
AND MANUFACTURERS AGENTS,
Steamboat Landing. St. Joseph Mo '
CONSIGNMENTS of Goods and ProdQce
resptfuily sopited, and all business entrust
d to us will be promptly and carefully attended t
at the lowest rates. 10
Taxlor & Shepherd,
R. L. McGhee & Co.,
Liverwort, Cooley i. Co.,
t. b. cmiNG. 'oun c. Trnr.
CUMING k TURK,
Attorneys at Law & Real Estate Agents,
OMAHA CITY. N. T.,
TT7ILL attend faithfully ani promptly U ail busi-
V ness entrusted to thcra, in the Territorial or
Towa Courts, to the purchase or lots and lands, en-
emit e in tne eton(t s'ry of Henry f" Root new
building, nearly pp.i: elite. Western Ex.han-e
Dec. 27, 155. Tl&2Stf
LeareS from Hiy Iowa Log Book,
BY XETTIE FENTWOOD.
Ileigho ! I wonder how "Nebraska"
is getting along J there is "Tom Tur
nip" and "Tim Mangle Wortzel," noth
ing been heard from them since the
warm weather "o in." I begin to
feel 'a warm streak down my arm
finders berrin to contract around the
quill. Now I am for a sort of an elec
trical communication with the Brown-
vine loiKs, insianier. in imagmauuu
I can hear the mighty Governor of
Ili-u-muc-muc, "lift up his voice and
laugh," yea, verily, grin his facial
muscles extend till he can show ivory
enough to make a fine tooth comb.
I can fancy a huge watermellon lying
on xne sancium tauie an company
f -11 1 J t, I
.... , :u
a pmt oi ,wna piums ana crau
apples, "to cheer, as some good man
said, the soul of the pusson, and for
the stomache's sake;" and instead of
-ureaming iuat a preuy g"
corn meai into ms eyes vu-utgut,
will be squeezing plums from his gorged
windpipe by the handful. But this
is all fancy, and I must come down to
the truth if I tell you anything about
Wild Cat.. Since we lost the railroad
vote, the city went -off into a svneone.
swooned into insensibility (of cour
which has lasted too Ions for the health
of this flourishing l)lace. But there
never were finer crops, and the frost
has courteously remained on the shores
of Greenland, so that they can come
to maturity ; the bending sheaves and
frrowinjr fruits of Autumn are berrfrinsr
to be secure from the storms of the
cominrr winter. U ho does not dread
it, in this open prairio world? Would
that sweet Aurora, might prevail on old
Boreaus to hanz a curtain a-ainst the
North-west, so the fierce cutting winds
could be kent at bav with UrsaMaior
and the other wild beasts we read of.
- i j--
We are building a fine Court-house,
but the ignorant somebodys (I don't
know who to blame,) have plumped it '
right down in the center of the square,
which was contracted by the early pro-
prietors of the town into an 8 by 10
affair, not much biffffer than an old
woman s onion bed. Une must see
j.v i .i i -ii-
fj, . 11 ,i j -i
of their neighbors 4on the other side oi
t j . j. i j v
Jordan. What a ridiculous idea, where
r -i .j 'i. i . i
free soil is appreciated as it ought to
i i w r.. r,
a in thp frrpot. pet. tfi rrih. to ron-
fine a town into such narrow limits.
Streets as narrow as in old Rome, or
Ptimp nrxl thf linnt;PS nil hudulca in
together, sacrificing health, taste, and I
convenience to an obsolete, old fash
We have all been down to Aunt Tab
bv's to have our fortunes told. Aunt
Tabby is an old maid, who never had a
beau in her life, yet she prophesies
lots of such fine things, to the expect
i ant girls who visit her queer old house
! that is. to all but me. Now what
do you think she said ? She held up
i her forefinger with an emphatic air, and
looking me in the eye repeated the fol
lowing sentence : "Seek not to dis
turb the future, that widower with
eleven'children, is struck after another
gal." Oh! heavens! Taking a cold bath
of a sudden, was nothing to the shock
I received. To be the old, withered
up looking being she is, was too much
for me, and I withdrew, disbelieving in
any of her horoscopes or witcheries:
But Mary Livingston is like Mrs. Mer -
die, she lives for society. You could
not get her to do anything ridiculous
for the sake of a good laugh ; every
act is according to etiquette, and every
impulse kept under conventional rules
subject to the world's criticism. To
be the victim of such tyranny is worse
than to be imprisoned in the Bastile,
or in the musty old prisons of Europe
or any where else. She did not go to
the Fortune's teller's you may depend.
Many hearts were made light at the
prospect of a happy future by the old
Witch, and I don't know as we ever
get much more than the prOpcci of
1 i i r
i PPinSSS, the l)OSt of U3.
