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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1913)
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VOL. 13, NO. 29
.. . L -
Tariff Bill Passes the Senate
Voto on tho Bill
Following was tho roll call on the
Yeas Ashurst, Bacon, Chamber
lain, Chilton, Clarke of Arkansas,
f Fletcher, Goro, Hitchcock, Ilollis,
' Hughes, James, Johnson, Kern,
Lano, Lowls, Martin, Martino, Myers,
Nowlands, O'Gorman, Overman, Owen,
Flttmari,' Pomorono, Robinson, Sauls
bury, Shafroth, Shoppard, Shields,
Shivoly, Simmons, Smith of Arizona,
Smith of Georgia, Smith of Maryland,
Smith of South Carolina, Stone,
Swanson, Thompson, Tillman, Varda
man, Walsh, WilliamB, democrats;
La Follotto, republican,- and Poin
doxter, progressive. Total, 44.
Nays Borah, Bradley, Brady,
Brandogoo, Brtalow, Catron, Clapp,
Clark of Wyoming, Colt, Cummins,
Dillingham, Fall, Gallingor, Jackson,
Jonos, Kenyon, Lippltt, Lodge, Mc
Cumbor, McLean, Nelson, Norrls,
Oliver, Pago, Penrose, Perkins, Root,
Sherman, Smoot, Stephenson, Ster
ling, Sutherland, Warren, Weeks and
Works, republicans, and Ransdell
and Thornton, democrats. Total, 37.
Paired and not voting Burton,
Crawford, Goff, Dupont, Townsond
and Smith of Michigan, republicans;
Bankhead, Bryan, Culberson, Loa,
xnomas ana need, democrats. To
Absent and not paired-r-Burleigh
and Gronna, republicans. Total, 2.
Vacancy Alabama, 1.
The following Associated Press
dispatch from Washington, under
dato of September 9, gives the de
tails of the passage of the tariff bill
by the senate: The democratic tariff
revlson bill passed tho senate at 5:43
this afternoon amid a burst of ap
plause that swept down from crowded
galleries and found its echo on the
crowded floor of the senate. Its
passage was attended with surprises
In final moments of the voting when
Senator La Follotto, republican, cast
his vote with the democrats and was
Joined a few minutes later by Senator
Polndoxter, progressive. The final
Tote was 44 to 37.
The democrats had counted
throughout the long tariff fight upon
loBing tho votes of Senators Ransdell
and Tnornton, of Louisiana, demo
crats, who voted against the bill to
day because it would put sugar on
tho free list. Until tho names of
Senators La Follotte and Polndoxter
urore actually called, however, no one
knew definitely the stand they would
take, and their votes were greeted
"with enthusiastic applause.
Result Pleases Wilson
President Wilson expressed great
gratification over the end of the long
trugglo in tho senate. Senator
Simmons, chairman of the finance
committee, who had piloted the bill
through the finance committee, the
democratic caucus and the senate,
predicted that Its passage would
bring immediate stimulus to the
business of the country.
The tariff bill has been In tho
aenate exactly four months and two
days, having been sent over from the
house May 8, last.
As It passed the senate tho tariff
bill represents an average reduction
of more than 4 per cent from tho
rates of the original bill that passed
the house, and nearly 28 per cent
trom the rates of tho existing law.
In many Important particulars the
eenate has changed tho bill that
passed the house, and a conference
committee of the two houses later be
gan tho adjustment of these dif
ferences. Leaders of both houses
predict that tho conference will con
sumo less than two weeks time.
Vice President Marshall ap
pointed Senators Simmons, Stone,
Williams and Johnson, democrats,
and Senators Penrose, Lodge and La
Follotto, republicans, as tho senate
conferees. Senator Stone withdrew
from tho committee and Senator
Shively was appointod In his place.
The house conferees will bo repre
sentatives Underwood, Kitchen and
Rainoy, democrats, and Payne and
Fordney, republicans. Bach house
will have an equal vote in the con
ference committee, oven though each
does not name the same number of
Synopsis of Bill
Tho tariff bill, as it passed the
senate, retained the principal house
provisions, including free sugar and
free raw wool, but revised other
rates still 'further downward. The
average ad valorem rate in the bill
now is approximately 26 per cent, a
decrease of 28 per cent from exist
ing rates and nearly 4 per cent lower
than the rates of the house bill.
The senate's additions to the house
free list, with 1912 as a basis, will
cost the government more than $44,
000,000. But senate leaders think
they have provided an actual in
crease by the following provisions:
A tax of one-tenth of one cent a
pound on cotton sold for future delivery.
A tax of one-tenth of one cent a
pound on bananas.
Restoring the full internal revenue
tax of $1.10 a gallon on brandies
used to fortify wines.
Increasing the surtax rates on
That point is disputed by Majority
Leader Underwood of the house.
The senate made these other Im
Lowered the normal exemption
from the 1 per cent Income tax from
$4,000 to $3,000 for single persons,
with exemptions for wives and de
Exempted the incomes of mutual
life insurance companies, which re
vert to the benefit of stockholders.
Increased the graduated surtax on
large incomes to a maximum of 6 per
cent on those more than $500,000.
Exempted incomes of municipali
ties derived from operation of pub
Changed the date from which the
tax shall he computed for first year
from January 1, to March 1, 1913.
Free listed cattle and other live
stock, wheat, hair of the Angora
goat, and some other agricultural
products; restored oatmeal and
rolled oats to the dutiable list, and
provided an elaborate inspection of
Reduced house rates on woolen
manufactures to become effective
January 1, 1914.
