The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, September 01, 1914, Page 12, Image 12
rW" The Commoner VOL. 14, NO. 9 II' 12 - -"y;,Ji"f'Tr-H!JRffr?JW tk i tii IK NIX k i i: Mr. Bryan's Speech Before the Inter parliamentary Union Mr. Aryan's speech before the Inter-parlia-montary Union at London, July 2G, 1906, was as Hollows: Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Inter parliamentary Union: I regret that I can not spoak to you In tho language which Is usually employed In this body, but I only know one language tho language of my own country, and you will pardon me if 1 use that. I desire in tho first placo to express my appreciation of tho courtesy shown mo by Lord Weardalo, our presi dent, and by Baron von Plener, tho chairman of tho committoo which framed the model treaty. Tho lattor has Tramcd this substitute embodying both of tho ideas (investigation and mediation) which wero presented yesterday. I appreciate the superior wisdom and tho greater experience of this learned committee which has united the two propositions and I thank this body also for the opportunity to say just a word in defonse of my part of tho resolution. I can not say that it is a now idea, for since it was presented yesterday I havo loarned that tho same idea in substance was prosontod last year at Brussels by Mr. Bartholdt, of my own country, who has been so conspicuous in his efforts to promote peace, and I am very glad that 1 can follow in his footsteps in the urg ing of this amendment. I may add also that it is in lino with tho suggestion made by the hon orable prime minister of Great Britain, Sir Henry Campboll-Bannerman, in that memorable and epoch-making speech o2 yesterday, in that speech which contained several sentences anyone of which would have justified tho assembling of this Intor-parliamontary Union any one of which would have compensated us all for coming here. In that splendid speech he expressed the hope that tho scopo of arbitration treaties may be enlargod. Ho said: "Gentlemen, I fervently trust that before long tho principle of arbitration may win such confidence as to justify its extension to a wider field of international differences. We havo already seen how questions arousing passion and excitement have' attained a solu tion, not necessarily by means of arbitration in tho strict sense of the word, but by refer ring them to such a tribunal as that which reported on tho North Sea incident; and I would ask you whether it may, not be worth while carefully to consider, before the next congress meets at The ""Iugue, tho various forms in which differences might bo submit ted, with a view to opening the door as wide as possible to every means which might in any dogreo contribute to moderate or com pose such differences." This amendment Is in harmony with this suggestion. The resolution is in the form of a postscript to tho treaty, but like the postscripts of some letters it contains a very vital subject Jn fact, J am not sure but tho postscript in this case is as important as the letter itself, for it deals with those questions which havo defied ar bitration. Certain questions affecting the honor or integrity of a nation are considered outside of tho jurisdiction of a court of arbitration, and those aro tho questions which have given trouble. Passion is not often aroused by questions that do not affect a nation's integrity or honor, but for fear these questions may arise arbitration is not always employed where it might bo. The first advantage, thon, of this resolution is that it se cures an investigation of tho facts, and if you can but separate the facts from the question of honor, tho chances aro 100 to 1 that you can set tle both the fact and tho question of honor with out war. There Is, therefore, a1 great advantage in an investigation that brings out' the facts, for disputed facts between nations, as between friends, are the cause of most disagreements. The second advantage of this investigation is that it gives time for calm consideration. That has already been well presented by the gentleman who has preceded me, Baron von Plener, I need not say to you that man excited is a very differ ent animal from man calm, and that questions ought to bo settled not by passion, but by delib eration, If this resolution would do nothing else but give time for reflection and deliberation, there would be sufficient reason for its adoption. If we can but stay the hand of war until con science can assert itself, war will be made more remote. When men are mad they swagger around and tell what tney can uo; wnen iney are cwui chey consider what they ought to do. Tho third advantage of this investigation is that it gives opportunity to mobolizo public opin ion for the compelling of a' peaceful settlement and that is an advantage not to be overlooked. Public opinion is coming to be more and more a power in the world. One of the greatest states men of my country Thomas Jefferson, and if it would not offend I would say I believe him to be the greatest statesmen the world has produced said that if he had to choose between a govern ment without newspapers and newspapers with out a government he would rather risk the news papers without a government. You may call it an extravagant statement, and yet it presents an idea, and that idea Is that public opinion is a controlling force. I am glad that the time is coming when the world will insist that nations more powerful; glad that the time is coming when tho moral sentiment of one nation will influence the action of other nations; glad that the time is coming when the world will realize that a war between two nations affects others than the nations Involved; glad that the time is coming when he world will insist that nations settle their differences by some peaceful means. If time is given for the marshalling of the force of public opinion peace will be promoted. This resolution is presented, therefore, for the reasons that it gives an opportunity to investigate the facts, and to separate them from the question of honor, that it gives time for the calming of pas sion and that it gives time for the formation of a controlling public sentiment. I will not disguise the fact that I consider this resolution a long step in the direction of peace, nor will I disguise the fact that I am here because I want this lnter-parliamentary Union to take just as long a step as possible in the direc tion of universal peace. We meet in a famous hall, and