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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1919)
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A Far-reaching Idea
The New York World is the first of the big
naners to grasp the importance of the idea pre
sented by Mr. Bryan in regard to the peaceful
ornulsition of territory needed by growing na-
I tions. The World says:
"Mr Bryan makes a suggestion In regard to
1 the league of nations which eventually may have
to ho debated. Tlie covenant proniDits conquest.
Some nations grow, while others decline. Ho
would raako it possible foroxpanding peoples
to acquire lands unused or misused, not by war
but by the "nsson of the league. While this
policy might work against the self-determination
of small nations in some cases, it would
provide an alternative for forcible aggression
that would go far to discourage militarism."
The cause of war which comes nearest to be
ing legitimate is the necessity for land for a
growing nation. Tlie worm oeiongs to tne liv
ing. It is God's gift to his creatures. It is need
less to say that the gift is to all of his creatures
and not to a few. ' As long as there is plenty
of land, the people are indifferent to the efforts
of a few individuals to fence in that Which they
cannot use, but paper titles give way before
necessity. If, for instance, there are many
I springs or water from which the people can
drink they make no objection to the monopoliz
ing of some of these by a few of the people,
but let all of the other springs dry up and only
one gushing fountain be left. Woe to the man
who would attempt, to build a fence around it
and shut out the famishing crowd.
Our forefathars found a new continent oc
cupied by a few wandering tribes. The tribes
claimed it by right of occupancy, but they were
I' not using it. They satisfied their simple wants
by hunting game, scarcely disturbing the fertile
soil that now feeds an hundred million. By
what right could a few savages warn the white
man to starve across the- Bea while this virgin
soil lay unused. We have, for the most part,
dealt generously with the Indian, paying 'him
for his land more than It was worth to him,
but nothing in comparison with what it is worth
to us. Of course there were cases of injustice.
Selfishness and greed of individuals sometimes
blotted the fair name of our nation. But who
would now deny the justice of the demand that
has peopled 'this continent and given to the
world the richest and most civilized of all the
nations of history? There are other wilder-"
nesses that must some day blossom as the rose.
Other jungles that must be cleared and other
expanses that must furnish fopd for man. Shall
these become the spoil of war? Shall no means
be found whereby the needy can supply their
wants by peaceful means. The league of nations
furnishes the t.Ibunal and when the world comes
to understand how much better it Is to settle
these questions by reason than by force, it will
nail this new tribune as a God given means of
solving the mighty problem without 'bloodshed.
W. J. BRYAN.
WHICH IS MORE PRECIOUS?-
The plea that FAIRNESS requires the repeal'
war prohibition will not have Influence with
Jtioso who favor prohibition. If the sale of
"Quor disrupts homes, wrecks men and ruins
women as the opponents of the saloon con
fevii i Who wiU assume responsibility for the
ill ?Q and beer salons can do between July
ilptaio tho day when demobilization is com
itn i Is the Money invested In vice more
I'recious than the welfare of the victims?
UP TO THE REPUBLICANS
JntewS6 n,atIon is t0 surrender to the liquor
slbiiiHr the rePublicans assume respon-
law L thG surrender.' The saloon is an out
crSo i ,a fuSitive from justice; and tho demo
for If 7, rVntro1 o DOt& bouses when the fight
the rn J?i. as woh- I a retreat Is sounded
republican party mtist give the signal.
'A DUV Hrvr.Tvnroit
onlv t,!L?0P s sP.eecbes Indicate that ho not
tion" rtn od but keeDS "dry-" A "rum na"
nervo n?f? not sive tllG o1 hGad and. steady
est sriS: ?nabJG York to become, the '.'great-
m tno world
A GOOD SUGGESTION
ic!nS fIloinE extracts aro takon from a letter
signed by Frank V. Dilatush and C.E. Moffllt.
two Illinois subscribers of Tho Commoner:
n"YUr Zircr lottor- together with your
Constructive Program" received, and wo aro
most heartily in accord with you on tho issues
therein as set forth, and aro ready at all times
to lend our assistance in furthering their ad
vancement. Wo bollovo, however, in tho absenco
of a good thorough-going dependable dally nows
paper published in our larger cities, which seems
almost imposslblo to secure, Tho Commoner
should be made a weekly again. It would bo
read more thoroughly, and bo much more in
fluential, in our opinion.
"All the people need to keep right Is to havo
tho facts presonted clearly to them. Thoy havo
become so dependent for their information upon
tho daily press that comparatively littlo olso Is
read. Hence tho need of papers like Tho Com
moner as often as once a week anyhow. If tho
democrats of tho country who believe in the
principles being and to bo advocated by Tho
Commoner, would got together and select from
ten to forty of tho most thoughtful, independent
reading citizens In each. voting precinct, and
arrange for Tho Commoner to bo sent to them
regularly for tho next two years, thoro would
be qulta a different' verdict from that of last
fall, and especially if thoy wore to receive it
"With tho splendid achievements of tho part
already attained, and tho position it would bo
able to take on the issues of tho next campaign,
the opposition would havo but littlo chance of
success. Some plan must bo devised by tho
gonuirie democracy to get tho facts and argu
ments before the people.
"With confidence established by twenty-fivo
years or more of observation and co-operation,
we unhesitatingly pledge our best efforts and
assistance to the program outlined by you. Wo
are strong in the belief that Tho Commoner
should be a weekly and the cause further forti
fied by as many dependable dailies as can bo
AN OBJECT LESSON
, After twelve years of litigation tho federal
supreme court has affirmed the validity and fair
character of the dollar gas rato ordinance en
acted by the city of Lincoln. During two of
these years the city had dollar gas, during tho
administration of Mayor C. W. Bryan. When ho
was conducting a campaign for the office Mr.
