The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, November 17, 1911, Image 1
" ". - The Commoner. WILLIAM X BRYAN, EDrTOR AND PROPRIETOR VOL. A, NO. 45 Lincoln, Nebraska, November 17, 19il Whoje Number 565 i yTi-yi i "" Victory of. Gov. Foss The re-election of Governor Fobs tm Massa chusetts on a radical platform, advance kis Stock in the presidential market He wm elected a year ago and is now re-elected on a platform that leaves no doubt as to his positive and aggressive stand for remedial legislation. The Commoner has already printed the platform, written largely by George Fred Williams, one of the militant reformers of .the country. If you are a progressive democrat read the Massa chusetts platform and the election returns, and then ask yourself, "What's the matter with Foss?" The Commoner is not attempting to express an opinion as to the relative availability of the various progressives who are being discussed, but it takes pleasure in calling attention to the fact that Governor Fobs is not only one of the men to be considered, but to the further fact that his claims upon the party have been ma terially strengthened by the indorsement just given him by the voters of Massachusetts. MR. UNDERWOOD'S CANDEDAOT The Harmon strength shows signs of shifting to Congressman Underwood. This was to be expected. The Wall street crowd does not lack intelligence and it would bo very dull if it did not see in Mr. Underwood a more efficient repre sentative than Governor Harmon could possibly be. In the first place Governor Harmon's age is against -him. Wall street does not expect to elect a reactionary democrat, even if it suc ceeds In nominating him. Wall street needs a strong man in the democratic party to lead its fight against reforms. Mr. , Harmon does not fill the bill as well as Mr. Underwood. He will be sixty-six next year past the fighting age and he lacks Underwood's fighting ' spirit, any how. Then again, Governor Harmon is not at Washington while Mr. Underwood represents a district In which the Steel trust has enough influence to keep him in congress. If Mr. Underwood is nominated it will in crease his prestige and he will be in a position to lead the reactionary element of the party against progressive measures. It would be easier, too, to nominate him than to nominate Governor Harmon. He lives in the south and could take advantage of the feeling that the south deserves the honor. Northern democrats would like to give the place to a southern man and those who want a reactionary could conceal their real reasons behind a plea for the south. Mr. Underwood has youth, ability and courage just the combination that Wall street needs. Watch him grow in the subsidized press of both parties. His nomination would, however, be unfortu- CONTENTS THE MASSACHUSETTS VICTORY A FIGHT AHEAD MR. UNDERWOOD'S CANDIDACY THE NEXT NATIONAL CONVENTION SPEAKER CLARK ON ANNEXATION A PARALLEL CASE AN OHIO QUESTION "BACK TO THE PEOPLE" A PLEA FOR PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES SECOND INSTALLMENT OF GEORGE FRED WILLIAMS' BRIEF FEDERATION OF DEMOCRATIC PRE CINCT CLUBS, BY SENATOR ROBERT L. OWEN HOME DEPARTMENT WHETHER COMMON OR NOT NEWS OF THE WEEK WASHINGTON NEWS nate for the south, for his defeat would be wrongfully charged to his location Instead of being charged, as it should be, to the fact that he Is not tn harmony wtth the progressive spirit the day. If the south wants the candidate and thore is no reason why that section should not have him it should select some one who will appeal to the progressive element in all parties. It Is hard enough for a republican to be a stand patter now a democratic standpatter is more lonesome stm. A NON-PARTISAN PLUNDERBUND The American Protective Tariff league has adopted the following resolutions: "Resolved, that wo strongly recommend that our members and connections work and vote for the defeat of any candidate who is not a protectionist, and work and vote for the election of all candidates of WHATSOEVER PARTY who aro protec tionists." Horo we have the plan of the plundorbund. There Is no partisanship in the American Pro tective Tariff- league. While it ordinarily works with the republican party, it stands ready to bolt any republican who Is not willing to take his orders from the tariff barons; it will render assistance to any democrat who Is willing to betray his constituents into the hands of the tax caters. How long will it take the consumers to learn tho real character of the man who makes his money out of a protective tariff? How long can the consumer be misled by the appeal to his patriotism when the protectionist has no thought beyond the amount of money that ho can squeeze from the, public through the operation of law? " It Is high time that the farmers, mechanics, merchants and the general public get together and resolve to oppose protectionists and to favor those who are pledged to a reduction of the extortionate tariff rates. A GREAT FIGHT The democrats and progressive republicans made a great fight In New Mexico. While they failed to carry the state legislature because of the gerrymandering of the state, they surprised their friends outside by what they did accom plish and proved that New Mexico is fighting ground. The democrats In the legislature should begin at once to Insist upon the ratification of the Income tax amendment