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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1857)
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DEVOTED TO ART, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE, 3s7EWS; POLITICS, SENERAL ; INTELLIGENCE AND THE INTERESTS OF NEBRASKA.
GITY OF BROWNVILLE, NEMAHA COUNTY, N: T., THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1857.
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'irnsliit .kriiser Original.
-xz rriusEtp rrixT thtesbat bt
; W. FURNAS,
52! Kala axi TTater,
I . Itke'i Block.)
' BUOWNVII.LE, X. T.
: the end of 6 months, 2i3
. -.r ----- 12 - 3.oc
i 12 or ib " will b faraishH! at $1,50 per
. . KITES OF ADVTRTTSI5G:
'12 Ub-s ct 1s,) ret icjction,
I fir ic-tiii, .
? oae Ter,
a is Ciris of tii. Uzli ct lf one jear,
CvlB.miL, fir nio-tbs,
"rittpa fjr lbs "5irii AdrertiseT."'
BY C. V. GIDDDsGS.
General SujrcriiiicrulcrJ of 0e 2sebra$ka
The heart of ctctj Aiaericaii "cltlr
zea naj irell glow with an honest pride
when he thinks of his Countrr. With
i a loftier feeling than that which inspired
ties, aided hj the heavy dews, to bring some with neither "windows nor doors,
regetation to perfection; The soil is some with roofs and floors, some with
; the ancieTits liiclnrm Taiha Roman
i.oo mar he sav "I am an Amcricaa." In
p i.pe i common with xnj feilow citizens 1 lore
i oo ! E7 country, and am proud to think the
.'''t I object is worthy mv aSections. I lore
surpassing rich and prodactire. The
face of the country is suEciently un-
dulatic2 to' allow the .water .which falls
on the surface to form into springs,
hroots, and rivers, and the air is so
pure that fresh meat will dry in the
sun without injury. It is highly charged
with electricity which rives & kind of
inspiration to the whole "system and
makes old people feel young again.-
The summers are mild and pleasant,
and the winters justJong and cold
enough to give energy to the body and
viror to the mind. -The whole country
for to hundred
rivers sweep through them in over
powering grandeur-7-and the moun-
f srth - 1
three mot its,
2 -.oo ; her-thrilnns and soulstirinr history,
1D.00 i , . 0 J1
M her extensive seaboard washed by many
1 ' thousand miles of ocean waters; her
lVH ! vast rivers: numerous bavs, seas and
1 ci.ii- ' if,) i.ti : harbors, teaming with commercial life;
... txT b?r? actofcl txcrriilirr i known.
T. ;L.r,t f.,r tact chrc t Ji-?d to tht
ii..jr v.-r - ' n siti aryoundin
.V. -B-r.'n r.! w wnfU-red Vj tbe year, ciimate, production, and soil
iher nighty -lakes spreading "cut intojt cxcePl in the beds of streams. In
inland seJ; her hills, mountains, and ! beauty of scenery, fertility of soil,
in every variety 0f richness-and variety ct production,
all docs my heart glow with gratitude
i - - . r ic-v bsc: it ciitinaed ari r-1 to the Great Author of all our mercies
f ens West. - How, rapid has been the
M-n: M aTl uTr-tiera-rtf ; frroth f OUT Cnntrv: how qloriOU;
1 vViilti . rat.
.. r - t-x'.j .iTa":CT will b eor'nd j
: VVlfrsbTe a.eiririi-g J chiadcr : the onward march of her progress.
- ' t .
floors and no roofs and some i with
neither roofs nor floors. Yet in these
are living highrainded and honor ible
men, some of them graduates froni our
eastern colleges and universities;; and
refined amiable, and beautiful women,
from the best families in the older
vations by hopes of future good. May
their hopes be speedily realized. " -
That portion of Kansas and Ne
braska lying near the Missouri . river
and extending back "from 150 to 200
miles is bv far the most desirable.
iles7TnighfbcTnadcIt is an important part of the Missouri
valley; slightly undulating, interspers
ed with abundant .wood lands,. broad
rivers and streams and provided with
a good supply of -excellent waters.
