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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1911)
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SEPTEMBER S, 1S11
hundred years ago Spain stood in tho front o
the nations of tho earth. She steadily pro
gressed, in tho minds of the evolutionary school
of the arrogant few, until now she is either
dying or as dead as a great nation. Mohamme
danism a thousands years ago led tho world In
art, Bclence and literature; today the curse of
Islam hlasts one quarter of tho globe.
I believe when the Aldrich plan of currency
reform is considered by tho American congress
and is discussed, that a great money monopoly
is, In the name of currency- reform, being
fastened on the people by the Aldrich scheme,
and the "cloud will dwindle and pass away with
out our special wonder." J, P. BLOUNT.
WATCH IT GROW
Mr. Bryan has given instructions that every
new subscriber shall receive Tho Commoner for
a period of two years (which will carry it be
yond tho presidential election of 1912) for tho
sum of one dollar. Every Commoner reader is
asked to secure at least one new subscriber.
Many will be able to secure more than one.
Everyone, however, may render some aid in
The following named readers have sent in five
or more subscribers:
.S. J. Hott, Tex.; Fill Green, N. M.; M.
Kennedy, W. Va.; H. R. Thompson, Md.; J. H.
Lyon, Kan.; F. G. Varney, 111.; Wm. Welsh,
Wis.; J. C. Miller, Ind.; Luther Kyle, Okla.;
D. L. Wright, Tex.; C. H. Fink, W. Va.; F. M.
Cross, W. Va.; Floyd Johnson, Kan.; Wm.
Greenwood, Ind.; B. B. Sharp, 111.; D. F. Kagey,
Va.; W, Lea Smith, Ind.; W. S. Bryan, Mo.; J.
F. Mangleburg, Ky.; W. Hentson, 111.; -Theo.
Huggins, Mo.; Lee Harrison, Okla.; W. E.
Trible, Ore.; G. H. Mann, N. H.; Mack Row
land, Ark.; ,J. M. Loomes, Minn.; N. C. Clark,
Cal.; N. Nye, Pa.; A. M. Lawyer, 111.; J. T.
Turnmlre, Tenn.; F. G. Scott, Ida.; Geo. Davis,
Wash; W, R. Orenrider, N. D.; A. L. Kennedy,
.Wash.; JD. E. Ikard, Colo.; J. M. Vanmeter, O.;
S. A. Freeman, N. Y.; A. C. Bowney, Minn.; N.
NiBh, la.; G. W. Simmerman, 111.; W. D. Shike,
la."; W. F. Smiley, O.; A. G. Murphy, Miss.;
S. M. Wellman, O.; Rufus Thompson, O.; David
TJlrey, Cal.; T. H. Williams, 111.; A. V. Moubce,"
Ida.; R. Mupdell, Okla.; E. D. Washburn,, N. D.;
S. S McClendon, Tex,; A. J. Lewis, O.; H. M.
Babbitt, Wyo.'; 0. P. McGinnis, 0.; G. W. Mc
Wherter, Tex.; W. I. Bofeman, W. Va.; Iver S.
Henjium, S. D.; J. W. Spofford, N. Y.; J. H.
Skaggs, Va.; Mrs. R. M. McCaull, N. D.; J. W.
Woolf, Mo.; J. E. Gossett, Ark.; Frank Cogs
wall, Mich.; J. J. Reiter, Minn.; Peter Bolinger,
Tenn.; J., B. Guerrant, Va.; Mrs. E. B. Beck
with, Tenn.; J. Mbser, Wash.; J. C. Beam, 111.;
R. C. Dunlap, Mo.; Jos. Kinkade, la.; J. P.
Chunn, Ky.; W. A. Liston, Wash.; J. S. Odell,
Mo.; J. M. Alexander, Tex.; J. C. Buckler,
Okla.; I. F. Rich,' 111.; L. Essick, O.; V. Hig
gins, N. J.; M. Carland, Mich.; Wm. Mullins,
Cal.; J. G. W. Book, Pa.; Andrew Lee, Minn.;
J. M. Akii, Cal.; T. R. Mayor, Wash.; Frank
Hutchison, ,Va.; D. D. Peeler, Mo.; O. E.
