The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, March 01, 1917, Image 1
"t7!' ,'8TWW" itmv -tS? t- r-ws y? The Commoner VOL 17, N0."3 . - Lincoln, Nebraska, March, 1917 Whole Number 695 ' President Wilson's Second Inaugural Address President Wilson's inaugural address Washington, March 6, was as follows: "My -fellow citizens: The four years which have elapsed since .last I stood in this place have been crowded .with counsel and action of the most vital interest and consequence. Perhaps no equal period in our history has been so fruit ful of important reforms in our economic and industrial life or so full of significant changes in the spirit and purpose of our political action. "Wo have sought very thoughtfully to set our house in order, correct the grosser errors and abuses of our industrial life, liberate and quick en the processes of our national genius and en ergy, and lift our politics to a broader view of the people's essential interests. "It is a record of' singular variety and singu lar distinctions. But J shall not attempt to re view it:- It speaks , for itself and will -be. -of in-creasing-4nfluence as .tho years .go by. This is not the time for retrospect. It is time, rather, to speak our thoughts and purposes concerning tho present and tho immediate future. DRAWN INTO WORLD EVENTS "Although we have centered counsel and ac tion with such unusual concentration and suc cess upon the great problems' of domestic legis lation to which we addressed ourselves four years ago, other matters have more and more forced themselves upon our attention, matters lying outside our own life as a nation and over which we had no control, but which, despite our wish to keep tree of them, have drawn us more and more irresistibly into their own current and influence. "It has been impossible to avoid them. They have affected the life of the whole world. They have shaken men everywhere with a pas sion and an apprehension they never knew be fore. It has been hard to preserve calm coun sel while the thought of our own people swayed this way and that under their influence. We are a composite and cosmopolitan people. We are of the blood of all the. nations that are at war. The currents of our thoughts as well as the cur rents of our trade run quick at all seasons back and forth between us and them. The war inev itably set its mark from the first alike upon- our minds, our industries, our commerce, our pol itics and our social action. To be indifferent to it or independent of it was out of the question. DRAWN CLOSER TOGETHER "And yet, all the while we have been conscious that we were not part of it. In that iconsciousness, despite many divisions, we have drawn closer together. We havebeen deeply wronged upon the seas.but we have not wished to wrong or injure in return; have retained throughout the consciousness of standing in some sort apart, intent upon an interest that transcended the im mediate issues of the war itself. As some of at 0 .0 v The first term of President Wilson has passed into history. It presents an un- precedented record of, economic reforms and covers a period filled with interna- tional problems of the first magnitude. The President enters upon a second term encouraged by popular approval , expressod at the polls and supported by a united people who pray that the na- tion may be kopt out of tho war that is devastating the Old World. May tho Lord give him health and wisdom and strength that his second term may prove as successful as the first. W. J. BRYAN. rs) the injuries donenuhave becomo, intolerable, we have still been clear that we wished' nothing for ourselves tliaf we were hot ready to demand for all mankind fair dealing, justice, the free dom to live and be at ease against organized wrong. "It is in this spirit and with this thought that we have grown more and more aware, more and more certain, that the part we wished to play was the part of those who mean to vindicate and fortify peace. We have been obliged to arm ourselves to make good our claim to a certain minimum of right and freedom of action. We stand firm in armed neutrality, since it seems thaj. in no other way we can demonstrate what tfis we insist upon and can not forego. We may even be drawn on, by circumstances, not by our own purpose or desire, to a more active as sertion of our rights as we see them and a more immediate association with the great struggle itself. But nothing will alter our thought or CONTENTS PRESIDENT WILSON'S SECOND INAU GURAL ADDRESS "STANDING BY THE PRESIDENT" THE GOSPEL OP MARS MAYOR CHARLES W. BRYAN NOT A CANDIDATE WANTED WEEKLY PAPERS THE CHALLENGE OP PROHIBITION TO COLLEGE STUDENTS PRESIDENT WILSON'S INAUGURA TION NEW YORK PEACE SPEECH CONGRESSMAN SHALLENBERGER'S -SPEECH CONGRESSMAN BAILEY'S SPEECH GUARANTEED DEPOSITS The forms of this issue of The Commoner closed March 13, 1917. our purpose. Thoy are too clear to be obscured. Thoy afo too deoply rooted in tho principles of our national life to bo altered. Wo deslro neither conquest nor advantage. Wo wish noth ing that can be had only at the cost of auothor. people. Wo have always professed unselfish purpose, and wo covet tho opportunity 10 piovo that our professions aro sincere. "There are many things still to do at home, to. clarify our own politics and give new vitality to the industrial processes of our own life, and we shall do them as time and opportunity sorvo; but wo realize that tho greatest things that re main to bo dono must bo dono with tho wholo world for a stage and in co-operation with tho wide and universal forces of mankind, and wo are making our spirits ready for thoso things. Thoy will follow In tho Immediato wake of the . war Itself, and will set civilization up. again. W, aro provincials no longer. The tragical events ' of (ho thirty months of vital turmoil through which we havo just passed mado us citizens of tho world. Thero can be no turning hack. Our own fortunes as a nation aro involved, whether wo would havo it so or not. THINGS U. S. STANDS FOR "And yet we aro not the less Americans on that account. Wo shall bo the more American if we but remain trtlo to tho principles on which wo havo been bred. They aro not tho principles of a province of a singlo continent. Wo havo known and boasted all along that thoy wero tho principles of a liberated mankind. These, there fore, are tho things we shall stand for, whether In war or In peace: "That all nations aro equally interested in tho peace of the world and in tho political stability of freo peoples,, and usually responsible, for their maintenance; "That the essential principle of peace is the actual equality of nations in all matters of right or privilege; "That peace can not securely or justly rest upon an armed balanco of power; "That governments derive all their just pow ers from the consent of the governed and that no other powers should be supported by tho common thought, purpose or power of tho fam ily of nations; ' "That tho seas should be equally free and safe for tho use of all peoples, under rules set up by common agreement and consent, and that, so tor as practicable, they should be accessible to all upon equal terms; "That national armaments should be limited to tho necessities of national order and domestic safety; "That the community of interest and of power upon which peace must henceforth depend im poses upon each nation tho duty of seeing to, it that all influences proceeding fro its' own citr A t At& j , ' , fi .