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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1920)
VOL. 20, NO. 1
" f WJT W
Europe at Peace; Treaty in Force
LY5T OF POWERS THAT MAKE
PEACE WITH GWHMANY
Following aro tho powers that
today made poaco with Gonnany:
Groat Britain Guatemala
Tho following Was carried by tho
Paris, Franco, Jan. 10. Tho
treaty of Versailles, making peace
botweon Germany and tho fourteen
ratifying allied powors, was put in
to effect at 4:16 this afternoon, fourr
toou months after tho armistice wont
into effect, by tho exchange of rati
ITho ontlre ceremony, which toolc
place in tho hall of the clock at tho
Frotich foroign ministry, was com
pleted by 4:16.
Previously Baron Kurt van Lors
ner, head of tho German mission,
signed tho protocol of Nov. 1, pro
viding for reparation for tho sinking
qf tho Gorman warships at Scapa
Flow and to insure the carrying out
of the armistice terms. The signing
of thi3 document occurred in the of
fico of tho minister of foreign affairs
Von Lor&nor afllxed Ills signature to
the protocol at 4:T39 in a secret ses
The Unitod States was not a parly
to tho exchange of ratifications of
Baron von Lorsnor and Herr von
'Cafmon, tho other Gorman represen
tative, wero among tho last to ar
rive at tho foroign ministry for the
day's ceremonies. They passed into
tho foroign ofllco shortly after Pre
mier Olomonceati, who as usual re
ceived an ovation as he stopped out
of his car.
The delegates assembled in the
prlvato ofllco of the minister of for
Led by Premier Clemencoau, tho
dolegatos then filed into tho famous
cloak room, where wero held tho
plenary sessions of the poace con
ference that fixed tho terms of the
' treaty. Baron von Lorsner and Herr
von Slmson wore the last to enter
the room and tho first to sign tho
minutes recording the exchange of
LLOYD GEORGE FIRST TO SIGN
Tho proceedings began without
any ceremony. Premier Lloyd George
of ureat Britain followed the Ger
man delegates to the signing table.
Ho was followed by Premier Clemen
qeau of Franco, who, on returning
to- his seat after signing, stoped in
front of Baron von Lorsnor and Herr
von Slmson. Tho German represen
tatives ardso and bowed to M.
Clomonceau, who said a few words
Which woro inaudible to tho spec
tators. The premier than passed on
to his place,
After tho ceremony it was learned
that Premier Clemencoau told the
Gorman representatives that he
would this evening give ardors for
the repatriation of tho German war
In tho secret session, immediately
, aftfjr tho sighing of tho protocol, M.
Clenlomioau shook hands with Baron
von Lorsnor and Herr Von Simson,
it also becamo known.
Premier Nittl of Italy, Baron faat-
sul, tho Japanese representative, and
Paul Hymans, tho Belgian foreign
minister, followed Premier Clomen-
vui in the order named.
Then the delegates of the other
ratifying nations signed In alphabeti
cal sequence. The entire ceremony
was over at 4:16 when M. Clemen
ceau rose and said:
"The protocol having been signed,
as well as the minutes recording tho
exchange of ratifications, I have the
honor to declare that the treaty of
Vorsailles is in full effect' and that
its torms will bo executed general
ly." Tho ceremony was characterized by
formal politeness to the exclusion of
all cordialty, excepting between the
allies' delegates. M. Cleraenceau and
Mr. Lloyd George, sitting at the head
'of the table, chatted smilingly with
Capt. Andro Tardieu, Louis Klotz
and Goorgos Leygues of the French
delegation throughout the proceed
ings. Bnrdn von Lorsner was pale
and grave and exchanged remarks
in a serious tone with Herr von
At the end of M. Clomenceau's re
marks all the delegates arose and
the Germans, after slight hesitation,
led the way out without either salut
ing or exchanging words with any
of tho other delegates.
The absence of American repre
sentatives was particularly i emarked.
Up to the last hour Hugh C. Wal
lace, tho American, ambassador, was
in doubt a3 to whether ho would re
ceive instructions to attend the cere
mony. Finally hearing nothing from
Washington, he returned to the sec
retary of the peace conference the
invitations that had been sent him.
Following tho two ceremonies the
documents were handed to French
officials for deposit in the archives.
Tho rocords will bo printed on large
quarto parchment paper and the
seals of each plenipotentiary will bo
afllxed with signatures.
Although tho exchange of ratifica
tions was tho final aot that restored
boforethe-war relations between
Germany and France, no arrange
ments have been made by Germany,
so far as can be ascertained here,
to resume peace relations with this
After the exchange of ratifications
of the treaty Premier Clemenceati
handed Baron von Lersner the fol
"Paris, Jan. 10. Now -that the
protocol provided fox by the note of
Nov. 2 has been signed by qualified
representatives of the German gov
ernment and in consequence the rati
fications of the treaty of Versailles
have been deposited, the allied and
associated powers wish to renew to
the German governuiort their assur
ance that while noc8sary repara
tions for tho sinking of the German
fleet in Scapa Flow will be exacted,
they do not Intend to injure tho vital
oconomic Interest of Germany. On
this point, by this letter, they con
firm the declarations which the gen
oral secretary of the peace confer
ence was charged with making oral
ly to the president of the German
delegatio-n on Dec. 23."
The letter gives details of the
compensation for the vessels sunk in
Scapa Flow as modified, which al
ready have been made public.
lng of the council of tho league to
be held on tho date named.
Tho first meeting of the council
will be called to order and presided
over by v Leon Bourgeois, the repre
sentative of France in tho council.
Ho will deliver a brief address. Earl
Curzon, tho British foreign secre
tary, who will represent Great Brit
ain at tho meoting) also, will speak.
U. S. WON'T BE ('REPRESENTED
Washington, D. C., Jan. 10.
President Wilson Is expected to sign
the call for the first meeting of tho
loague of nations council immediate
ly after receiving notice from Am
bassador Wallace that the first ses
sion has been fixed for next Friday.
The United States, however, will not
bo represented at the meeting as the
treaty has not yet been ratified by
Provision for the president to is
sue the call for the initial meeting
of the council is made in the peace
treaty and officials explained that in
signing the call Mr. Wilson would
not be acting in his capacity as presl.
dent of tho United States.
The coming into force of the treaty
through exchange of ratifications to
day will not affect the United States
officials said. While technically the
state of war between this country
and Germany still exists, trade be
tween tho countries was resumed
some months ago and is steadily In
creasing, particularly the export
movement from the United States.
The United States, however, will
not bo represented on any of the
various commissions set up by the
treaty for carrying out its terms nor
can this country send consular agents
into Germany until the state of war
LEAGUE WILL BE BORN JAN. 10.
Paris,France, Jan. 10. The put
ting of the league of nations Into
being, which will be one of the im
mediate consequences of tho ex
change of ratifications of the treaty
of Versailles, will occur in Paris nt
10:30 on the morning of Friday, Jan.
16, tho supreme council decided to
Ambassador Wallace cabled this
decision of tho council to President
Wilson so that the president might
issue the formal notice of th mnt-
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