The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, August 01, 1920, Page 12, Image 12
1 IT" 713 fiiim. rw fe?rr' ,7??pff!f',nfrmwT' ?-, -w (fl jrr . The Commoner - 1 VO20, NO. 8 TW? t AWATERBUJIT Radlollto is tho 12-&hiu Jeweled. Ingorsojl that tells time In the iark. It Is tho stylish small-sized watch so much In voguo nbwadayci. Note, top, the,; antique bow and crown and tho graceful proportion ing of the stem. Yqu can choosb either a regulation black dial or an attractive "sliver" dial. s Rndipllto dial makes the Water bury, a 24-hour-a-day watch. Night and dayIt Is always on'tfto' jbb .Un der your pillow At night it glows you the tlmo without your lurnlng on tho light or striking a match. Outdoors at night it tollH.you the"- tlmo aa clearly a does in tho city drawing room., Though tho refined design of tho Waterbury suits it to dross wear, its solid, sturdy construction makes it a reliable tlmeplcco lor -all around ser vice. Call at an Ingorsoli dealer's to day and see this watch. Look for tho store with tho Ingerspll display, -The price of tho Watorptu-y Radlollto Is only $G.20 (either black or silver dial). , XJlu"ln dial, samb movement, $5.50. liOBT. It." TNGKRSOLIi A BRO, . " V Kws 9f;. - . Chicago SUB i'THHClUCO Moutrctil - 5 SI Wf MiBMiiJfa t idtiM wiirr OTreninrifMTinf .m---.- Raaiolrte HM.I4PT' l" J , i ' , r m r " tii77" ... i xrwt Gov. Cox's Accept ance Speech i Continued from Pago 8 ' continuous service Is a policy of fair dealing. Too often the genius of man prompts him to play for gov ernmental advaula&o, and the suc cess which has been achieved in this particular, has led to the formation of groups which seek this very ad vantage. Wo are a busy people, pre occupied in too largo degree with purely commercial considerations, and wo have not recognized as we should that the failure of government to prevent inequalities has made it possible for mischevious spirits to develop prejudice against the Insti tutions of government, rather than against administrative policy. There is a very Important difference here. This 'difference bears directly on profiteering, which is today the most sinister influence in American life. It is not a new thing in America. Tho tribe of profiteers has simply multiplied under the -favoring cir cumstances of wax. For years, largo contrbutions have been made to the Republicans campaign fund for no purpose except to buy a government al underhold, and to make Illegal profits as the result of preference. Such largesses are today a greater menace to our contentment and our institutions than the countless tem porary profiteers who are making a mockery of honest business, flut who can live and fatten only in time of disturbed prices. If I am v called to service- as president means will be found, if they do not already exist, for compelling theso exceptions to tho great mass of square dealing American husiness men, to use the same yardstick of honesty that gov erns most- of us in our dealings with our followmen, or in language' that they may understand, to suffer the penalty of criminal law. There is another reason, for the fabulous contributions to the pres ent Republican campaign fund. Much money, of course, has been sub scribed in propter partisan zeal; but the great bulk has been given with the definite idea of gaining service in return. ljany captains of indus try, guided by a most dangerous in dustrial philosophy, believe that, in controversy between employer and employer their will should be en forced, oven at the point of the bay onet. I speak knowingly.. I have passed through many serious indus trial troubles. I know something of their psychology, the stages through which s they pass, and the dangerous attempts that are some times made to end" them. Disputes between labor and capital evitable, The disposition to gain the best bargain possible characterizes the whole Held of exchange, wheth er it be product for product, or labor for money. If strikes are prolonged public opinion always se,ttle them. Public opinion should determine re sults in America, Public opinion is khe most interesting characteristic of a cjemocracy, and it is the real safety valve to the institutions of a free government. It may, at times, be necessary for government toinquire irtto the fact? of a tie-up, but facts and not conclusions should be sub mitted. The determining form of un prejudiced thought will do the rest. During this process, governmental agencies must give a vigilant eye to the, protection of life and property, and' maintain firmness but absolute impartiality. This is always the real test,-, but if official conduct combines, courage and fairness, our govern mental institutions come out of these uffairs untarnished by distrust. This is not au academic observation, 1 is the mere recital of experience. nUnrest has been reinforced in no small degree by the great mass of unassimllatod aliens. Attracted by" an unprecedented demand for labor, they have come to our shores by the thousands. As they have become acquainted With the customs and op portimftles of American life,' thou sands of them have become citizens and are owners of their . own homes. However, the work of assimilation too long was merely automatic,. One million six hundred thousand for eign born in this county cannot read or write our language. Our Interest in them in the main has been simply as laborers, assembled in the great trade centers, to meet the demand of the hour. Without home or com munity ties, many have been more or less nomadic, creating the prob lem of excessive turnover, which has perplexed manufacturing plants But this has not been the worst phase of the situation. Unfamiliar with law, having no understanding of the prin ciples of our government, they, have fallen an easy prey-to unpatriotic and designing persons.' Public opin ion has had no influence upon them, because they have been isolated from