The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, September 01, 1914, Page 15, Image 15
o u . i . .' TheN Commo ,v SEPTEMBER, 1914 ner 15' iiJt ready to sail'for the other sido Array officers to the number of twenty-five or more, headed by the assistant sec retary of war, were detailed to go upon those vessels so that they might personally lend aid wherever neces sary when- they reached the other side band ctfnsuls- wer6 fn constant "com munication with the government heron anij were .constantly giving in formation and receiving directions. ,As a result, -order was brought out of .chaos, it was ascertained where the 'Amcrjpanq wor,e, in .wjijch dlrectlpns tney could bo moved, and where An arrangement was made With transportation would be available and the' bankers of this-country whbsef .when. Many trans-Atlantic transport clients were traveling in Europe with ation companies which the first Week letters of 'credit from them to be 'or so suspended' sailfn.gs, ' resumed cashed at their agencies in Europe,', operations, among theni the Preiich to transport some five millions of dol-, liners and the lines running from lats in. gold to be placed with their foreign correspondents to meet the drafts aforesaid. Some of this was .England, and some of pioso from southern ports. In consequence, the problem then immediately , pressing not oply money of banks, but of e- ,'was to get the Americans from thpse press .companies -which had issued countries where transportation to travelers 'checks payable in Europe. ; this country was not available, to With the same expedition was sent ports where it' was available. This a million and a half of gold belong- work, 6f course, had to wait upon ing. to the government, so that if the the re-adjustment of lines of interior situation then, existing continued, transportation, which had been all there would be that sum in 'physical'! taken up during the period of mobil value present wherever needed in J izatlon by the, activities of the gov Europe. to relieve the situation of the ' ernment itself. Just as soon as op- Americans there. The friends in America of those portunlty offered, the ambassadors and consuls began to arrange for this marooned in Europe were naturally ! interior transportation. Since that b& apprehensive about the financial time there has been. a steady (flow of condition of the latter that they be- Americans from aft interior congest gan. depositing money in" the state ed points in the continent' to sea department almost immediately, with ' ports, where it is a mere matter of requests that it be transferred In some .way. More than $315,000 in actual -currency- was taken in by the state department ..within the- first three days, and .almost half a mil lion of dollars was taken in during the first week. . The treasury depart- ment, as soon, as it was possible to do so, established. . a system by which' deposits could 'be made directlywith it, .of -sums to be transferred to the marooned Americans in Europe, and more than $1,800-,000 was thus de posited. To some extent this waB accomplished by. customary banking methods and in some instances ex traordinary ways, had to be devised.' A, credit of a half million dollars was obtained at the Bank of England by sending that sum in gold by our treasury department to a -designated English bank in Ottawa, Canada. When it is realized that these de--posits in the state and treasury de partments ranred from a few dollars a comparatively snort time Detore they can sedure transportation home. Wherever It was evident that there would not be a resumption of regular sailings sufficient to take care of the Americans, the consular agen cies were directed to secure ships for this purpose, U to the present timfc ten pr more ships have been thus se cured at places where the existing transportation facilities wore insuffi cient and thousands of Americans will be brought back on these boats. Those who were able to pay for their accomodations did so'; those who wdre not presently ', able, biit who would, be when 'they 'reached this country, had their passage' 'money guaranteed by the government, and those who were actually destitute were taken care of by the govern ment. It Is not, of course, suggested that under these extraordinary circum stances there were not unfortunate of a clue to their whereabouts. The forces avallablo to the ambassadors and consuls for going Put and hunt ing up Americans was oxtremoly lim ited, since 'from the beginning their offices have been literally swamped by the work cast Upon them by tho war. They were not only burdened by the extraordinary conditions af fecting American interests arid Amer ican citizens abroad but wore called upon to represent in the different cap itals practically all other foreign na tions who- customarily have their representatives there. The military attaches and some forty or more offi cers attending foreign military- ex ercises and schools wore utilized in relief work in addition to thoso who aocompaniod the assistant secretary of war on the "Tennessee." Hundreds of telegrams and ldtters are received each day, and as many mon sense can obtain relief from'Ulf other consoquenccs Of 'tho' war; 'We feel s tiro that tho 'unavoidable dis comforts and incohvenfenccs wlfjch they may have to auffor will bo borne with the proper patlonco and"courago which tho occasion demands. Wo do not feel that thig statement should cIoho without an expression of our profound gratitude to the dir-, fercnt governments, all of which have shown our government and bur people in their boundaries every pos sible courtesy and consideration, and have thereby aided and facilitated our labors. '' NO PANICS UXIfKIl NEW IlKSKKi'JR ACT I remember, and all of us renidm her, a time in this country when , we had a real panic, not long ago, a 're publican panic which came after replieB sent out each day, in addition ' twelve years of uninterrupted rcpli. to which the telephone inquiries each ' Hcan rule when, on every hand fyaa day are practically Innumerable. In heard the crash of falling banks. So each of the departments, the regular strong is the feeling of confidence In force has been kept at work after spired throughout tho country by (he hours each. day until midnight many J democratic federal reaorvo law that days, and-almost always on Sundays; mot many days ago when a great upwards, some Idea will be given i of t delays mistakes made, and annoying and disconcerting incidents. A mere statement of the existing conditions carries with it the conclusion that this would be Inevitable; but, on the other hand, a consideration of the ex isting conditions demonstrates that no provision was possible in this case; that the situation bad to be ac cepted and dealt with as it was found and t that all was done that could be done under the circumstances. , The situation Is so greatly relieved at the present time that Americans anywhere upon tho continent can, by applying to the nearest embassy or .legation, get In touch with people in this country, can get money, if they need any, and. can get transporta tion and passage home if they want it. While It -Is