The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, November 10, 1911, Page 11, Image 11

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NOVEMBER 10, 1911
The Commoner.
11
tor the present. I have not felt that
I ought to be connected with an en
terprise unleas I am in a position to
rive time to it."
State Senator Hugh S. McGill,
principal of the Princeton, 111., high
school, has announced his candidacy
for the republican nomination for
United States senator, against Sena
tor Cullom. He says ho is a progres
sive and promises to work with La
Follette.
Governor Plaisted, and his council,
of Maine, have reviewed the returns
from the late prohibition election
and they have decided to accept the
corrections in the vote from four
towns. These corrections reverse
the result which indicated a majority
of 26 for the repeal of the prohibi
tory amendment. The corrected re
turns as accepted by Governor
Plaisted show that Maine retains
constituional prohibition by 758
votes.
WASHINGTON NEWS
President Taft will bo asked to
transmit to tho Czar of Russia a
protest against the "systematic op
pression" of tho Jews in Russia.
In a decision handed down by the
supremo court complete control of
the railroads by the interstate com
merce commission and tho virtual
elimination of state commissions
from such control is foreshadowed.
Tho supreme court of tho United
States declined to grant tho request
of tho commonwealth of Virginia to
"speed the causo" in tho common
wealth's suit against West Virginia
to compel it to pay a portion of tho
old debt of the Virginia commonwealth.
TAFT AND LITTLETON ON THE
SHERMAN LAW
United Press dispatch: Morgan
town, W. Va., Nov. 1. There was
rejoicing in the Taft camp today,
and the president was congratulated
over the "victory" last night, also
there was no little indignation over
what the Taft supporters declared
'was a deliberate "baiting" of the
president by the Pittsburgh chamber
of commerce. Before an audience
that included perhaps hundreds of
Pittsburgh "millionaires" and at
least-150 minor officials of the steel
trust subsidiaries, the president was
forced to sit while he heard Repre
sentative Martin W. Littleton (dem.,
N. Y.) denounce the Sherman anti
trust law and demand Its repeal.
" The Pittsburghers cheered Littleton
to the echo as he riddled the statute,
declaring that it was incapable of
enforcement.
It had been a long evening of tire
some speeches up to that time, and
when Littleton concluded with z:
burst of oratory amid a storm of
cheers, the presidont had but nine
teen minutes to the time his train
was scheduled to leave Pittsburgh
and for the first time since he be
came president, Taft "got mad" right
out in public. Realizing that he was
butchered to make a Pittsburgh holi
day he went right after Littleton's
argument. Scarcely a sound of ap
plause greeted him as he arose,
Pittsburgh business men being con
vinced that ho had been subdued.
But with more vigor than he had
ever put into public utterance, the
president defended the laws with his
face suffused and his huge body
swinging from side to side he swung
his fists at the Pittsburghers and told
them they must obey the law.
Littleton had said that the law
was indefinite, and the president,
shaking his big fist at the long rows
of business men, shouted:
"That law has been on the statute
book twenty years. It has been con
strued, and construed and construed
by the supreme court. I have had
myself, when ( n the bench, an op
portunity to consider its purpose and
its effect, and two decisions were
rendered last spring which are epoch
making and which in my judgment
give definite meaning to that statute.
They are there, and you will find
thorn, if you will search through the
language of the speech of the gentle
man you have jus.t heard.
MThat any combination in restraint
of trade with the purpose and effect
to control prices, stifle or suppress
competition, or establish a monopoly,
is a violation of the statute. I say
" the supreme court put into that law
the purpose, and I am talking to men
who understand business, and I am
talking to intelligent men, and I
Theodore Roosevelt has made an
attack on President Taft's peace
treaties.
The Associated Press correspon
dent says: Tho legal host gathered
in Washington to fight before the
supremo court of the United States
for the constitutionality of tho Initia
tive and referendum methods of
legislation in this country was
augmented by counsel representing
the state of Washington. They sent
a brief to the court, but they are not
expecting to participate in the oral
argument of the point which arises
in a case from Oregon. In the brief
it is said that the "lifting of tho
veil" in James Bryce's "American
commonwealth," in 1888, from the
machine rulo in this country followed
by further publicity of machino rule
mothods, has arousod a largo propor
tion of the American people. "Thoy
are thoroughly aroused, moro so
than when tho British pasaod tho
stamp act against tho colonists and
began to encronch upon their libori
tles," says tho brief.
