The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 01, 1917, Page 4, Image 4

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The Commonei
VOL. 17, NO. 1
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The Gommoner
ISSUED MONTHLY
, Entorcd at tho Postonico at Lincoln, Nebraska,
na'aocond-clasn matter.
"WILLIAM J. BRYAN, CHARLES W. BRYAN
Editor and Proprietor Asaoclato Ed. and Publisher
Edit Rmfl. and Bualnonfl OnTco, Sulto 207 PrcfiB Bldff.
Ono YcHr fl.00
Kix MobIIin 60
In Clubs of Five or
moro, por year.. .75
Tlirco MoHthn . ... 4Jf
HIhkIo Cniy .10
Kamplo Coplcn Froo.
Foreign Post, 2Go Extra
SUHSOltirTlONS can bo aent direct to Tho Com
moner. They can alua bo sont through newnpapcra
which havo advertlacd a clubbing rate, or through
local agents, whero auch agents havo been ap
pointed. All remittances should bo sent by poat
ofllco mdnoy order, express dfder, or by bank draft
on Now York or Chicago. Do not send individual
checks, stamps, or currency.
RENEWALS Tho date on your wrapper shows
tho tlmo to which your subscription Is paid. Thus
January ID mean that payment has been received
to and including tho Issue of January, 1910.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS Subscribers requesting
a chaugo of address must givo old as well as new
address.
ADVERTISING Rates will bo furnished upon
application.
Address all communications to
THE COMMONER, LINCOLN, NED.
TO REGULATE INTERSTATE PASSENGER
RATES
Congressman Illlliard of Colorado introduced
the following bill in tho house of representatives
January 2, 1917, which was rof erred to tho
committee on Interstate and foreign commerce
and orderod to bo printed:
A bill fixing interstate passenger rates in cer
tain circumstances.
Bo it enacted by the senate and house of rep
resentatives of the United States of America in
congress assembled, That-oreafter no person,
association, company, or corporation engaged
in interstate public passenger-carrying service
shall chargo, exact, or receive for the transporta
tion ot & paasongor from ono state to another
state or through any number of states any sum
in excess of tho sum of the local passenger-carrying
rfftcs over tho lino of travolvcovered by
tho interstate trip.
Sec. 2. That any violation of tho provisio.ns
of the first section hereof by tho agent or other
representative of atty such public carrier of
passengers shall constitute a misdemeanor, and
conviction thereof in any court of competent
jurisdiction shall subject tho offender to a fine
of not more than $100 nor less than $25, and
by imprisonment for not more than six months
nor less than thirty days: Provided, That viola
tions of this act by tho agent shall be held and
deemed to have beon done b" such agent and by
the owner and principal executive officers of any
such public carrier of. passengers.
The Commoner will be glad to keep In touch
with tho papers throughout the oountry that are
advocating prohibition, and to that end will be
pleased to exchange with such papers upon ap
plication. Such exchanges are invited to make
such use as they like of anything that appears
in Tho Commoner, whether editorial or hews
matter, and Tho Commoner will, in like man
ner, collect from other papers to the extent it
has rooni for reproduction. '
This is tho season of tho year when the green
legislator arid the equally well informed editor
declare that "the time is ripe for the wiping out
of a lot ofcselesB statutes instead of adding
moro to The laws already in force. The criti
cism would have greater force if the critics
would bo able to agree what laws are useless.
A farmer might have a different opinion on the
subject than a railroad- president.
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COMMONER READERS: WILL YOU
KINDLY, SEND TO THIS OFFICE THE
NAMES 'AND ADDRESSES 01? ALL
DEMOCRATIC 'AND INDEPENDENT
VOTERS' WHOM YOU BELIEVE WILL
ASSIST MR. BRYAN IN DRIVING THE
LtQUOR INTERESTS OUT OF THE NA
TION. MAY HE DEPEND UPON YOU
TO J)0 THIS AT ONOE.
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To the Governors and Legislatures of the
Various States
I beg to bring to your attention an imperative
need in the hope that consideration of tho sub
ject will lead to action during this winter's
legislative sessions.
Ours is a government deriving its Just powers
from the consent of the governed a govern
ment in which the people rule. The principle
is not only accepted in this country but It is
growing throughout the world and is destined
to become the basis of all governments.
Tho value of representative government, how
ever, depends very largely upon the intelligence
with which the voters decide questions sub
mitted to them and select those who are to
speak for them; and Intelligence rests upon in
formation. No man can act intelligently upon
a subject until he in Informed in regard to it.
It would seem, therefore, to be the imperative
duty of the government to insure, inaofar as it
can, the spread of accurate information in re
gard to the questions that are at issue.
So far we haveelied entirely upon the public
press, without giving sufficient consideration of
tho fact that those who own the newspapers are
not always interested in aiding the public to a
clear understanding of tho subject discussed.
Even if wo could assume that thoBe in control
of tho newspapers always desired to deal fairly
with the subjects under discussion, there are
two general causes which may prevent the car
rying out of the good purpose of thtf publisher.
