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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 28, 1913)
VOLUME 13, N&fflliJR 8
ISntorud at t o 1'oHtolIloo at Lincoln, Nebraska,
jiji Hooond-olUHH Ynattor.
Wll.MAM J. ItllVAK"
IUciiaiii) ii. Min-v,ru
CiiAtiuta W. UllVAN
Kriltnrlnl HonniR nml nusliirvu
Ollko, 32l-3:w Mouth 12th Btrcot
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six MuiitiiN no
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PorolKn Post, G2c Extra.
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HIONKWAIiH The lato on your wrapper hIiowa
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OIlANCJi: OF AODIIHSS Sub.scrlberH requesting
a change of address muHt give old a well as now
AnVKU'i'lKlA'd' Kales will bo furnished upon
Address all oommunicatlonH to
THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Nob.
Tho cloudH juuJH, they come again: and wc,
Aro we, then, Je ,h than Uicho to God?
O! for tho Htout heart of tho trco
That drops itn mull seeds to tho soil, safo in tho
hollow of flod's hand.
And knows th. ': perish from tho land
It shall not!
Words of a poem by Joaquin Miller repeated by
him as 1 ..iihI.
Tho New York Herald gives General Madero's
roinarkablo record as follows:
March tf, 1910 Madero helped organize a
national convention to nominate a candidate to
opposo Porilrio Diaz.
June !l, 1010 Madero was thrown into
prison by Diaz on charge of sedition.
Octohor S, 1010 Madero escaped from prison
disguised as a peon and fled to San Antonio,
Novoniher 10, 1010 Madero, accompanied hy
Rovon inon, recrossed the Rio Grande into
Mexico and began recruiting troops to his
February 0, 1011 Joinod by Gcnorpls Orozco
and Blinco and the bandit chief "Pancho" Villa.
February 0, 1011 Abraham Gomez, gover
nor of Chihuahua, joins Madero and gives finan
Fobruary in, 1911 Madero fights Diaz troops
near Chihuahua. Madero and his personal aid,
Cuellar, both seriously wounded near Casas
May fi, lOU-T-wMadero treats with Diaz at his
request, but can not reach a compromise.
May 8, 1011 Captures Juarez after three
days' fight, ,
May 25, 191 Porilrio Diaz resigned and
Madero bocamo .provisional president -of Mexico
June 8, 10U Enters Mexico City and re
ceives an unprecedented demonstration. Hailed
aB "Savior of Mexico."
August 31, 1911 Nominated for the presi
dency by tho progressive party.
October 2, 1911 Elected president of tho
Republic of Moxico.
February 12, 1013 Confronted with revolu
tion led by Colonoi Follx Diaz and General Ber
nardo Reyes. Personally loads federal troops
February 18, 1913 Madoro thrown into
prison by General Huerta, his principal assis
tant against Diaz, and Huerta becomes president.
RENEWALS NOW DUE
Tho close of the subscription year for
tho groat bulk of Commoner subscribers
ended with tho last issue in January
Subscriptions ending at this time should
be renewed with as little delay as pos
sible in order to facilitate the work of
changing and re-ontoring the addresses
on our subscription books and obviate
expense of Bonding out statements an
nouncing that renewals aro duo.
Affairs in Mexico
. ! vrkxJJ
-. - . 1 3-. I
- "3 wop', '
On February 19th Madero was deposed from
tho presidency of Mexico. Jt was announced
that ho had arranged for his departure from the
capital to Vera Cruz. His brother, Gustavo
Madero, was subjected to the fugitive law and
was shot to death. Tho members of the Madero
cabinet were released from custody. The Mexi
can congress, in a special session at midnight,
elected Gen. Victrlano Huerta provisional presi
dent. Two attempts were made on Huerta's
life. Diaz approves of the selection of Huerta.
Washington dispatches say that the United
States government will keep a watchful eye on
Later dispatches via the Associated Press say:
The fate of Francisco Madero is to be left in the
hands of the new cabinet. The ex-presldent is
now the personal prisoner of General Huerta,
who refuses to accept the responsibility for his
General Huerta' was on the point of permitting
Madero and Suarez to leave the country, but was
counselled to delay action by close friends who
considered it probable that Madero would use
his freedom to hatch new plots.
The provisional president declared he would
place the case of Madero before the cabinet
ministers immediately after they were sworn
There appeared a strong probability that the
appointment of a lunacy commission to examine
him would be urged as a solution.
The closest estimates obtainable of the casual
ties during the fighting in the streets show that
about 3,000 persons were killed and 7,000
wounded. These are not government figures,
nor will tho government be able to make any
In most cases no official records were made
of the bodies which were gathered up, carted to
open spaces outside the city and burned.
Numerous instances are known in which
whole families were wiped out by exploding
shells or by the penetrating fire .of machine
guns. The great majority of the dead were
non-combatants, including a large proportion of
women and children.
Estimates as to the loss of property are
necessarily inaccurate. There is no doubt that
the damage amounts .to many millions.
