The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, March 01, 1918, Page 7, Image 7

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The Commoner
dTARCH, 1918
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bably have gone much farther had It not
u for the embarrassments of Austria's alll-
and of her dependence upon Germany.
TEST "SIMPLE AND OBVIOUS."
fter all, the test of whether it is possible for
er government to go any further in this com-
ison of views Is simple, and obvious. The
nclples to be applied are these:
irst, that each part of the flnal settlement
st be based upon the essential justice of that
ticular case and upon such adjustments as
most likely to bring a peace that will be
manentj
Second, that peoples and provinces are not to
bartered about from sovereignty to sbver
nty as if they were mere chattels and pawns
SSCmI a Pamfi. nvfin tho. crp.nt. pamo. nnw fnrnVnr
sjMfccreditedt of the balance of power; but that
Third, every territorial settlement involved in
is war must be made in the interest and for
benefit of the populations concerned and not
a part of any mere adjustment or comprom-
of claims amongst rival states; and
ourth, that all well-defined national aspira-
fwirtR aim 11 Vin nnnnfrlnrl tho ntmnaf antlnfonUnn
Jjgkat can be accorded them without introducing
jW or perpetuating oa elements 01 uiscoru
d antagonism that would be likely in time to-
eak the peace of Europe and consequently of
e world.
LA general peace erected upon such founda-
ppns can be discussed. Until such a peace can
secured we nave no cnoice out to go on. so
iJar as we can -judge, these principles that we re-
..fiird as fundamental are already everywhere ac-
. ' AA r e rl nn Ivmnnnhtltfrt M?nr r.w.v.v 1. nnnlpn
en of the military and annexationist party in
rmany. it, they have anywhere else been re-
ted, the objectors have not been .sufflcienlty
merous or influential to make their voices
dible. The tragical circumstance is that this
e party in Germany is apparently willing and
)le to send millions of men to their death to
event what all the world now sees to be just.
NO TURNING BACK FROM COURSE
I would not be a true spokesman of the peo-
e' of the United States if I did not say once
ore th'at 'we entered this war upoif no small
caslon, and that we can never turn back from
course chosen upon principle. Our resources
Ire in part mobilized now, and we shall not
iuse until they are mobilized in their entirety.
)nr armies are rapidly going to the fighting
wfront, and will go more and more rapidly. Our
gwhole strength will be put into this war of
emancipation emancipation from the threat
tnd attempted mastery of selfish groups of au-
cratic rulers whatever the difficulties and
present partial delays. We are indomitable in
Rur power of independent action and can in no
hiircumstances consent to live in a world gov
erned by intrigue and force. We believe that
lour own desire for a new international order
Kinder which reason and justice and the common
(interests of mankind shall prevail is the desire
)f enlightened men everywhere. - Without that
mew order. the world will be without peace and
shuman life will lack tolerable conditions of ex
istence and development. Having set our hand
Ko the task of achieving it, we shall not turn
ack.
NO WORD INTENDED AS A THREAT
I hope that it is not necessary for me to add
fcthat no word of what I have said is intended as
la threat. That is not the temper of our people.
IT have spolcen thus sonly that the whole world
may know the true spirit of America that men
everywhere may know that our passion for jus-
k'tice and for self-government is no mere passion
of words but a passion which, once set in ac
tion, must be satisfied. The power of the United
F States id a menace to no nation or people. It
will never be used in aggression or for the ag
grandizement of any selfish interest of our. own.
It springs out of freedom and is for the service
of freedom.
stf
,?1
1 The chances for the farmers' nonpartisan
league carrying Minnesota have grown so bright
that the. big business Interests there have taken
to arresting the heads of the organization every
few days on charges of unpatriotic conduct. The
nonpartisan league had its origin in the fact
that such big business interests of Minnesotr as
the grain buyers and milleis used their right to
grade to pay it feed prices for wheat used to
make flour. In arresting the league officers, big
business is showing the same acumen as those
pro-Germans who stop their home paper because
of its patriotic utterances. -. --rv v ,
The Catholic Mind on
Prohibition v
Columbus Day address by Rev. George
Zufcher, Pastor St. Vincent's Church, North
Evans, N. Y. President Catholic Prohibition
League.
hind the enforcement of law in Danbury, Conn.,
says:
"Tho liquor traffic is tho appalling disgrace of
the English-speaking countries. We should bo
outspoken and foarless in demanding legislation
which will bring about its total extinction."
