The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, October 25, 1912, Page 8, Image 8
i! ' 'J s The Commoner. VOLUME 12, NUMBER K l& S & Or ti Vi t' & Tho Voyage of Life Life is a voyage. The winds of life t come strong From every point; yet each will speed thy course along, If thou with steady hand when tem pests blow, Canst keep thy course aright and never onco let go. Lifo is a voyage. Ask not the port unknown "Whither thy Captain guides his storm-tossed vessel on; Nor tremblo thou lest mast should snap and reel; But note his orders well, and mind, unmoved, thy wheel. Life's voyage is on tho vast, un fathomed sea Whereof the tides are times, the shores, eternity; Seek not with plummot, when tho great waves roll, But by the stars In heaven mark which way sails thy soul. Theodore C. Williams, In "Poems of Belief." Death-Dealers It is a well-established fact that flies, mosquitoes, and other house hold insects are the disease-spreaders and death-dealers of the times. Many hitherto unaccounted-for dis eases and ailments are now known to bo carried Into the family by these Insect pests, and it is also becoming generally known that these insects are only invited guests they never stay unless specially invited and pre pared for. Flies are an index to the cleanliness of your premises; where there is no dirt there are few if any flies. It Is the same with cock roaches and their cousins, the bed bugs; it is also true of mice where there is no food supply scattered about, these vilo things will not stay. One very neat housewife, when asked how she kept her premises clear of mice when other houses were overrun with them, replied that she used a good brush and plenty of soap and water. The simple killing of tho flies Is not the begin ning of wisdom; their breeding places must be abolished, and this can only bo done by keeping the premises clean not only indoors, but outside. As long evenings close down upon us, it will be a good thing to get and read all tho available literature to be had on the subjept, preparatory to a war of extermina tion to be carried on as soon as the season opens and that means be fore tho insects begin to breed. The department of agriculture, Washing ton, D. C, will send you such litera ture, if you ask for it, without cost; tho state experiment stations fre quently give out advice and if you are blessed with a school library, Just see that books treating of these subjects are among the number on its shelves, rather than so many trashy stories. Iuterost the children in these subjects by interesting your self, and discussing ways and means around the evening table. If the fathers of families would take an active part in such education, the children will, soon follow. The even ing hours are too precious to drowse away by tho Are, or to spend at tho corner store. Got the books, pamph lets, etc., and plan. October closes down, and its com memoration can be made one of joy and festivity by tho young people; but too often the mischief-makors make of it a time to bo dreaded by their practical jokes and destructive pranks. At the gatherings at even tide, old-fashioned games may be sandwiched in between the new, wiches' magic and tricks of fairy and gnome, with the help of colored lights and wierd disguises, will be pleaBing varieties, and tho many superstitions belonging to the date will furnish fun enough for all, old or young. Jack-o'lanterns, are easily made, groups of corn-stalks with gleaming ears, branches of colored foliage from the brilliant autumnal woods, wood ferns of tho coarser kind, long ropes of gayly colored vines are all used for indoor decora tions, while apples, nuts and . other autumn fruits should also bo used in the festivities. Fortune-telling is one of tho chief attractions, and may be made very enjoyable if the fortune-teller has ready wit. Every school library should contain litera ture on this subject, and many old books belonging to the family tell us of the many amusing and enter taining ways of making tho evening enjoyable. A "Mothers Club" One of our readers asks what a "Mothers' club" is for. It depends. In the first place, I think it Is a very good thing that brings mothers to gether, and many mothers welcome the broak in the monotony that with out the club would never be. At these club meetings generally, the talks are on health precautions and educational ideals, suitable reading for tho children, sanitary measures affecting the young, dress, clothing generally, and also tho object and welfare of the schools, conditions of the school rooms, and the needs of the children, themselves. The aim should be, as one writer says, "To make the meetings just the pleasant est, jolliest, most inspiring place In the village for every ono of the mothers." Hallowo'cn The old, old story of hallowe'on is told again, aB the beautiful month of A Helpful Club One of our readers tells us of a club to which she belongs, and thinks such a club might be in operationin every neighborhood to the benefit of all concerned. This club consists of as many neighbors as wish to loin it. usually about a dozen women; they meet at the home of one of the mem bers every afternoon, each hostess acting in turn as president, and every member supplying themselves with needle, thimble, scissors, and any other sewing necessity for the afternoon's work. If the hostess has any mending, or plain sewing she Is anxious to get off her hands, the first hour is spent in sewing or doing the mending, at tho same time Indulging in a neighborly chat with each other. If the hostess has nothing, herself, ana may nave sometmng for some other burdened woman, the hour is spent on the work offered. If it Is necessary to spend more time, it is attended to, but "nimble fingers make quick work," and the one hour usually suffices. After this, there are readings of current events, or of matters in which the neighborhood women are interested, then the subject-matter is discussed and com mented Upon; ideas are exchanged, and now things talked about, new methods outlined, and ways and means of bettering tho condition of the home life in the neighborhood offered and discussed. At five o'clock, or perhaps a little later, the next meeting place is decided upon, the work for the afternoon planned, and the guests go home, feeling that they