I Sunday "What Trent ve out to see?
j A reed shaken 1)V the Wind?" rio!.but
J the cainp of tho IL E. Church, which
has spread its tents in the valley of the
Checanqaa. Sitting in my little rock-
ing chair after the blowing of the trum
pet, the shouting and the noise of the
camp thereof, I am thinking that camp
meetings are not the means of salva
tion to the sons and daughters of Ad
am, now at least. It might be when
man lived in patriarchal simplicity that
the "groves were-Gad'&JIrsttemples.'
In them the dewy incense of flowers,
the singing of birds from tree top to
mountain peak, helped him in his sim
pler nature to adore thatBcincr, whom.
iniI)erfectlv understood. But
, , celestial Journey is so
distinctly marked Out; when you know
just how much good you need to keep
your passport vised for St. Peter's
gate; when you can cheat your broth
er, and lie to your sister every day in
h week and then church th
yon have help build from that capital
, , g , .. . ,
in ieaky teDts, so as to be in communion
with Nature, and through her look up
tQ ature8 God
A Continental Story.
A woman employed as housekeeper
to the Chateau of London, near this
I .1 i .. i p rr
Cll recenuJ nentea a sum oi ovu
francs- A Peasant employed to take
care of the grounds of the chateau,
hearinS f ncr good fortune, determin
ed to Possess himself of the moneJ-
Accordingly a few nights ago the
owner of the chateau and , all the ser
vants being absent he got the woman
on some pretext to visit him at a room
which he occupied in one of the depen
dencies of the chateau. After a while
dreadful threats declared he would
rder her, unless she would at once
Sive him the 800 francs' The woman
beinS seriously alarmed, took him to
her chamber and gave him the money.
The man then declared that he must
murder her to prevent her from accus
ing him, and he summoned her to sav
what kind of death she would prefer
The poor woman prayed for mercy, but
he peremptorily told her she must
either die b? the roPe or the knife and
&ue "unanging. .me man
then tied her hands behind her, and
fastened her to the bedstead : he then
mounted a chair to fix a rone to a beam
tu 44 uc
making a noose at the end. Having
c m o
fastened the rope, he put his arm in the
noose to see if the latter would slip ;
at that moment the woman kicked the
chair, which fell, and the man remain
r J J
1 .1 .-I .1
cries attracted the attention of some
laborers, who, on hearing the woman's
story, released her, but left the man
suspended until they could summon a
magistrate. This functionarv had the
man cut down, and, after receiving the
woman's deposition, caused him to be
sent to prison in this city to await his
trial for the robbery. Bordeaux Pa
How beautiful the following gem
from the pen of Prentice, and how hap
py the heart that can see these beau
i ties as he portrays them :
''Why is it that the rainbow and the
cloud come over us with a beauty tha
is not of earth and then pass away, and
leave us to muse on their faded loveli
ness ? Why is it that the stars, which
hold their festival around the midnigh
1 throne, are placed above the reach of
our limited faculties, forever mocking!
us with their unapproachable glory ?
And why is it that bright forms of hu
man beauty are presented to our view,
and then taken from us, leaving tho
thousand streams of affection to flow
back in Alpine torrents upon our heart?
We are born for a higher destiny than
that of earth. There is a realm where
the rainbow never fades, where the
stars will be set out before U3 like is
that slumber on the ocean, and where
the beautiful being that passes before
us like a meteor, will stay in our pres
An hour's industry will do more to
beget cheerfulness, suppress evil hu
mor and retrieve your aJairs than a
j month's moaning
Harp Sermon No. 3.
My Beloved Breethering : I am an
unlarnt Hardshell Baptist preecher, cf
whom you've no doubt hearn before,
and I now appear here to expound the
Scriptures and pint out the narrer way
which leads from a vain world to the
streets of the new Jerooselem, and my
text which I shill choose fur the occa
sion is in the lids of the Bible some
whare between the second Chronicills
and the last chapter of Timothy Titus.
And when you find it you will find it
in these words: "And they shall
gnaw a file and flee into the mountains
of Hepzidam, where the lion roareth
and the whang-doodle mourneth for its
first born." Now, mv breethering, as
I have before told you, I am an uned-
cated man, and don't know nothin'
about grammar talk and collidge hifa-
utin, but I'm a plain, unlarnt preecher
of the Gospil what's been foreordained
and called to expound the Scriptures
o a dying world and save a pervarse
generation from the day of wrath ; fur
'they shill gnaw a file and flee unto
he mountains of Hepzidam, whare the
ion roareth and the whang-doodle
mourneth for its first born."
My beloved breethering, thetex says
they shill gnaw a file it don't say they
may, but they shill; and now there's
more than one kind of file thare'sthe
handsaw file, rat tail file, single file,
double file, and profile; but the kind of
file spoken of here isn't one of them
kind neither, but the kind of file spo
ken of here is a figger of speech, my
dear breethering, and means going it
alone and gitting ukered ; fur "they
shill gnaw a file and flee unto the moun
tains of Hepzidam, whare the lion roar
eth and the whang-doodle mourneth
for its first-born."
