The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, May 12, 1911, Page 6, Image 6

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jfriTTT i""'W
The Commonest
Practical Tariff Talks
Ono of the difllcultlcs that confront tho ordi
nary investigator of tariff schedules is that there
an mtinv riifToront hranr.hnn of manufactures
; that require export knowledge to understand
i tho offoct of a chango of duty. The paper sche
1 dulo is ono of theso that havo so many angles
! to confuse. Tho tariff-makers cut tho duty on
; print papor, tho kind used by tho newspapers,
j but wero careful not to make the reduction of
1 iufflcient sizo to givo tho paper-buyer any moro
of a chance with the print paper trust than be
fore All that was dono waB to lessen the mar
gin of protection, and nothing to lossen tho
prico to the consumer. On the surface-coated
papers, of which a tremendous lot is used in
this country, there was an actual advance in
rates, Under the old schedules' this stuff carried
a rate of 3 cents a pound and 20 per cent addi
tional. Under tho now law the tariff is 5 cents
a pound, with 20 per cent additional. As the
averago cost is a little less than 9 cents a
pound, it will be seen that this paper carries a
very high protection.
Tho protective policy is defended on the
ground that it nourishes infant industries. Tho
truth is, aa most all know, that no industry
evor grows to such a size as to wittingly take
itself out from under tho shelter of the tariff.
Tho surface-coated paper industry is neither an
infant or a new industry. For more than
aoventy years it has been a' part of our manu
factures. There are, in fact, several factories
still in existence that started seventy-two years
ago. Surface-coated paper is the familiar kind
one sees on shoo boxes, hat boxes and the like.
It is a simple manufacturing process, the putting
onto white paper stock of a color and then
polishing that color until it becomes a glased
finish. The materials used are pulp and dry
colors, glues, clays, etc., the coating being done
by machinery after which the paper Is finished,
if the real article, by being glazed "with a flint
stone, or if the imitation by being run through
a friction machine. The purpose of the increase
was to raise,. th,e. price to the consumer. It has
uinoe thcjrf'been Increased.
The paper manufacturers were able also to
slip over something else on the consumer, when
It camo to amending the section relating to parch
ment papers. Originally parchment meant the skin
of a calf, sheep or goat prepared for writing upon,
but the term as it now is employed meanB simply
papers that approximate that kind in appearance.
Most of the grades included In this classification
are of tho kind familiar to all patrons of gro
cers and butchers, tho grease-proof papers that
ahow the contents of tho package but protect
tho customers' hands from the grease of its
contents. Theso kinds of paper have been on
tho market for about sixteen years, and their
use is rapidly increasing. The Germans and
Swedes had control of the market at first but
Americans have been furnishing most of the
supply in tho last six or eight years. These
-waxed papers are made of sulphite fiber coated
with paraffin or made waterproof by another
mechanical process, and came In under the
Dlngloy tariff at 25 per cent, being in the un
classified papers. If one cares to trace back
the incorporation of these under Bpecial sche
dules that gives a protection of approximately
70 per cent, ho will find that the paragraphs,
aubstantially aa they appear in the law, were
suggested at the first hearing by the paper
manufacturers' committee, another Illuminating
instance of how tariffs are really made.
The book and papor schedule contains a para
graph taxing children's toy books, tho familiar
ones that consist of a little text and many
illuminated lithographic prints. Formerly
these were mported in large quantities, but the
McKinley bill, by putting on a tariff of 8 cento
a pound, over 50 per cent, drove the Imported
article from tho market and gave the Americans
a monopoly, which has taxed the children ever
since. Several foreign manufacturers started
plants here, and found they could make them
Just as cheaply in the United States as abroad
proof that no protection is actually needed in
the business. A strong effort was made to re
duce the tax to 5 cents a pound, or about the
same duty as is levied upon toys, 35 per cent
An inspection of the new tariff law shows that
the tariff was reduced to 7 cents, which is far
cical, because tho rate is .still prohibitive.
C Q. D. .
Docs Mr. Edward Tilden, president of the
National Packing company, realize that tho
eyes not only of this community but of tho
people of the United States are focused upon
him and his desperate struggles to prevent the
examination of his books?
Do Mr. Tilden's associates and tho men high
in the banking and business world who are using
their influence against the Helm committee's in
vestigation realize this?
Do they realize that protestations of inno
cence are valueless when canceled by tho tactics
which go with guilt?
Mr. McCutcheon'B cartoon in the Tribune on
the king who was robbed of a crown jewel
expressed tho public thought.