Being enriched by the annual wash
ings of the best properties of the soil
from the western high lands, which ex
tend back to the summit of the Rocfcy
Mountains" a "distance "of "nearly a
thousand miles they are probably the
richest lands in the world.
Their contiguity, on the one hand
the Missouri river' which will always
furnish an outlet to their surplus pro
duce, and on the other to the vast
into one vast ccrn field yielding, under
the hand of ordinary cultivation, not
less than 100 bushels to the acre; or,
one vast wheat fieldyielding 40 bushels
to the acre ; and it 13 so free from
swamps and marsh lands that com
and wheat would grow on every acre
and healthiness of climate we question
whether its equal can be found on the
face of the globe. Here is a country
equal in extent to the whole State of
Pennsylvania and capable of sustain
tains throw their proud summits far
above the clouds. ' Vthj should not
the Interior, of such a country corres
pond to its magnificent exterior. That
such is the fact we. were led to believe
by our own observations and discover
ies. These immense coal fields tnll
fiimiih- a .r.rnS table -jnviistment
for capitalists, labor for thousands of
our people, and fuel for the . millions
who. are fast filling up the great valley
of the West. . -4 . . ..
.Pure rock salt has been discovered
in the valley of the Arkansaw, also
salt . springs, and a salt creek whose
waters are so strong and abundant as
t make, the Arkansaw river brackish
for a considerable distance after they
mingle with it. In Salina county, in
southern Nebraska, there are lanre
too tardy, and either quarrel or sleep
overthi3 question till private enter
prise will step forth at the call of the
people and build the read, and private
individuals own it as their own prince
ly fortune. Not less than four States
ard their effects, iccladit rsoner, dobt,
j lares in the public ficU or ia taxes, asd szj ..
ether prrpertv, real cr personal, thill be. ex-i;
erart frees cciscion cr se-prstratio::; and
tl.ej fchallLe al!cic-ed free!j to sell an 3 ccTer
any real es!V.3 to them belcrgir, R2& to wkh- t
dmr ard expert its proceeds without mclesU- '
t;or d wilhcni rajlr, to the rrc5t cT the
! rpectiva goTen:Ect.a, any taxes cr dues
is s'.rjstea in s:r2;.ar cases, besunesw
equal in extent to New Ycrk, Penn- crtber crr2tcT tbaa tbc wh:cb the inhali- '
rrWtn. OMo. and Vir-inia are ial1?" H..T slreai
J - -i o I
emhrio along the contemplated traci
of this road and will, in all probabili
ty, be ndled to one glorious sisterhood
in less than five years. These will
increase greatly the demand for the
road and furnish material for its con
struction. "When we take into consid
eration the immense emigration west-
pay. Acd pauperis, va!id for ajtiwdfr.t tern
ffcr their rttsm, shail be grraLted,ai a rar-corj- '
tr.or.ey ar.d eUccts which they raay carry ci
send awiy, rc:r.;t the assaults ar.d rrirts
which nay te attempted against their pencrut
and efTect, as veil by ressels of war of thu :
contrartir parties by their privateers.
Art. 2. Cicsiderii th rtmcter.css of tho
respective coantries of tha two cc-tractin;;
parwieandths uncertA:-:T T?zVrz the-efrrra
ward, the inexhaustable rescurces of llh 'V tie Tavcri y-ch r
1 , jtakep.ice; Hs arred that a inerch.t:-.t rcs:I
be.ov,zz to e.ther of them, which rr.sr la
bcar.d taa pert snppcs;d, at the timocf ti
departure, to be blockaded, shall rot fccweTer,
be csptared cr cocdenir.ed for fcatlrj; attemrt
ed, a f rst tide, to enter said pert, cnleii i: cui
be proved that said ve5sel ccaid, aad oiht t&
have 'eame-I, dcrir j its vora. that the bbc'k
ade of the place in question still cxntiii'ucd.
