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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (July 14, 1911)
VOLUME ,11, NUMBER 27
rnprrp f v n-
' Chaunccy Dopow informs the
country that tho nomination of Mr.
Taft for a, second term is already In
evitable. In a speech to the senat'o
on February 27 last, Jonathan
Bourne, of Oregon, explained how
littlo tho republican voters of tho
country will havo to do with this
The last republican national con
vention, Senator Bourno pointed out,
comprised nine hundred and eighty
delogatos, so that four hundred and
ninoty-ono votes wore necessary for
a nomination; but southern states
and territories that gave no electoral
votes to tho republican nominee,
with tho oxception of two from
Maryland, furnished threo hundred
and thirty-eight of these delegates.
The republican party 'in these south
ern democratic states and territories
consists mostly of federal officehold
ers and aspirants to federal office.
Louisiana and Mississippi, for ex
ample, with a white population up
ward of a million and a quarter,
showed only thirtoen thousand re
publican voters at tho last presiden
tial election less than one per cent
of tho white population. Louisiana'
and Mississippi, however, had as
many delegates in the republican
convention as Michigan and Wash
ington, with four hundred and forty
thousand republican voters.
Fdur hundred and ninety-one votes
were necessary for a nomination.
Southern delegates had three hun
dred and thirty-eight votes. Conse
quently anybody who corralled this
ofllceholding vote and secured in ad
dition one hundred and fifty-throe
delegates from republican states
could capture tho nomination, al
though threo hundred and thirty-six
delegates from republican states,
representing an overwhelming ma
jority of the country's republican
voters, were oposed.
At last November's election the
people of Oregon adoptod a law
whereby voters at primaries directly
express their choice for president, by
which choice delegates whom they
elect to nominating conventions are
bound. This tends to discourage
mere machine domination of the
convention; but conservatism will
point with horror to this law as an
other step towards overthrowing that
precious "representative" system of
government that gives the machine
such ample opportunities to rule.
Saturday Evening Post.
A HAY rEVEE REMEDY Bent bY
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8AXI0NAL CHEUXOAIi Q0 408 Poplw Bt, Bldaey, Ohio
PROTECTION AND THE TEN
Viewed by Old Tom Harder as
related to wool: "What's that? Has
Jim Deepship got back from Wash
ington? Sure thing! Two weeks
ago. He paid me the half o' that
loan I made him to pay his expenses
while lookin' after tho wool growers'
share o' tho protection at the capitol.
Fact is that when he got there ho
found that the steel trust farmers an'
the sugar farmers, an' all tho other
farmers that make a livin' by tho
hard labor o' cuttin coupons an'
watchin' the ticker, was all on tho
job there, an' they was so well heeled
that Jim didn't have to spend much
money. Tho wool industry was loved
an' looked after, as well as Mary's
little lamb. Sj he had some cash
left to spare me a little on the loan."
"What'd he say? Not much of
anything. There wasn't much to be
said. I says to him, 'How's it look
for the wool, Jim?'
protection dope round I want a show
at gittin' some of it. It's right I
" 'Is It right for 'em to be sling
in' the protection dope round that
way,' says I.
" 'How'm I goin' to know if It's
right or wrong?' says Jim.
" 'Do you believe in the ten com
mandments, Jim?' says I.
" 'Some of 'em,' says Jim.
" 'What about stealin?' says I.
'It's wrong,' says Jim. 'Why?' says
I. 'Why?' says Jim. 'Cause it takes
away a man's property without
askin' him for it, or givin' anything
in return for it.'
" 'Sure thing!' says I. 'It's git
tin' something for nothin.'. But, Jim,
what's the difference between stealin'
" 'Why?' says Jim. 'I hain't got
the thing clear in my mind yet, but
it looks like protection's gittin'
something for nothin' according to
law, and stealin' is gittin' something
for nothin' an takin' the chance o'
gittin' into jail.'
" 'Why do you stand for protection
then?'' says I.
" 'Cause I want some o' the
profits says Jim.
" 'But what about the ten com
mandments, Jim?' says I.
