The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, April 01, 1916, Page 15, Image 17
The Commoner APRIL, 1916 15 f ferred by the constitution the suspensive veto by the executive and with further supervision In the people alone, "who can be trusted with their own government else republican form of government Is a failure. Under our plan of government the people alone are sovereign. Judges, governors, pres idents, members of legislatures and members of congress are all alike servants of the people. No right is given in any constitution to either department to supervise the action of the oth ers. The sole supervlsloual authority is in the people. It has nowhere been given to the courts. Suppose congress and the state legislatures were restricted to lawyers and that they should be appointed for life. "Would the people toler ate for twenty-four hours legislation by such a body, even though expressly authorized by the constitution? But we have a super-congress in a body of nine appointive lawyers, of whom five can set at defiance the will of 100,Q00,000 peo ple, as expressed by their duly elected represen tatives and approved by their elected executive. Legislation by these latter can be reviewed and set aside at tho next election. But when five men out of nine legislate by construction or by re jection of legislation the people are powerless, It is true the five men claim to apply against tho will of the people of todav the testamentary will of 39 dead men who signed a paper writing over a century and a quarter ago. But they may err in their internretatfon of that instrument as the decision Is, often 5 to 4. "When they claim to apply "due process of law" and "equal protec tion of the; laws" they can not define and have never attempted to define those words. Their autocratic rule Is simply "the size of the chan cellor's thumb"; that is, whatever the majority of tho nine men think should be done to the statute. Can such a system wholly unwritten In the constitution be looked upon as more than a claim of "divine right" to govern? The love of us lawyers for precedent, and a feeling of professional pride that five lawyers on the supreme court can say to the other depart ments of the government, nay, to tho peonle themselves1, as lias1 been asserted, "Thus far shalt thou go, 'arid ho farther," apneal to usi But this Is the defiance of the servant to the master, the challenge of the creature to its cre ator. There Is no room in a republican form of gov ernment for "judicial hegemony." MTTLTON8 OF MEN LOST TN T3UROPP,'S WA.R An associated. Press dispatch, dated Wash ington, D. C, March 27, says: Official informa tion of the general staff of the United States as to European war losses up to January 1, 1916, was transmitted t6 'Senator McCumber by Gen eral Hugh L. Scott. Senator McCumber ob tained the figures for use in an anti-preparedness speech. -The estimates follow: Losses in men France (estimated 800,000 killed) .. .2,000,000 Germany (estimated 580,000 killed) 2,500,000 Austria-Hungary 2,000,000 Russia (estimated 1,000,000 killed) 5,000,000 Great Britain . -r. ": '. . "620,000 Italy . ,..,.- .-. 175,000 Servia . 228,000 Belgium . . .Vl . ;. - 160,000 Turkey . ... ;7::k 350,000 ' Total J ....'? 13,033,000 General Scott ,points out that since last Au gust the war college has received no official list of casualties from any government except the British. ' " - ESTIMATE' OF EXPENDITURES England ; . $14,000,000;000 France . .:.?.....' 7,500,000,000 Germany . . -. ..V;. 8,000,000,000 Austria 1..r 5,00,000,000 Italy . .....:., ;.:-...: 4,500,000,000 ' j -i: Total . ......... $39,500,000,000 LOSS IN. NAVAL VESSELS ' No. Allies No. Centra Powers Ton Ton Battleships . . ..,9 121,858 3 '33,260 Cruisers . .....17 136,604 29 150,889 Gunboats 5 4,430 17. 6,631 Submarines . ...13 8,17T 15 ' 2,945 Destroyers . ..-. 8 4,283 10, 4,560 Torpedo boats . . ,7 1,622 14 .Minelayers . . . . 1 .... , ,',10,758 Armed liners . . . Y7 53,033 . 13 106;686 Mr. Bryan's Birthday Party , H Totals 67 330,002 103 315,756 From The Columbus, Neb., Telegram, March 23, 1916. Thousands of democrats from every section of the state attended the great democratic mass meeting at Lincoln last Monday night in honor of William J. Bryan's birth anniversary, and many more thousands would have been there but for tho well-founded fear that no building In tho stato was large enough to contain the multi tude. Many who went to Lincoln for the meet ing were unable to gain admission to tho great auditorium, but the fortunate ones who did gain admission enjoyed a rare treat. Their greatest joy was in beholding the loved leader of tho Ne braska democracy in perfect health, and In a fighting mood which recalled the old days of his splendid fightings in behalf of democratic prin ciples which have been enacted Into law by many states, and many of them by the national gov ernment. Always at his birthday parties Mr. Bryan brings from other states the great leaders of progressive thought, and on th's occasion ho brought two of them, each a brilliant star. With out effort to minimize the accomplishments of others, we instantly say that the address deliv ered at the birthday party by Dr. Hardin, pictur ing the evils, and opposing the claims of mili tarism, was the most masterful speech on that sublect ever uttered by any man. If that speech could be heard by all the people of the agricul tural states not a single congressman in favor of preparedness would bo sent to Washington from any stato between the Alleghanies, and the Rocky mountains. There came to the birthday party from far away Alabama a distinguished son of that state, for many years a judge of the supremo court, and he brought to Nebraskans a vivid picture of the long struggle between the people of Ala bama and the combined brewery and corpora tion interests, and the happy ending of that struggle. Judge Weakley Is the author of many statutes in many states for tho loosing of the steel claws of booze and corporation hands from the throat of state government, and under the workings of those new laws a common citizen of Alabama now has as much influence in legis lative affairs