have "wrought well." No unkind gossip is offered, or allowed, and the motto of the meeting is seeing only the bright side. By means of these meetings, the women of the neighborhood become better ac quainted, a helpful work is done, arid tho views of each are broadened and brightened. What do you think of it, Sisters? Family Portraits ' A writer says, "When's one rela tives pass away, It is to be regretted that their portraits do not follow them into oblivion." Who among us does not know what it is to possess some out-of-date portrait of some anoestor, and not know what on earth to do with it! The portrait may have been a master-piece in its time, valued as it may have been valuable, both as a work of art, aud as a picture of one dear to us, but at the later period, the closely-connected ones themselves pass away, and the new possessor has no tender memories, or sentiment in regard to the relic which is merely a picture of one never known, and out of place among the new order of things. It is much better to have the smaller pic ture, which, when it becomes "rub bish," as it certainly will, in time, it can bo slipped into an album, or cas ing made to hold it, and quietly, like tho original, laid away to forgotten repose, when the interest in the origi nal has departed. Providing for the Birds Did you ever notice, how few people make any provisions for the comfort of the birds? It pays to have the birds about the garden, tho poultry yard, and the lawn. A family of martins will do a great deal to protect the chickens from hawks and other feathered thieves, while other birds protect the crops and trees by feasting on their insect enemy. Little boxes, nailed high enough to protect from cats, with an inverted funnel-shaped tin fastened around the support (tree or pole); to prevent pussy from reaching the nest, will prove a great attraction. Some birds can and do protect them selves against other birds, like the English sparrow, but the sparrow will, usually drive other birds away if allowed to. Have a vessel for con taining frqsh water, renewed every day, in some shaded place for the comfort of the birds. Attend to this,, during the winter, so the birds will find quarters waiting for them, next spring. Salt-Rising Bread Most writers, in discussing the bread known as "salt-rising," main tain that the gas formation which aerates the bread owes its origin to a "wild" yeast that incidentally gets Into tho dough either from some of the ingredients or from the air, mak ing It a matter of chance whether tho bread will rise or not, and In deed failures are of frequent occur rence. Other writers talk of a spontaneous fermentation and fer ments, but they do not specify what tho germs are. With a view of put ting tho preparation of salt-risini? bread upon a scientific basis a thorough investigation was carried on during the past three years in tho department of industrial research in the University of Kansas. in this investigation some surprising and in teresting results were obtained Microscopic examinations revealed tho fact that it Is not yeast at all as has been maintained, but certain bacteria which raises the bread From the many kinds of bacteria in the fermenting dough it was pos sible with extreme difficulty to isolate a bacillus which by itself can be used in making salt-rising bread. There was prepared in tho labora tory a dry product containing this bacillus, which could be used at will in making this bread. Not only was it tried in the laboratory, but in the home bakery, as well. Numerous housewives used it repeatedly with good success, and in a modern up-to-date bakery where formerly failures had been frequent, this product was used for a month with perfect uni formity of bread from day to day, without a single failure. In view of this discovery it is not likely that the results obtained in tho manufacture of yeast and yeast bread may bo paralleled with this bacillus and salt-rising bread ?H. A. Kohman, in Farm and Fireside. Mattresses Nearly all hair mattresses weigh forty pounds, but when the hair is short, they sometimes weigh a few pounds more. The best hair is tho long, curly hair, full of vitality, drawn from the tails and manes of South American horses. The cost of hair mattresses varies according to quality and amount used. The pre pared cotton felt mattresses of good quality usually cost about fifteen to twenty dollars, and aro both com fortable and sanitary. Those mado of ordinary cotton felt are not so good, and can be had as low as seven to five dollars, .but these are better than poor ha,ir. African fiber with a cotton top will cost about $4.50 and cotton and wool mixture will cost about five dollars. Excelsior, with or without cotton top and bottom, is one of the poorest; the excelsior or fiber soon breaks into lumps and they are not comfortable. The old-time straw or husk mattress, with a thick pad of cotton laid over it on the out side, is both sanitary and comfort able, if the contents of the tick aro stirred often and kept well "evened." Wool mattresses, owing to the ani mal oil in the fibres, is objected to by some, but if the wool has been well ripened, and the mattress taken care of, it is not so bad. Use of Screens Where one is pressed for room, as la often tho on so where one occupies a small fiat, a screen may do good service in shutting off a corner or part of a room. Folding screens aro to bo had at, various prices at tho house furnishing departments of the big stores, but they can be home made. A folding clothes horse which. can be had cheaply may bo covered with some cheap goods, and wall paper pasted over it, keeping e..cli wing or section separate. Table oil cloth is a good covering, and pockets can be sewed on the Inside for hold ing various things. For shutting off a "corner kitchenette," or a lito sewing nook, or a cot-bed, etc., the screen is invaluable. Old-Timo Remedies One of the favorite and frequently effective remedies used In the olden time by our forbears was the mus tard plaster. Its use is Just as effec tive now as then, but it is not go often resorted to. Caro must pe taken In using the plaster, that tno mustard is not too strong or the time of application too long, else a pain ful blister may result, The skin of a child, or delicato Invalid can not bear . -, Jik,'!jbA-iM'-! -.