" 'Well,' says Jim, 'near's I can
figure it out them ten command
ments don't count when it comes to
gittin' something for nothin' accord-
in' to law.'
"Yes, sir. That's all that was
said. There wasn't a syllable more
that could be said." George V.
Wells in Louis F. Post's "The
Tobacco Habit Banished
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GOVERNOR WILSON FOR LOCAL
RnvfirnoT Wnnrlrnw Wilson, of
" 'Looks like we'd git our Bharo I New Jersey, as prominent in the
while it's goin 'round, says Jim.
" 'Your share o what?' says I.
" 'Our sharo o' the protection
says Jim. 'S'long's the gov'men is in
business o' building' industry we
want to be built 'long o' tho rest of
" 'Are you sure you're gittin' your
share?' says I.
" 'I don't know for sure,' says Jim.
'I don't believe anybody knows. But
s'long's the gov'ment is slinging' the
public eye as any man in the country
because of his stand for reforms of
different kinds and the success which"
has attended his efforts in a state
absolutely controlled by special in
terests, has thrown a bomb into the
liquor camp of New Jersey by com
ing out openly in favor of local op
tion. It should be remembered that New
Jersey is without a local option law
of any kind. The liquor gang is in
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absolute- control. It is hand-In-glove
with the other special interests
and dominates the legislature as
well as local officials. So interwoven
are the big interests of New Jersey
that they act as one body and are
represented by the same set of
Only about ten townships and a
number of municipalities are "dry"
in the entire state, made so many
years ago under the provisions of
special acts of the legislature. All
efforts to secure local option even
for the smallest unit have proved
abortive, so strongly entrenched are
the brewery and liquor Interests. The
fearless attitude of Governor Wilson
will cause a scurrying in that state,
for it is well known toe governor is
a1 fighter and is ready at all times to
back his views. His declaration that
local option is not a political party
question will meet with general ap
proval. Here is the governor's state
ment made in a letter addressed to
Thomas B. Shannon, superintendent
of the New Jersey anti-saloon league:
"I am in favor of local option. I
am a thorough believer in local self
government and believe that every
self-governing community which con
stitutes a social unit should have
the right to control the matter of
the regulation or of the withholding
"But the questions involved are
social and moral, not political, and
are not susceptible of being made
parts of a party program. When
ever they have been made the sub
ject matter of party contest they
have cut the lines of party organiza
tion and party action athwart, to
the utter confusion of political action
in every other field. They havo
thrown every other question, how
ever important, into the background
and have made conservative party
action impossible for long years to
gether. "So far as I am myself concerned
therefore I can never consent to have
the question of local option made an
issue between political parties in this
state. My judgment 'is very clear
in this matter. I do not believe that
party programmes of the highest con
sequence to the political life of tho
state and of the nation ought to be
thrust on one side and hopelessly
embarrassed for long periods to
gether by making a political issue
of a great question which is essen
tially non-political, non-partisan, but
moral and social in its nature."
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TACOMA'S ANTI-TREATING LAW
Tacoma, in the state of Washing
ton, has an anti-treating law, which
forbids one person from buying a
drink for another in a saloon. Ta
coma is also going to see that the law
is enforced, or is making a big bluff
in that direction just at present, be
cause 21 arrests were made of
saloonkeepers who had permitted
treating in their saloons. Dire ven
geance is also threatened on those
who permit it in future. It has long
been contended that one of the
obstacles in tho way of solving the
liquor problem, as a practical ques
tion, is the habit of treating, which
not only depletes a person's, popket
book, but often lures men to swill
booze when they really don't care
for it. Sociability stretched to the
point of one fellow paying for an
other's drink, and vice versa, as
matter of reciprocity, and then lots
of vice versa, as the result of con-
CfthlHrv iinilDr lin eMmnlaHnn of
beer or whisky, develops into hilarity
and recklessness. This, it has fre
quently been argued, is one of great
extremes that brings about debauch
ery and forces infringement on a
person's rights. Whether all this ii
so or not, is just according to a per
son's way of thinking and how tax
he stretches the moral point In good
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