"Wkat have you to Say for Yourself?" in
quired the King of the Accused Man.
"I am Innocent," he answered. "I know
nothing about the Crown Jewel. But Just the
Same, I don't want to be Searched."
For some moments the king deliberated. At
last he spoke.
"I have no wish to be Harsh with you, but
if you are innocent, you Hurt your Own Cause
by Striving for Concealment. If I allow you to
go without being Searched, you will always be
suspected of Guilt. Therefore, in your own In
terest, I think it Best that you be Searched in
order that your Innocence may be open to no
Doubt in the Minds of your Neighbors."
Of what is Mr. Tilden afraid?
Do his books contain evidence embarrassing
not only to him but to his associates in the
National Packing company?
Do these prominent gentlemen consent to be
ing placed in the light of needing protection by
Mr. Tilden? Are they willing that the public
should infer that their transactions are such as
will not beaT the light?
If Mr. Tilden is content to bear this inference,
are they?
Is it within the bounds of possibility, is it
even probable that the National Packing com
pany has acted as a political clearing house?
Is it a possibility that the National Packing
company is the "little black man" who has done
vicious things which big white men would not
be known to countenance?
Is it possible that the books required by the
Helm committee or the books of the National
Packing company, or both together, would dis
close financial transactions involving other elec
tions than Mr. Lorlmer's or other legislative
Is it possible that these books would disclose,
say, the carrying of stocks for officials police
officers, for example of the city of Chicago?
These and other grave and unpleasant sug
gestions spring up in the mind. They would not
have such vigorous growth if it were not for
Mr. Tilden's evident determination to prevent
an examination of his books at any cost.
If ever there were a time for the National
Packing company, Mr. Edward Tilden, and his
distinguished business associates to come before
tho public with outstretched hands, with books
ft lyfle,rel.fof. lawful authoritative examina
tion, this Is the time.
Instead of that there is a scuttling for attor
neys and habeas corpus writs, the wires to
Springfield aro kept hot with secret appeals to
check the investigation at any cost
And the American people are drawing their
own conclusions.
They are not conclusions business men or
business concerns of high place would invie
without reasons which make it all the more in
portant that duly recognized representatives of
the public should know the facts so desperately
defended. Chicago Tribune. uperaieiy
Mr. Bryan has given instructing tw
aeneriodSCorfIbfr Sh&11 eIve Tf CommoneTloT
a period of two years (which will carrv if ho
yond the presidential election of 1912) for t
5EOfOn0 d0llar' a1 Commoner reader is
asked to secure at ipRaf ,!. euuer is
Many will be able to secure mol bscriber-
Everyone, however, may render m! $?? ??'
J. it. JenklnB, Missouri Enclospri ,
order for $10.00 for robaoriSSoM Pilmney
cept my welldishes and may suwess crowTv,?0'
true endeavors for the good of 'nil n your
Edward P. Hughee i wLt v? Pe,ople
?hed fcohirfor S 0
C. McGarvey, Georgia I Km enclosing ,
check to prepay for twelve imtacSSSS Uto Te
.' VOLUME 11, NUMBER, lg
Commoner for two years at $1.00 each. I shall
do all in my power to increase the circulation of
your paper here.
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tions; six for one year and two for two years.
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in as I can get them. I would like to send you
a thousand or more names if it were in my
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W. W. Krldlebaugh, Iowa I am enclosing
you herewith the names of five persons to whom
I desire you to mail The Commoner as pre
scribed in your latest offer. I am enclosing you
my draft for $5.00 in payment of the same.
I trust that my action -will assure you of the
high regaTd in which I hold your valued paper as
I consider it one of the truly necessary educators
of the times.
Following named have sent in five or more
subscribers: J. L. Henerey, S. C, 6; A. P.
Chambers, O., 6; Albon P. Man, N. Y., 10; e!
B. Baldwin, Vt., 7; C. J. Cook, Va., 5; J. R.
Tate, Va., 6; F. C. Habern, Va., 7; A. H. Taylor,
Tenn., 5; A. C. McKinney, Ark., 5; E. J. Clark,
Tex., 7; Geo. Buckingham, Kan., 12; W. Ram
sey, Kan., 7; J. A. Martin, Cal., 8; J. C. Rud
dock, Cal., 9r W. C. Ingram, Mo., 16; J. J.
Culbertson, Wash., 5; C. J. Tucker, 111., 5; H.
