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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1912)
NOVEMBER 22, 1912
1 WASHINGTON NEWS
Isador Rayner of Maryland is sick
in his apartments at Washington.
President Taft issued a proclama
tion prescribing the rate of toll to bo
paid by vessels using the Panama
canal. The provisions of the proc
1. On- merchant vessels carrying
passengers or cargo, $1.20 a net ton
each 100 cubic feet of actual
2. On vessels in ballast without
passengers or cargo, 40 per cent -less
than the rate of tolls for vessels with
passengers or cargo.
3; On naval -vessels, other than
transports, colliers,- hospital ships
and supply ships, 50 cents a displace
4. On army and navy transports,
colliers, hospital ships and supply
ships, $1.2-0 a net ton, the vessels to
be measured by the same rules as
are employed in determining the net
tonnage of merchant vessels.
The secretary of war -will prepare
and prescribe rules for the measure
ment of vessels. The rates may be
changed on six months' notice.
the door to his private office at the
"Vhi to House always open and acces
sible to the public, ho announced re
cently. He sitid he would maintain,
as far as possible, the "open door"
policy inaugurated as govornor of
Leo McClung will resign soon as
treasurer of the United States.
There is a growing suspicion that
Mr. Taft is inclined to provide, as one
Washington correspondent says,
"storm cellars for his friends." The
Washington correspondent for the
Louisville Courier-Journal says: The
president defined his policy in regard
to political appointments to be made
between now and March 4. Ho said
bluntly, when asked tho direct que&r
tion, that he certainly will fill all va
cant offices with republicans vntil he
has ceased to be president. Mr. Taft
added that he believed "in his heart
Mr. Wilson will thank me for it."
This puts tho patronage matter up
to the democrats. The surest way to
prevent republicans from holding
such places as surveyor of Louisville
port for the next four years, as they
have for the last sixteen years, is to
arrange with the democratic minority
in the senate to hold up the appoint
ments. Without confirmations, Sur
veyor J. Frank Taylor and others in
similar plight would go out of office
as soon as their democratic succes
sors were appointed. The president's
mind is made up .nd nothing can be
done to change him, according to the
views he expressed to one or two
newspaper men. He will make such
appointments for four yaars instead
of taking no action at all, and thus
permit the incumbents to hold on
until the new president makes his
slate in forming this decision. Mr.
Taft is following the precedent set
by President Roosevelt, but disre
garding that of President Cleveland.
Before Roosevelt left office he took
care to reappoint all his friends
whose commissions had expired, but
the fact that he was to be succeeded
by a president of the same party
affiiliation may have determined his
action. Mr. Cleveland, on the con
trary, in 1896 and 1897 took no ac
tion on expired commissions, but left
them to Mr. McKinley, his successor.
Discussions of tho probable make
up of the cabinet under tho now ad
ministration have been renewed with
the arrival of democratic statesmen
at "Washington. Meanwhile Gover
nor Wilson is keeping quiet on the
Georgo M. Rommel, chief of tho
division of animal husbandry, ex
plained the plan of tho government
to supply the army -with horses,
which provides sending groups of
stallions to Kentucky and other
Notification of the fact that Ohio
had approved the income tax amend
ment to tho United States constitu
tion was received by the state depart
ment. Two more stateB must ap
prove the amendment.
The correspondent for the Louis
ville Courier-Journal says: President-elect
Wilson proposes to keep
The Washington correspondent for
the New York American says: The
democratic legislative program for
the extra session of congress, which,
it is now generally expected, will be
convened by Woodrow Wilson soon
after his inauguration, waB outlined
for the New York American by
Chairman Robert L. Henry, of the
house committee on rules. It in
cludes: Repeal of tho protective tariffs and
tho framing of ney duties along
Enactment of a law putting into
effect a general income tax which
will be ratified by tho requisite three
fourths of all the states in January.