to tho constitution. That ought to be the first act passed by the legislature, and the second ought to be the sub mission of tho initiative and referendum. These two acts will make a good beginning for the new state. The Commoner congratulates the democrats of New Mexico upon the showing that they made and wishes them success In the contests yet to come. ASK LA FOLLETTE The Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch says: "Before nominating a successor to Justice Harlan on the United States supreme court, it might be well for the president to confer with Mr. Bryan Just to see what sort of a Judge he would appoint if he had the chance, and why." Mr. Taft would learn something to his ad vantage If before selecting a successor to Jus tice Harlan, he would call in a number of humble citizens. He need not, however, go outside of his own party for an advisor. Let him confer with Robert M. LaFollette of Wisconsin. A MATTER OF TEMPERAMENT Just before the election of 1908 Mr. Rocke feller said that he favored Mr. Taft because he was "temperamentally" better fitted than Mr. Bryan for the presidency. Now we know what he meant. He had examined both candidates carefully and from his standpoint he was right. Mr. Taft's temperament suits Mr. Rockefeller tho latter would rather defend a suit in equity than be a defendant in a criminal prosecution. A Fight Ahead Tho election roturns answer the claims of enthusiasts on both sides who oxpoctod a land slide their way. If anything can be judged from tho voto cast on Novombor 7, thero Is a fight ahead of both parties. Tho republicans made gains In tho east whero sovoral olectlons were hold, whllo tho democrats made somw gains In tho west. They gained a congressional district In Kansas, whero a progresBlvo demo crat was running against a republican who promised to support Mr. Taft's policies. The victory in New Mexico Is very gratifying to the democrats, but the fact that tho republicans won tho legislature in Now York and Now Jor soy, elected their governor In Rhodo Island by an Increased majority, roduced Governor Fobs' majority of a yoar ago and carried Maryland, those things Indicate that tho predatory interests aro lining up back of Mr. Taft and that our party Is going to havo a tromendous fight on hand to dislodge tho Interests. Tho democrats will rejoice over the return of Kentucky to tho democratic fold. Governor McCreary's majority Is a very large one, and the election of Congressman James to tho senate is assured. James will add a giant's strength to tho democratic sldo In the senate and will greatly aid tho reform forces. Tho gains In several cities In Ohio are encouraging, although local Issues have contributed largely to the result. In Nebraska tho situation Is apparently unchanged. An effort was mado to enlist the aid of the progressive republicans In carrying the state ticket, but this failed, and the-ropub-. Ilcana carried tho state. Under the circum stances tho republican Victory In Nebraska Is likely to encourage tho friends of Mr. Taft and to discourage those who have counted on preventing his nomination. Tho Third Nebraska district elected a democrat to succeed a demo crat In congress. If any democrat has expected to carry the east with a plutocratic democrat, he might as well give up tho Idea. There Is no possible chance of tho democrats getting the Wall street support. If they win, they must win with the aid of the progressive republicans, and they can not hope for that unless their candidato is a man about whose progresslvencss there Is no doubt. Let tho democrats gird themselves for the fight and from now on demand a platform and ticket In harmony with the progressive sent!-, ment of tho country. SOMETHING THE MATTER Something is tho matter with the Omaha World-Herald. It used to be a vigorous, out spoken exponent of democracy. Its splendid service gave Mr. Hitchcock his chief claim to the rewaTd voted him In his election to the United States senate, but since he turned the paper over to somo one to run it has been gradually lapsing from Its former position until Its edi torial page can now be quoted with approval by tho Wall street crowd that It used to take pride in fighting. On election day, for Instance, the World Herald contained the following editorial: TUB SHBIIMAN LAW Uncommon Interest attaches to the reports of the baiting? of President Taft by Congressman Littleton of New York at tho banquet tendered the peripa tetic executive by tho Pittsburg steel millionaires. Mr. Taft, the reports agree, was made very angry, and little wonder. But a president who spends a large part of his time parading over tho country as the special pleader of a political party or rather of a faction of a party can expect that the high respect popularly felt for the office he holds will gradually bo lowered until he stands about on a level with other exhorters. Mr. Littleton, the reports agree, was given a ?enulne ovation when he made an eloquent plea or the repeal of the Sherman act, and President Taft was heard in cold silence when he reiterated his Intention strictly to enforce It and bis opposi tion to Its amendment. And this Is full of significance. A few weeks ago, Immediately following the supremo court decision in the Standard OH. and Tobacco cases, we were told that the Sherman law I &fe-fe" 'J8. , . A..-.. .tjr Jfe- -' Sritfy . -.