The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 01, 1917, Page 28, Image 28
The Commonei 28 I Eritente Nations Reply to Wilson ' A Washington dispatch, dated Jan. 11 says: President Wilson today received the text of the Entente allies' roply to his peace note, giving their peace terms as requested. The translation from the French, as cabled by Ambassador Sharp from Paris, follows: . "The allied governments have re ceived tho noto which was delivered to thom in tho name of tho govern ment of tho United States on the 19th of December, 1916. They have studiod it with tho care imposed Up on thom both by tho exact realization which they have of tho gravity of the hour and by the' sincere friendship which attaches thom to the American people. "In a gonoral way they desire to dcclaro their rospoct for tho lofty sontimonts inspiring tho American noto and their whole-hearted agree ment with tho proposal to create a league of nations which Bhall assure peaco and justice throughout the world. "Thoy recognize all tho advantages for tho cause of humanity and civil ization which the institution of in ternational agreements destined to avoid violent conflicts between na tions would present; agreements which must imply tho sanctions necessary to insure their execution and thus prevent an apparent secur ity from only facilitating now ag gressions. "But a discussion of future ar rangements for insuring a durable peaco presupposes a satisfactory settlement of the present conflict; tiio allies nave as profound a desire as the government of tho United States to torminato as soon as possible a war for which tho central empires aro responsible and which inflicts cruel sufferings upon humanity. "But in their judgment it Is im possible to obtain at this moment such a peaco aB will not only secure to thom the reparation, the restitu tion and tho guarantees justly duo them, by reason of the act of aggres sion, tho guilt of which is fixed upon tho central powers, while tho very principle from which it Bpraug was undermining tho safoty of Europe; and at tho same timo such a peace as will enable future European nations to bo establisLed upon a sure foun dation. ,v&i- us'tivj "Tiie allied nations are conscious that they are not fighting for selfish interests, but i-bovo all to safeguard the independent of peoples, of right and of humanity. "The allies are fully aware of the losses and sufferings which the war causes to neutrals as well as to bel llgeronts, and they deplore therii; but they do not hold themselves re sponsible for them, having In no way either willed or provoked this war, and they strive to reduce these dam ages In tho measure compatible with tho inexorable exigencies of their de- fense against the violence and the wiles of the enemy. . "It is with satisfaction therefore that they take i.ote of the declaration that tho Amerl mn communication is in no wise associated In its origin With that of the central powers transmitted on the 18th of Decem ber by the government of the United States. They dldnot doubt, more over, tho resolution of that govern ment to avoid even the appearance 6ft a support, even moral, of the au thors responsible for thowar. "The allied governments feel It tlier duty to challenge in the most frjeiidly, but also in thj; clearest, way the' analogydrawn between tho two based on public declarations of the central powers, is in direct conflict with tho ovidonco, both .as regards responsibility for tho past and guar antees fo:f tho future. President Wilson, in alluling to this analogy, did not, of course, intend to adopt it as his own. "If there Is an historical fact es tablished at tho present date, it is the willful aggression of Germany and Austira-Hungary to insure their hegemony over Europe and their economic domination over tho world. Germany proved by her declaration of war, by tho immediate violation of Belgium and Luxemburg and by her manner of conducting tho war her simulating contempt for .all principles of humanity and all re spect for small states; as tho con flict developed the attitude of the central powers and their allies has been a continual defiance of human ity and civilization. It is necessary to recall the horrors which accom panied the invasion of Belgium and of Serbia, the atrocious regime im posed upon the invaded countries, the massacre of hundreds of thou sands of inoffensive Armenians, the barbarities perpetrated against the populations of Syria, the raids of Zeppelins on open towns, the de struction by submarines of passenger steamers and of merchantmen oven under neutral flags, tho cruel treat ment inflicted upon prisoners of war, the juridical murders of Miss Cavel, of Captain Fryatt. the deportation and the reduction to slavery of civil populations, et cetera? The execution, of such a series of crimes perpetrated without any regard for universal reprobation fully explains to Presi dent Wilson the protest of the allies. '-They consider that the note which they sent to tho United States in reply to the German note will be a response to. the questions put by the American government, and. ac cording to tiro" exact words of the lat ter, constitute 'a public declaration as to the conditions upon which the war could be terminated.' "Prosldent Wilson desires more. He desires that the belligerent pow ers openly affirm the objects which they seek by continuing the war; the allies experience no difficulty in reply ing, to this request. Their objects in the war are well known; they have been formulated on many occasions by the chiefs of their divers govern ments. "Their objects in the war will not bo made known in detail with all the equitable compensations and indem nities for damages suffered until the hour of negotiations. But tho civil ized: world knows that they imply in all necessity and. in the first instance the restoration oft Belgium, of Ser bia, and of Montenegro, and tne indemnities which are duo them; tho evacuation of the in vaded territories of France, of Rus sia and of Roumania with, just rep aration; tho reorganization of Eu rope guaranteed by stable regime and founded as much upon respect of nationalities and full security and liberty (of) economic development which all nations, great or small, possess, as upon territorial conven tions and international agreements suitable to guarantee territorial and maritime frontiers -against unjusti fied attacks; the restitution of prov inces or territories wrested in the past from tho allies by force or against the- will of their populations, the liberation of Italians, of