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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1921)
creased price for hio foodstuffs duo to
a iacK or equipment to bring the com.
modities to market. An investigation
made by the United States Food Ad
ministration showed mat in uie cuao
of potatoes the margin bdtween the
Food Producers Get Only a Very Small
Part of Price Consumers Pay
r7rt0 mnrfrin hritwAcn the ' they wished it wouia never '.open
(By Arthur Capper, United fetatea the retailor gets 33.3 per cent and the' of pota , and hat lf they thoUght their
Senator from Kansas. Written Espe-i grower 26.7 per cent of tteoonsum- Producer wd the conBumer bro . would be bartenders they would
water ja day and feel better'. Pine
seven or eight m6nN in Iron & ok a
saloon, they were all miners ..The
saloon was closed on accountof
license being transferred, Tley said
they wished it would never - .open
aL11. Pno rnUn TnnpniiMnnnl Nnwa'nr'R rlnll.11.
MlUllJ i'Ul J.UO .. ., -,w w. . ---- - - ,
retailing is 4i.o per cent, in uuui-o
the Jobber's markup was iui enormous numoers ot persons ar
Washington, Dec. 31. Something
is radically wrong with a national
system of distribution which permits
nt nlinnliitn iifnuta nf fnrwl rlrfl ltrt H
in nnn nnnflnn nf thn r.nuntrv when I to 75 per cent.
in other sections there exists good de
mand. That condition-occurs fre
quently in tho United States. In the
frult-nroduclntr sections of MichlKan
and Now York pross reports declare! some
that largo quantities of fruit rotted
and was wastod bocauso there was no
market for it. At the same time
higl) prices provailed for fruit in the
mld-wost, where tho crop was cut
shlbrt by late spring frosts. Producers
in Now York and Michigan, the re
ports state, did not obtain profitable
prices for their crop despite the fact
that other sections of the country
woro anxious to buy. Probably inade
quate transportation facilities and
shortage of labor woro factors in this
condition. But at any rate the sys
tem of distribution failed to function
to tho profit either of tho producer
or the consumer.
tOWn tllO JOOUOr b iuunvuj.1 wan j.u '' wwu .. t.. v... .- -
cont, and in another town 2 2, engaged in the final processes or ens-
per COni, BllOWiIlg U wmu vwiuiwui lhuuuuu, invivQiiifa tuo wuut
j i t u. .!. e n-m vi ' nifif i.nn rw r min f- iro i inn Tnr
The retailers' margins ran from 20
75 per cent.
Herbert Hoover recently made this
statement: "Tho margins between
our farmers and the wholesalers in
commodities other than grain, in
some instances even in normal
times, are the hipchest in any civilized
country fully 25 per cent higher
than in most European countries."
WHERE FARMER LOSES. .
Mr. Hoover also said:
city has one meat retailer for every
400 inhabitants. It has been care
fully estimated that one dealer could
adequately serve every 1,200 per
sons. The result of such a condition
is that the retailers operate on a
high margin and that only a'small in
come is obtained by any of them.
Thus it is evident that our waste
ful system of distribution is an un
fair tax on both the producer and the
consumer. This can bo reduced. It
will be possible to place a larger part
..... . - - ---. WU1 uo putibiuio lo iJiuco a larger part
'Analvas of the character of the' i .. .;,, i iL. i. .,-
margin botwoon tho farmer and tholot the farmer an(J at u,,,.,,., tim0
ZblZ7llJZit,?Za " to the cities at a lower
m iniuo aii.il umuvuittio xwnnwi cogtf
HOW DOLLAR IS DIVIDED
Thore is an enormous spread be
tween the price tho producer obtains
for his products and the price tho
consumer pays for them. This spread
-occurs in tho marketing and distri
bution of thnse products. The Cali
fornia Fruit Growers' Exchange made
an investigation to determine how
the consumer's dollar was divided.