Guiberson, 'Wash.; David McDonald, S. D.;
Thos. Gray, N. D.; J. H. Jeffries, Mo.; R. P.
'Adkins, O.; D. McLennon, Neb.; P. A. Griffith,
Ariz.; W. H. Nivlibg, la.; M. J. Daly, Ida.; J. P.
Rawlings, Ind.; J. F. Mundy, Ark.; J. A. Strid
berg. Neb.; W. A. Kirkpatrick, O.; R. G. Estep,
Cal.; S. O. Doty, Fla.; E. Hernandez, La.; K. O.
Slette, Mont.; C. H. Wells, 111.; L. E. Bopp,
la.; J. E. Wallace, Kan.; C. A. Randall, Mo.;
A. H. Johnson, Kan.; T. A. McGuire, Mo.; F. E.
Pulte, Mich.; L. F. Luther, Mo.; W. E. Horn,
Ind.; S. Munnel, Pa.; E. H. Porter, Minn.; B.
C. Rose, Wis.; C. C. Couch, Mo.; M. Carland,
Mich.; E. T. Maxwell, O.; W. D. McKenzio, Cal.;
Dan. Hoffman, O.; I. W. Machsner, la.; J. W.
McClellan, Kan.; S. M. Carnahan, Pa.; W. F.
Smith, W. Va.; L. C. Etchison, Md.; Wm. Wat
son, la.; R. J. Jones, Va.; J. H. McCanley,
Wash.; H. McCranaghan, N. Y.; Ralph B. Mor
gan, O.; G. H. Frey, la.; W. W. Anderson, Ga.;
Ada Gardner, O.; J. G. Springer, Oro.; Sallie F.
Duncan, Mo.; Marie S. Eraary, Neb.; T. J. Hallo
well, Cal.; T. A. Caven, la.; P. S. Ball, W. Va.;
?) F. Luckenbell, La.; L. M. Nash, Wis.; J. M.
Clark, Wash.; Claude Phillips, W. Va.; J. C.
Oleburg, La.; Jno. Holrath, O.; E. A. Petter
son. Wash.; I. L. Crouch, Tenn.; F. Vinson,
Arfc.; D. N. Bawley, Mich.; Fred Behrens, O.;
Chas. P. Abbott, Okla.; Carl Schoobover, Ida.;
W. M. Chandler, Ore.; Wm. Allen, Mont.; M. H.
Wallace, R. L; E. Peterson, Neb.; Geo. Schmid,
N. D.; Mrs. H. W. Crowther, Mo.; I. T. FInley,
Fla.; A. F. Seegmlller, Ida.; Thos. S. Shaw, Sr.,
Ky".; Capt. H. Bedford, Ky.; J. L. O'Connor,
'Wis.; L. Spalding, Tex.; R. D. Felton, Ind.; D.
W. Hampton, Cal.; G. W. Hall, Neb.; S. L.
Brown, Mich.; Oris Lytle, Ind.; B. D. Clark,
Ky.; W. J. Solstad, Wis.; S. S. Davis, Mo.; W.
S. Dllworth, Neb.; Cap. Geo. H. King, Mich.;
Jos. Longimotto, Ark.; R. J. Stukoy, Cal.; E. L.
Sandusky, Neb.; J. R. Beck, Tex.; Mrs. T. B.
Tucker, Mo.; F. M. Van Pelt, Neb.; Milton
Ewlnn, O.; J. M. Kinnibrugh, Ark.; W. H.
Mann, O.; D. N. Bray, Mo.; H. O. Dorsey, O.;
A. F. Lesley, Nov.; J. G. Osborn, N. M.; Col.
Brackott, O.; J. D. Jordan, Tex.; V. M. Gary,
Kan.; Annie Price, Tenn;. P. B. Hart, Okla.;
Robt. E. Kaestner, Cal.; J. R. Sparks, Md.; E.