Tho first is, partisanship. The owner of the
newspaper has, as a rule, a political bias, and
that bias may unconsciously, even if not con
sciously, lead him to present his side more fully
than the side of the opposition. But what is
more serious, the newspaper may have a pecu
niary interest on one side that, consciously or
unconsciously, may prevent the bringing before
the public of very important facts.
In view of the situation as we now find it, I
venture to suggest the propriety of establishing
in every commonwealth a state bulletin pub
lished at intervals of, say, one month, or even
FEDERAL COUNCIL -OF CHURCHES ACTS
The following resolution was adopted at the
quadrennial meeting of the Federal Council of
the Church of Christ, held at St. Louis in De
cember, 1916:
''The Federal Council of the Churches of
Christ in America, composed of members ap
pointed by Christian bodies with eighteen mil
lions of communicants, extends to the Christian
brethren in countries now engaged in war its
deepest sympathy, born of Christian faith and
brotherhood. Our hearts have been touched, as
we havo learned of the sufferings that war has
brought, and have been stirred by the reports of
the deepening of the Christian spirit through
sorrow and self-devotion.
"We pray that their tragic experience may
inspire us all to a deeper loyalty to the spiritual
realities in which believers In Christ are one,
and that the time may soon come when differ
ences between nations shall be adjusted in the.
spirit of the gospel of Christ rather than by ap
peal to arms. Especially do we hope that the
present war may come to a speedy end, and call
upon all Christians throughout the world to
co-operate in an effort to establish a peace that
shall be lasting "because based on justice -tand
goodwill.
"We, therefore, instruct our executive com
mittee jtoextend this expression of our Christian
sympathy and this appeal to the churches of
Christ to the brethren beyond the seas, and au
thorize it to adopt such methods in so doing as
may seem to it effective and expedient."
Charles L. Stelzle,
Federal Council of Churches,
New York.
The peace conference, when it assembles, will
furnish" the representative of Christianity an
opportunity to offer the philosophy of Christ in
the place of the philosophy of Pilate the phil
osophy which is responsible for the present war.
The nations of tho old world have built their
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quarterly between campaigns, and at shorter in
tervals during campaigns. The management of
this publication should be in the hands of a bi
partisan board so that it will not be conducted
along partisan lines.
I would suggest a board composed of three
persons, one selected by the governor, one se
lected by the majority in the legislature and
one selected by the minority in the legislature.
This would always Insure representation of any
considerable opposition, as well as representa
tion of the dominant party. The publication
ought to set forth all of the important things
done by the state government and, what is not
less important, should give sufficient space for
editorials the editorial space to be divided be
tween the parties, of recognized standing, in
proportion to the voting strength of the parties
at tho last general election.
Such a publication, sent free, to every voter,
would make it possible for every citizen to un
derstand just what his government was doing,
and the editorial discussion would enable him
to know what was to be said for and against the
course pursued by the dominant party. In this
way every voter would have the information
necessary for intelligent action and no one who
has the interest of his state at heart can oppose
any means necessary to the enlightenment of
those upon whom the state has cast responsibility-
for the control of the government.
The plan is presented in brief, with no inten
tion of suggesting details, but the idea is capable
of application to the federal government as well
as to the state government, and is applicable
also to municipal governments as well, where
the cities are large enough to raise the presump
tion that the individual citizens need such a di
rect avenue of information.
W. J. BRYAN.
(Note: Readers of The Commoner who approve
will please bring the above editorial to the at
tention of the officials for whom it is intended.)
hope of peace on their ability to excite fear;
they have tried to terrorize each other into
peace.. They have allowed militarists to set up
false standards of honor and to give a threaten
ing tone to their diplomacy. The time is ripo
for the substitution of love for hatred and the
spirit of co-operation for the spirit of combat.
It has been popular to argue that justice must
come before love. That is not the order on
Christ's teachings. ''Love you- enemies" was
the law he proclaimed. Love comes first and
brings justice with it. The churches will have
a supreme opportunity to put their religion to
the test; it is of the highest importance that
they measure up to the opportunity.
W. J. BRYAN.
The national capital representatives of the
New York newspaper and periodical press seem
to have grown tired of trying to submarine
Secretary Daniels of the navy department. At
least they have .not been launching any tor
pedoes in his direction lately. It is a remark
able fact that none of them discovered how in
competent a man Mr. D niels was as head of
the navy until he issued his order banishing
booze from tho war vessels that float the flag.
The surest sign of being a "liberal" on the booze
question is the immediate proscription of a pub
lic man who strikes a blow at the liquor traffic.
It would be interesting " to know if those
strong advocates of universal military training
who have been insisting that the proper way to
ascertain whether woman suffrage was desirable
was to submit the matter to a vote of the wo
men of the country would be willing to leave it
to the fathers and mothers of tho country
whether they desired their boys to be trained
for war.
It is suspected that noneof tho daily news
papers allowed their fear of a white-paper fam
ine to communicate itself to the gentlemen who
paid foVthe holiday advertising.
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