ao the combined influence of the linuor interests and all the political corpora tions. Particularly gratifying to all free democrats was the appearance on the birthday platform of that magnificent democrat, Ienatius J. Dunn, who is a candidate for the democratic nomina tion for United States senator. Many in the vast audience had never seen the man. never heard him speak. But throughout his fervid address of fifteen minutes frequent bursts of applause appeared, and at tho close of his defiant chal lenge to the combined liquor and corporation In terests the splendid 6rator was accorded a great ovation. And that's the wav his. addresses will be received wherever he shall apnear in this campaign. He has a message for the people a. message of hope. He has a. message for the cor poration politicians a message of defiance. And he -delivers his messages in a manner to instill courage in the hearts of the masses, and fear in the hearts of the corporation political ollgarchv whioh has long claimed divine right to control the legislatures of Nebraska. Mr. Bryan's message of welcome to his birth day partv was inspiring. He snoke but spar inelv of his own great work for democratic principles. He put the branding Iron upon the cheeks of those democrats in Nebraska now de nouncing him as a traitor to President Wilson, nnd told how on his meeting with those same Wilson friends at a town named Baltimore he saw in the hand of each of them a blood-stained dagger, and on the blade of each dagger was the private mark of those same soecial evil Inter ests, which are now backing the corporation Vil las in Nebraska. His reference to the candidacy oft hi$ brother, Charley W. Bryan, for the dem ocratic nomination for governor was a beautiful tribute to a brother's devotion to a brother's cause. He told of the faithful efforts of Charles W'Bryan in support of democratic principles in state and nation for more than twenty years, and challenged the hired servants of predatorv .wealth to disclose upon the political record of Charles W. Bryan one single stain which would offend any democrat who is free from corpora tion strings. 4 It was a great party, In honor of the greatest private citizen in all tho world. BRYAN FIGHTING LIQUOR CONTROL From The Nebraska (Lincoln) State Journal! William Jennings Bryan was welcomed back to Lincoln Monday evening, Mar. 20, by a stato mass meeting of democrats at the city auditorium. While tho gathering was Intended at first to bo a birthday celebration, the original purpose was lost In tho excitement of politics and tho com ing primary campaign. Mr. Bryan, who appeared at the clone of tho program, fired the first gun in tho primary cam paign which ho cxpectn to make throughout tho stato in tho next four weeks. National and lo cal Issues wore discussed. Mr. Bryan announced that tho state would Instruct for Woodrow Wil son. 'iThere Is no other candidate," he sa'd. Ho reiterated that he was tho president's staunch cst friend, and stated that tho President had more than repaid him by giving himself to the nation as Its chief executive In place of Theo doro Itoosovelt. Mr. Bryan leaped on tho liquor Interests rough shod. He claimed no responsibility for tho wet and dry fight. v Ho would have rather put It off a year or two, but now that the stato was In the midst of tho struggle lie expected to add his strength to tho conflict. Ho repeated that the democratic party must elect men to the ex ecutive offices and to the state legislature who would enforce the law to aid the dry amend ment. Tho hardest fight would necessarily come against the tronches of tho saloon men who sought to dominate tho party. Mr. Bryan brought to Lincoln with him two frionds who support tho politics wh'ch ho has never ceased to advocate, Judge Weakley of Bir mingham, Ala., and Rev. Martin Hardin, pastor of tho Third Presbyterian church of Chicago. Judge Weakley has had no end of experience In Georgia, Mississippi, and his native state com bating the liquor Interests. He is tho author of a number of stringent anti-Hquor laws and his talk was a narrative of what has been accom plished iir the south toward enlarging dry ter ritory. Other speakers in, the order of their appear ance vere as follows: C. M. Skiles, David City; J. S. McCartv, Lincoln J Edgar Howard. Colum bus; I. J. Dunn, Omaha; Governor Mnrehead, and Rev. M. Hardin. W. H. Thompson of Grand Island presided over the meeting -and introduced the sneakers. Long before 8 o'clock democrats and their friends began piling into the big auditorium to secure choice seats. By the time the first speak ers took their seats on the stage the auditorium was packed and men were standing In the pass age ways around the edge of the hall. Mr. Bryan, accompanied by Governor More head, Judge Weakley and other members of- the speakers' party, arrived at the auditorium at 8:20. Mr.' Bryan was greeted with cheers and hearty applause by an impatient crowd. W. H. Thompson, chairman, opened the meet ing with a tribute to W. J. Brvan and the demo cratic officers In state and nation. The audience was bv no means limited strictly to democrats. Republicans flocked to hear the famous Nebraskan just as much because It was W. J. Bryan as for any other reason. Speakers were limited to five minutes. State speakers with the exception of I. J. Dunn care fully avoided state issues. They indulged In generalities, paid tributes to the guest of the evening whose birthday they were celebrating, and complimented the democratic party on re cent achievements. I. J. Dunn, however, took a few warm shots at the liquor interests, and lauded Charles W. Bryan as a candidate for governor. He called attention to the kind of politics for which the Bryans are known, and gave them credit for much of the progressive legislation in the state. The warmest reception accorded any of the speakers was given to William Jennings Brvan when he rose shortly after 11 o'clock. When Mr. Bryan, first entered the auditorium early In the evening, the crowd cheered and applauded but it was mild compared with the ovation with which thev greeted the announcement of hi name by Chairman Thompson. tX WJlfZl.r fUj-.