Bet all vessel which, after having been warned
$,alt washings caused by immense salt j across the continent, only about 1,200
springs. Daring the summer, salt is
formed on these marshes by the action
of the sun, turning them into vast
fields as white as our snow in the
EOOS, AND TANCT
t 0 . "
w a s. r ' i
in four times the number of inhabi-
it is now about two years since ! years make a heavy demand on them
fewvears since our government con- 1 15 wrcm B1JU Uiak iU"" v w Breaufiluu
- v f ccive 1 tlie pMiry of removin- the few i seiuemeni. cmce xuai uiae trmi-ruuu, i nense vame xo uie emigrant uu
a nome m tne est. -ris you go n ei
from the 3Iissouri river the climate and
oil become more dry and the rains
less frequent, till at a distance of 3 or
winter. It is safe to presume that
there is more salt in southern Nebras
ka than in all the United States east
of the Missouri river.. . This will soon
become the Salina of the West and
the country throuch which this read
will pass the, mighty empire growing
up cn the Pacific coast, and that this
road is already completed, cr under
contract more than half the distance
OS once, e La.:, during the sarae rovir. at
tercp a second time, to enter the sam j block.
adea port, dnr.Drrthe contianance of the U3i
miles remaining to be provided for, is
it visionary to suppose it may be com
pleted in ten years t When this great ! f?" Vsr9 5or;Ut?a:3Cof tof M23 ;
r . e i blockade, sha.1 thereby istject therasvej U
work is done, the ocean seems to be be detained and cotdemned.
the principle chanel of commerce be
tween the nations of the earth and the
western plains which must for many j fni the entire Mississippi and Mis
souri villies with salt. '
Iron oar and lime stone in great
! scattered fragments of the remaining I h becn flockicS by thousands
I Indian tribeso the far West, away beaild r.vi- with each other in their
flowmx: descriptions ct tlie oeauty ci
t A T) TlT)T YT T A PI; vond the bounds of civilization, where i
MD X HI l 1 1 i VJ. ,T v if n; ; ,,..i;,! its scenery, richness and fertility of
abundance and of excellent quality are
also found here.
Tli ft commercial Drosnects of this
tortus are not less inviting than its ecntre f the Worl1
virgin soil and its invaluable mines.
land takes its place ; London, Paris,
and Constantinople, whicn have for
ages been the centres of commerce,
are high and dry like a fishers net cn
a rock. The u-hole eastern trade is
turned from the dangers cf the ocean
to our over land route, and the Mis-
By blociaded port, ia traders irod oae lata
which, by the disposition f the prrT which
attacks it, with a proportioriateciiaibeTcf ship
sufUdently near, there ii evident dxnr ia
Art 3. Thehi-hcoctractlDirarrier.ta order
I to prevent and avoid ail dispute by determin
ing, una cenamry, wiiat &h.:i be consider:!
by thera contraband in tine of wir, and as
snch cannot be conveyed to the co sr. trie,
cities, p!aces, or seaports of their enctaies, aava
declared and agreed that under the rami of
contraband of war shall be comprised only
turbed repose ia the unknbwn solitudes ' its soil aad healthiness of its climate, j 4 hundred miles the rains fall as seldom j g h n richer than Egypt ever was
as they do m igypt; ana tne son, in tfc mostpamy fajs of its prosper
though very rich, will probably fail to aad spreaJing 0Ter an extent of
country almost equal to the conquests
of Alexander and capable of sustain-
of the western wills, so far awav that 1 Kinsas Talle.T is die text ection on
I the white m-n would never be disturb-! the South which demands particular
i ! TT f J il. 'n.l. I ..1 , .1 1 1 f T '
! ed bv the savage veil of his war crv I a"enucn. xiere you una iue xeia- j yield a crop under tne nana 01 oramaxy
nor the clash of his arms. , " j vrare awen aR1 Wyandot reserves, j cultivation except of those grains and
! Little did the natiendVeam that they ! cf vrhich 50 aacl has beea urit" vegetables which mature very " early
1 . , - - .. L j x . i r j. e. . . ' -r, - 3 m.
