The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 01, 1922, Page 3, Image 3
.TW-" ' T ,AU "'ft iL '; :,- v; !? -Ar-. i ::!... DECEMBER, 1922 - The Commoner ,' ... wiwpfsgfw' y.v - The CaiiSes of Repub lican Defeat While individuals will differ as to the rela tive influence exerted by different causes, there will be general agreement, as to several of the reasons which ;Jed lo the .Democratic landslide this year. '';' . First: The. fajrmers 'revolted against Re publican policies. . fi . ' ' ' .V Sdcond: The labo'ring men resented the at titude of the administration on the coal' and railroad striKesfN '; ' ' Third: The people with "small incomes were indignant at the f avoritJsm . stidNvn to profiteers in the repeal of the excess profits tax arid to the financiers with big incomes aii shown! in the re duction of higb rates. Fourth: Theo'nsumers w.ere angered, by the burden placed upob them by a bigh tariff made Jn the interest o-f a few manufacturers. - Fifth: The exrservice men were indignant because of the refusal of the Republican party to vote a bonus "when it was willing to vpto money to profiteers, to those enjoying big in comes, to the railroads, and to the ship com panies desiring subsidies. Those were causes that contributed materially to the stunning blow administered to the Re publican leadership To the national causes weredded - msihy local causes, chief among which was ajn.'jncrease in local- taxation. In Borne states, like' Nebraska, state, county and municipal taxes 'bad tripled within the last few years. " ' When one examines the various influences ? that combined to produce the result, he finds that one phrase describes that situation now; it, was a revolt against the rule of the rich. The government has-been In the hands of big busi ness and greed which lacked the intelligence that would lead to sell-restraint and pushed fits exactions so far r as to excitea' rebellion airiong enough Republicans to menace the "supremacy of the party. I remains"1:Q be seen whether the re buke will bring -reform or simply stir the bene ficiaries of privilege to. greater activity .in the 'hope of "getting while the getting is good.'l , The election of 1922. was a wonderful vindi cation of the wjsdom of popular government. A nation that .went riotpusly Republican in 1920 sobered aip within two years. The story of the Prodigal Son nas found its counterpart in the nation. Many w,bo went away arrogantly two years ago came' to themselves when they were confronted by a diet oX h'usks. The repentance Was sudden -may it jprove complete. ; ". . . W. J. BRYAN. womS? CMn n?lcnibatantfl, including mT ? d "dron, while torpedoes at sea aro o thnly againsi,lthe military and naval forces ?ed hv a my' The 0ri,ginal prPBal was by.a unauimows vote, save ours. I am not lti"0? attItVon this auStton but what can a layman do when ho has against n m tne foremoBt contemporary military and naval experts? My hope is that the United Stages will yet stand, with the majority on tho record. . . "I stated afterward in a bantering way to Captain Mahan, as well as to others, that ,while I could not support any of the arguments mat had been made in'favor of allowing asphyxi ating bombs, there was one which somewhat ap pealed to menamely, that the dread of them might do something to prevent the rush of tho rural population to tho c:ties, an the aggrpr gatlon of the poorer Classes in them, which m one of the most threatening things to modern society, and also a second argument that such bombs would bring home to warlike stay-at-home orators and writers the realities of war." The first step toward universal peace would seem to be tho sending of advocates of peace, to the peace conferences. Thp professional soldier, 'whether found in the army or navy, is quite apt to take a very 'different view of peace suggestions from that-taken by .the civilian. It is an honest difference of opinion expressed by thej)ld saying that each one is inclined to mag nify lv!s own calling. If the United States is to lead in the peace movement it must speak through those who are hoping for the coming of the day when swords shall be beaten into plowshares. W. J. BItyAN; SOLDIERS OF PEACE .V HANDICAPPED HY MILITARISM , The United States Lwas handicapped in the first Hague Peace conference by the dominating influence of militarists. The American Commis sion was made ftp of Hon. Andrew D, White, Captain Mahan;. TJ. S. Navy, .and Captain Crozier, U. S. Army. It seems from the report of that conference that Captaia Maban did- all the discussing; dl least noother name appears. Jbe votes were taken .by countries and. the of ficial record dfd not show the attitude of individ ual members of the comrnission. t From the autobiography of Mr. White, pub lished in 1914, it' seems that the action on Poisonous gas, was not unanimous, but the ep Leaentatives of the army and navy outvoted Mr. White. The following extract from his auto biography throws-interesting light upon the pro ceedings: - ' !'