Free Sugar in 1010
Provided, in tho mumr onTmi.T.
for immediate abolishment of the
Dutch standard test; postponed
operation of proposed reduced rates
until March 1, 1914, leaving the pro
vision unchanged for free sugar in
Slightly Increased rates on finer
cotton goods, reclassifying the whole
cotton schedule, and changing the
silk schedule from an ad valorem to
a specific basis.
Provided for an administrative
force to handle income tax collections
without regard to requirements of the
Struck out a countervailing dutv
on wood pulp.
Greatly reduced, the rates ot the
Struck out many reform provisions
in the administrative section; re
jected tho anti-dumping clause; the
6 per cent tariff' roductlon on imports
in American vessels, and tho require
ment for inspection of books of
foreign manufacturers in undervalu
Added a provision giving the presi
dent authority to retaliate against
nations which discriminate against
American goods, by proclaiming in
creased rates on certain goods;
adopted a provision excluding goods
manufactured chiefly by child labor,
and provided for the creation of a
commission to revise the customs
Important additions to the free
Antimony ore, limestone rock,
asphalt, asphaltum and bitumen.
Fabrics of jute yarns, wool blan
kets valued at less than 40 cents a
Flax and hemp.
Furs and fur skins.
Pig iron, splegeleisen, ferro-man-ganese,
wrought iron, iroi- slabs and
Photographic moving picture films.
Steel ingots, blooms and slabs.
Cattle and other live stock.
Angora goat and alpaca wool.
Paper twine for binding wool.
THE WORK OF THE PRESIDENT'S
(Continued from Page 9.)
with the result that the representa
tives of the machinists and officials
determined upon articles of agree
ment mutually satisfactory. The
articles provided for a nine-hour
workday, regulation of apprentices,
minimum wage scale, with an In
crease of one cent an hour and im
proved sanitary and safety condi
tions in the shops.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
The department of state has been
engaged during the last month with
matters connected with the Mexican
situation. The president's message
covers the question to date.
The peace plan is making progress,
twenty-nine nations having accepted
the principle. As these nations rep
resent fully four-fifths of the popula
tion of the world, the administration
has reason to be gratified at the re
markable progress the plan has made
in so short a time. Guatemala and
Panama have notified the state de
partment of their acceptance of the
details as well as the principle and
treaties have been drawn, modeled
after the Salvador treaty. These will
be signed within a few days.
The reports of the other cabinet
departments were not completed in
time for this issue. Ed.
The Commoner, Bryan's publica.
tion, is now published monthly "nd
the first issue under the new n
was out last week. p,au
There is a decided improvement In
the paper. Its matter has more tone
more dignity and far more norma
nance than when it came whirlinc
once a week from the press. Hasto
will always mar and weaken thit
upon which it works and it will be
pleasing to all Bryan's admirers to
see him turn off the current in tho
press room and "come out" once a
iuuum insieaa or once a week.
The initial number of the monthly
Commoner leaves no room to doubt
the plan or scope of its work. Tho
articles show care and thought in
preparation; they are, in fact, studies
In or on some peculiar phase of gov
ernment and its relation to the in
dividual. The leading articles are
signed by W. J. Bryan, a fact which
shows that the personality of the
editor Is not to be lost in a maze
of matter originating from other
There is both room and a growing
need for such a publication as the
one which Mr. Bryan is now giving
us. There was never a time since
the trying days of reconstruction in
which the need of a publication of
this character was as insistently
pressing as it Is today. Political
thought has been largely left to whim
and fancy and the vagaries or cap
rices met on every hand are, by them
selves, a plea for some strong char
acter to gather up the tangled skeins
and knit them into a practical work
ing system capable of being under
stood and handled by the man in tho
furrow as well as by the man in the
The first Issue of the monthly Com
moner goes far towards inspiring the
hope that we are to have a series of
treatises on government, treatises
carefully worked out and presented
upon the plane of a high-minded
champion of equality in both the
making and the application of the
laws. Journal-Tribune, Williams
Mixed metaphors and hashed pro
verbs are frequently encountered,
but a sentence from David Lamar's
testimony before the senate com
mittee contains more of them, we
think, than were ever before em
braced in the same number of words
"It was a Wall street operation.
Everything goes. Once you put your
shoulder to the plough, honor goes
out of the window."
Hero wo have a reference to put
ting the hand to the plough, the
shoulder to the wheel, honor and
shame that from no condition rise
and love that flies out of the window
No wonder that Mr. Lamar was oe
a great favorite in our highly culti
vated financial circles !-New York
THE MONTHLY COMMONER
Secretary Bryan's Commoner,
which has been a welcome weekly
visitor in the home and in tho edi
torial sanctum of the editor of the
National Monthly for the past thir
teen years, is now to come to us
monthly instead of weekly, the
change being announced by Secre
tary Brvan a fw weeks since. The
form of the publication will not ho
altered, but it will be doubled in
size and the price will remain the
The Commoner is now in its thir
teenth year, having been started
shortly following Mr. Bryan's defeat
for the presidency in 1900.
Under the new arrangement Mr
Bryan will be able to act as the edi
tor of his paper as well as attend to
his official duties. His brother,
Charles W. Bryan, will continue as
publisher. An editorial announce
ment in a recent number of The Com
"In editorials written by Mr.
Bryan himself, The Commoner win
meet the attacks of those who are
opposed to democratic reforms ana
the clever misrepresentation waae
by the organs of special interests.
will give timely discussion of tne
great questions of the day."
In its monthly form our old friend
The Commoner will be just as wel
come as it was In Its weekly form.
and while its visits will not be as
frequent as of yore, its reception
in .- -m 1 ,vwvi mui cor-
wih oe 01 equai wuiui -- ..
-diality and we hope to appreciate u
all the more in. its new iorm.
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