were niacin-these conquered foes ia 1 P xu?JlvZ mvu ln tne season- 11 13 coreu wuu a
j the verr warden of the country a DeattUI5" srv'li 411 a waumiu aiiu ncn gmss wnica springs up aa so-ju as
' ' v - k firoe T-olTn-t- nrnnnr i A m . 1 T fmmi?liAl
tile Mi J itaics kuu ixtxs iuiui:utu tA.-
cellent pasture for the vast herds of
bufialo, cn which they have fed and
fattened from time immemorial. These
have, hovrever, caught the spirit of the
ae and like the rest of the world are
"ardenmcre nitiv cultivated ana :ar; ' Jm r--r
emoraces an mas region araineu u
more productive under the hand of the
n4 I Great Spirit alone than the most highly
e ! cultivated portions of the East. Nor
t Vr;, New Tryst f U Utwt ftyles, laks of
t rrrrei to xe?te Job i.rk of everr de- I 1- .1 1 1 : 4-V,
-::... ,n jUul,! ij a-ycicr oS--e Uia ldmu "ley trc pwciug
i-iterBiwwSte. Im&e sons of the forest in the very
I Vv.euAT attention i b -.Tm to ora-r? froa ii
I ns-in winj titE pffospt jauended j centre of the United States. Kansas
j Tu- IVpri--tor, bo, harit; had a exten?Ivc cx- ; . .
f r. w?!!ptrbpcrcatt;tirnt:tbijhraack 1 ana southren Nebraska, whether we
bc.n-. ni h(jp, in t: endcaror to t!e. f - , . .1 -r
k :r is the expense of hi w.,rk. nd rnb!e ; measure from the Atlantic to the 1 acinc
SOUri valley becomes the centre of j cannons, mortars, petards, granades, tausket i
comEerce-the centre of empire-Ac j STTl
j cavairy, together with all that appertains to
r-rrrT j thera ; as aho every other inanition of war. '
' and, gecsral'y, every species cf arras, aad ia
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
the Kaw river and its tributaries, a ter
about C5 miles wide and 200 long.
The length is greater but it is enly to
this extent that the same qualities and
varieties of soil preyail. Too much. moving West.
cannot be Baid of the richness andj cate varies with both the
JL S. HOLLADAY, LL D.
Tid O Iob tc tri olaix.
. HOBLITZELL & CO.,
SRY GOODS. GROCERIES.
Queens ware; liar d ware,
DIlOWyVILLE. X. T.
MISS MAHY TURNER.
w: ?s c HFMF? i his
or from our northern to our southern
boundaries, are the centre cf our
country, the kev stone to the glorious
Kansas and Nebraska as now con
stituted embrace all that extent of
country lvin:: between the 37th and
51st parallel of north latitude, andbe
tween the Missouri river on the east
and the sumit of the Rocky mountains
on the west. A territory sufficient to
make 1- cr 14 first class States, and
capable in all probability of sustaining
beauty of this far famed valley. As
you wonder over these vast meadows
i interspersed with occasional woodlands
you will net be surprised at the fierce
conflict which has been going on be
tween the settlers from the North and
South, for the past two years for the
occupancy of this valley; it is an object
worth contending for ; long andsevere
will be the conflict before either cf the
contending parties will yield.
