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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1914)
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.. JAjSTUAHY, 1914
president was in a happy mood as he
slowly .wrote his name.
"I'm not accustomed," he said, "to
write my name in a series."
"Well, the bill was made, in install
ments," suggested Senator Lewis of
"Isn't that a reflection oa the sen
ate?" inquired Representative Glass
with a laugh.
Senator Lewis' retort was lost in
the- applause that followed the com
pletion. of the president's signature
as he rose from his desk. The presi
dent paid tribute to the heads of the
two congressional committees by
writing each a letter.
.To. Representative Glass Jie wrote:
HMay I not , express - my admiration
for the way. in which you have car
ried the fight for the currency bill to
an -extraordinarily successful issue?
I hope and Relieve thp.t the whole
country appreciates the work you
have done at something like its real
value, and I rejoice that you have, so
established yourself in its confi
dence." . -. .
He '.wrote Senator Owen: "Now
that theufight baa. come to a success
ful iBsue, may I not extend to you
my most sincere and .heartfelt con
gratulations and also tell you how
sincerely I- admire the way in which
yon have conducted, .a very difficult
and 'trying piece of business? The
whole country owes- you. a debt of
gratitude and admiration It has
been.a pleasure, to be associated with
yon in so great a piece of construc
.. When the president .concluded hiB
speech there- was a- general recep-J
tion and a round of handshaking.
The. president extended the. compli
ments of the- season to- his visitors.
When Yerybofly had-goneihe cleared
HP his-,des, an.d saU thoughtfully ; for
a-, minute j- Presently hQ walked 'to
the corridor , outside of the office.' .
'Where's Pat?" he 'inquired, and
the individual. addr-eLsed Patrick
Mcenna, veteran doorkeeper
stepped forward, blushing with sur
prise, ;as the president geldo.ni comes
oufejn.the corridors. The doorkeeper
looked up inquiringly. ,
t Vtylerry Christmas, Pat," caid the
president sand he walked slowly over
to the white house to arrange for.. his
trip to Pass Christian, Miss
PJEA.CE TREATY SIGNED
the appointment of .the fifth member
of the permanent, internation .1 com
mission, to be chosen by common
agreement between the two govern
ments, it being understood this mem
ber shall not be a citizen of either
The previous treaties do not make
this limitation as to citizenship of the
fifth member. Four members are to
be chosen liko the similar commis
sions provided for in the other
treaties, that is, one from each coun
try, to be selected by the respective
governments, and one to be chosen
by each government from some third
The treaty, like the others, Is to
run for five years, and thereafter re
main In force until twelve months
after one of the high contracting
parties has given notice of an inten
tion to terminate it. The interna
tional commission must be appointed
within six months after exchange of
' While none of the peace treaties
has' been ratified by the senate as
yet Secretary Bryan Baid this was
due to the press of business, and
that he expected to encounter no
difficulty when the pacts are reached
by the upper house.
REDFIELD URGES EIGHT-HOUR
From Washington :Post, December
19: Secretary Bryan .and Chevalier
Van Rappard, Netherlands minister,
yesterday signe'd a, treaty providing
that any question between the United
States and, the Netherlands, which
nannot be settled by diplomacy, shall
be submitted for investigation to an
international commission of five
members. The period of investiga
tion is fixed at one year, although it
may be shortened.
This is the first treaty between the
United States and a European na
tion, based upon Secretary Bryan's
Similar treaties have been nego
tiated with five Central American na
tions, and it is planned to sign one
with the Dominican republic today.
The ' American-Netherlands con
vention embodies generally the prin
ciples of Secretary Bryan's plan to
bring an end to warfare between the
na'tionB of the world, 1ut it differs in
some details from similar pacts al
There is - no provision in It for
maintenance of the status quo as to
military and naval preparations dur
ing the period of investigation. Mr.
Bryan pointed out yesterday, how
ever, that he considered this feature
nonessential, acceptance of the prin
ciple .of investigation being the key
note of the plan.
In negotiating the treaty, Secre
tary Bryan made a slight concession
to the Netherlands in the matter of
JHssssW W w -f!j? t HTa"" rssasisPsgislslEat isaasiN-I JslPssfALsilSatslBm
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Following is an Associated Tress
dispatch, dated' Washington, Decem
ber 31; Secretary Redfield, of the
department of commerce today ex
pressed the belief that it would be
"far better for tile pockets, as Well
as the peace of mind, of employers"
if they would work their men only
eight hours a' day. He was speaking
before theAmerican association for
labor legfslati'on, which is meeting
here in with 'the American political
science- association; The- seoretary
"I bell; ve that when our factories
are run so that the; workmen go home
without being fatigued from over
long hours, jmd not till then, will we
be able 'to compete successfully
against all comers In the markets of
the world; I could not afford to em
ploy in a factory men who are half
sick, who come to work after hazing
had bad breakfasts, who are partly
poisoned; they would be economical
ly unprofitable. And yet fatigue is
Austin B. Garr.etson, president of.
the Order of Railway Conductors, told
the association that in 1913 there
had been 261,000 violations of the
law prohibiting the working of a
trainman more than 1G hours in one
day. Continuing, he said:
"While I have been standing here
talking to you. four railway trainmen
have been carried away on stretchers,
killed or injured; and during the two
days we have been in session here
250 of them have been carried off.
We are killing and injuring them at
the rate of 125 a day. How much of
this is due to long hours?"
That the popularity of compulsory
insurance against accidents has, been
astonishingly rapid and is bound ,to
be followed quickly by other forms
of- social insurance, was the declara
tion of Joseph P. Chamberlain, of
Senator Owen, of Oklahoma, spoke
in favor of a national legislative,
reference bureau which would pre
pare bills to be introduced that they
might be as nearly perfect as possible
from the standpoint of clear expres
sion, so "that even the supreme court
could not misunderstand them."
S. Thurston Ballard, of Louisville,
Ky., a member of the federal indus
trial relations commission, who has
an eight-hour shift in -operation in
his flour mill, contended that "a man
doing active or laborious work can
do as much in eight hour.s as he can
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