The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, September 01, 1915, Page 10, Image 10
The Gdinmoxibr "VOL. 15, NO. 9 10 i frj Ttf, &'. r , &" i:. ..a , rL.v ' w , : V. fcu - ' ' ft1 "' ,t To Investigate Ocean Freight Rates Following Is a statement issued from Wash ington, D. C., August 16, 1915: At the request of the president, the interstate commerce commission will make a thorough and extensive investigation of ocean transportation facilities and rates between the United States and foreign countries. The treasury department and the department of commerce will co-operate with the commission in making the inquiry which will develop the actual situation regarding ocean transportation at the present time and its effects upon American foreign trade. The investigation will cover all phases of our ocean commerce with particular reference to the trade with South and Central America and the principal countries of Europe. The commission will ascertain, through reliable and impartial sources, what kind of steamship service exists between our leading ports and the leading ports of .South and Central America and those of Europe und how it compares with the service as it existed before the European war broke out; what were the rates for passengers and cargo prior , to the outbreak of the war, and since; and yhat is the effect of present shipping condi tions upon our foreign commerce. ,This. investigation will be undertaken at once s.0. that the commission may be able to report to the president before the next session of congress convenes. In order that the commission may get a true perspective of the situation, it will be ex tremely helpful and will greatly expedite the in vestigation if shippers throughout the country will write the commission immediately, giving the fullest possible information about existing conditions and how their trade has been affect ed "by the scarcity of steamship tonnage, the ex tent of the increase in freight rates and the ef fect of these rates upon their business, It is most desirable that shippers avail of this1 'oppor tunity to enlighten the commission in the begin ning so that the inquiry may be pursued through all, other channels ias quickly as it is possible to do so, and at the same time make the investiga tion complete and thorough. The investigation was suggested to the pres ident by Secretary McAdoo, who presided at the Pan-American Financial conference, recently held in Washington, and which unanimously adopted the following resolution: "Resolved, That it is the sense of ths con ference that improved ocean transportation fa cilities between the countries composing the Pan-American Union have become a vital and imperative necessity, and that every effort should be made to secure at the earliest possible, mo ment such improved means of ocean transporta tion, since it is of primary importance to the extensions of trade and commerce and Improved financial relations between the American repub lics." The secretary pointed cut that the question of ocean transportation became, wholly unexpect edly, one of the most Important, if not the most important, before th3 conference. Some of the foreign delegates expressed themselves as seeing little hope for any great expansion of our trade and. financial relations with Latin America un less ample steamship facilities are promptly pro vided. -. As one of the results of the Pan-American Fi nancial conference the secretary of the treasury already has set in motion certain agencies in South and; Central America through which it is hoped, to obtain a large amount of illuminating information relating to the problem of ocean transportation between those countries and the United States. He has asked each country for detailed information regarding present facilities and rates and the needs of the situation to build up trade between the United States and Latin America. This data will be furnished the com mission as soon as received for use in connec tion with its investigation. Ocean steamship facilities are of primary im portance to the business men and producers of the United States, and it will be the aim of the commission to develop all the facts and condi tions of the situation for the information of the president, of congress and of the country. The commission is clothod with authority to conduct this investigation under section 21 of : the act to regulate commerce, which requires it, am one: other things, to make a report of such information and data "as may be considered of value in the determination of questions connect ed with the regulation of commerce." In addi tion, the Panama canal act has very greatly en larged the power and duties of the commission with respect to water line carriers. MB. BRYAN Mr. Bryan is a pathfinder in human progress. Ho is an outpost. He is a trail blazer. He lives a generation ahead of his time. His vision is so far in advance that his career has been a career of devoted friendships and bitter antagonisms. He flamed forth in the voice of a new radicalism in the Chicago convention in 1896, years later this country has translated in to law and is living under many of the advanced ideas that were then resented and repudiated. It is inherent in him to be with the advance gnard. As fast as the main body moves up, he goes forward. He is, in the economic world what Wyckliffe and Savonarola were in the theo logical world. Ho was born a radical, and will always be a radical. In his dreams of universal peace, he is in the far-flung front, holding the beacon aloft. He is finding the path. He is lighting the way. His peace views may not be practical at this juncture in the history the world is writing. In America, we could not dare, in the present mood of the nations, to accept, the peace era as here, and lay down our means of defense. But, if man is going on moving up in civilization, the peace Mr. Bryan's visions is what the world, is headed for. If we. have faith in man's intelligence, we must expect to come some time, not to what the militarists clamor for, but to what Mr. Bryan iff appealing for. When this cruel war is over and tho appalling wreckage is once visioned through the smoke of conflict, the peace era may be hast ened. t There may be question about the advisability of an aggressive position by Mr. Bryan as to world, peace at this critical moment. Hewas-re-. cently a member of the cabinet.' H resigned because he 'did, not approve an American note:' The peculiar circumstances, make It possible 'for his peace position to be misconstrued. -. . It