Thirty representative markets were
included and 5,485 reports woro ob
tained. Tho results showed that tho
factors entering into the division of
the consumer's dollar spent in buying
citrus fruit in 1814 are:
Retail distribution cost (gross),
t3.3 per cent; jobbers' distribution
cost (gross), 8.2 per cent growers
Belling cost, 1.5 per cent; freight and
refrigeration cost 20.5 per cent; pack
ing house cost .4 per cent; cost of
picking and hauling to packing nous?
2,4 per cent; proportion retained for
fruit on tho .tree, 26.7 per cent.
V.Those figures are supplied by G.
Harold Powell, general manager or
he California Fruit Growers' Ex
changer Los Angeles. They show that
t.hn farmer, while immediate In
creases in price are absorbed by the
trades between, and the farmer gets
but a lagging increase."
Prices of hogs obtained by farm
ers, prices paid by the consumer and
tho margin between, as shown in gov
ernment statistics for 1914, 1919 ana
1920, indicate an enormous loss to
both the producer and the consumer
to the one in the low price ob
tained and to the other in the exces
sive price paid. These figures are:
Price of hogs in principal states
per 100 pounds: 1914, $7.45; 1919,
$16.27; 1920, $15.37. Price of cured
products to consumer for the 100
pound hog: 1914, $18.97; 1919,
$37.23; 1920, $37.71. Margin be
tween the farmer and tho consumer,
1914, $11.52; 1919, $21.06; 1920,
While the farmer has gained
about $7.92 in price the margin has
increased by $10.82 to tho consumer.
The consumer has paid 30 cents more
while tho farmer got 90 cents less
during the last year..
Inadequate transportation facilities
add to the costliness of the distribu-
Pennsylvania, Nov. 16. 1920 Wil
liam Jennings Bryan, Lincoln, Neb,
Honorable Sir: I saw in some naner
that you attributed the defeat of the
Democratic party to "Article 10."
With all due respect to your state
manshlp and as a manr and I do not
believe any one appreciates you more
than I, in my opinion the defeat was
caused by the wastefulness and ex
travagance of the present adminis
tration. I do not think even you
have seen it as I have seen it. Be
fore the Leagiie 'of Nations was
talked about I have talked to thou
sands of men and they said the ex
travagance Was bevond fiYnnRKlnn
There seemed to be no head nor tail
You are the only man of national
reputation who has the courage of his
convictions to stand for prohibition
and do not think people do not know
it. I hear it from every quarter. Of
course, I hear you are made light of
by those engaged in the traffic, the
distiller, the brewers, those who own
the properties. th Rinnniroar.ai.n
and bootleggers, When a man says
want them to die and they . hopea
their sons would never see them
(their fathers) take a drink. The, on
ly thing, Mr. Bryan, I am surprised
that is your knowledge and detail of
this accursed thing, for a man xftypjiv
station in life I thought could hard
ly see tho terrible things that whisky .
and beer have done to the world
more than all the wars. One tin's to
go to the saloons and see the men
in their working clothes and dinner
- ' i
Subscribers' Advertising Department
AGENTS Mason sold 18 Sprayers and
Autowashers one Saturday; Profit
$64.00; Square Deal; Steady work;
Write Rusher Company, Johnstown,'
WANTED MISCElAANEOUS"s .
STORIES, .POEMS, PLAYS. etc."ar
wanted for publication. Good ideas
bring: big: money. Submit Mss. or wrlto
Literary Bureau, 117 Hannibal, Mo.
- , - '" urn
EARN $25 WEEKLY, spare time, "writ
ing: for newspapers, magazines. -Experience
unnecessary; details free. Press'
Syndicate, 1050. St Louis. Mo.
FARMS WANTED w
IF YOU WANT to sell or ftxoha'nfr
your property write mo. John J.
Black. 12th St.. Chippewa. Falls. Wis.
INVENTIONS WANTED. Cash or royalty
for id :as. Adam TJsliPr Affo- nn '".ins
- r- - .0. 'wv., aw.
K L.OU1S. MO.
' ' .