E. Russell, Okla.; P. C. GainoB, Fla.; E. G.
Will, Wash.; Jos. Cheap, Kan.; E. L. Steven
son, Tex.; Jno. Winshlp, Mo.; Theo. C. Swen
son, Wis.; W. L. Raynolds, Kan.; E. J. Fogarty,
Ind.; J. T. Duncan, S. C; R. A. Wynn, Ala.;
A. V. Seaman, Pa.; J. W. Martin, Cal.; 0. S.
Robertson, N. M.; H. C. Wood, Wis.; J. F.
Fassett, Cal.; Jas. C. Fees, Pa.; Edw. S. Haws,
J. M. Campbell, 111. I enclosq one dollar for
renewal of my subscription. It was not my In
tention to renew but I am forced to tho conclu
sion that Bryan is the most vigilant champion
and defender of tho people's rights and interests
and the soundest and most independent ex
pounder of democratic principles, as well as tho
most fearless opponent of modern republicanism
or plutocracy in tho United States. Let us havo
something of Taft's bold and inexcusable exer
cise of the veto power, the most august, un
democratic and indefensible exercise of authori
ty eyer attempted. I am so gratified that truo
democracy has one paper in this great country
that keeps step with the music.
N. B. Hays, Okla. I herewith hand you my
check for $2.00, as renewal subscription for
James W. Owen of Oklahoma, and for myself.
After reading your editorial with reference to
the Standard Oil and in the Tobacco cases, I
recall a part of a speech which I heard a few
years ago, in whioh tho speaker quoted from Mr.
Lincoln's last message tho following: "As a
result of the war, corporations havo been ein
throned and an era of corruption in high places
will follow, and the money power of tho coun
try will endeavor to prolong its reign by work
ing on the prejudices of tho people, until all
wealth is aggregated In a few hands and tho
republic destroyed. I feel at this moment more
anxiety for tho safety of my country than ever
before, even in tho midst of the war. God grant
that my suspicions may prove groundless."
After looking through the works I havo been
unable to find these precise words, and I ask
you what was the occasion of which Mr. Lincoln
spoke" these words. They are so significant that
I would liko to havo them reproduced In your
Commoner. It seems to me that If Mr. Lincoln
had been gifted with the power of prophecy from
on high he could not havo more truthfully and
graphically described the conditions which, to
day, confront tho American people. No man
should be nominated by the democrats in 1912
who is not in sympathy with tho interests of tho
masses of the people and at present advised I am
for Governor Woodrow Wilson and Ollie James
of Kentucky, and The Commoner always.
"STRONG FREE TRADE MEN" BUT DRAW
THE IJNE AT THEIR OWN PRODUCT
Centerburg, Knox county, Ohio, July 17, 1911.
The Hon. W. J. Bryan: Find enclosed samples
of our wool and please examine samo carefully
as wo Tvant you to learn all you can in regard
to same. Now listen and we will tell you some
thing you likely never heard. I am a' man slxty
flvo years old and one of my boys forty years old
runs a small sheep farm in Knox county, Ohio,
one of the best wool counties in the state. Wo
keep about two hundred sheep and they are our
main dependence to pay taxes and keep up tho
farm. Last winter we fed them something like
$600 worth of hay, corn and oats, and our wool
brought us $380, and we can and will have to
sell fifty good wethers, young ones, for $100, so
you see there is no danger of us gettingso much
money wo will not know what to do with it.
When you ran for the last time yon came to tho
capitol of our state and made a speech to get
tho farmers' vote and wore a fanner's hat and
Prince Albert coat and as we always voted
the democratic ticket we went thirty-five miles
to hear you and Just began to see through your
scheme to get votes for W. J., still we all voted
for you again and tho boy subscribed for your
paper, Tho Commoner. It still comes but w
are not interested In it since you tried to get
congress to make wool free. Wo are strong free
trade men but to think of recommending wool to
bo placed on tho free list, nothing else Is trying
to a real farmer. Now please examine tho
samples of wool clonoly, is they are tho kind
to make Princo Albert coats of and also do not
forgot to stop Bonding your Commoner as a man
of your strlpo can not poso as a common man
boforo tho people any more. Suroly onough for
this time. Truly yours, ALLEN MORELAND.