Mr. J. T. O'Shea, of Cambridge, Mass., the
loading Catholic temperance worker In Now
England, has said to the writer: "If by sacri
ficing my life I could close the saloons of Amor
Ira fnr nvnn nnn rlnv T wmilri crlnfllv timlm Mm
Instead of being licensed, the alcoholic busl- looffering at any time."
ness, like any other pestilence, ought to be o "Some are trying to keep men away from tho
quarantined. Entrenched behind appetite, tra- os saloon; I am with those who are going to keep
dition, habit and law, this greatest fraud of tho ' the salocn awav from ovi-rv man. woman ami
m . w r ..,-,... .....-
ages has dared to proclaim itself the guardian
of personal liberty; but the mask no longer con
ceals this cruel vampire which has sucked every
moral issue from our politics municipal, state
and national.
The Catholic church, though kind and lenient
as a mother to a wayward son, stands like a
rock against the furious onslaught of alcohol
ism. As early as 1865 Bishop Loras, tho first
bishop of Dubuque, fought for tho Iowa Liquor
Law, which was similar to tho Maine law. In
a circular to his priests, he said:
"Wo request you also, sir, for the interest of
our holy religion and for the temporal and
eternal welfare of our Catholic people, for whom
you will have to answer at the bar of the tri
bunal of God, to use publicly and nrivatelv all
arguments in your power to persuade them to
child," says Father Jos. McNamee, of St. David's
Church, Chicago, 111.
Archbishop Jno. J. Kcane, one of the ablest
defenders of tho temperance cause, says: "Tho
saloon has no rcdcomlng feature. If I could
cause tho earth to open and swallow every sa
loon in the world, I would feel that I was doing
humanity a blessing."
FRIENDLY CO-OPERATION
The following is a list of friends who have
recently sent in clubs of subscribers for Tho
Commoner; they feel that a wider circulation
of the paper will be helpful in the fight for good
government. Mr. Bryan is deeply grateful for
this very generous support of his paper. The
Commoner will continue to occupy a position in
vote on the first Monday of next. April In 'favor thc flrot trenches, and alwaya.ready to "go over
of the Iowa Liquor Law." s tho t0D" In tho flSht for tho principles of pro-
The people of Iowa adonted the law- hnf nnf gressive democracy.
A- ,.y ,, , w W
the least crime of their unscrupulous politicians
was the adoption of the mulct practice by which
liquor dealers were fined once a year and in ad
vance for all their violations during the ensu
. ing twelve months.
Archbishop Gross, of Portland, Ore., said:
"The saloons in all English-speaking countries
have become hell holes of iniquity. Not being
able to improve them, I would stamp them out
entirely."
About thirty years ago, the great English
man, Cardinal Manning, said: "The chief bar vt.
to the working of the Holy Spirit in the souls -4 S. Bender, Fla., C; Reevos, Ark., 5; nA J.
B. A. Dyer, Mo., 4; C. L. Weiser, Iowa, 'C;
J. C. McNeill, Sr., Texas, 4; D. G. B'rd, Kans.,
14; W. A. Hurst, W. Va 5; Richard Power,
Oreg., 8; Thos. B. Sutherland, Nebr., 5; Da'vid
H. Woodward, Kans., 11; P. K. Thorns; Ohio,
5; W. T. Arrowsmith, Mo., 0; Wm. B. Robin
son, Ind. ,-5; G. W. Eving,0,,Nebr., 5; E. .IT.
Dietrich, Kans., 5; II. P. Wharton, Ariz., 9;
Lewis Schneider, Ohio, 5; A. C. Guthrie, Oreg.,
5; T. D, Davidson, Conn., 5; W. M- Rhodes,
Tenn., 7; Wm. H. Fray, Mo., 5; W. A. Hitch
cock, Wash.,, 3; Wm. ,H. Rogers, Calif,, 2;:u
or men ana women is Intoxicating drink. The
drink trade has a sleeping partner (the govern
ment) which gives it protection; it Is our Bhame,
scandal and sin, and unless brought under by
the will of the people it will be our downfall.
The ever increasing alcoholkm is the open
wound from which the race may bleed to death."
Father Stafford, of Lindsay, Ont. before a
Canadian parliamentary committee appointed in
1874, to inquire into the causes of intemper
ance, said:
"To license the liquor traffic is to give per
mission to the greatest enemy of tho human
race to live and grow fat on the tears, -the Uvea
and the eternal souls of our people. .Stop tho
traffic, make the manufacture, the importation
and sale of intoxicating liquors a crime of the
worst kind."
