The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 01, 1915, Page 20, Image 20

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    Wj, t 'i " ""' y v
The Commoner
VOL. 15, NO. I
J "
p -r
) -
ualiliaiB IfOMESPUN E2
IH tobacco IKg
9tmtm Pur, Time Cured
In The Hand
Kentucky Leaf
If you are a judge of real leaf tobacco you will
appreciate this hill -grown Kentucky Leaf.
41L - Parcels Po$t - frf 1 f
IDS .,tofNocycTl , tbJL.JLU
- lfmml n9 TJxlsl. l C
Mkhmr Smoking or Chewing, state which you want
token ordering. Try a 4-pound box and you will ctub
With friends and buy In 100-pound Iota or moro, at
peetal price Writ for Vookltt that explains.
Kttueky Tebacce Ce Dept. 23 PatesTJlle, Ky.
The University of Chicago
in addition to resident
work, offers alaoinatruc
tion by correspondence.
aid Year U.ofC.(Dlr. C)CHcaj.,IH. kMi wJB
aw ax KmmmmmmmmmmmmtmmmmmmmmmmmmmJnlS
For detailed In
formation addreta
I Ml
al talO
orV'Stahot" Water Bottle
6 Months' Trial
Gaaraateed 5 Yeara
han t ViZBBBBL T
snmmmmi"Mi, waaaaara V
BpU D a
Jaiioivtlt, Wit. ll
Prlco $3 noatpald
nrn laaiy.
Woniofl Trlonc Wrlto for List or ftj volitions
VV dIULU 1UU15 wnntocl. $1,000,000 In prizes
, oflerod for Invonllons. -Our
four hooka flout frco. l'ntont nocurcd or loo returned.
Victor J. ISvhiih & Co., 12a 0th, Washington, D.O
Little FiirniN in Shenandoah Valley of
VIi-kIuIh, g and 10 aero tracts near good
U.K. iiSo ami up, easy terms. Good unit. ertatle. poultry,
and live Mo V ri unir, Srml fur lltrntuip no
IP, A. Lailaume, Aprr'l Agt., N. & W. Ity,,
HID Arcade Bid., Roanoke, Va.
Poultry Catalog FREE
Illustrates mid gives prices of 48 vnrlotles
laud nntl water (owls and curb. This book
should bo m tlio hands of overy person
liitoroHtod in poultry for profit. Address
H. A. lIUKMEt, lloi 4U, FUKIU'OIIT, ILL.
mmm Maa mmrvwm
I booui'o your patont or return my
foo. Manufacturers want Mills patents.
.--Wrlto for froo booklet "How to got
',ryour patent and mako your profits
thereon." I assist in selling your pat
ont. MAN5I3LL F. MILLS, KcKlHtcrcil
V. S. Patent Attorney, 204 Com. Nat'I
panic llldg., AVahlngton, I). O.
Who Owns Our Government?
I was badly ruptured while lifting a
trunk several years ago. Doctors said
my only hopo of euro was an operation.
Trusses did mo no good. Finally I got
hold of something that quickly and
domplotely cured me. Years have pass
ed and the vupturo has novor roturned,
although I am doing hard work as a
carpenter. Thoro was no operation, no
lost time, no trouble. I have nothing
to sell, but will glvo full Information
about how you man find a comploto
ouro without operation, if you write to
mo, Eugene M. Pullon, Carpontor, 469A
Marcollus Avenue, Manasquan, N. J.
Better cut out this notlco and show It
to any others who aro ruptured you
may savo a life or at least stop the
misery of rupturo and tho worry and
danger of an oporatlon.
I tW Cftm.t
rw leetn
I am doing St f otf
others everyday.
Ninety per cent of tho people have
Pyorrhea or RIgga Dkcaso a terrible
aiul ilanflrcroiia month and tooth infeo-
tknthat destroys teoth, truma and jawa
endangers .
mlnuand powecs.
Sore Teeth
Foul Breath
Diseased Gums
Foe yea
symptoms of thla dread disease.
'eara ic naa oeen conaiucrca in
llwve porrected a Mcantc
rhlch vou can tnake vour month
thy. save'ypur teeth, and health
iMMUtuy. a&ve your teetn, ana noaith
ad avoid the expaoae and torture of the dental chair,
My Book H TeM Yon How FREE
ProrThMi. RtaaiTltl. fetMtut nmii olaen.