Tho court is told that tho people
aro domanding the initiative and rof
orondum method of legislation to
cure tho evils of machino rule. Al
ready seventeen states, it Is snid,
have taken to thomsolvcs, or to vote
on a proposal to tako to themselves,
an option to ballot direct upon public
questions whenever thoy choose to
do so.
It Is argued that tho question is a
political ono for congress to decide
and not a judicial ono for the courts
to pass upon.
Tho American dreadnought Dela
ware of the Atlantic fleet, leads the
other battleships in efficiency at
battle practice held off tho Chesa
peake capes during last Soptember,
with a score of 52,551.
There is now every expectation
that tho exploration of the portions
of tho Maine immediately affected by
either an explosion of a mine or of
the magazines, will bo completed by
tho end of November.
Secretary of War Stimson is
strongly in favor of military train
ing in tho public schools of tho
country.
know what I am talking about when
I say that men who know whether
they Intend to stifle competition,
men who know whether they intend
to establish a monopoly.
The president's face grew red, and
his sentences flowed fast and vigor
ous, and his breath came in short
gasps. The thousand Pittsburghers
leaned forward eagerly to see the
president in a fighting mood. He
turned to Littleton who sat at the
table with him, and waving his arras
around his head flail-like he almost
screamed:
"My friend, Brother Littleton of
fers what? Does he offer anything
but a repeal of this statute and then
an enactment of another statute,
which is to be subject to the same
construction and to be put in a form
of federal incorporation? I am in
favor of federal incorporation, but
that is no reason for repealing this
statute. Let us enforce the statute,
and then let the parts into which
these trusts that were formed for
these illegal purposes go into the
federal incorporation act and receive
the protection that they are entitled
to if they follow the law. There is
only ono course open to us, gentle
men, and I say that with all the
sincerity I can command, either we
are going to have individualism and
a freedom from these combinations
that suppress competition, that con
trol prices, and that establish a
monopoly, or else we aro going on to
the point where the people will de
mand that the power which these few
men are going to retain in their
hands shall not be further exercised
by them, but that it shall bo trans
ferred to the government, and then
we will have state socialism. I know
I am speaking against the leaning of
most of these gentlemen. I can not
help it. The law is on the statute
book. I-believe it is a just law.
"The main point is that the. law
has got to be enforced, and this stifl
ing of competition, this establishing
of monopolies, this arrangement to
control prices must cease, or wo must
deliver over to tho gentlemen who
have it in their hands to run tho en
tire business of tho country or, and
then, tho final step, turn it over to
tho government to fix prices, and to
fix compensation for every one and
we will have a socialistic republic."
The big form of tho president,
shaking with emotion, leaned for
ward over the tables. The veins on
his forehead stood out like taut
cords, and he rattled tho dishes be
fore him as ho pounded the table
with his big fist. Littleton had de
clared that it was practically Impos
sible to prove intent to violate the
Sherman law.
"No man within the sound of my
voice, but what knows," shouted the
president, "if he is in business that
makes a contract with his competitor,
whether he is trying to control prices,
whether ho is trying to stifle compe
tition, or establish a monopoly and
that intent is easily proven by the
circumstances. Can you tell mo any
business corporation that has been
punished by that statute that ought
not to have been? Tell mo that, be
fore you tell mo how difficult busi
ness is. Show me where the statute
has worked unjustly. You can not
do it.
"If your purpose was honest and
innocent, and yon only increased
your corporation as much as possible,
and your pursued the methods that
aro known to honest business, with
out attempt to drive out competitors,
without an attempt to control prices,
you can go on and make your busi
ness as large as you choose. I say
with great deference to my friend,
Mr. Littleton, that his remedy is only
to abolish this statute and give us
another one just as difficult of con
struction, and what are you going
to do with those who are now under
Indictment or under the decree of the
court? Are you going to abolish that
statute and let them go back in?"
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FAULTY METABOLISM
AS A COMMON CAUSE OF DISEASE,
la the tubcct dhcuiscd In Bulletin
No. 1 of tie Ehafcr Patbolcrical
Laboratory. Tbe Bulletin la sent
free on request and will prore Inter
estln to everyone la I'aln and
Poor Health.
Address: John F. Shafer, M. D.
21 Pens Ave., Plttsburt , Pa.
The Guaranty
State Bank,
Muskogee, Oklahoma,
offers to their customers and readers of this paper
throughout tho country exceptional facllltlcfl for
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M. C. SELLS. Cashier.
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41
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