Arkansas valley is another beautiful
and charming spot, vying with its
ing a population more dense than that
of China, with its eastern shoresswept
for more than a "thousand miles by the
: largest river in the world, furnishing
all the facilities of steamboat naviga
rtrm mn:t:nnTi be covered "with hi$rh!v
cultivated fields, doted over with cities,
1 -71 Tit I
towns ana villages, ana learning wuu
an active and enterprising population.
The eastern division of this great coun
try will vieldarich reward to the hand
strcroects in iron, steel, brass, copper, ot arj
other material whatever, nanufac-.nred, prt-,
pared, snd raadeeipresslr for porrxees of wkt
weeper vj land or sea.
And i; is expressly declared end caderstcod
bat the merchandise above set forth a csi.tra- ,
tand of war shall rot er.tail ensa.tim, either
on the vessel on which it shall have beca
loaied, or on ifce morctiariilaetjnatT the reii
By Ou Treiiicni of the United SLiies of
latitude and longitude and in general i of industry in the most prolific growth
of indian corn, wheat, rye, oats, barley,
hemp, and potatoes; in short, every
production common to the temperate
zones. The mineral wealth is already
calling the attention of-capitalists and
j will soon demand active operations
discription will apply to the whole.;
The North is bleak and cold the West
is exceedingly variable the centre
is dry; eastern Kansas and southern
Nebraska are blessed with the most de
sirable climate. Thev have the "lati
tude of Maryland and Virginia, but j
they have a much more mild, even and
healthy climate. The heat of summer
and the cold of winter being a number
of decrees less. The bleak, and almost
constant winds render the winters un-
northern neighbor in everythihg which J pleasant, but they add as much to the
,.i i - i ! r i , .i:.:;.
Tizit .Street betwcea Haia aad "VTater,
BROWN VI LLE, X. T.
i-ynfis anJt Irimmirtgt nlvayt cn hand.
C. W. TTHEELEE,
ARCHITECT AND BUILDER.
IIT. tLLH! isrz TX.r32 srs.
a more dense population than the most ; attracts the settler' and gives pleasure i pleasure of summer - as they dimmisa
from tiaat of winter. Inere is a trac
ing and invigorating element in the
atmosphere not surpassed, we think,
in any part of the United States,
making this region a desirable resort
for persons of . reduced constitution
and feeble health. .
thickly populated portion of the East.
For the sake of distinctness we will
be a little more minute and particular
in regard to some of the localities of
The northern portion of Nebraska
is vast plain cf table land, rich and
productive and abounding in excellent
pine forests. The main and perhaps
the only defects in this portion of the
West are the severity of the winters
and the scarcity of water. To
JAMES W. GIBSON,
to life. Unlike the other portions we
have noticed this valley increases in
richness and beauty as you. go West,
revealing a scene of surpassing ex
cellence and beauty near the base of
I the Rocky Mountains. : ;
Between these two vallies, at about
equal distance from the Kansas on the
North and the Arkansas on the South
is some of the most grand and enchant
ing scenery we every beheld. In May,
and large out lays to develop it.
These scenes of wealth and incentives j merce, and a perfect reciprocity, b?ed onprin-
of the caro of said vessel. wLether the said
merchandise belors to the same cr to a difTer."
eat owner. - -:, ' '
WHEREAS, a convention between the Ci:ited Art. 4. The citizens and subjects of eaci .
States of America and hb Majesty the Erg of the high contracting parties shall Live free
of the kingdom cf the Two Sicilies was j and undoubted riht to travel ar.J reside ia lie
concluded and signed by tteir respective ' States of the other, imai subduct only to Cm
p'eritpotectiarifs at Naples on the Erst day j precautions cf. police which are practised. U- '
of October, eighteen houdred ad fifty-Eve, j wards the subjects of the most favored cations. .