- ' M- v "Asftto asphyxiating" bombs, Captain Mahan jpoko at lengtb.against the provision to forbid Jjem; his ground being that not the slightest ng. had yqt been' don" e looking tQ such 'an in dention; thaX even JMhore hadbeen, their use jould not be ,sb bad ias the use of torpedoes JEanst ships o .war; -that asphyxiating men by -vuua oc deleterious gases- was not .worse man former Was: the less dangerous of the two, since Jje gases used ,mgbt simply incapacitate men 2 a short? "tini,- wbile tito "blowing up of a Jj)lP of war means. death to all ormearly all of tho,se upon.it. ,vfT'.. ' t ro this it. was answored and, as it seemed JJ, yy, with, "force -that asphyxiating bombs ""Sat be used against towns for the destruction The American Legion at it3 recent meeting- took a strong stanuin favor of universal peace. It was not merely an expression of a DESIRE for peace but specifically en dorsed the steps that lead to peace. Its plan is to "proceed as rapidly as conditions permit and the decrees of such international courts he come operative; entirely to disarm and disband sea and air forces and to destroy tho imple ments of warfare." This is a very v sweeping proposition a very important, program. It is not to be partial disarmament but ENTIRE dis armament. The forces are not to Abo merely di minished but DISBANDED and the plan em bodies the forces on sea and n the air. That there may be no doubt as to the completeness of the program, the Legionyadvises the destroy- "" ing of "the implements ofwarfare." Bravo it means something when the men who fought in tho late war become soldiers of peace and cast their influence against war as an institution. But their wisdom is .further mani fested in a declaration against the .ch'ef cause of war and in favor of a substitute for war. They oppose territorial aggrandizement. Experience , shows that land hunger- has. been a fruitful source of international, conflict. People who would regard robbery on the highway as a 'crime sometimes regard as patriotic the larger robbery that is accomplished by armies and navies. The Legion also declares in favor of international courts to "outlaw war." , War can not be abolished until a substitute is found and the international court is tho natural substi- ' tute'for violence, just .as national courts have taken the 'place of violence between individuals. While the Legion, resolution d'd not mention INVESTIGATION as a method of preventing war it doubtless would endorse the treaties pro viding for investigation of all disputes because they Scarry the nation a long way In 'the direc tion of peace. , ; In commending the "action taken by the Le.n jrion.'the personality of Commander Ousley shouVa not be overlooked.- .His selection raises a, strong presumption in -his 'favor and this pre sumption is supported by his utterances. He has justified the confidence expressed by his. fr'ends and manifested by tho Legion, He oc cupies a position of very great importance and will- exert a large influence. It is extremely fortunate-for the country that the official head of so large and so meritorious a group ot slmor'can' citizens should throw his influence mSn the right side of so vital a question. Every frieSd of Peace will rejoice that the Legion un der Commander Owsley's leadership, is' using its Powerful influence against war. The cause of SeSs greatly strengthened by the arrival of General Owsley and his div's on; the issue of the battle is no longer in doubt.. & i Glemenceau's Visit ; Tho Unitod States always welcomes 'difetfn gu shed men from abroad, whcthor: their" specialty bo music, science, discovery"! or poll- ' tics. Clcmonceau is ono of tho great men 'off Fnniqo, oven though ho was dropped as a-'pllot '" sdon after