V. Merritt, Mo., 5; J. W. Schooler, Ind., 8; Wm.
Clemens, Idaho, 10; Thos. J. Kelley, Conn. 5;
G. W. Friesen, Neb., 5; Chas. G. Barnard' 5;
B. R. Curran, Minn., 12; D. Coughlin, Minn.,
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7; Axell Johnson, N. D., 5; D. M. Carlton 111.,
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5; S. P. McCracken, Mo., 5; L,. A. Ellis, Nev.,
7; Wm. H. Green, Ind., 5; Ellsworth Ball, Neb.,
5; M. C. Burt, Pa., 7; B. M. Hopper, la., 7;
G. W. Odom, Tex., 5; Jas. Simpson, Ky., 5;
E.T.Anderson, Mo., 5; Wm. G. Crittenden, Mich.,
8; Chas. H. Servls, N. J., 5; Jno. Preston, Mich.,
5; H. W. Brockett, O., 5; R. S. Childs, Vt., 10;
Dr. Chas. L. Lasjelle, Pa., 6; M. V. Hudson, O.,
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6; J D. Winstead, N. C, 5; Lemar Cobb, Ariz.,
5; H. Blackman, Wash., 5; J. M. Vannice, N.
p., 5; Jas. M. Jackson, Mo., 10; Peter Seibert,
111., 7; S D Mosteller, S. C, 5; J. C. Copeland,
"iH A;,P Turner 0- 7; U. G. Hunter, 111.,
l ?'a 'cMncher' 5; J- E- Owings, Ind.,
6, J. A. Sutton, Cal., 11; N. F. Watts, Tex., 15;
t' SmneT.' Ia- 10; J. P. Woodyard, Ark., 5;
An ' ??e?8 Ia" 12 Dr. Coats, Mo!, 7; Jos.
Allen, 111., 5; T. J. Knisley, W. Va., 6; E. C.
Carrington O., 5; Hyatt Roberts, O., 10; Jerome
rcghTh N'KMV 8i Pat Kel1 Kan" 6; T. H.
Davis, 111 5; J. P. Odell, N. M.,-11; A. H.
Phelps la., 10; Dr. A. J. Lang, N. D., 5;
B H. Vance, O., 5; A. J. St. John, Mo., 5; W. E.
w tl'n51,1 N. McClintock, Kan. 5; T.
H. Dinsmore, Colo., 9 ; W. H. Toben la 7 M
SSP8WVrI1,-K8;-R- H' Arnold, ra!f 12; biS:
Holton, Mo., 5; Jacob Taylor, 111 5- H O
lTaffi Ul" U H' A' Car, M ich.;'5; S.
T?ch.3iSY '' H Sherman,'N. 5 Geo.
lichenor, Ind., 6; J. D. Cox Mo 20- V r
Davis, M0., 6; E.'t. Chrisman, Kan.? 8; A B.
pGWHaleTew 'v?; Pn M,$Cuugn, Mlnnioi C
A ? rnTf'r5i G' W Cowden, Kan., 6;
C A 5Sbe-S'KInde" 5' J D Gill Neb. 5
W C E'ft' V I' B- Hutcheson, O. 5
FosSr '?"t6; Hl B- Moran in- ; Jno- T.
Lm ' J1!," 6; Jno- A- Johnson, la 6- G A
Sni'nfn'' ?A J' M- D18' Colo., 5; J. L.
A if tJK di' 10; Jud- Kaufman, Ind, 6;
$ SrVS11;, C' H Wlntersteen, Mo.,
o, H. Snell, Neb., 6; C. L WeiRPd Tn q
Hendrix, la., 7; R. J. Wil Hams la 6-' ?' H
Pace, Ky., 7; F S Tvrrell tii k'. t t t5- J
Mo 25 qn,C11d Mo., 5; J. H. Woodward,
Dabbs i vft V McCaulley, la., 5; Dr. D. N.
Gerder wi 6L J5Byme' te., 6; Geo. P.
Brwn'N' 1 z -Vn More' 0kIa" . G.
J b krvnH; W T C' Gorses, Canal Zone, 6;
W.VcS T1"- ,5.J I' M person, 111. 8;
Wis fi- -r ti -mil ' , u- xo wm' U'tfrien,
Ind 6- f Son,' Jr" Mo" 6J Allen K1Ien'
W V '. t' a arInBon' IU- 6J S. Bradford,
N ' Y 'k.; w S;MAar?ha. N. Y., 5; E. Brozitsky.
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