And now there be some here with
fine close on thare backs, brass rings
on thare fingers, and lard on thare har,
what goes it while they're young ; and
thare be brothers here what, as long as
thare constitutions and forty cent
whisky lasts, goes it blind ; and thare
be sisters nere wnat, when they git
about sixteen years old, cut thare til
ler ropes and go it with a rush ; but I
say, my dear breethering, take care
you don't find, when Gabriel plays his
last trump, that you've all went it alone
and got ukered; fur "they shill gnaw
a file and flee unto the mountains of
Hepzidam, whare the lion roareth and
the whang-doodle mourneth fur its
And, my breethering, thare's more
dams besides Hepzidam. Thare's Rot
terdam, Haddam, Amsterdam, mill
dam, and don't-care-a-dam the last
of which, my dear breethering, is the
worst of all, and reminds me of a cir
cumstance Ionceknowed of in the State
of Illinoy. Thare was a man what
built him a mill on the east fork of
Agur crick, and it was a good mill and
ground a sight of grain; but the man
what bailt it was a miserable sinner,
and never give anything to the church,
and my dear breethering, one night
thare come a great storm of wind and
rain, and the fountains of the great
deep was broken up, and the waters
rushed down andswep that man's mill
dam into kingdom come, and lo, and
behold! when he got up in the morn
inf he found it wasn't worth a damn.
Now, my dear breethering, when the
storms of temptation overtake you,
take care that you don't fall from grace
and become like that man's mill-dam
not worth a damn ; fur "they shill j
gnaw a file and flee unto the moun
tains of Hebzidam, whare the lion roar
eth and the whang-doodle mourneth
for its first-born."
"Whare the lion roareth and the
whang-doodle mourneth for its first
born." This part of the tex, my dear
breethering, Is another figger of speech,
and isn't to be taken as it says. It
doesn't mean the howling wilderness
where John the hardshell Baptist was
fed on locuses and wild asses, but it
means, my dear breethering, the city A Sensible Bachelos. An old
of New Yorlems, the mother of harlots bachelor, on Feeing the words "fami
and hard lots whare corn is worth six jlie3 supplied," over the door of an oys
biU a bushel one day and. nary red the ter saloon, stepped in and said he
next whare niggers are as thick as would take a wife and two children.
black bugs in a spoiled bacon ham, and
gamblers, thieve3, and pickpockets go
skiting about the streets like weazels
in a barnyard wharcf they hev cream
colored horse3, gilded kerridges, and
sugar, in everything whare honest
men are scarcer nor hen's teeth, and a
strange woman once took in your. be
loved preeeher and bamboozled him
cr.t of two hundred and twenty-seven
dollars in the twinkling of a sheep's
tail, but she can't do it again, Hallelu
jah! fur "they shill gnaw a file and flee
unto the mountains of Hepzidam,
whare the lion roareth and the whang
doodle mourneth for it3 first-born."
My breethering, I'm capting of that
flat boat you see up tbare, and I've got
aboard of her flour and bacon and po-
taters and apples, and as good Monon
gahaly whisky a3 you ever drinked,
but oh, my breethering, what would it
all be worth to me ef I hadn't relidgin?
Thare ain't nothing like relidgin,
my breethering. I's better nor silver
and gold and jimcracks, and you can't
no more git to heaven without it than
a jay bird can fly without a tail. Thank
the. Lord, I'm an unedicated man, my
breethering, but I've searched the
Scripturs from Dan to Bursheeby, and
found old Zion right side up and the
hard-shell relidgin the best of all re
lidgins. And it's not like, the Methi-
dis what expects to git to heaven by
hollerin hell-fire, nor the United Breeth
ering what takes each other bv the
seats of their trowsers and tries to lift
each other into heaven, nor the Cath
erlicks whatbuvs through tickets from
thare preests, but it may be likened,
my breethering, to a man what had to
cross a river, and when he got thare
the ferry-boat was gone, and he jest
rolled up his breeches and waded across
hallelujah ! fur "they shill gnaw a file
and flee unto the mountains of Hep
zidam, whare the lion roareth and the
whang-doodle mourneth fur it j first
born." Pass the hat, brother Flint, and let
every hard shell shell out. Amen !
The Hand that Saves ns.
Two painters were employed to fres
co the walls of a cathedral. Both stood
on a rude scaffolding, constructed for
the purpose, some forty feet from the
floor. One of them was so intent up
on his work that he became wholly ab
sorbed, and, in admiration, stood off
from the picture, gazing at it with in
Forgetting where he was, he moved
back slowlv, surveving criticallv the
work of his pencil, until he neared the
edge of the plank on which he stood.
