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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1914)
VOL. 14, NO. 3
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Ground was broken in Potomac
park, February 12, for tho erection
of tho $2,000,000 marble memorial
to Abraham Lincoln. A small group
gathered to witness tho significant
event. Joseph C. S. Blackburn, ex
senator from Kentucky, was tho first
to sink a spado in the ground, and
then ho spoke in high praise of the
president against whom he had
fought half a century ago, saying:
"This memorial will show that Lin
coln is now regarded as tho greatest
of all Americans, and that ho is so
hold by tho south as well as the
north." Tho site for the Lincoln
memorial is on an "axis," planned
more than a century ago, at o'ne end
of which is tho capitol, and at the
other, more than a mile to the west,
the Washington monument. The de
sign of tho memorial is the work of
Henry Bacon, a New York architect
Cablegrams exchanged by Presi
dent Wilson and Secretary Garrison
with Governor General Harrison
upon tho passage of the new Philip
pine assembly of tho first general ap
propriation bill in three years were
made public February 15. Governor
Harrison announced the action as a
demonstration of harmony in the
government at Manilla. Jtle said the
saving of $1,000,000 effected by the
bill, with other planned economies,
would avert the treasury deficit im
pending "when he reached the islands.
He said tho salaries of 100 of the
higher officials, including the governor-general,
were cut from 5 to 10
per cent. Manuel L. Quezon, resident
commissioner of the Philippines at
Washington, said the action by the
unanimous vote of the assembly
"demonstrated conclusively that
President Wilson's confidence in
Filipino capacity is fully justified."
The interstate commerce commis
sion issued an order, February 16,
further suspending until Sqptember
12, the general 5 per cent advance in
the freight rates, application for
which was filed by the fifty-seven
eastern railroads. It was explained
at the offices of the commission that
tho order was of tho most routine
character and did not mean that the
commission would defer its decision
on the advanced rate application
until September 12. There has been
no change in the commission's in
tention to render its decision at the
earliest practical date.
Representative Cordell Hull, of
Tennessee, the member of the ways
and moans' committee of tho house
who originated the income tax sec
tion of the taHf act in 1913, Issued
a statement indicating his opposition
to repealing or altering the "collec
tion at the source" feature of the in
come tax law until after a practical
test, congressmen ' ate receiving
many circulars from bankers sug
gesting that a system of "information
at the source" be substituted for the
The house of representatives
passed the Alaskan railroad bill Feb
ruary 18 by a vote of 230 to 87 It
provides for the construction by the
united States government of a rail
AftACl hLAlaska at a cost of $35,000,
000. The road is to be owned and
operated by the government and will
tap the Bering and Matanuska coal
fields. The political complexion 6
the final voto .was as follows:' For
Democrats, 152; republicans, 78.
Against: Democrats. R7. vWjw. '
-o. The measure as it came from
tho senate was amended by striking
out the provision for a bond issue
and also fixing tho limit of cost at
A bill to authorize pensions of $12
a month for widows and $2 a month
for children of dead Spanish waT
veterans was favorably reported by
the house pensions committee.
Widows or children with incomes of
$250 a year or more would not be
President Wilson has designated
Jerrr B. Sullivan of Iowa to be presi
dent of the federal board of general
appraisers at New York, to succeed
H. M. Summerville, who retired from
the chairmanship but remains a mem
ber of the board. Mr. Sullivan was
appointed a commissioner shortly
after President Wilson's inaugura
tion. According to a report of George
E. Roberts, director of the mint, and
covering the fiscal year 1913, there
was $1,866,619,157 in gold coin and
bullion, of which amount$l,250,000
was in possession of the government
and the rest in the banks. The stock
of gold reported by the banks and
treasuries of the world was cTAninr
by $240,000,000 than the preceding
year. The present stock of coin and
bullion in the United States is
$1,866,619,157 in gold and $745,
585,064 in silver. The total metallic
per capita in the United States is
$26.83: gold, '$19.17; silver, 7.66.
Tho present metallic per capita in
the United States is greater than it
has been since 1873.
The war department recommended
to congress the -development of a
deeper waterway from Lockport
Illinois, to the mouth of the Missis
sippi river, to cost $4,760,000.
The interstate commerce commis
sion issued a circular warning rail
roads that the ' practice of granting
free passes, even if granted under a
state law for use inside a state, may
be given a decided weight as a con
sideration against permitting a rail
road to raise its freight rates.
Forty-four and a half million
dollars'' increase in American exports
of products of the soil, principally
due to the high price of cotton, for
the first seven months of the fiscal
year, compared with that period last
year, was reported by the department
of commerce. The total was $738,
607,719; last year's, $694,905,980.
The supreme court of the United
States handed down a number of de
cisions February 24. It was held in
bleached flour case that the court
below erred in instructing the jury
that the use of any poison whatever
constituted adulteration in violation
of the pure food law. The case was
sent back for another jury trial. The
supreme court decided that the adul
teration of food products to be pun
ishable under the food and drugs act
must be carried to a point where
adulteration actually disguised de
fects in food or where the use of
poisons made the product actually
deleterious to the consumer.
The constitutionality of the federal
white slave law was again upheld by
the United States supreme court in
the Wilson cases from Chicago. Tho
point whether the law is limited to
commercial vice was not involved.
The right of the federal govern
ment to make "dry" territory of
400,000 acres of theu ofa . Yankton
Indian reservation recently opened
for settlement in South Dakota was
upheld by the United States supreme
court, in upholding the conviction of
f IRAT ANNIVERSARY
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St. Louis Republic.
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