tho currents of opinion, all due to their not being able to read or write our language. It is the duty of the federal "government to stimulate the Work of Americanization on the part of church, school community agencies, t'ate governments and in dustry itself. In the" imst many in dustries that have" suffered from chronic restlessness have been the chief contributions to their own troubles. The foreigner with Euro pean standards of living was wel comed, but too often no attempt wad made to educate him to domestic ideals, for the 8implereason that it adversely, affected the Jedger, It has been, my observation that tne man wha learns our language,' yields to' a controlling public opinion and re spects our law; besides, in proportion, as his devotion to American life de velops, his Interest in the impulsive processes of revolution diminishes. We must bo patient in the work of assimilation and studiously avoid op pressive measures in the face of -mere evidence of misunderstanding. We have a composite nation. The Almighty doubltess intended it to be such. We Will not, however de velop patriotism unless we demon strate tho difference between despot ism and democracy. The necessity for the drastic laws' of, war days la not present now, and we 'should re turn at the earliest opportunity, to the statutory provisions passed rn time of peace for the general wel fare. There is no condition now that warrants any infringement on . fbo rlrrbt. nf frfio onfiGch anil assaml. aro m-4v". .. t ... - . oiy nor on mu uuuriy ojl uio jiiress. The greatest measure of individual freedom consistent with the safety of our institutions should be given. Excessive regulation causes manifes tations that oompel restraint, The police power, therefore, is called to action because 'the legislative au thority acted unwisely, A forbearing . policy is not the proper one for the .deliberate enemy of our institution?, He is of-the kind tuaf knows conditions-abroad and- here, The difference between auto cracy and democracy is well marked in his mind. He is opposed to gov ernment in any form, and he hates ours because it appeals to those whom he would convert to his creed. Any policy of terrorism is fuel to his flame of anarchy. Those whom he seeks arouse, in time, realise the difference between his and their men tal attitude, so- that when the law' lays- hand upon his wilful 'mena to government, tho purpose of it be comes piam to mem. Official con tempt for the. law is a harmful ex hibition to our people, rt is diffi cult to follow the reasoning of any one who would seek to make an la she of tho question of law-enforcement. The executive obligation, both national and state, on assuming the oath of office ip to "preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the United States." The Consti tution, on its essence is the license and" limitation given to and placed upon the law-making body. The leg islative branch of government ig subjected to the rulo of the majority. Tho public official who fails to en force the law, Is an enemy both to tho constitution and to thd Amori. can principle of the majority rule. It would seem quite unnecessary for any candidate for the presidency to say that he does not intend to vio late his oath of office. Anyone who is false to .that ath - is more un worthy than the "law violator him self. Morals cannot easily be produced by statute.. The writ of Injunction should not be abused. Intended as a safeguard to person and property, it could easily by abuse cease to be the protective device it was intended to be. j Capital develops into large units without violence to public sentiment or injury to public interest tho same principle should notbe denied to labor'. .Collective "bargaining through the means of representatives selected by the .employer and em ploye respectively, will be helpful rather than harmful to the general interest. Besidofc, there is no ethical objection that can be raised to it. We should not, by law, abridge a Sinn's right either to labor or to quit his employment. However, neither labor nor capital should at any time or . in any circumstances, taiie ac tion that Would put -in" jeopardy the public welfare. We need a definite and precise statement of policy as to what busi ness man and workingmen may do and may not do by way of combina tion and collective action. The law is now so nebulous that it almost turns upon the economic predelic tions of the judge or jury. This does not make for confidence in the courts nor respect for the laws, nor for a healthy activity in production and distribution. There surely will be found ways by wTiich co-operation may be encouraged -without the de struction of enterprise. The rules of business should be made more cer tain! so that on. a stable basis, men may move with confidence. Government, however Should pro vide the means in the treatment of its employes, to keep in touch with conditions and -to rectify wrong. It is needless to say that in order to be consistent, facts should at all times justify the pra-supposition that the government employes are prop erly compensated, The child life of the nation should be conserved; if labor in immature years ia permitted by, one genera tion, it; is practicing unfairness to the next. Agriculture is but 'another form of industry. In fact, it is the basis of Industry because -upon it .depends the foocls suppjy, The driit. rrom countryside iuto the city, carries dis quieting portents. If our growth in manufacturing in. tho tfext few years holds its present momentum, it will be necessary for America to import foodstuffs," It therefore devolves up oji government, through intensive scientific co-operation to help in maintaining as nearly as possible the existing balance between- food pro duction and consumption. Farming Will not inspire, individual effort un less profits, ail thingsnsidered, are ' i , s tt &hui.tlAij&te&$ftth A '