Slavs, of Roumanians and of Tcheco Slova ftuas from foreir v domination; the enfranchisement of population! sub ject to tho bloody tyrWnjoi" tW Turks; the expulsion from Europe of tho Ottoman empire, which has proved Itself so radically alien to western civilization. "Tho intentions of his majesty, tho Emperor of Russia, regarding Poland have been clearly indicated in tho proclamation which ho has just addressed to hlu armies. It goes without saying that if the allies wish to liberate Europe from the brutal covetousness of Prussian militarism, it never has been their design, as has been alleged, to encompass tho extermination of the German peoples and' their political disappearance. That which they desire above all is to insure a peace upon the principles of liberty and justice, upon the in violable fidelity to international obli gation with which the government of the United States has never ceased to be inspired. "United in the pursuits, of this su preme object the. allies are deter mined, individually and collectively, to act with all their power and to consent to all sacrifices to bring to a vigorous close a coniiict upon which they are convinced' not only their own safety and prosperity de pend, but also the future of civiliza tion itself." THE BELGIAN NOTE The translation 'of the. Belgian note, which was handed to Ambassa dor Sharp with the entente reply, follows: ' "Tho government of the king, which has associated itself with tne answer handed by the president of the French council to the American ambassador on behalf of all, Is par ticularly desirous or paying tribute to the sentiment of humanity which prompted the President of the United States to send his note to the bellig erent powers and it highly esteems the friendship expressed for Belgium through his kindly intermediation. Ifc-fWsires as much as Mr. Woodrow Wilson to see the present Tvar ended as early as possible. , "But the President seems to be lieve that the statesmen of the two opposing camps pursue the same ob jects of war. The example of Bel gium unfortunately demonstrates that this is in no wfse the fact. Bel gium has never, like' the central powers, aimed at conquests. The barbarous fashion in which' the Ger man government has treated, and still is treating, the Belgian nation does not permit the supposition that Germany will preoccupy herself with guaranteeing in the future the rights of the weak nations which she has not ceased to trample under foot Bince the war, let loose by her, began to desolate Europe., On the other hand, the government of the king has noted with pleasure and with confidence the assurances that the United. States is impatient to co-operate in the measures which will be taken after the conclusion of peace, io protect ana guarantee tne smalLf131" " a"""wd , nations against violence and oppresH Whereas, It has pleased the Divine sion. "Previous to the German ultima tum Belgium only aspired to live upon good term- with all her neigh bors; she practiced with scrupulous loyalty toward each one of them the duties, .imposed by her neutrality. In the same manner she has been re warded by Germany for the confi dence she placed in her, through which from oj day to the other, .without any plausible reason, her neutrality was violated, and the chancellor of the empire, when an nouncing to the reichstag this viola tion 08 right and of treaties, was ' VOL- 17, , NO, i obliged to recognize the Iniquity nf such an act and predetermine that i would be repaired. bat u "But th Germans, after tho 06. cupation of Belgian territory, ha displayed no tetter observance of th! rights of international law or til stipulations of The Hague conven! tlons. They have, by taxation, as heavy as it is .arbitrary, drained tho resources of the country; they hava intentionally ruined its industries destroyed whole cities, put to death and imprisoned a considerable num. ber of inhabitants. Even now, while they aro loudly proclaiming their de sire to put an end to the horrors of war, they increase the rigors of tho occupation by deporting into servi tude Belgian workers by the thou sands. "If there is a country which has the right to say that it has taken up arms to defend its existence, it is assuredly Belgium. Compelled to fight or to submit to shame, she pas sionately desires that an end bo brought to the unprecedented suffer ings of her population. But sho could only accept a peace which would assure her, as well as equit able reparation, security and guar antees for the future. "The American people, sinco tho "beginning of the war, have mani fested for the oppressed Belgian na tion its most ardent sympathy. It is an American committee, the commis sion for relief in Belgium, which, in close union with the government of the king and the national committee, displays an unitiring devotion and marvelous activity in revictualing Belgium. Thq government of the king is happy to aail itself of this opportunity to express its profound gratitude to the commission, for re lief as well as to the generous Amer icans eager to relieve the misery of the Belgian population. Finally, no where more than in the United States have the abductions and deporta tions of Belgian civilians provoked such a spontaneous movement of protestation and indignant reproof. "These facts, entirely to the honor of the American nation, allow the government of the king to entertain the legitimate hope that at the time of the definite settlement of this long war the voice of the entente powers will find in the United States a unan imous echo to claim in favor of the Belgian nation, innocent victim of German ambition and covetousness, the rank and -the place which its ir- rfinrnanhahlo tiast. the valor of its soldiers, its fidelity to honor and its remarkable faculties for wonc un signed to it among the civilized nations." EXPRESSION OF .SYMPATHY At a regular meeting of the Bryan club, 'held: at the home of Edward i. Hughes, 1310 Byron street, last night, the members gave expression ofJ,heir loss in the aeaui ol nu .. JHein as follows: . .. ; " . Ruler to remove from "J " " . Fred J. Heln in the prime of Ins me, therefore be 'it . ,, Resolved, That the Bryan . cluD lost a good and faithful member, William Jennings Bryan a lojai sui porter,. the city of Wheeling n gooa citizen and his Bister a kind and lot tng brother; therefore be it fJJ' Resolved, That these expression be spread upon the minute so ' club and a copy sent to ine moner. Frank Auber, Louis GocW. Toseph Mahood, committee.--" ing Sunday Register, Wheeling, Va. J i n i!