The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, April 01, 1919, Image 1
-Tt "&r",nWr'fl'r9W!W ' m The l . WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR gggggBB9KtxKM m wMaBBi"""MBBHWWEWMBBBKIiftBfjlilBBeMBlBaeflBHaMMHHBariwBMB fflflJWffT1BHffffliWfflfflfft''PHHHMWIWfWfttlffi!WlBffW VOL 19, NO. 4 Lincoln, Nebraska, April, 1919 Whole Number 720 Wanted: A Young Man If tho democratic partyis to remain the champion of tlie masses ...id secure for them their rights, it must be looking around for a presidential ca-ididUe for 1920 a young man, old enough to hav- won the people's confidence an- yet young enoug: to organize and lead the fight against private monopoly. He may not win in 1920 it may take as long as it did to win the fight commenced in 1896, hut we must he gin now. Tho mobilization of. the democratic host3 and the organization of a patient and persistent flght against the cohorts of privilege and favoritism will require one who is of the people and ac customed to work with, the -people. He needs tho soldier's wjllingnestdiehisdeathwill, advance the cause. " ' ' The struggle will not be as hard as the one begun in 1896; (1st) because popular election of senators has transformed the senate from tho bulwark of predatory wealth into a democratic body responsive to the people's will; (2nd) the reduction of the tariff has made it impossible for the protected interests to frighten the voters by threatening a panic; (3rd) the new currency law makes it impossible for -Wall street to ter rorize the small banks; (Uh) the abolition of the saloon eliminates the most- corrupting in fluence, in American politics; (6th) equal suf frage brings woman's conscience to the support of man's judgment. But with all these advantages on one side we still have a powerful antagonist to overcome and must he ready for a bitter fight. Our opponents have the city press i we must rely Qn public meetings and tho country weeklies' Look about you: find a David who is not afraid one who can slay the giant of error with pebbles of truth. " W. J. BRYAN. MICHIGAN REJECTS BEEIt Have you read the news from Michigan? In 1916 Michigan adopted a prohibition amend ment by a majority of 67,000.' On Monday, APril 7, the people voted on an amendment that Proposed to permit the. sale of ber, wine, ale, Porter and cider. The amendment was defeated by 150,000. This settles the fight in Michigan and shows that tho tide against the saloon is 8tl riBing, LEAGUE OP NATIONS &ROWS The opposition to the league of nations dwin- es The plan in its original form deserved en- orsement in spite of minor defects, and the im- povements that have been made still, further hash Ued U' Noww-tliat the Monroe Doctrino 8 been specifically protected ll opposition will BUY BONDS! Every citizen should do his part in subscribing for the Victory Loan. It is the citizen's duty to furnish money needed by the government and the loan is easier than taxation. This loan may be considered a thank offering expressing a nation's grati tude for the relatively small loss suf fered by us in comparison with the loss suffered by our allies. Buy bonds. W. J. BRYAN. LET THE BANICERS BEWARE Tho bankers are trying to prevent the confirmation-of : John Skelton Williams acomp trolfftho cufrency. Tly-had" beHfflgot clTtThat'Wt of an attack hf likely toliolp tho victim of their wrath more than it harms him. The banks tried to destroy Andrew Jackson, but they only made him a hero, and enabled him to write his name among the democratic immortals. John Skelton Williams is made of tho samo kind of stuff, and if the banks defeat his confirmation they may have to deal with him as a democratic candidate for president. The country has never had a better comptroller of tho currenoy. In stead of spending his time trying to pick out a New York bank to become president of, he has been busy six days in tho week making tho banks obey tho laws and protecting the deposi tors. That kind of a man Is a dangerous man to tackle. The more they turn the limelight on him the stronger he grows. When they get through investigating, it is more than likely that there will be a number of progressive senators who will see in Williams just the kind, of a man we need, and they will help to defeat the efforts of the Penrose crowd to punish him for his fidelity to duty. W. J. BRYAN. THE PROFITEER What are your state and city doing to check fTin nrofiteer And what are you doing to spur yourPB?ato aid city up to action? The .injustice continues action Is imperatively needed. CONTENTS WANTED: A YOUNG MAN OFFICIAL SUMMARY OF THE COVENANT WHY NOT LEASE THEM? PROVIDING FOR THE SOLDIERS' a at PROGRESSIVE REPUBLICAN e?pleL w?llG h-dorse LEAGUE OF I lvi uu NATION3 INSULTING THE SOLDIERS A GOOD SUGGESTION Tq A REFERENDUM ON A FEDERAL AMEVDm"nT CONSTITUTIONAL? A WORKING LEAGUE Official Summary of the Covenant Tho following official summary of tho cove nant of tho leaguo of nations was issued from Paris, April 12: 1. The leaguo of nations is founded in order to promote International co-operation and to securo peace. Tho leaguo will include: (A) Tho belligerent states namod in a docu ment annoxed to the covenant; (B) All tho noutral states so named; (C) In tho future any self-governing country whoso admission by two-thirds of tlfo states al ready members of tho leaguo. A state may WITHDRAW from the league, providing it has kept its obligations to dato, on giving TWO YEARS' notice. 2. The league will act through an assembly comprising not" more than throe representatives, of' each of tho' m'embe stflts.-eacli. state having,,, only one vote, and a council comprising for tho ' present one representative of each of tho II vo great powers and each of four othor powers as selected from time to time by tho assembly. Tho number of powers of each class repre sented on tho council may be increased by tho unanimous consent of jtho council and a majority of the assembly. Other powers have tho right to sit as members of tho council during tho de cision of matters in which they aro especially interested. In the council, as in the assembly, each stato will have only one vote. Both these bodlos aro to meet at stated intervals (the council at least once a year) and at other times if required; both can deal with any matter that Is of Inter national intorest or that threatens the peace of the world; tho dlcision of both must be unan imous, except In certain specified cases, mat ters of procedure for instance, being decided by a majority vote. The league will have a permanent secretariat, undjCr a secretary general. The secretariat and all other bodies under tho league may lncludo women equally with men. A permanent court of International Justice and various permanent commissions and bureaus are also to be estab lished. 3. The member states agree; (A) To reduco their armaments, plans for such reduction being suggested by the council, but only adopted with the consent of the states themselves, and there after not to increase them without the concur rence of the council; (B) to exchange full In- ' formation of their existing armies and their naval and military programs; (C) to respoot oach other's territory and personal Independence, and to guarantee them agalnut foreign aggres sion. (D) To. submit all INTERNATIONAL dls 'putos either to arbitration or to inquiry by tho council, which latter, however, may not pro nounce an opinion on any dispute whose subject matter falls solely WITHIN A STATE'S DO MESTIC JURISDICTION; in no case to go tp war till three months aftqr an award, or a unani mous recommendation, has beer, made, and even then not to go to war with a stato which accepts the award or recommendation. (E) To regard a stato which has broken tho covenant as having committed an act of war against the league, to break off all economic and other relations with it and to allow free passage through their territories to the troops of those Is V-i-j '.if mi'i .?. ) ' ;i' '1 .!' I i . r i mi H .11 " i Sli & I f i M W : 1J n i ' J i t . ti r j A i - .Hi !