looking down upon us from these walls aro pictures that illustrate not only the glory that is to be won in war, but the horrors that follow war. There is a picture of one of the great figures in English history, (pointing to the frescoe by Maclise of the death of Nelson). Lord Nelson Is represented as dying, and around him are the mangled forms of others. I under stand that war brings out certain virtues. I am aware that it gives opportunity for the display of great patriotism; I am aware that the example pf men who give their lives for their country is inspiring; but I venture to say there is as much inspiration in a noble life as there is in a heroic death, and I trust that one of the results of this Inter-parliamentary Union will be to em phasize the doctrine that a life devoted to the public, and ever flowing, like a spring, with good exerts an influence upon the human race and upon the destiny of the world as great as any death in war. And if -you will permit me to men tion one whose career I watched with interest and whose name I revere, I will say that in my humble judgment, the sixty-four years of ipotless public service of William Ewart Gladstone will 1SJST C' be reSarded as rich an orna ment to the history of this nation as the life of any man who poured out his blood upon a battle- AH movements in the interest of peace havo back of them the idea of brotherhood If peS is to come in this world, It will come becaule people more and more clearly recognize th dissoluble tie that binds each hTman bemg to every other. If we are to build permanent neacS it must be on the foundation of the brotherhood f m?n t p,oet has described how in the civil war that divided our country into two hoSile camps a generation ago in one battle a soldi!? n one line thrust his bayonet through a solder in the opposing line, and how, when he stooped to draw it out, he recognized in tho face of the fallen one, the face of his brother. And then tht poet describes the feeling of horror that over whelmed the survivor when he realized thit im had taken the life of one who was the child of the same parents and the companion of his bov I100 J!8 a Pathetic story, but is it too much to hope that as years go by we will begin to un derstand that the whole human race is hn n larger family? uc a It is not too much to hope that as years eo by human sympathy will expand until this feel ing of unity will not be confined to .the members of a family or to the members of a clan or of a community or state but shall be world-wide. It is not too much to hope that we, in this as sembly, possibly by this resolution, may hasten the day when we shall feel so appalled at the thought of the taking of any human life that we shall strive to raise all questions td a level where the settlement will be by reason and not by force. At the conclusion of Mr. Bryan's speech the amended resolution was unanimously adopted. It read as follows: "Jf a disagreement should arise between the contracting parties which is not one to be submitted to arbitration, they shall not resort to any act of hostility before they, separately or jointly, invite, as the case may necessitate, the formation of an internation al commission, of inquiry or the mediation of one or more friendly powers. This re quisition will take place, if necessary, ac cording to Article VIIT. of Tho Hague con vention for the peaceful settlement of inter national conflicts." "WATCHFUTj WAITING" WINS Following is a press dispatch to the Washing ton Post: Mexico City, Aug. 20. General Venustiano Carranza, the supreme chief of the Mexican rev olution and from today provisional president of the republic, entered the capital at noon. He was given an enthusiastic reception by the crowds on tho street. It is estimated that more than- 150,000 per sons crowded the line of march of the new pres ident and his following which extended from the village of Atzcapotzalco to the national palace, a distance of six miles. There was. .not the slight est disorder as General Carranza and his staff passed through the cheering crowds, which show ered them with flowers and confetti, and from which came cries of "long live Carranza! Long live the constitutionalist government!" At dawn today the constitutionalist troops began forming at close intervals in a double line along the entire distance over which -the victori ous constitutional leader was to pass. Back of the troops were ranged the sightseers and every roof and balcony also held spectators. It was noon when General Carranza, mounted on a superb horse and accompanied by his staff and the generals of the northwest, the central, and northeast divisions of the constitutionalist army, left Atzcapotzalco, escorted by a squad ron of cavalry, and the Fourth onora batallion of infantry, which acted as the guard of honor. On reaching the city limits the column was met by the mayor and the city council of the capital, who delivered to General Carranza the keys of the city. AifteLthls ceremony the cavalcade proceeded to the historic Chapultepec castle where two bat teries of artillery fired a salute in honor of the nW ?i!ef , oytty- Here the parade turned down the beautiful Paso de la Iteforma avenue, which was designed by the unfortunate Empress Carlotta, and which leads from the castle to the national palace. ,Jn? 1this18e(;tion of the line of march were grouped hundreds of school children dressed in white, each carrying a bouquet and a1 Mexican Zln 5 Carranza passed they sang a hymn Libert?" occasion, entitled "Union and ThS ithi? ,Pp?c.eBBlon rached the National ult J? i1 halt?d in order that tfle chief execu owSlle the hands of a delegation Sn? ?Vhe flas whIch President Madero nf nw ih?Llery spot on the fateful ninth uprising ' ' the date of the Huerta-Diaz GIVEN CONTINUOUS OVATION ra$llle dn the Avenida San Francisco the rnSve tne new President a continuous ova li PTm8ven leads t0 the historic Plaza de muSSSi I ? the catnedral and the national SSSS? fiPoJacel forminS s pides. Here an mcX? ?ns ?,ad been thered since early o!'iand cerously cheered General Car- thrnti8onalPpaXde.tllrOUgh entraDCe f rw6 moments aer he entered President ertv hSf app,eaed on tfle balcony under the lib SS In nd addressea the crowd, promising a SSnno of real constitutional government. The Po?Xn then Passed in review before the new ex- mSSLV" batld of 200 PIeces massed in the square meanwhile playing national airs. inPRq JJtl as a noliday, and all places of bus iness were closed.