5tUor taath JtKnurt whn youcSawaaad
tMabook. anntgauaitndwkhaat chtUU:
r. r. W. WWanl, Tmn life, CWaga
(Continued from Page 13)
In 1851 the cities had nothing muoh
of value to buy, sell or give away,
and the constitution makers of 1851
simply did what their fathers had
dono before them made tho stato
legislature tho solo custodian of the
city. Thus for sixty-three years tho
cities have had to go to the legislature
for permission to do anything and
everything. It was not a question of
doing or not doing just certain things
but nothing at all could be done with
out first obtaining permission from
tho legislature. Legally wo could
not sneeze or take a bath of our
selves; and it was equally bad that
tho legislature could impose any bour
don, just or unjust, upon the cities.
However, this was not so bad In 1851,
when the city needed nothing and
we had nothing to be stolen or that
was worth while giving away; but
conditions changed quickly. Every
city now has profitable and unprofit
able functions to perform. The un
profitable ones are many, such as
maintaining police and fire depart
ments, and providing schools, sew
erage systems, street cleaning, san
itary regulations, etc. The profitable
ones aro street cars, gas, electric
light and water services. There was
no scrap about the unprofitable ones;
nobody wanted them, so tho city had
to operate them. Not so with the
profitable ones; and here is where our
troublo started everybody wanted
them. They wanted them so badly
that tho most celebrated and highest
priced la-wyers and political high
waymen were employed, and' great
bags of money wero sent out from
New York, Philadelphia and else
whero to get possession. Bribery,
corruption and coercion wero used,
but those were found rather risky for
'real' gentlemen. To .take something
without the consent of tho ownor 1r
stealing; with his consent, or even
by request of 4he owner, is honor
able. So the 'bags of money' organ
ized and proceeded to get possession
of the people's government through
control of the political parties.
"To do this, they created th nnal-
tlon of 'political boss,' who was made
the confidential agent, tho go-between,
of the new capitalistic organ
ization. Nearly every city has one
of these 'bosses.' Some are big, some
little; some have been admitted to
the 'throne room,' some get their
orders in the back yard. .Combined,
these bosses form tho 'political ma
chine.' They are bi-partisan, and
control both parties. The spoils
system of office furnishes the work
ing machinery. The first command
ment of this orcanlzation rfiarlR!
"Thou Shalt obey the party first, last
and all the time, or thy name Is
Mud." The second is, "Thou shalt
promise the people everything dur
ing election time, yea, even more,
but after election deliver the goods,
or thy name Is Mud again." This
simple systeW has been a marvel in
its operation. Our government of,
by and for the people has silently
slipped away from us Into the hands
of the political boss machine, and is
now operated of, by and for those
'bags of money to make them
"Unconsciously the breweriGs nnri
saloons were drawn into this plan of
conquest, as natural aids to the
'boss during tha campaign. The sa
loon lias become the common meeting
place of the people; it is open when
all other doors are qlosed. 'There
is cheer, in a glass of beer,' and the
saloon hafl become the public forum,
where political questions are thrash-
ed out. To own the breweries and
the saloons is worth an army in a
political campaign; and so the 'bags
of money' annexed liquor. Leading
brewers were initiated into the se
cret order "of the 'Political Machine
and crowned 'Bosses.' Special, priv
ileges were accorded the saloon, and
to keep them interested and on the
tiring line, unfavorable legislation
was always kept dangling before
them. They were jrnade to fight for
their existence constantly, and while
so doing were at the srime time un
consciously 'putting something over'
for tho 'bags of honey
"But this activity of liquor In pol
itics has become a great moral issue
with the people; and while the 'un
organized mass' can not fathom and
successfully fight the political ma
chine they seen! to know how to light
moral questions. So liquor is facing
two enemies the people who want
to wipe it out, and the 'bags of
money' who say, 'Fight for us or we
will legislate you out'; rather a dif
ficult position to occupy. I believe
firmly that a new constitution is the
only salvation for the saloon; liquor
must get out of politics,,. or. politics
will drive liquor out of the ;state.