Bryan said that there was no reason why vigor
ous action on tho part of the -city's executive
would not force tho gas company to obey tho,
law. He pledged himself Ho see that this was
done. The gas company's president conferred
with Mr. Bryan and hurriedly announced, before
Mr. Bryan as mayor took his seat, that the rato
would be reduced to a dollar. Immediately after
his two year term ended tho former high rate
was again put into effect. This is an object
lesson In what may be accomplished In tho reg
ulation of public utilities by city authorities.
WORLD PROHIBITION COMING
Tho following is taken fro the Nogales,
Arizona, Herald of May 10, 191D:
"Sonora has rejoined the ranks of the 'wets'.
By a vote of eleven to three taken In the state
legislature at Nermosillo Wednesday, tho coun
try to the south of us opened her arms to tho
thirsty. The sale of liquor was. limited to light
wines and beer and the traffic in liquor Is to bo
well regulated. It is understood that five 'can
tlna' licenses will be granted for wet goods em
poriums in Nogales, Sonora."
Prohibition in the United States will give a
temporary advantage to saloons across tho
border in Mexico, but the very character of tho
trade drawn from this country will awaken
sentiment against the traffic and hasten tho day
of world prohibition.
The signing of the treaty of peace by Ger
many will be equivalent to the formal announce-
Sen? of the withdrawal from business of the
firm of Hohenzollern, Hapsburg & Co., map
makers of Mlttcl-Europa.
Tlfa renublicans aro trying to separate, tho
league of na ions from tho rest ot the reaty.
Thfr ought not to succeed, but It will not
chdnge the situation If they do. Tho people aro
in favor of the i-ogue of nations and it will bo
Clemericeau, the . i
If tho press dispatches correctly roport (ho
situation at Paris, Clomencoau is tho prlnoo of
reactionaries. His latest triumph, If we can trust
the Associated Pross, was In securing tho ollm-,
inatlon of a provision roqulring Germany to
abandon compulsory military aorvlco. .IIo foarod
it would "proclpitftto tho samo question1 In,
Franco". Ho ought to publish a Hat of tho thing
ho has contondod for and ngalnst, so that tho
world can seo whother ho diffors In spirit from
tho kaiser who dictated tho peaco with Franco
fifty years a-o. His career has boon a groat
disappointment to those who dosiro an ondtirlng
poaco. It Is fbrtunato that wo have had the
President and Lloyd George to opposo him. Wo
do not want any alllanco with tho Clomencoau
program. . W. J. BRYAN.
ENGLAND OFF THE GOLD BASIS
Mr. Vanderllp has brought back from Europe
tho observation that "England Is off tho gold
basis", and, In his judgment, "for a good whllo
to come". Bank balances aro payablo In bank
or In currency notes, but those, as a matter of
fact, aro not frooly rodoomablo In gold.
England, In other words, has bocomo a papor
monoy country. It Is loss hopolossly so, no
doubt, than either Germany or Franco, but horo
Is tho fact tho nation which was tho first to
adopt tho single gold standard, and which abovo
any other nation for a contury has exemplified
the financial virtues of that standard, has fallen
from that proud ostato, with no present prdspoct
of recovering It.
Tho similarity of this .position with that of tho
United States after tho Civil war is striking.
Wo lost our gold chiefly to England during that
struggle, as England In tho great war has lost
her gold chiefly to us. But whllo our spcclo or
gold resumption effort, Fasting fiftoon years after .
the Civil war, had to deal with a flat paper cur- '
roncy amounting to only about $350,000,000,
England's corresponding currency at present is
of a volume comparatively prodigious.
Will this similitude in positions bo extondod
Into the politics of Great Britain during years
to corao? Will tho deflation procoss thoro now,
as hero in tho sevontles, produco Its greenback
and Its silver parties, and its 1C to 1 without
tho aid or consent of any other nation, and its
portraiture of England as tho gentleman from
tho rural district with Uncle Sam as'tho bunco
steerer and American gold . as bohlnd every
wicked scheme whicL British politics can
It may bo so. .The war has boon turning tho
world upsido down. Now York World.
Newport, Oregon, April 24, 1919.
Editor Tho Commoner: Mr. H. A. Rodeo, Mit
chell, S. D says: "I propoeao tho name of At
torney General A. Mitchell Palmer, for the demo
cratic nomination for tho presidency." As a
regular reader of and subscriber to The Com
moner, I very heartily Indorse Mr. Rodees pro
position, provided: That tho national democratic
party comes out fairly and squarely on an un
compromising anti-liquor platform with a
stringent declaration of law enforcement, and
that the Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
is willing to stand on such a platform. Such a
move by tho democratic party would bo an ex
change of beer for the water-wagon; rottenness
for truo democracy. E. W. DURKEE.
LET THEJU DIE TOGETHER
Tho fight .against prohibition Is financed, not
by those who drink, but by those who make the
stuff. That Is one reason why tho brewery will;
bo closed: it has been a corrupting influence
for a generation. The brewery and tho distillery;
havo been partners in crime; thoy havo been co
conspirators against everything high and holy.
They are now approaching the end of their crim
inal careers it would bo cruel to separate
them. Tt them die together and bo buried Iri
tho same grave.
The republican congress has time for partisan
attacks, but It is-not protecting the country from
tho profiteers. It had better get down to work.
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