Strengthening of the Sherman
anti-trust law by supplemental legis
lation defining definitely what is a
trust and making more severe the
criminal penalties for violation.
Revision of the financial system
and laws along democratic lines.
Judge Henry is most influential in
the house. He is close to President
elect Wilson and was one of Dr. Wil
son's earliest supporters. As chair
man of the committee on rules, it
falls on him finally to put through
a rule that enables tho democrats to
get a vote on party legislation.
"I do not know what Governor
Wilson will do about the special ses
sion of congress," said Judge Henry.
"I do not know what are his ideas
with respect to immediate and press
ing legislation. I have Lot discussed
either question with him, and I can
give my views only.
"I believe there will be a special
session because of the demand to
have placed on the statute books at
the earliest possible moment tho re
forms pledged by the platform
adopted by the Baltimoie convention.
"I think we can make changes In
the reduced-tariff program repre
sented in the bills brought out by the
democratic ways and means com
mittee and passed by tho house dur
ing tho special C nadian reciprocity
session and again at the last Hussion
of congress. '
"I would Hko to soo freo Iron ore,
free pig iron, and froo sugar. I
think wo could got tho democratic
senators to agree to these changes.
"I favor tho presentation of tho
tariff legislation in one general bill.
Such a plan would facilitato tariff
legislation and prevent a succession
of attacks which will coino on
special schedule bills.
"It Is certain tho new tariff legis
lation will sound the death knell of
all protection for special Interests
and a return to tho tariff principles
of tho old democratic party.
"Little now investigation by the
ways and means committee is re
quired to enable that committee to
draft an equitable and woll-balanced
tariff law. I know that Mr. Under-
wood is to have hearings on some
of tho schedules."
It is the opinion of Judge Honry
that supplemental legislation to tho
Sherman anti-trust law is necersary
to make it offeotivc and to clear up
the confusion that has arisen since
the supremo court road into the
statute tho difforenco between
reasonable and unreasonable re
straint of trade. Ho said:
"We must define what Is a 'trust so
clearly that thore can bo no quibblo
on tho subject in tho courts. Wo
must make tl.e criminal penalties
more severo, that those who may bo
tempted to violate tho law will hesi
tate. Thov do not seem to min-' tho
fines. In Texas wo fined the Waters
Pierce Oil company $2,000,000. They
paid the fine and raised tho price of
Judge Honry thinks it is tho plan
of the republicans and of those
democrats who have approved tho
Aldrich-Vreeland plan of reform of
the monetary system to press it to
passage at the approaching session
of congress. He says it will be de
feated. Tho democrats will reform
tho financial system along their own
plans to bo developed from tho in
formation now in their possession
and to bo gathered during tho pend
ing trust investigations.
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An Associated Press correspon
dent says: An agreement between
tho United States and Russia, to tako
the place of the commercial treaty
of 1832, the abrogation of which be
comes effective January 1, next, has
been virtually reached, according to
information from high officials.
Nothing as to the exact nature of
the agreement is announced. It is
declared probable, however, that it
will bo worked out satisfactorily to
both countries before the day when
the old treaty expires. This ad
vanced stage in the negotiations has
been reached only after a number
of conversations between Secretary
Knox and Russian Ambassador Bakh
metoff, beginning last summer and
continuing at frequent intervals, tho
last occuring recently.
This course was adopted rather
than the usual method of exchange
of formal notes as better calculated
to secure a speedy disclosure of the
existing conditions in tho United
States and Russia likely to affect the
two governments in their efforts to
prevent a complete rupture of their
vast commercial relations. Only In
a general way can it be said that
an understanding exists that such a
breach shall not take place, for the
details of the arrangement remain
to bo worked out.
Charles Pago Bryan, of Illinois,
United States ambassador to Japan,
tendered his resignation, giving ill
health as his reason.
Senator Thomas S. Martin of Vir
ginia, democratic leader in tho senate
has issued a statement declaring that
tho democratic party will redeem Its
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