"So then we have a government
made up as follows:
"Kings 'Bags of Money
"Cabinet the 'Political Machine
"Cabinet "Officers The 'Bosses
"They organize and maintain both
political parties, choose all important
officers, select the legislature and
contr.ol it, and manage the elections;
and no matter who wins, the king
plays safe. His motto is, 'Heads I
win, tails you lose,
"After owning the governinetit, it
became an easy matter for 'bags of
money' to acquir the public utilities
of our cities, the most profitable un
dertakings, worth millions upon mil
lions annually. But ownership alone
was not enough. They wanted mon
opoly ownership no competition
and noninterference in rates, service
and capitalization. To get all of
these and hold them it was nRnfisnnrv
that the cities remain in bondage to
the legislature, the property of the
kings; and not the least desirable
part of it was to keep the cities help
less, ignorant, fighting and bank
rupt, by means of a hundre,d-year-old
system of city government our
present bi-partisan system of man
aging our cities by political parties,
the most disgraceful and glaring ex
ample of a betrayed people that can
be found anywhere,
"The answer to mv nnnnfinn wh
owns the government'? is, 'bags of
money It has many offices. Some
of the signs on the doors read, 'Street
Car Company 'Gas Office 'Electric
Light Company 'Water and Power
Company 'John Smith, General
Contractor and 'Holdup, Skinnem
and Goodman, Attorneys
"Suppose wo had a law under
which every corporation had to em
ploy a manager, and the manager
ha-d the right to do as he pleased;
that every contract of his was blnd-
inS on vu law; and that you
could not make a rnntron. ,,
You could hire another manager
when his contract expired; that's all
How long would such a law last
among individuals? Well, aming
the unorganized mass' in Indiana it
has lasted sixty-three years. We elect
? y4nana&era representatives to
Sfi,ft?t?,l0Bl!,atupe- Aftr they are
elected they turn their back on the
people and obey the 'party'- anri t
have told you who the 'party'
is the 'bosses' who make laws for us
and we can not atop them; and if
we want lawa we have no means ot
forcing the bosses to pass them Is
that not foolish? To change this
condition other people have adopted
the initiative and referendum. In this
for instance, every law passed by the
legislature is held up thirty days
and if 5 per cent of the voters sign
a petition to protest the people vote
on the law at the next election, if,
on the other hand, the people want
a law passed, and the legislature re
fuses to act on it, the people can
have it submitted to a vote. This
initiative and referendum has al
ready saved the people of Ohio many
millions of dollars. It is incorpor
ated in tho constitution of seventeen
states, and in the city charters' of
nearly 300 cities of this country, tho
latest one being St. Louis, Mo.
"President Wilson says: 'The im
mediate thing we have got to do is
to resume popular government. Wo
are cleaning house, and in order to
clean house the one thing we need is
a good broom. The initiative and
referendum are good brooms
"Theodoro Roosevelt says! 'I be
lieve in the initiative and referen
dum, which should be used not to
destroy representative government,
but to correct it whenever it becomes
"Naturally the initiative and refer
erendum is a big help to the 'gov
erned and therefore is fought des
perately by the 'governors Of late
they have found that the people re
ally want this law, and, will simply
have It, so the new game is to help
them get it, but to frame tho law
themselves and stuff it full of 'jok
ers In this way in over half of the
seventeen states initiative and refer
endum laws aro inoperative. The
'machine' passed the law'to "please
the people, but made the law to please
their own interests.
i'INow to get back to the constitu
tion? makers of 1851. You must ad
mit they could, not foresee all of
these conditions, any more than
could 150 of the greatest men of our
state frame a constitution at the
present time that would provide for
conditions sixty-three years hence.
Our present constitution Is outworn,
outclassed and helpless to protest the
'governed and because half of our
political parties have becomo mere
organizations to exploit the people.
Our whole system of government is
rotten to the core. Who pays the
bills? The 'governed the 'unorgan
ized mass the people. And who are
the people? You and I and our
neighbors nobody else.
"It is necessary, to understand this
situation in order to appreciate the
contemptible trap set for the people
in the 'new constitution' movement,
and the great danger our state is in.
In order to check the growing de
mand for a new constitution, the last
legislature of 1913, machine owned
as usual, passed a constitutional con
vention bill. It is a good bill but
they put in a 'joker' by which tho
people themselves would kill it; and
while the politcal party would claim
full credit for this wholesome love(?)
for the people, they could say, -'The
people did not want a new constitu
tion, therefore we will make one for
them The joker was the old ono
of requiring a 'majority of all votes
cast instead of a 'majority voting
thereon While under our constitu
tion this provision is necessary in
voting on constitutional amendments,
it is not necessary in voting on
a legislative bill.
"A so-called error has also crept
into the bill, the title being- different
from-the text. Whether or not this
"was designed as a second 'sop or
r;- i
i ,iMmlt:"' ' '
'U-. ....