Felix Diaz denied responsibility for the execu
tion of Gustavo Madero and Adolfo Basso, su
perintendent of the national palace. The official
report on the death of Gustavo Madero says:
"He was being removed from one part of the
arsenal to another when he made a dash for
!Ib,?rt7 ,The nicers in charge fired at him and
k ed him. Adolfo Basso, an old man, was
killed Inside the rebel lines."
The death of Gustavo Madero is still a chief
topic of conversation among the populace. Many
people sought for souvenirs of the dead politi
cian and one person paid $25 for a fragment of
Juan Sanchez Azcona, private secretary of
Francisco Madero, and Jesus Ureuta, Madero's
chief supporter in the chamber of deputies, were
added to tho list of prisoners. They had
escaped from the city in an automobile during
the upheaval at the national palace, but were
captured between here and the coast
A telegram was sent to the Paris residence of
Porilrio Diaz, the former dictator by Felix Diaz
his nephew, and General Huerta, tho new pro
visional president, in which the aged general
was informed: bueiai
enemy"' haV beGn avenged aSainst your former
On February 23, Francisco I. Madero, the de
posed president, and Jose Pino Suarez, deposed
vice president, were shot down and killed! Re
ports of the occurrence differ. Friends of the
dead men say that there were shot under the
20t?j;l0,U8 "fugitive law" where men, whose
death Is desired, are killed by their guards
All the foreign diplomats had been invited to
take luncheon the following day with d 1
Barra, Mexico's minister of foreign affairs. But
lih0Lallrd,ecCllned t0 d0 so unless tte tragic
mystery SuareZ as ot
The sister of Madero hurled accusations nt
ho officers who refused to admit thoTwo wTdows
to tho place where the bodies of tho two chief-
tans were held. She denounced them as
"cowards" and "assassins." 3
President Huerta issued a statement saying
that the men died as. the result of an effort made
by an armed group of their friends to release
.them. He said there would bo a thorough in
vestigation. Following are Associated Press dispatches:
London, Feb. 24. The British government
will not recognize the new government of
Mexico until it has been confirmed by a general
election, according to an authoritative state
Austin, Tex., Feb. 24. Information reached
Governor Colquitt today that demands have
been made upon Americans at Matamoras,
Mexico, for money, and that United States Con
sul Joseph E. Johnson at that point had asked
Captain Head, commanding the Brownville com
pany of the Texas national guards, to cross the
international boundary and protect the Ameri
can consulate and foreign interests at Mata
moras. Governor Colquitt has just received informa
tion that Americans in Matamoras are given to
midnight to raise $20,000. The governor is
keeping up telephone communication with
Governor Colquitt received tonight the fol
lowing telegram from Captain Head, of the com
pany of national guards on duty at Brownsville,
at the request of the sheriff of Cameron county:
"Have, just received message from Consul
Johnson at Matamoras. Can you authorize me
to cross river at order of consul to protect con
sulate and Americans' interests? Demand made
on Americans for money tonight."
The governor telegraphed Captain Head as
"Telegram received. Do not cross river un
less you receive orders to do so. Request Ameri
cans to come to Brownsville."
Governor Colquitt has repeated the message
from Captain Head to the officers in charge of
the United States troops at Houston.
Governor Colquitt, at midnight ordered four
companies of the Texas militia to proceed to
Brownsville with all haste when it "was reported
to him that Americans had been arrested and
held for ransom at the Mexican town of Mata
moras, across the boundary from Brownsville,
when they refused to contribute money to tho
officials in charge of Matamoras. The gover
nor also sent this message to Captain Head, in
command of the Brownsville company of the
Texas national guard: "Notify Mexican com
mander at Matamoras who is demanding money
that if he haTm a single Texan his life will bo
demanded as a forfeit."
Brownville, Tex., Feb. 24. American resi
dents of Matamoras, Mexico, were warned late
tonight by United States Consul Jesse Johnson
to cross the boundary into Brownsville when he
was informed that Americans would be required
to subscribe toward maintaining the government
of Matamoras. Demands, it is said, were made
that the subscriptions be forthcoming tonight.
It is reported that Mr. Johnson's life had been
threatened and another report, unconfirmed,
however, was that he had been arrested.
Early in the night Mr. Johnson appealed to
Uiptain Head of the Brownsville company of
the state national guard for protection for the
consulate and foreign residents of Matamoras.
Governor Colquitt, who was advised of the situ
ation, instructed Captain Head not to attempt
a0?,?8 th,e border' but to suggest that all
Americans leave Matamoras. Mr. Johnson im-
55? his post"" the Warnlng' hnt refused to
hrS5Sr5 aJl th?, fey ad he international
created. S e Ri Grande have been ln"
The Philadelphia Public Ledger, a high pro
tectionist paper, pleads for what it calls "a ra-
LedSr phiiS? f thl tarI'" but Public
it cW w remmber that tho people made
the Public Ledger's tariff theory as a rational
GOOD WORK V
nostoffiCeICSnSIiCk' Curwensville, Pa. I enclose
seven romney rd.er to for the list of
with PWner s1ubscriba handed you here
once torinm Tm6 more samPl0 cPs at
Sons in thiamUre J. .qan Becuro m subacrip
tions In this community for your valuable papon
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