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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1921)
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1 THi Commoner
'" - ' :-:?';f: WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR ' -
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JL. 21, NO.l
Lincoln, Nebraska, January, 4921
Whole Hiimber 741
Condition ' U
yd following letter from a prominent farmer
llefallirestern State discloses a very serious -con-
'that demands serious attention:
U. am writing you in regard to the Wheat
JWers' Association. Do you think the
pliers can make a success in organizing,
Swould you Drefer "Government control of
W price of wheat and other commodities?
wl am a farmer, and a subscriber of The
raimoner, and I favor Government control
lit can .be obtained. ,1 raised 40,000 ,
lels of "wheat this year and at the pres-' '
(time I cannot get the cost of production.
wThe International Harvesting company
binders last year for $300.00, and sent.
rd the other day of a 20 per cent raise.
tat will become of the farmer if there
ijt some adjustment made?
KjSThefe aro hundreds of farmers on the
siflc coast facing bankruptcy-at. present.
IpYour opinion would be ' appreciated'
e Wheat Growers association is legitimate .
Plprove vot:mM$$:? he Jarjejgbutt
rell to understand the' farmer's handicap; as
tared with large manufacturers. Th& farm-
are too numerous to permit of the forming
fin effective combination for the limiting of
action or for the holding of crops. Farm-
i annlafloc) Afin nrwlonf onrl 1lrrlnilfA 1tvfiitnn
; arouse public sentiment and exprt political
Ojjuence in the farmer's behalf, but they can. not
rm a trust. Manufacturers are comparatively
in number and can combine for the lfiiiit-
,of the output and for the fixing 0f the price;
ice, tne rarmer is uie vicum or. an comoma-
s without being able to protect himself' ef
jtively by combination.
Legislation is-his hope and his only security.
tt now he may and should be protected from
)0 sudden a return to pre-war prices; Jtie ,wm
fbt complain of changes that are NATURAL and
2NERAL, but he SHOULD complain of, artl-
tcial fluctuation in the price of his products and
h a depression in price that does not include
Ehe things that he must buy.
The farmer feeds the "world andthe govern
ment protects ALL when it assures liim, . as' it
"Should, of a tfric3 that will guarantee a sufficient
food supply. There should 'also be legislation
tr&'goinst gambling in his products. It would seem
"incredible, if it were-not an actual fact, that con
gress would for a single day. permit a few. specu
lators to make fortunes by selling and buying
grain .which they do not own, and never expect to
accept or deliver, '
' If the farmers will take the trouble to bom
bard their senators and congressmen yfith spediflc
demands they can get what they need In the' way
of legislation. The law recently passed over the
President's veto is an illustration of this. , If the
Harvester company is overcharging the' 'facts
should be brought before the Trade commissi jm.
It would seeni unnecessary ,to rajsJ9p'ricesnow
when the trend of prjceste downwajoVfr J '
' "; '-.""".. W. JBRYAN.
Deserve to Win Then
The day is past when the liquor machines
and Wall Street interests of the large cities
can successfully dictate to the great moral
majority of the nation. Make the Demo
cratic party deserve to win, then organize
for the coming-struggle. The Republican
party, as organized, officered and controlled
can not bring content and prosperity to the
masses the reaction will come fast ana
emphatic. Democrats, progressives and in
dependents should meet, confer, plan and
outline legislative needs, municipal, state
The Commoner desires to hear from
those who will undertake to help -rehabilitate
the party in their respective counties
. and states. ' -
You have to deal with an IMMEDIATE -need.
Each state should have a Trade commission pat
terned after the Federal Trade commission, and
each community should be authorized I) create
such a local commission when it desires to do so.
The Federal Trade commission ca-- attend to
trade conspiracies and profiteering when they
operate throughout the nation, but this com
mission has neither time nor authority for local
wrong doing. The state must look after trade
combinations and profiteers operating wholly
WITHIN the state and each county and munici
pality should have power to deal with injustices
that are purely local. Publicity may be sufficient
at least it is the easiest remedy to try, and ex
perience with this remedy will point the way. to
such other remedies as may be needed. Every
merchant and manufacturer has the courts at his
command; he can collect his accounts by judicial
process, but the purchaser has at present no
tribunal before which he can call the extortioner
and the profiteer. Why this one-sidedness? Be
cause the middlemen have more Influence than
the masses. The masses should demand and the
legislators should provide state and local trade
commissions. ' W.J.BRYAN,-.
"":" 21st Year
Jn its initial issue, January 2.3, 1901,'ie
Commoner published the following statemehtsIn
its dedicatory editorial:
( The name has been selected for this paper
because The Commoner will endeavor to aid
the common people in the protection of
their rights, the advancement o- their, inter
ests and ,the realization of their aspirations.-
' The Commoner will be satisfied if, ,.
by fidelity to the common people, it proved
its right to the name which has been chosen.
These statements have oeen repeated from
time to time on recurring anniversaries, and aro
repeated now, at the beginning of The Common
er's 21st year of publication, as an evidence of
its purpose to dedicate itself anew to the solemn
pledges made in its initial issue, and, also, to ta
hounce its intention to outline a new construc
tive program, national, state and municipal, tot
the betterment of the common, people. The de
tails of this program are being worked out, an
'lftvbe",annouridedA in a- later fiesue.- '1 'telh'fV
flcient to say that this program will embody
many now remedies for the correction of glaring
-evils and gross injustices of the present day.
During the twenty years of its publication,
The Commoner has witnessed the fruition of a
large number of needed reforms which it has ad.i
vocated. It can truthfully be said that more has
been accomplished for the common people in the
past twenty years than during the entire half
century preceding. These accomplishmenFs have
been so substantial in character as to give re
newed hope for greater things in the immediate
The Commoner is proud of the part it has
played in helping to bring about the great re
forms of the past two decades. The god;d- that it
has been able to accomplish has been made pos
sible by the steadfast cooperation of its readers
in extending its circulation in their communities,
and for their hearty, support at critical periods
of the fight. To this loyal band we wish to, ex
press our gratitude and assurance" of the un
ceasing advocacy of Democratic principles in an
effort to protect the masses from exploitation. '
What are you going to do with American:
citizens who go into British; Mexican or Cuban
territory to Jind a base of operations against'the
prohibition laws of the United States? They
should at least lose their citizenship. Punish
them and then we shall be in position to protest
against such Use of foreign territory by for
Retailers report that Christmas shopping was
not so- great in volume as the previous year,'but
that profits .remained much Hhe , same. . Xiie
figured it out from ftie price. sheets thaj?wasthe
intenthm. " ' '" v " ' ' ' s -'A..'-
PROFITEERING CONTINUES .-.,
Investigations are revealing profiteering so
flagrant and conscienceless that it is hard to
understand why congress dges not. act (see, coal;
jjrices, for instance). Instead of protectingrtli.e
.people from the profiteers congress is now ..con
sidering the repeal of the excess profits tax r'a
gift of a billion to the profiteers.
While congress is investigating coal profiteers
and lumber profiteers, it might be well to turn
the searchlight on the new combination of prof
iteers recently organized as the National Pros
perity Bureau. Its announced purpose is to pur
iuade the public to buy at present prices, which
would seem to be an organized effort tp.prevent
the reductions necessary. '" "'" " , -