The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, April 01, 1921, Page 4, Image 4
VOL. 21, NO. 4 4 The Commoner ! If m The Commoner ISSUICD MONTHLY Entered at the Poetofllco at Lincoln, Nebraska, an docond-cluBB master. WILLIAM J. BRYAN, CHARLES W. BRYAN, Editor and Proprietor Associate ISd. and Publlshor Edit. Rms and Business Ofllcc, Suite 207 Press Bldg. One Year 91.00 Six Month CO In Clubs of Klvo or more per year ... .75 Three Montlin 25 Single Copy 10 Sample copies Free. Foreign Post. 25c Extra SUIISCUII'TIONS can bo sent direct to The Com moner. They can also bo sorit through newspapers which havo advertised a clubbing rate, or through local agents, whero such agents havo been ap pointed. All remittances should bo sent by post olllco money order, expross order, or by bank draft on New York or Chicago. Do not send Individual chocks, stamps, or currency. JtlQNHWALS The date on your wrapper shows the tlmo to which your subscription Is paid. Thus, January 21 means that payment has been received to and Including tho Issue of January, 1921. CHANGE OK ADDRESS Subscribers requesting a change of address must give old us well as now address. ADVERTISING Rates will bo furnished upon application. Address all communications to THE COMMONER, LINCOLN, NED. THE UNITED STATES AND THE ANGLO JAPANESE ALLIANCE A determined effort is being made in some quartors to picturo tho Anglo-Japanese alliance as directed against tho United States. Tho best answer to such misrepresentation is to set forth in order tho facts of that allianco. The original agreement between Britain and Japan in 1905 declared the purpose of the alliance tobo as follows: To consolidate and maintain tho peace in eastern Asia and in India. In other words, the Japanese army and Brit ish, navy would act together to resist any at tempt to ovorthrow existing conditions in that part of tho world. It was really what Bis marck would have called an insurance treaty against a war of revenge by Russia, or a revolt in India fomented by emissaries of the czar. Alliances, it is true, sometimes wander from their original purpose. But when the Anglo Japanese agreement was renewed for the term of ton years in 1911, the following article was made a part of tho treaty: "Article 4. Should either of the high contract ing parties conclude a treaty of general arbi tration with a third power, it is agreed that nothing in this agreement shall entail upon such contracting party any obligation to go to war with tho power with whom such treaty of arbi tration is in force. At that time, negotiations were pending for an arbitration treaty between the United States ' and Great Britain; and Lord Grey recently stated that Article 4 of the Anglo-Japanese agreement was inserted expressly to avoid any misunderstanding with the United States, and to give notice that Britain refused to contem plate a war against America The arbitration treaty then under discussion came to nothing but in November, 1914, Mr. Bryan's arbitra tion troaty with Britain was ratified. It was pointed out at the time that one of tho gfeat advantages of th0 Bryan agreement was that it released Britain from any obligation to go to war with this country on behalf of Japan. There is the record. It shows that whether the Anglo-Japanese alliance is wise or unwise that alliance never was directed against the United States and was amended fo the exnress purpose of making it impossible to drag Britain into a war against tho United States. The Japophobes wil have to seek some other scarecrow.- Chicago Journal. e THINK! ,,,Tio;i1 J' you are mistaken who may think that there can bo an enduring and effective association of tho nations for the maintenance of peace so long as those na- TasnkSeraiH.aS! ttrf -. Gen. The Moral Breakdown The wots havo been attributing the "crime wave" to prohibition. Below will be found two extracts from one morning paper: "London, March 11. A great outcry has arisen in the shipping world over the heavy losses that are incurred through the depredations of thieves, many of whom it is suspected are in the employ of the companies that are the vic tims. . A j "Lord Askwith states it has been estimated that in transport through the port of London alone, through pilfering in various forms, there is a loss of 3,500,000 pounds a year. "One shipping company says that whereas, before the war it losses on cargo attributable to thefts amounted to one shilling and four ponce per ton, it now amounts to 26 shillings and ninepence per ton. "Increases of wages, it is asserted, afford no guarantee of greater trustworthiness. Rather the contrary. The average wages of stewards are said to bo four times their pay before tho war but it is those departments on passenger liners with which stewards are most concerned, that depredations, it is declared, are most notice able. "The manager of ono line running to Australia said that recently he had to expend well over 2,000 pounds in replacing the linen stolen on one round voyage alone. On this same round trip the stewards' charges for 'over-time' amounted to 2,532 pounds. " 'Even the captain's boy charged 28 pounds for overtime on the voyage,' said the manager. 