the war clOsod. ' ' ' But giv.ng a cordial porsonat wolcomb'- to"1 distinguished mon is vdry different from dndors irig the r views, and our distinguished French j. visitor will soon learn that tho United States" has not tho sightost intontloiuof entering Into any "ontangllng alliance" either with Frarfco of -any other nation. QlcmcnconiL has nov6r,sliowtt ary great imprest in the Leaflb of Natons;hS has been skeptical in regard to Its usefulness:' Ho contended for an allianco between OYoat ' Britain, Franco, and tho Unitod States, bolfov-" Ing that the throo nations could, by acting to-" gather, insure world peace. Of course ho 6Vbr- ' estimated tho arnled strength pf tho three 'na1 tlons and ho ontiroly mHuntl6nstood tho BftijFft'' of tho United States. The proposed alliance be- . tweon tho Unitod States and Franco which tho president brought back from the conference has ' never received any consideration in this coun try, because there has never been any sentiment: favorable to it. If there had been any such" sentiment at that'timo it would havo boon de stroyed by France's conduct s'neo the war. HerV imperialistic tendone'es are now well known and our nation fully realizes that such an alliance as Clomenceau proposes would be hurtful to Franco - as well as objectionable to tho United States. Just as a revolver in tho hip pocket leads men' into.altercations which they would otherwise avoid, 8d Franco, w'th tho United States as a guarantor, would be apt to enter into disputes , .which she w'll 'avoid If compelled to reply upon . her. own strength. - - The old idea that peace could bo preserved by terrorism is exploded and thq world now.,, knows that peaco is impossible without disarma ment. If tho nations aro to live together .as f rends, they will havo, to lay Aside their arms:-; and they must exist, as friends , If jthey ard o& exist at all. . v . - t .. 'The people will bo interested in hearing what Clemenceau has to taay but they will not bo in-i terested in doing what ho wants done. His visit' will, not strengthen the causo which ho . has espoused, but 'f ho has-is often to suggestion he will carryback to his native 'country a warning . that may he of value in preserving the peace of the world. J Franco wants to exorcige colonial.' power over helplesspoople, she will havo to do .. it, by her own strength or find some other part ner bes'des the United Statps. Wo dt) Hot coyot .r r tlie. . riches tfiat can be extorted from the so- ' called inferior people; Wo have prqmised inde pendence to tlie-.F liplnos and wq willnot help r to take liberty from any otlier people. Wo can reply to Clemenceau by paraphrase o a battle-cry that, has come' down to us from. Revolutionary . days: Millions for the propogation of peace, but not a cent for the exploitation of weaker,. nations. , - w. J. miXASH. ;A r y ffi PROHIhlTION CONFERENCE REEDED ,, )f. The President has. acted wisely n, suggesting , a conference Qf governors to. consider the en? ,-,-fbrcement of prohibition. It will not only hap ten effectivo co-operation, but it will give the country a chance to see how "executives- dne." under the domination of tho wets., Possibly the r governors might pass a. resolution f.askkrg the?Jf Pres'deht to safeguard the., nation, against" f.h action of friendly nations that allow their-:fla,gr.tf to protect smuggling conspiracies against .tpo law3 of tho United States, ( V t ---- :;r-, THE NEXT GREAT REORIVlrs"," ,".J5 "...") The sentiment in favor of the direct election of president and vice-president, and. far the in-.r. aucuration of pres'dent and the convening mf)t.,n congress in January following elect'ons, gro.ws; rapidly.' "A favorable committee report for a a constitutional amendment embodying these 're-.5 forms has already, been secured An the Senate- and should receive' the "support of' all those who . favor the people's rule '.n governmental, affairsut- A DESERVED COtPLDIENT The election ,bf Hon. Cdrdell Hull,i as cori gressman from his old Tennessee district, Isas deserved compliment to him and a recognition -ot J his former services to the people of his district and state. Congressman Hull has done splendid worlfcas chairman of the Democratic national committee, and his . Teturn, to congress Is fortur ' nat for the country. iflU r. 1M W Ik ?f M tt-. ' A H 1 ,SJ '- 0 : k ni -?fl tm-.'i n i m a m ifl4vSit - M. --..