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VOL. 14, NO. 2
The Treaty With Denmark
' Entorcd at tho Postofllco at Lincoln, Nebraska,
ah second-class matter.
Wjm.iaM J. llllVAN ClIAIlT.KX W. Uhvan
Keillor nm! Proprietor Awodnlc Kdltor and Publisher
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THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Neb.
THE EDUCATIONAL CAMPAIGN WORK
Below Is n list of workers who responded to
Tho Commoner's appeal for co-operation In the
congressional campaign of 1914, and who have
put their shoulders to the wheel In helping to
bring about an Indorsement of the president's
policies by the election of a democratic congress
The following have signed pledges and ordered
cards in number as follows:
Homer A. Cope, Mo., 15; John Aleck, Minn.,
10; A. A. Meredith, V. Va., 5; W. P. McMahon,
Texas, 6; C. B. McCary, Pa., 15; 0. M. Crum,
111., 10; C. P. Montgomery, Mo., 10; J. N. Yetter,
Ohio, 5; M. B. Murphey, S. D., 5; Richard Gey
ler, Ariz., 25; J. S. Cloro, Ind., 10; I. Irwin,
Md., 15; E. P. Hardy, la., 5; G. B. Ficklin, Mo.,
5; Major E. Selby, Va., 20; D. M. Fay, Kans.,
5; T. P. Jones, N. Y., 10; J. D. Maker, Cal., 10;
C. D. Calandj S. D., 5; A. L. Krutsinger, la., 5;
C. F. Musgrovo, Col., 5; Dr. S. N. Chaffee, Kans.,
5; J. P. Manning, Col., 5; II. W. Hoech, Ohio, 5;
V. W. Hughes, Ky., 5; W. W. Palmer, Kans., 16;
Chaa. Storms, Mich., 10; T. P. Ditto, Kans., 5;
J. W. McClellan, Kans., 10; V. E. Price, Ky., 10;
A. Konsler, Ky., 10; W. P. Dugan, Kans., 10; I.
W. Allot, Col., 10; G. T. Pitts, Kans., 10; R. B.
Prechsel, Kans., 10; Geo. Colthrap, Kans., 5;
A. W. Rhorer, Ky., 5; Jas. Jacoby, Col., 5; A. W.
Jones, la., 5; G. S. Morning, la., 5; J. S. Ferris,
Col., 5; L. W. Beaman, Kans., 5; A. W.
Hendricks, la., 5; J. N. Touchstone, Texas, 10;
Henry Rhoder, lnd., 5; P. Bruce, Mo., 10; F. N.
Schrantz, Wash., 5; E. D. Turner, Ohio, 10; E.
D. Edmonds, W. Va., 5; M. C. Gentry, Ark., 5;
W, H. Stub, Kans., 5; H. C. Evan, la., 5; P. C.
Jenkins, Ky., 5; Henry Van Pelt, la., 5; J. C.
Smith, Kans., 5; R. D. Broken, la., 5; G. W.
Suddard, S. D., 5; J. Peterson, la., 5; J. H-.
Barth, Mont., 5; J. L. Daniels, la., 10; G. A.
Meyer, la., 10; V. G. Jacobs, Kans., 10; G. N.
Dopew, Ky., 10; Dr. J. J. Gibson, Ky., 10; F. M.
DeGuire, Mo.; John V. Ward, Ky.; Joe Gum,
Ky.; Charles H. Harless, la.; C. D. Toling, Kans.;
Olaf Forsse, Kans.
Secretary Daniels has discovered that it is im
possible to get armor plate manufacturers from
abroad to bid against American armor plate
makers, because the foreigners fear that if they
entered into competition here the American
manufacturers would invade their own home
government market. Meanwhile all of the na
tions with navies must pay a tremendous tribute
to all of these plate-makers. Yet a respectable
number of respectable citizens still think the
government ought not to invade the industrial
field and compete with private business!
The Mona Lisa has been found and restored to
, Us old place in the palace of the French, but
the Angora of Colonel Roosevelt which Boss
Barnes corraled at the Chicago convention of
1912 still roams the wilds of tho political
When tho treaty with Salvador was signed
The Commoner presented it in full for the in
formation of its readers. Several other South
and Central American treaties were signed in
practically the same form as that with Salvador;
then came the treaty with The Netherlands, which
followed the lines of the Salvador treaty, in the
main, but contained a few changes, one of which
was the omission of the clause in regard to main
taining tho status quo in the military and naval
program. The treaty with Bolivia, which was
number seven, followed the lines of The Neth
erlands treaty, except that it contained a pro
vision permitting a change to be made in the
personnel of the commission any time before the
beginning of investigation. A treaty just made
with Persia follows the Salvador treaty and a
later one with Portugal follows The Netherlands
treaty. Now comes the tenth treaty, the one
with Denmark. This treaty follows the lines of
The Netherlands treaty, in the matter of investi
gation, but goes a step further, and provides for
arbitration in case the report of the investigat
ing commission is not accepted by both nations.
While investigation will, in almost every case,
lead to an adjustment, the addition of the arbi
tration provision closes the door absolutely and
makes war impossible.