"TORN-MUSIC-CURE" 10,000 Freo
Samples. Stewart, San Jose, Call'
TOBACCO KENTUCKY Natural leaf,
Hiprh grade- Smoking:, 30c per lb. Why
pay Dollar or more? Pure Tobacco, no
dope. J. D. Scott & Sons, Mayfteld.Ky.'
tion svstem. in tno race or a ear
shortage the producer cannot move he is for prohibition th lim,
his products readily, and often is
forced to sell on a glutted market, at
low prices. The consumer, on the
other hand, is forced to pay an in-
New York World Three Times
a Week and The Commoner
Both Osie Year for $1.30
Think of it! 168 Papers in a year for only $1.30. No other
combination gives you the news so much and so often at so low
Tho Now York World is one of the great newspapers of the
country, and will keep you promptly and accurately inforjned on
current events. Tho Thrice-a-Week edition is practically as good
as a daily. It -prints only tho choicest matter contained in the
daily editions, eliminatesall the non-essentials, and carries the ex
clusive special correspondence and special articles of a notable list
of staff writers stationed in the important political and economic
. centers of the world.
By the terms of a special reduction offer, limited for a short
time, effective January 10, 1921, and subject to withdrawal without
notice, we can send the Thrico-a-Week New York World and Tho
Commoner both one full year for $1.30. If at present a subscriber
you can tako advantage of this offer and your present exniration
date will be extended one year.
Accept this offer at once. Make remittances payable to
THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Neb.
at once say, "Oh, he is a lone-haired
fanatic," though I know I am nota
long-haired fanatic. I worked for a?
living, I go to church sometimes and'
not as much as I ought to.
In Mr. John I TCMmoi-'a om,
the other day, he said it wbuld take'
nve years to stop if. I do not see
wuy; tne oniy people who want it are:
those who make money out of it. Is
do not know of anv lininn
laboring men clamoring for its repeah
7C , Jr liuerestea m its sale. In
the World's Work, I saw an article
wherein it stated that it had sent a
representative to this section and re-
ijuriou mat tne miners must have
their beer. That in nnf ..
I live among the miners and I know
uuuuiBua oi miners who do not drink
and I have talked with scores who
told me they wished that prohibition
would be enforced to its limit
I was in a store the other day and
a woman poorly clad, came in and
she said. "Gbd hleac wm J t"u
ff'sB:. j.?!? .
Txriiii "" juu Know aDOUt
William Jennings Bryan?" "Why "
v i??J "5 ve adired him all
my life, be is the only man who has
the COUraEe Of hln nrmvlMrt ouJ
said also, "Let any person live with &
sza,r"2a w .?.
.. v.. "hmv ouumu bo useav
MiuuBut x.neeaea because worked
in- the mines, birfVjuatf stffi it
now I -drink about one-half gMibn oi
A Family Treat
High clasa, practical reading- course,
for each member of the family;
covering: a whole year and at a
low cost. Doesn't that Interest you?
THE C9MMONBR.... $1,001 Our '
S'0 World.. bo Special
Household 25 price
American Fruit Growerl.OO All Five
Mo. Valley Farmer... .25 I for "
Total regular price $3.00 $2.30
Mail your order today to
TFe Commoner, Lincoln, Nebr;
Com, Wheat, Alfalfa
Hogs, Sheep, Dairying
We have for sale two splendid. ,
well-improved farms near Lin-
coin. Nebraslrn in ;" tlV.
One is located near "the aurbSb l
I of College View southeast of Lin- I
uuixi, una is splendidly improved
for raisins: thoroughbred, cattle f .
and hoss sheep or dairying:. 1 60
Jhf0fhef&rm: ,s Seated near'
ftSnSte H,8,PItal southwest of
iioln' ?nd J8 an exceptionally J
good grratn farm of 160 acres '
These farms are near to the pS?ft
ments and streetcars of Lincoln
Both of these farms are Tin flno
locations for farm homos, and
will bo sold right by thoowner '
SXs ?. r0tirinff' ,If interested, ad ;
The Commoner Realty Co.,
' ' ! Fiea Ufa, LINCOLN, HEWA5KA " ' " '
11 illn - '- -' ' ''- ""dili . .i:. i '.. . w' . :j&
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