At this critical moment his companion
turned suddenly, and, almost paralyzed
with hcrror, beheld his imminent peril;
another instant, and the enthusiast
would be precipitated upon the pave
ment beneath. If he spoke to him, it
was certain death; if he held his peace,
death was equally sure. Suddenly he
regained his presence of mind, and
seizing a wet brush flang it against the
wall, spattering the picture with un
sightlv blotches of coloring.
The painter flew forward, aud turn
ed upon his friend with fierce upbraid
ings: but startled at his ghastlv face,
he listened to his recital of danger,
looked shuddering at the dreaded space
below, and with tears of gratitude he
blessed the hand that had saved him.
Just so, we sometimes get absorbed
upon the pictures of the world; and, in
contemplating them, step backward,
unconscious of our peril, when the Al
mighty in mercy dashes out the beau
tiful images, and draws us, at the time
we are complaining of His dealings, in
to his outstretched arms of compassion
Evert Man is Awkward out or
his Place. The saving of a White
Mountain stage driver to a New York
er sitting near him: "I s'pose if I
went deawn to York I should geawk
reaundy as yeau folks deu vp here"
is not bad. ,
Soils. . .
As a general thing, soils contain not
more than one part in a thousand of
the atoms, in an available condil'ioTij ; .
which nature requires in forming a
crop of any kind; and the production ..
nd preservation of these fertilizing
atoms is the first step toward arresting
the impoverishment of the soil. These '
atoms, in one form of their arrange-
ment,7roand form plants in another,
form they decay,, and form manure J
thus ke ep up the great cycle of an
imal, v? t ible and mineral creation
and decay.-. The plant cf to-day is
eaten, or "decays, and thus is resolved
into its original -elements, to again
commence the cycle of organized ex
istence. Every plant, cr tree, cf (he fame Jcbul, " '
is composed of the same materials, ia
whatever soil it grows; and if any orm
of the ingredients, no matter how small
the proportion may be, i3 wanting :a.
the soil, the plant or tree cannot gro'.v.
Thus, in the bark of tho apple tree,
there i3 less than one-half of one por .
cent, of potash an amount so small
as to be almost imperceptible end
yet, if that small portion of potash is
wanting, the bark cannot become, jtr-
The brains and muscles of all animals
contain sulphur and phosphorus, in
quantities so small as to be almost ini
perceptible ; and yet, if the fool.' of '
animals contained no sulphur or phos
phorus, these small, but necessary in
gredients of tho brain would fail '
weakness, disease, idiocy and death
The small atoms of fertilization are
as necessary, then, to the growth cf
plants as are the larger.- Manure i3
good, nay, it is necessary, for the' ..
growth of wheat; but without silica. Jo
form stiffening for the stalk, and s
coat, or bran, for the berry, and lime
and phosphorus to form the flcur,
wheat cannot be raised. Where these'
are exhausted, all the manure in tho.
world cannot produce wheat, till they
arc supplied. Thus, Duchess couLty,
in the State of New York, as appears,
by the census of 1845, produces only
nvc bushels of wheat per acre. Now
this is one of the best counties in'that
State; but the lime and phosphorus are'
exhausted.: Bone and bone mill?, .
alone, can restore them. The laws of
nature are uniform, and sae refuses to
organize plants, without the presence
in the soil, in an available formof
those atoms which make up their con- "
stituent parts. If one atom is wnt-
ing, no other can supply its place.-
Medium Sized Horses These arc, !
doubtless, better for common use," than,"
very large ones. They are more sup- .
pie and active ; they require lc?s food;
they arc adapted to a greater variety
of work; and for these reasons, they
are more readily bought end sold. r
To secure good mediumsizcd horses
take a good, compact marc,. which
weighs from 1,200 to 1,400 lis., and". '
breed her to a horse weighing from
1,000 to 1,200 lbs. The mare should
be larger then the horse, both should
be vigorous, well 'init, fine shaped zn
imals. . .
Tchf and Rotten Wood ror. Ffcrir
Tiiees. Not long since, we saw a gen
tleman drawing thc.rottcn wood of old
stumps, and the turf that grew. ti their
roots, and throwing it gcnercu?ly
around his peach trees. He said the
stumps must be burned or reiaovcd
from the field where they stood. ' lie
thought it better to remove them with
the turf around them, and use thorn as
manure for his tree?, 'than to burL"T.hcci
on the spot. So thought vc.
Potatoes Second Growth. The
farmers of California are suffering from
a new kind of potato disease. Tie new
potatoes sprout in tho hiil, mating a,
new growth of stalks, which ofcour.se
injures the crop, and renders it m ?ces--sary
to dig them at once. TBcsc'phnt
ed in. winter are apt to le eo.s af
fected with thi3 second growth I ,
Powered by Open ONI