This treaty was made at the request of the
governmout of Denmark, which had made a
similar treaty with Italy. The idea is a good"one
and is likely to be adopted by a number of
smaller nations. The time may not yet be ripe
for the making of such a treaty between the big
nations, but there is every reason why this
nation should enter into similar treaties with all
the smaller nations. Public opinion is now such
that a big nation cannot well resort to arms for
the settlement of differences with a smaller
nation; and as in such cases arbitration is cer
tain to bo resorted to, it is just as well that pro
vision be made for it in order that arbitration
may be approached in the easiest way. The
United States and Denmark furnish an example
that is likely to spread. Besides the treaties
above mentioned three other treaties are being
prepared, namely, with Switzerland, Costa Rica
and San Domingo.
UNITED STATES-DENMARK TREATY
The United States of America and his majesty
the king of Denmark being desirous to strength
en tho bonds of amity that bind them together
and also to advance the cause of general peace,
have resolved to enter into a treaty for that pur
pose and to that end have appointed as their
Tho president of tho United States: The
Honorable William Jennings Bryan, secretary
of state; and
His majesty the king of Denmark: Mr. Con
stants Brun, his chamberlain and envoy extra
ordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the
Who, after having communicated to each
other their respective full powers, found to be
in proper form, have agreed upon the following
Article I. The high contracting parties agree
that all disputes between them, of every nature
whatsoever, which diplomacy shall fail to adjust,
shall bo submitted for investigation and report
to an international commission, to be consti
tuted in the manner prescribed in the next suc
ceeding article; and they agree not to declare
war or begin hostilities during such investiga
tion and report.
Article II. The international commission
shall be composed of five members, to be ap
pointed as follows: One member shall be chosen
from each country, by the government thereof;
one member shall be chosen by each government
from some third country; the fifth member shall
be chosen by common agreement between the
two governments. It is understood that the
fifth member of the commission shall not be a
citizen of either country. The expenses of the
commission shall bo paid by the two govern
ments in equal proportion.
The international commission shall be ap
pointed within four months after tho exchange
of the ratifications of this treaty; and vacancies
shall be filled according to the manner of the
Unless otherwise agreed between the parties
the procedure of the international commission
shall be regulated by the prescriptions contained
in the convention signed at The Hague on Octo
ber 18, 1907, for the peaceful settlement of in
ternational disputes, chapter III.
Article III. In case the high contracting
parties shall have failed to adjust a dispute by
diplomatic methods, they shall at once refer it
to the international commission for investigation
and report. The international commission may,
however, act upon its own initiative, and in such
case it shall notify both governments and re
quest their cooperation in the investigation.
The high contracting parties agree to furnish
the permanent international commission with all
means and facilities required for its investiga
tion and report.
The report of the international commission
shall be completed within one year after date on
which it shall declare its investigation to have
begun, unless the high contracting parties shall
extend the time by mutual agreement. The re
port shall be prepared in triplicate; one copy
shall be presented to each government, and the
third retained by the commission for its files.
Article IV. The high contracting parties
agree that, upon the receipt of the report of the
international commission as provided in article
III, they will immediately endeavor to adjust the
dispute directly between them upon the basis
of the commission's findings and if, after the
lapse of a year, beginning with the day on which
the commission's report shall have been re
ceived by both parties, they shall have failed to
reach a direct adjustment, or if, within the year,
they shall concur in the opinion that sucb an
adjustment is impossible, they will at once pro
ceed to submit the dispute to the permanent
court of arbitration established at The- Hague.
Article V. Before applying to the permanent
court of arbitration the high contracting parties
shall sign a special agreement distinctly setting
forth the subject matter of the controversy, the
extent of the powers of the arbitrators, and the
periods to be observed as regards the organiza
tion of the tribunal of arbitration and the pro
cedure, including the presentation of statements,
proofs and arguments.
Such special agreement shall, on the part of
the United States, be subject to the approval of
Unless there be clauses in the agreement to
the contrary, the arbitral procedure shall be
governed by the provisions contained in the con
vention signed at The Hague on October 18,
1907, for the peaceful settlement of interna
Article VI. The present treaty shall be rati
fied by the president of .the United States of
America, by and with the advice and consent of
the senate thereof, and by his majesty the king
The ratifications shall be exchanged at Wash
ington as soon as possible. It shall take effect
immediately after the exchange of ratifications
and shall continue in force for a period of five
years, and it shall thereafter remain in force until
twelve months "after one of the high contracting
parties shall have given notice to the other of
an intention to terminate it.
m In witness whereof the respective plenipoten
tiaries have signed the present treaty and have
affixed thereunto their seals.
Done in duplicate in the English and Danish
languages at Washington this 5tU day of Febru
ary in the year 1914. w. J. BRYAN.
0 0 0 Q
Aii uemocrats who believe that the
work of circulating The Commoner
among the voters of their community
will be of material assistance in bring
ing about the indorsement of the present
administration by the election of a demo
cratic congress this fall, nm n
call up their precinct and county com
mitteemen or Becrfltnrlen w ii,
and endeavor to have some one appointed
.w vu " , . -" wunt as outlined
on page 12. This is important. m
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