realized that statistics are. dry and uninteresting things, it illumines the situation to know that at least fifty thousand inquiries have been received at the state depart ment concerning thirty thousand Americans in Europe. With respect to each one of these thirty thousand Americans in Europe there has had to be a separate card prepared and placed in a card index. Of these thirty thousand people, about ten thousand have been communicated with that is, located in Europe and their condition ascertained, and the information conveyed to the Inquir ers. We were fortunate In being able to locate so many, because tho Amer icans were constantly moving from place to place In their endeavor to reach, a point of embarkation, and their friends and relatives here were able to .give us only the vaguest sort the tremendous task Involved in this work. Thousands- of people depos ited here for thousands of people upon the other side, and not only had there to be all of the banking transaction here involved In the de posit, but extraordinary means had to.be taken to identify the payee, to ascertain .as nearly as possible his whereabouts, and to determine the metho.d of gLving him the benefit of the money- deposited here for him. The "Tennessee'' and the "North Carolina," the ships of the navy above alluded to, landed at Fal mouth, England,, and the money sent by the bankers -was so disposed of that their correspondents Jn Europe immediately began cashing the drafts of the Americans through their ac customed agencies. The express com panies likewise began, paying travel ers' checks. As soon as thousands of names could be cabled, to Europe and distributed to the various consulates there, those for whom money had been deposited in the state depart ment and in the treasury department began to receive the sums deposited for them. The officers, under the di rection of the assistant secretary of war, who reached England on the navy ships, were immediately des patched tp every capital in Europe with sufficient sums pf money to take care of those Americans who could not otherwise be provided for, those who had exhausted their ready money and had no letters of credit or, travelers' checks. So soon as con ditions made it possible to do so, funds for similar uses were placed with each embassy and consul. In the meantime, the ambassadors and in the state department It was necessary to employ rorty-two tem porary additional clerks In order to be able to, handle this additional work. . Our most recent Information Is that there will be at least forty sail ings from British ports within the next six weeks, and many from French, HollanJ, Italian and Spanish ports. At the time when it appoared that all steamers bank in Chicago failed and a chain of affiliated smaller banks went down with it it was a bank conducted by typical republican politicians for typical republican purposes there was not a ripple on the surface, hot one. 'In connection with the Clafiln failure recently there comes to ub Ihe news that throughout the country from 3,000 to 5,000 banks heid tho paper of this concern, and there the customary lines of I18 no caiK a')0Ut a name panic or any were to suspend saillnr i""b ui buuuiuuh mrougnuui yiu the board set about providing trans portation, to bo prepared in this country rand sent abroad for such Americans as could not obtain other country so strong is the confidence in the present administration and in the fact that the federal reserve law, will soon bo In operation. If the iddi means, of transportation. The facts! that thia law wI11 800n 1)e In opora- have bePn stated above about tho I uon nas uus e,lect we cail unaor available ships. It was thought best stand what sort or.,a reeling of DiisI to utilize the army transports and the chartered coast-wise boats which had been utilized between Galveston and Vera Cruz. It was necessary, however, to greatly expand their passenger-carrying capacity and to alter it for the better to the extent that It Was possible to do so. It will readilj be realized that this was no easy task. Innumerable temporary sleep ng compartments had to be built; an electric lighting system had to-be ex tended throughout the boats; sani tary arrangements had to be install ed, and coo'king, serving and dining capacities had to be enlarged and practically made anew. Blankets, sheets, pillow-cases; pillows, napery, table furniture of all descriptions, all the enormous quantity and va rious characters of supplies had to be ordered and the ships equipped with them. These ships are now ready. Coal had to be provided for the outgoing and incoming trips, as they could not be coaled abroad, and the ships had to be manned and pro vided with attendants, physicians, matrons to care for the women and children, and men and officers to look after the comfort and safety of the passengers. If occasion requires and circumstances indicate where trans portation Is unavailable there trans ports will be immediately used for this purpose. Our present Information Is that the ordinary avenues of travel from Great Britain and Europe have open ed up to such an extent that it Is only a matter of a few weeks until all our fellow-countrymen can re turn home. In the meantime, their freinds can communicate with them and send money to them, and they can be assured of passage to a sea port and thence home. In cases where there is either temporary fi nancial embarrassment or actual des titution, the government will deal therewith as the occasion requires, They are In no danger from the perils of war and by the use of coin- ness security will prevail when It' is in actual operation. On account of this great piece of constructive legis lation bank panics belong now to a period that has gone forever. Thoro will never be another bank panic. When the trust bills become laws there will never be another bank panic. 'When the trust bills become laws there will never bo another period of serious business depresslpn. Hon. Henry T. Itainey, a member of Congress from Illinois. WOMAN'S MEASURE OF HUMAN MFE "As property is the product of man, the child is the product of woman. As the work of men for centuries has been with things, that of woman has been with human life. Wo meas ure human life in different terms than men. Man measures human ffe in terms of production, while woman measures it by adding to production its cost. Woman Is particularly in terested in legislation that protects humanity. Humanity is not suffici ently protected In this country and when women are allowed to express themselves on equal terras with men our laws will assume a moro ethical and more humanitarian tone." Mrs. Scott Nearing, secretary Pennsyl vania College Equal Suffrage League. Stealing the Other Fellows' Thunder Republican leaders show mighty poor understanding of the temper of the American people and of facts when they give indications of belief that the route to a return to power is the crooked road called Calamity. New York Herald. TL IT f c n ik umrercxy oi uucag HOME STUDY fcjgrd Vr m miilti&H m tnidnnt yrotic. otkttm alo tAtntc tioa by GerrMpMfUac. Far dtolli ln m U.tC.QXr.C)CU,L " PHMHWMtttVMMlWIX '""