Practical Tariff Talks
An excellent Illustration of tho greediness
bred In tariff beneficiaries may bo found by
reading thoso pages of tho records showing tho
determined effort of tho manufacturers of
onamoled waro In this country to socuro an in
crease In duty. In tho last decado tho black
kottles and tho plain iron kitchen utensils have
given place to the moro decorativo and usoful
pieces of onamolod ware Theso ombrace din
ner palls, basins, milk pans and tho varied
paraphornnlla of tho hospital operating room.
Nothing can bo clearer than that thoso are num
bered among tho necessaries, Tho manufacturo
of thorn Is divided between -some twonty-oight
factories, capitalized at $20,000,000 and pro
ducing mbro than that sum yoarly. Theso
articles aro mado of sheet stool that has been
stamped or worked into shape, coated with a
glazo and then fired in an oven for sovoral
hours to harden tho glaze.
Tho business was established more than
twenty years ago. Undor tho law of 1894 tho
ware bore a duty of 35 per cent. Tho industry
thrived, and when Mr. DJngley was piecing to
gether his famous law tho manufacturers in
duced him to raise tho tariff to 40 per cent.
Within two years after that law passed, tho
usual thing happened, a trust was formed. That
trust is kndwn as tho "National Enameling and
Stamping Company," and for ten years has domi
nated tho Industry. When tho paragraph In tho
Payno law -was reached boforo tho ways and
means committee it was tho vlco president of
tho enameled waro trust who came to represent
all of tho domestic manufacturers. This trust
is capitalized for $30,000,000, and does two
thirds of tho business in tho country. This trust
did as all other trusts havo dono, raised prices
and being arrogant neglected to maintain tho
standard of its product. As a result some enter
prising Germans got tho car and oyo of the big
department store buyers and sent over many
shipments of fine graded ware. Instead of turn
ing its attention to meeting this competition, tho
trust sent its roprcsentativo to congress to ask
that tho tariff be raised to 45 per cent.
Tho plea for ah Increased duty was not based
primarily upon German competition, but it was
pointed out that as tho black iron shapes, which
might bo called the raw material of tho
enamaled ware maker, was taxed 45 per cent,
tho finished material ought not to bo listed at a
lower rato of, duty. It did not occur to tho
manufacturers that tho rates could bo equalized
just as well by making both 40 per cent. One
man got a littlo curious about this matter, and
looked up the record of imports. He found that
about $20,000 worth of theso "black shapes"
were imported a year. The scheme of equali
zation suggested by the trust was that to placo
tho finished and unfinished material on an
equality the tax remain at 45 per cent on tho
$20,000 worth of "black shapes" and that 5 per
cent be added to the $20,000,000 of finished
product turned out yoarly in this country.
Tho reason why "so fow "black shapes" aro
Imported Is that it costs less to .make them
hero than It does abroad. Tho cost of produc
ing tho finished material is also less hero than
In foreign countries. Coal Is cheaper, and this
Is used to do tho firing, so an important an cle
ment of the cost. The materials for tho glazo
Include oxido of tin, which is on the free list.
Labor Is estimated to receive about twice as
much In this country as abroad, but it produces
fully twice as much. In addition to all this
there is the protection that distance gives. This
Is estimated to add at least 10 per cent to the
difference. The goods aro bulky and require
careful packing. The enameled ware trust dis
regarded all of these facts, and asked permission
to add 5 per cent moro to Its charges, or about
a million dollars a year. As tho bill was pushed,
through the senate by Mr. Aldrich this 5 per
cent was added. In tho conference committee
it was reduced to 40 per cent again and tho
grip 'of the trust remains as tight as ever.
C. Q. D.
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