which convention, being in the English and j Art. 5. The citizens or subjects cf ons of '
Italian language, is, word for word, as fjl- the high cor tract; 12 partie, tnreirngor re- '
lows: i siding iii the ternaries - f the otiier, shall bw -
TREATY. free from all military service, whether by lunrj ,
The United States of America ar.d his cr sea, from all billeting of sohiiers u the.r
majesty the king cf the kingdom of the two hoc-es. from every extraordinary cotlributica
Sic.lies, equ.dly animated i:h the deaire to tot gcueral and by law established, aiid fn;ia ;
strengthen and" perpetuate the rc'.arioiw of H forced loans; nor shall they be hell, crd:r
amity and good understanding w hich have at any pretence whatever to pay any tax cr La-
alt trmes subsisted between the two countries, j positions, other or greater than thoso which trro
desiring also to extend and consolidate the or may hereafter, be, paid by tb saljVctHOtT
commercial intercourse between them; and citizens of the most favored nations, in the re
convinced that nothing will more contribute spct;ve States of the high coctractinj parties.
to the attainment of this desirable to the at- Thair dwellings, warehouse ai:d ail jpremiacs
tainment of this desirable oljcct thaa aa entae appertaining thereto, destined for purpass cf .,
freedom of navition, the abolition of all , commerce cr residence, shall be res: cjted. 2Ca
diSferertiaT duties of navi-aticn and of com- arUtxary search of cr vUit to tbir botses.
whether private or f btiiijss, and no arbitral
ciples of epjity, equally beacc:al to both I ry exam:i.at;on or iu.;ect;oaw hsCevcr of their
to enterprise must produce considera
ble trade With Other parts 01 the Union warf tave resolved to conclude a general col- made; but such measures ha!! ha replace or ly
and demand . railroads and all the v."on cf amity, commerce, navigation, and . ia virture of warrant grajited by th juJicwl .
. , far the s-arrender of festive cnnnnals. 1 or ' aniLonuvs. :teaccl tLe n?ga contract.
uiwuttu luvuiusa iui ""- " i ta;s purpoe, ioev tave respec:ive:y appoiuieu pniw caprbij ergages mat n c;ici:i'or
portation. Jlence the locomotive "With ' iileniioteatiaries, to wit : the Fre:deiit of ths j ssbjects of tre ot..ef, rei:rg ir. the;rTjc-
f. . " 'it' United Sutes Las arpou.tedEobert Dale Oven jtive S:atc, s!.!l cjjov their -'porrtT tmd
his tram of cars will soon dasn across T:,'r t . ri rr,;. r3ri,; 1 rrsoi.a!!cr:tT- in a fAn t.a : .
j majesty tne Kirg! tne kinion ot tne J wo ! as meT cwn arrets or snlj.-rts cj the nict
I Sic. i; nd his rasvjsty tne King of the Kipg-
kem of the Two bicilies Las anointed Don
Iiewis Carafa ceba Spina, cf the Dukes cf
the Missouri river and run far out into
the interior of these great plains; thus
opening the way for an outlet to pro
ducts of the. soil and the mines. Six
railroads are now in contemplation,
four of them actually commenced and
pushing forward with all possible speed,
Art. 6. The citizens fcrU subjects cf each t .
parties, reading ia;' tho
etto, weekly majordumo of Lis m.ijesty,? States of the othrr, shall be enriikd to ea-ry
nmar.Ier of his ruval order of civil me:i: on commerce, arts, or tn3r, and to oxopv '
In regard to mineral wealth much j contending for the patronage of Kan
of interest miht be said. Partial j sas and Nebraska and the honor of
zeoloical surveys have been made in being the
eastern Kansas and southern Nebras- j is a fair pro
ka, b v private individuals and explor- j will be c-ompl
dwellings, sLopa, and warehoasa. atl tu ti.
roeot tne.rprojny of every kind, whether
of Francis the first, grand cros of the distin
guished rcval Spanis crier of Charles the
third, graud clhcer of tha cvuer of the les'.on ! rel or penocal, by sale, gift, exchar- cr ia
of h'jrior, gracd cross of the order cf St. any other way, without hlndsrasce of otistadb.