'If the capitain rang for the boy to bring him a drink, the boy charged one hour's overtime for fetching it, provided he had 'already done his eight hours.' "Much plundering undoubtedly takes place before the goods are stowed on shipboard, steam ship men declare. Cases of machinery have been found to be full of stable manure and those sup posed to contain gold and silver goods to be filled with shavings. " 'The thieving that is going on at sea and in docks is beyond anything in history,' writes Lord Inchcape, chairman of the Peninsular and Oriental Company. A man recently removed the clocks from the smoking and music rooms of one of our steamers, while the passengers were embarking at Tilbury dock and they have never been traced. Within the last few days a piano was removed from one of the steamers in dock and carried off to a cottage where, however, it was recovered.' "Stewards, through their union officials, strongly resent Lord Inchape's charge that much of the stealing that goes on in steamers is done by them. One of the officials declares that the fondness of the passengers for collecting what they call 'souvenirs' is responsible for far more missing' articles than are the stewards." Montevideo, Mar. 11. Many merchants of this city havo refused to accept delivery of American goods consigned to them because, in stead of arriving boxed, as requested, they came in bales, and many articles were broken. In some cases legal action against the American of El Dia published photographs of broken bales and remarked that the situation should receive the attention of the United States authorities? Such occurrences,' the newspaper declared lead to strained commercial relations between tho United States and Uruguary. SlLe Euro pean production has been augmented Urugua merchants have received better treatment from European manufacturers, who carefully fill T dors. The reduced prices at which thes nn,w Product hee & ! MX when American manufacturers tool 1 IdvanSS fruit- B n COmpetItors' aPPr to be bearing i T,he fi !tem shows that stealing from shinn In Great Britain has increased from 1 i3 X Pi 'KVZ tlf SJ5-S H-3 weakening the conscience and thus undermining morality? Thero may bo contributing causes but the doctrine of evolution is the fundamental cause. -It has removed the creator from the life. Darwin's far-away-God has ceased to re strain, by either love or fear, those who have accepted the ape hypothesis. It robs man of the sense of God's presence in his daily ijfe, makes prayer a mockery and tiestroy's belief in a future life. Man will have to get back to God if we are to have honesty or any of the other virtues included in the general term, moral ity. No police service can take the place of conscience; the chief control must come from within. W. J. BRYAN. DR. HARVEY W. WILEY THROWS HARPOON INTO PET MEDICINE-BEER SCHEME Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, former chief of the Bureau of Chemistry and father of the pure food law, scouts the idea that beer is a medicine as suggested in the Palmer opinion. Dr. Wiley in sists that beer, wine and whisky have no medi cinal value whatever and asserts that if the new ruling is allowed to stand "convalescence will be a disease which will kill more people than consumption."' In a statement to Attorney-General Daugherty, Dr. Wiley is quoted as saying: "Already ap plication has been made to start breweries for making medicinal beer. If the ruling of the at torney general is carried into effect the profits for beer-making in this country will rise to heights never known before. The vitality and morbidity statistics will be Bwelled by such a new multitude of sick and convalescent as to try the capacity of the printing presses of the census bureau. "Those who have the welfare of medical and pharmaceutical profession at heart and who want to see the honeBt and efficient execution of tho prohibition act will unite as one in an effort to obtain a -recall of this order by the present attorney-general of the United States. Rated on the scale of usage, beer has not now and never has had any standing as a recognized remedial agent." American Issue. MUNICD?AL PLATFORM TO BENEFIT CONSUMERS C. W. Bryan in the Lincoln contest for mayor," has a platform of municipal markets, municipal gas, municipal ice and municipal coal. Under his administration these things would doubtless be of benefit to the consumers, and he has in cluded a few of the actual necessities of life, on which there should be no profiteering. It would be different if the meat, ice and coal men had dropped prices to correspond with present con ditions but there is too wide a spread between what they pay and what they get. We would be glad indeed to see him succeed and put his plans in operation, as if he can demonstrate, there is a possible relief for other towns in event the dealers do not take the hint and like Davey Crockett's coon "come down" before they are brought down. Aurora, Neb. Register. PLEDGED THEM TO ABSTINENCE If all Catholic priests, and all other clergy men who have the power to reach young people m the solemn way that marks confirmation duties and services, would follow the examplo of Cardinal Gibbons, much good would be achieved. 3lea,!dng of Cardinal Gibbons' attitude to ward the use of intoxicating liquors, William H Anderson of the Anti-Saloon League of Mary-ute- nW charge iu New York, pays this trib- o J!?aIdinalJ Gibbns undoubtedly sincerely de- i0, the evils of drunkenness and labored in that direction as he thought best. SntP5BOiniillyt?ld mG som-e thirteen years ago that he pledged to total abstinence till they were ffini m?mbe of every claJ8 he confirmed." Miami Metropolis. fl7i?3 of applications for, appointments hRffSte,rS ae said t0 baVQ been filed in the to ohn h b? RPublicans. This would seem "Ia? inclination on the part of faithful ?ealfv Ta ner that. tIle' PBtal department 10 really the fire department. emW lr ?. nannn wb0 was discovered to have bSn iSSr fi80,,00 exPlaine that his wife had Bovora nH l0ne, tImo and ha ba to Have SSL Sit KV1611 that Profiteering i ftfv- 3.rTT,rv, -u .-t, &xAmikisum&em;, - . "..' .'... .... .L . ..