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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1914)
t -. GERMAN XAUDS MR. -BRYAN -
A special cable to the Chicago
Tribune dated Berlin, December 27,
America's policy of "diplomatic post
ponement," exemplified by Messrs.
Wilson and Bryan's handling o the
Mexican situation, is lauded as the
gove'rrinients of the world will again
be in position to flout the will of the
people and treat these facts as un
worthy of serious consideration.
THE AMERICAN-DANISH TREATY
The treaty signed by Secretary i
Bryan and Mr. Constantin Bruri,
supreme peace achievement of the' minister of Denmark, is the most ad
year by Alfred H. Fried, the dis-i vanced step yet taken by two nations
tinguished German pacifist, in a1 re-1 in tho interests of peace. ;
view of what 1913 brought forth for y cms treaty tne United states
THEY HAUC A PIANO
the cause of the amicable settlement
of international differences.
"The manner wherein the United
States government delayed rushing
into precipitate action in the Cali-
and Denmark agree that all disputes
between them, of every nature what
soever, which diplomacy shall fail to
adjust, shall bo submitted to an in
ternational commission for iuvesti-
fornia-Jananese controvnrsv. thfi gation and report, aim .that war shall
quarrel with Great Britain over the not )e declared nor hostilities begun
canal tolls, and the strife with' during such investigation. The com
Huerta," Fried says, "is character-! mission is required to report within
istic of the peace policy which Amer- on- year unless the high contracting
ica deliberately pursues. It has been Parties extend this time.. The com-
properly recognised there that it isirt !uloolu" a ,u1uu,bb ttl LU U,1UUU L"
HHRMr -ri I
the main thine to Settle everv con
flict on a strict basis of rights but to
give conflicts such character that they
can be settled by sensible means
either arbitration or compromise.
"The best means to attain that end
Is to exclude passions which natural
ly arise from international differ
ences passions which are the chief
menace to- amicable settlement.
Hostile passions ard most effectually
obliterated by the policy of tempor
izing. ' "
"The European' powers tradition
ally cherish the fear that their pros--tige'
is shattered unless the saber is
rattled at every pdsslble opportunity
and tin 'energetic tone employed.
The idea is 'propagated that It is
beneath the dignity of a great power
to yield. Historyless America has
more modern and more sensible con
ceptions. They are plainly expressed
In the new peace, treaties which Mr.
Bryan has submitted to The Hague
: "Mr. iiryan proposes the principle1
of 'postponement1 shall be made an
integral feature of international law
with the solo 'purpose of divestinj?
political conflicts of their inflammable
character. Up to the end of 1913 no
leds than 'thirty-one states or mo're
than three-quarters, of the civilized!
world have informed the American
government they agree! in principle
with Bryan's proposals." J '
Although the year 1913 witnessed'
enormous fresh , sacrifices to fclie
Moloch of . militarism, including
$250,000,000 each which Germany
and France are spending on arma
ments, $300,000,000 which Russia'
and Austria spent on mobilization
and "fresh armaments, and- $1,200,-
000,000 which is the estimated cost
of the Balkan wars, Fried says "the
iron logic of' facts" is making an
irresistible propaganda for the idea
of world peace. f
"Humanity," he declares, "is to
day in its overwhelming majority d(j--vroted
to the idea of pacifism."
l.With Norman Angell's unanswer
able proofs that war does not pay;'
Lloyd George's assertion that the
money whidh England, France and'
Germany are wasting on armaments
might just as well be thrown into tjbte
North sea; Winston ChurchillJs re
peated overtures to Germany for; la
naval understanding; the Bavarian
premier's (Baron- von Hertling'jsp
stentorian warning, that there must
be rest from the flash of German
armament '.for years to .come' ps
Fried's extraordinarily powerml.
f ronton RAfs forth. Pacifists need not
be chagrined or. .discouraged even -by
the appalling' fajit that' since the flit'
Hague peace comerence -wars ap.u
armaments, in4. various parts, of te
worid represent ' va wasted outlay
during fifteen yeaVs1' of the aimost m
comprehensibla i sum of roundly
$5,500,000,000" "T-ne tutra Hague
basis for the adjustment of disputes,
and if the two governments within a
,year dannot reach a direct adjust
ment, or shall decide that such ad
justment is impossible, they agree to
submit the dispute to the permanent
court of arbitration at The Hague.
The treaty also provides that be
fore applying for arbitration a spe
cial agreement shall be signed, set
ting forth distinctly the subject-matter
of the controversy and the extent
of the powers of the arbitrators,
:which agreement shalUbo subject to
the approval of the United States
It was'on account of the insistence
of the senate that special. arbitration
agreements should be referred to it
for approval, that President Roose
velt refused to proceed to the nego
tiation of arbitration treaties some
years, ago. .President Wilson and
Secretary Bryan, hpever, wisely
conceded to tfye senate, its right to
.pass , upon every arbitration agree
ment, , in, order, that the exact nature
and scope of the question to be arbi
trated may, he, defined. There is rea
son to beUY.? ijhat jvjth Jtliis provision
Jn the treaty Jt will, be xatifled.by the
senate, , , i
. Ten treaties .between ,the United
States and. as- many foreign govern
ments have been ,signed, and three
.-others are in . preparation, providing
for ...investigation of- all. .disputes.
.Steadily and, surely' the administra
tion s peace proposals,, which, have
been accepted in principle by prac
tically' every civilized ' riat'ibn', are
being crystalized into trea.ljiea, .These
treaties, as sqqn as ratified, will work
powerfully , for peace by making it
impossible for either high .contract
ing, party , to go to4 war pending a
careful .investigation" qf ' the con
troversy by an international .corn
emission, and a further, discussion of
the findings of the, commission. In
kmany cases the mere lapse of time
will cool angry passions and tend to
bring about an amicable understand
ing. ' '
Since the senate Will in every case
pas upon the particular matter pro
posed for arbitration, it' is apparent
"that the interests of the United States
,are entirely, safeguarded.' The treaties
should be ratified." -Washington
METCALFE AS A SLEUTH
Springfield, Mass., Republican:
Col. Goethals . this -week got far
enough along in the John Burke com
missary scandal to suspend Mr, Burlfc
frpm duty. It was Mr, Metcalfe, of
Nebraska,, now a Panama canal com
missioner and formerly associate
editor of Bryan's Commoner, whjo
first smoked out Mr. Burke'. 'There
'cannot have beeir much' grafting in
connection ' with he building of the
'canal, and that fact makes Metcalfels
exnlolt as a graft detector, soon af te"r
lie'lifld reached' tlfe isthmusv.sQ not-
conference assembles in two year.d alile. 'He1 may :be' .heeded; nearer
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