Michael of Bavaria, grand cross of tbe Flo- And they shall Lo fre to manage their ows .
rentine order of merit ender the title cf St. , aSin themselves, or to commit LLje affairs to
Josep h, grand cross cf the order cf merit of 1 persons bom they may apxir.t aa braksr
factur, or agent; cor shall they be restrained ;
in their choice of jersons to net in srfth cspa-J
cities; dor shall they be called njoa Ij pay
great Pacific railroad. There "arma under the title of SL Ladovico, grand
spect that all these roads with lLe r)rtfoK.a of' hxmSa
1S57. it was one vast ocean cf moving
other pecnle except Americansitmifht I rr,5 nTtoTi? i"n pvptv ?rprtinn.a5 i nartiit. all of whom renor, coal ;and St. Joseph
L - c . " ; o v 7 . - j
i l r i -r-y- r 9- tt rr w t - w -
JJ I j H I ; l N At-1 I H i vast plains would yield to the hand of i nrpnn nf hfantv was lost In the rlear i ?rr Cc ha been discovered in many ! and extendin
Secoad subrtwia aii a24 Xebraik. cultivation cr remain in their original j blue sky. This is the track of Fre- j localities and un Jersuch circumstances j Missouri is
BKOWXTILLE, N. T.
g. w. nur3 7
DEPUTY COSHTY SURVEYOR.
X Ell A II A CITY, N. T.
A I' ILL t:ni pmmjJy to all buiaese in ti pr
f. fi-n mtt-a ra.1 -i q : a M aW;ric
liriitg out Tewa Lots, DrTp; City Hat-?'-.ftc
solitude:- but the smrit r,f A tl, V VA L, l field cS vast fcxtent: ! This is nearly finished and advertised t tnai of 5b "5Ie of Frassia, of the white and except case where the law yf thft'said-
i - - '" x "' . .if it-io. - . ; eais ct iiass.a. ot au Maance and lajumi
Jts r. rissE.
IX a. ASK!T.
OLIVER BENNETT & CO
Masr:nren aai Wbales&le ThUa ia
BOOTS AND SHOES.
XO. 87 3XAITT STRHET,
' 1 slv.Xo. lei , Ca-a orUusm Locrsrj
ST. LOUIS, 1IO.. -
CLOCKS, . WATCHES,
JtT. W, C.tlerr, Spoons, 4c, 4e.
Xtlraiia Cit X. T. ":
' lit "TOWS VXttiTTTZ.
I enterprise is already opening up farms He says, it is so level that a railroad ! As to its depth and thickness no very
on these plains a:,d dottirg them over j can be made for 700 miles on an air 1 reliable information has been obtained.
with cities, towns, and yillarec, and it j line without crossing a stream It is ; In the absence of this we will venture !
outh of the
this place com
shores. . . j iron fcorSe could not find water enough j this : the average depth of the. coal jmences the first link of the grett trunk
Southern Nebraska cmbracinr the I to Quench his thirst, or enable him to I frora the surface is about 170 feet, and ; of the Pacific railroad Wet of the
- i i i i
valley cf the Platte, or Nebraska "river ! draw his burden. This section has I the average thickness of the principle
miu uuic, iua,eF, ana u line wimout crossing a stream it is ;m tne absence ci i; e emure jltu cuia?k-u; is-"
will soon send thrifty forests'd own the j not probable, however, that a railroad Ian opinion founded on such observa- j bo3t navigation to the :
Missouri to beautify and alorn its i will ever be built on this route, for the j tions as we were able to make, it is Great Nemaha. At thi:
Missouri river and extends as far West
motjencwra cf ftlarm
avtca--genera ci lie grata cocrt c; ac-, sa. p.av-.Lg caris, gnr.powder, ;ind lllrpc're.