can bo misunderstood, by tho- German gov ernment, and by. the German people. It can be misunderstood by the German press in America., It can bo misunderstood by -Mr. Bryan's own best friends. It can give tho impression abroad ha Amer ica is a divided nation, It. can be misconstrued as indicating that President Wilsjn iu his ropre- sentations with European chancelleries has not tho full accord and support of his country. To his own career, to the country and to his place in history, is due from Mr. Bryan a courso that will suffer no man, no people, no nation to have other view than that the president Js supported, sustained and fully upheld by a united country in all the eventuations to come out of the great part he is forced to play in the staggering com plexities and complications in a war -maddened world. The present is the most critical moment of Mr. Bryan's career. If Mr. Bryan had contributed nothing else to human welfare, the 30 arbitration treaties be tween the United States, and other nations should give him. a high place in human history. They aro a beginning in the advance toward reason. In the end, this war will be settled by negotia-. tions and discussion at the peace conference. The Bryan treaties provide tor the negotiations be-, fore hostitlities are declared instead of waiting until a continent, is crimsoned with blood. The personal power of Mr Bryan is one of the remarkable episodes of American history. He exorcised undoubted leadership over his party from 1896 until the election, of Woodrow -Wilson,. Ho was tho youngest man ever nominated- for the presidency, and the only, presidential candidate- ever nominated by -a great party from west of tho Mississippi. He sustained defeat and was renominated at the succeeding election. Yet his power with hiq party was so great that, after a second defeat ho was a third time nominated. For 20 years Mr. Bryan has formulated poli cies one after another, which, whothnv ", ?J J?'e0taJ. LC t0.r. " Paramount No other man t Vi nu . A, lot even Clay with a tiarRmini !: KfUlEF .J& ?' " "early fixed tho field unon whinh ,. i: ", " ..V " tlon wero to debate and conduct thMr Apolitical campaigns, i"uucai A national party convention in tho United States is an arena in which tho force and power of men are measured. By the force of his per. t tonality, wholly -without reputation, aud mi only a Tolitical writer on a Nebraska newsnanll Mr. Bryan swept such a convention off its 5 and compelled his own nomination at Chicaen l 1896. No duplicate of! the achievement is on record. n In such a convention, in a political battle never approximated In America, Mr. Bryan forced the nomination of Woodrow Wilson in 1912 No convention ever equalled it in dramatic scenes The events at Baltimore will stand for all time conspicuous among historic conventions. Never before did a political leader go into a hostile convention of his party and, by daring strategy and tenacious purpose, subdue it and compel it to accept his guidance. Nor is it likely that any .leader will ever again be able to perform a po litical feat so nearly bordering 0n the marvelous The fruit of his work there is Woodrow Wilson as president and the translation of many great progressive policies into law. There are many who disagree with Mr. Bryan. hut the time" is 'long past when any thoughtful citizen will deny him a place among the foremost citizens of" the world. Portland (Oregon) Journal. THEY'RE ALIi FOB PEACE Napoleon,' commenting at St. Helena on the benevolent enterprise in which he expended two o"r three hundred thousand lives, said: . "The war with 'Russia ough'i; t'p jiaye been the most popular war of modern iinies. It was, on the side of good' Sense and soiind. Interests of the l)eace and security of Europe. It was purely pacificatory and conservative.. . '.' . In this way Europe would soon have been but one peo ple; and every one. travel wliere he might, would have 'still' been in the 'cQininon fatherland. I should have., insisted on all the navigable riv ers being free, to all, on common rights in all seas, ' and on the great' standing armies being reduced merely to an efficient guard for the va rious sovereigns. : ' ' .' The'n my leisure and old age" would have ''been' dedicated to making a 'totir with the e'iriftress, 'driving ow own horses and taking our lime like'a country couple, visit ing 'all the- nooks of Europe." ' ' They all want peace) but some1 o'f'them would achieve t it by ' most extraordinary" methods. Saturday Evening tfb'st. The brewers were sadly foiled in their effort to make it appear that President Wilson was unutterably opposed to prohibition. They suc ceeded, in their effort to get an elucidation of the Shannon and Grogan letters, only in secur ing a direct statement from the chief executive that he could easily conceive of conditions where statewide prohibition was both necessary and desirable. In Nebraska the liquor interests have succeeded to the command of a political oligarchy the railroads were compelled to aban don and exercise the-.high and low judgment up on all legislation, as they do. in a number of other states. Does anybody doubt what the pres ident would advise to be done in -Nebraska if ho wero aware of the facjts? During the year ended June 30tn last, the ex port trade of the United States totaled 26 per cent more than that of Great Britain; the nation that has 'for! centuries lead hi this field of com mercial ventures. And yet "there are manufac turers and economists and politicians so blind to the best interests of the' nation industrially as to believe that this leadership oiight1 to be sacri ficed on the altar of greed built out of the high tariffs of the past. The NeW York World,' which has been a con sistent defender of the railroads, steps forward to. declare that the talk of ruin heard from them every time any new or proposed law' is challenged is being overworked. It says: "They have been saved 'from ruin by the rate increase decision and again by the inter-mountairi rate decision, but ruin still runs riot. It is time to Tetire the ruin argument.'' Frankness in one's friends is not always a lovely virtue. .The. east is gradually getting over ilts fright. but its, newspapers are still clamoring for a very much larger army and navy. The editors are insisting that we are at the mercy, of any Euro' pean nation that desires to attack us, neg eci ng .to remark in the same connection that tner is no European nation but that has had all iu? war just now that is people will stand for. :j"v.