"The saloon is the recruiting office of the
devil," said Father 0. F. Burns, of Providence,
R. I.
"The great occasion of sin for the Irish is
whiskey. This is their oppressor, their mill
stone, their shame," said Father E. F. X. Mc
Sweeney, Professor of Moral Theology, Emmits
burg, Md.
The leaders, thus far quoted have -gone to
their reward; vbut we have living men who are
arrayed like .an, invincible rampart against the
' liquor traffic.
Listen to Archbishop Ireland: .
"Would God place in my hand "a wand, I
" would strike the door of every saloon, of every
distillery, of every brewery until the accursed
traffic should be wiped from the face of tho
earth."
Father P. Saurissaites, who publishes a Lith
uanian temperance paper in Waterbury, Conn.,
says: "As the world ridiculed the belief of .Co
pernicus that the earth moved around the sun,
so jqow "mistaken men and women ridicule the
idea, that prohibition is the only remedy to cure
their drinking habits and prolong their precious
.lives."
, , Archbishop Bruchesi, of Montreal, says: "All
agree that alcohol is a poison, and one which
kills. Why then should we have, establishments
. where such poison, ja dispensed to the public?
There is absolutely no reason for a single, bar-room
in Montreal." .. .
Father W::lter Shanley; the great power xbe
uf T" .. .
Goodall. Mich.. 3: G. F. Eubanks, Kans,,: 5;
Oscar Chappell, Mo., 4; LL. Torgorson, Minn.,
4; Wm. ,0'Brien, Wise, G; Chas. O. Wysong,
Ohio, G; Peter M. Cary, Wash., 2; Za:h Shields,
Ky., 19; Adele Ross, Ariz., 5; A. L. Stavlg,. S.
Dak., 2; L. T. Shangle, Iowa, 5; J. A, Banta,
Ind., 3; W. E. McCombs, Mont., 2; W. B. Car
ter, Iowa, 4; Geo. Bumpus, Okla., 4; Gilbert
Faber, 111., 2; Clayton C. Graybill, Colo,, G; G.
H. Moore, Mich., 7; Cornelius Donovan, N. Y
2; Col. David S. Hunter, Ohio, 4; Theodore
Bogner, Ohio, 4; W. E. Moody, Calif., 2; T. W.
Huston, Unlonville, Mo., 4; E. J. Johnspn,
Kans., 2; E. Dickey, Kans., 2; John W. Hook,
Ohio, 3; T. A. Price, W. Va., 5; Findlay R.
Crooks, Ohio, 2; Harvey S. Woife, Ind., 2;,Q.
C. Righter, 111., 3; J. C. Hill, Texas, 6; J. B.
Lyen, M. D., Ky., 7; W. C. Dizer, Dela., 5; Jos.
S. Nauman, Mo., 8; Marlon Gallop, 111., 8; Es
win M. Waller, Pa., 8; A. S. Morris, Iowa, 4;
W. D. Rayburn, Okla., 5; M. M. Herr, Ohio,. 3;
J. Byron Cain, Kans,, 2; Geo. A. Crlm, Nebr.,;5;
Austin L. Warren, Mich., 2; Harry Baxter, Del.,
12; Daniel Kleckner, Ohic, 6; L. T. Heaton,
Mo., 5; Henry Morun, 111., 2; F. J. Tilton, 111.;
5; Henry A. Staeber, Kans., 6; Loren B. Root,
Colo., 3; H. N. Jones, Kans.,' 5; B..B., Work
man, Ohio4, 6. in
START A "KEEP-A-PIG" MOVEMENT
This situation is one tihat can be partly
solved by, our suburban populatfon. If every
suburbanite tpok to his care a pig and fed It
on the house garbage, he would increase our fat
supply and lo so without call upon our general
feeding stuffs. In Germany 4,000,000 hogs are
supported by these means. We need a "Keep-a-plg".
movement in this country and a prop
erly car-" for pfg is no more unsanitary than a
dog. Such a, movement would necessarily re
quire some changes in village and urban or
dinances; but' the "natlonr.1 welfare would be
warrant ample for such a' course of action.
Hoover Government Bulletin No. 10.
There Is a' very . general impression that if
Colonel Roosevelt had not been inveigled Into
writing editorials for the Kansas City Star
whenever he felt like putting hi thoughts down
on paper the country would still have a higk
opinion of the colonel as an editorial writer, -