cour.t.; ard the said pleLi;t?tbries, after It being expresiy udrstood, bowuver, that
Aancxx 1. It is the inunuoc of the two grr.t atents of invetticn or improvement,
high contracrbg panies that there shall be. . either to tbe Livettwcr to 'othenL u.ad that th
and extending as far South as the been filled up with unprecedented I vane is about 100 feet We also think 1 as Grand Island, distance of 160
i . - ? t . . 4. a -a imAXIC Li i a aw r i l i i r 'it r- k.' i
1 I L:, J - . - - : . - . . rsm
; exenargea tfce.r respective l.I lowers. r.one cf the rrovisiors of the rrjae!it tr-Afr
in rood and dzc form, have ccrdaed ' shall be so cnnrtnt! a tn t htiU rUvV
r , . . j . - - c
s:2Tietl tte fuiOwjrr artU;s: 1 cf ei'hrr r.f tK l.'-h riiiitnr'ir rrtrf"- t,.'
northern boundary cf Kansas is also rapidity. The whole country for 100
a vast plain nearly level and resem- miles from the Missouri river is now
Ming when its rich grass is moved by t taken up and occupied by pre-emptors
the wind, the ocean when under the j who are being subject to all the varie-
action of a jrentle creeze. lo thei ties of "bouatter life. Generally in
eastern or . northern men this is tlie
cabins 14 fest square ; some built of
garden cf the West. The shy is clear rough boards, some of poles and some
and remarkably brilliant for eight cr j of sod, some with windows and doors,
nine months ia the year. Th rains some with doors and not windows,
fall sparingly, yet in sufBcrent quanti-j some with windows and net doer?, and
this "vane extends - all over eastern i miles from the river
Kansas and southern Nebraska. A is completed
few years w ill develope the correctness
or incorrectness- of- this opinion.
Nothing equal to it has yet leen dis
coverd in the world.T.; Here our great
and beneficent creator has done every
thing on the most grand and magnifi
cent scale. The rid meadows spread
tt I .1 J!.'... . r --t -
5 river. nen inia roaa 5 fneodfc-.p between them and between their j either cf the hgh cur.tiactir g parties my
southern Nebraska has J rapective territories, cities, towfcs, and i-eopie, grat to their own citizcix r s',1 jts, kit th
- j nhout exception of terse ns cr places. Dut ; etcc'irragement cf the btiildic Vf t-j
)mmercial connections as jift rotwithtdicg, the tworatiors shonid. f sail uderthdir own fLig. "
rc ertpr.sive commercial
1 , ivi-a-i-, ic iui.a.:us m.( uutr ui.;r od jj.
anv portion cf OUT country, and Will j tmlsrtnnately, become :nvo!ve-d m war, one Art. ..As to anv citizen
be able to compete with any in the
production of its-scil and mines.
' - It may now be regarded as the set
tled policy of this nation to build a
railroad to the Pacific coast. Butlarge
or futjec? cf
and after the declaration thereof, shail be ai-1 w ithin the jurisdiction cf the cthej-, wis htirr, -lowed
to the merchants and ether inhafcitar.ts, ; W;rg citizer cr s;.l jects cf tha f th-, shall
respectively, cn each side, during which term j sneered to Lis personal rmre.-t r, ai.4 ei'hcr to -they
shall beat liberty to withdraw themselves ) Lis rtal estate or to the jocCs thereof
with all their effects, which they shall " have ) whether by testament or ahir.latitW; ar.d may
the right to carry away, send awav, cr sel asi take rossessioa thereof, either bv tbemsives"
tney please, wuncnt tincerat.ee or molestatim. ? or bv others
- - - j- , -7 , i I ... . .. . -' vi.t.j e. 1 ui ti i. . ' T 'i.a
trw muu--ii vi iics c u vwc -.t'-.tc au..iw. vvikj Ai c j ur..-2 jcr.o-ti s:a;tiiie:rrot3 -pi t,;e Krneat ir,;L nr.'' t UirD-;rt u.
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