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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 20, 1911)
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VOLUME 11, NUMBER f
JjOW PJUOES. Ornamental Iron fence In eheajxT than Trod
fur Lawns, qit(irhM, Oeroeterlca, I'uMlo (Jrouwls. Bout Poultry
ana KrriFrnoo. Vree Catalog. Wrlto for Special Offer.
THE.WAKD FENCE CO., Box t 03, Pecefur, Inil.
nn-t'lfthfc Hold to thounor at VTIioUtele
I'rlco. We Par Freight. Catnloguofroe.
OOILKD SPRING FENCE CO..
Box 234 Wlnehoater, Indiana.
Eft Best Paying Varieties
VV Dfoks, atono.Turkojrn, KgRfl.
" nml liioubatorif All at Low Pr
i. All at Lew Prleea.
Bond 4o. tor my Hook which rItoii reliable
Information worth many dollars to you ,
W. A. WEIER, 10X054, Mankato,MlMi. ,
125 Egg Incubator Aff
and Brooder BoFlJrwIII
'Imth lor SlO. juroiimt
nnlil unit nf ltnaklna. Jlot
watrtr, copimr tunkn, doublo wnlln,
doublo Klans tloorn. Free cntnloft
donorlboH tuom. Bonuroriitoany.
Wisconsin Incubator Co.,
Bex 14IB. Rnelne, Wla.
fi'A, TjTrfflSt kaisk thicm without
XJ'MTJ m MILK. llooklotFroo.
Nobraska Soed Co(, Omaha, Nob
AGENTS W $40 A WEEK
eelllng tar household Docesslly. Standard 91.00 Taluo erery
where, nulch yon can id I ni 80 conU and make MOO ler
(feat Profit, JWorjbody Iniys. L.T.D., Michigan, tnadatli
rsl day. W. A. W., Ohio, fOt Ona week, noriod only 4 day.
pin. O., Wisconsin, averages orr 110 a week for a whole rear.
Writ for terms, tMUUreeae, SS Laka 8L, Dept. EO,Caleage.
i 'r-j'w I TTfiYiiTY
flead WhatWo Will DolorAII Sufferers of Indigestion,
Slckllondacho and All Forms of Stomach Troublo.
8onrrt0o'f o coTor coBt of malllnc, oloTatifi wo will
Bona WITHOUT VUHTHOH OUAllOli ft 11,00 ATI
HOUPTION TItUATMMNT. SnoriKii a plaster that
wlllauro works HkotnARloontlioBolarploxuB.'wlilch
lBtheoontor of tho sympathotlo norvo nyHtomttaat
controls tho tflgostlyo organs. Wrlto ua NOW and wo
wUlpayo you days and wooksof mlsoryj -Address
Ohio ltomody Co., Box 170 Hta. F, Toledo, Ohio.
.'. i) r.
Doors which opun forward
add to th boauty, con
yaniance and safaty of .
riie knob can be turned
Without reaching to the
further side the door
swings out and away from
you as you step down
from the car permitting j
yuu to angnt easily, nat
urally and gracefully.
TJils soomingly small, but really
important feature shows how care
fully every detail of this car is
In .building a car tchioh is ?rttrn to
wtf largo extent hy tromon and
children p rentlxe that tro assume
tt mrnve yes2)onsibiUty Hnl have tr&.
fitted fev every emergency.
Demonstration by Appointment
A'NPEllSON EI.KCTOIC OUl COMPANV
THI3 TARIFF FREE RAW IA
TERIAL (Continued from Pago 8)
and participated in tho struggle
which took place between tho two
houses on this question, and I as
suino that ho must havo been fa
miliar with all these facts which
constituted ono of tho most sensa
tional political dramas of tho times.
Ho refused to follow these demo
cratic senators then, because ho
know they were tho victims of sin
ister Influences which they could not
control and were not voting their
true sentiments. The citation of
this spurious instance, this "act of
party perfidy and dishonor," as Pres
ident Cleveland called it, only shows
how difilcult it is for tho opponents
of free raw material to find demo
cratic precedent to support their
position. If they are willing to ac
cept democratic precedent on the
question of iron ore, they should
havo no trouble ,n finding genuine
instances. It is not at all necessary
that they Bhould tako a spurious
case. If they will go back to Jan
uary 24, 1883, they will find that
Senator Maxoy, of Texas, moved to
put iron ore on the free list and that
overy democrat in the senate save
ono voted for it. They will find
that in 1884 and also in 1886 an
overwhelming majority of the dem
ocrats in tho houso voted for bills
providing for free iron ore. They
will find that practically every dem
ocrat in tho house voted for free iron
ore in 1894.
Now, Mr. Chairman, let us refer
to a few expressions of other leading
democrats on tho subject of free raw
materials, A very large number
could bq produced if time permitted.
Guthrie, a demopratic secretary of
tho treasury, in his report to con
gross as far back as December 3,
"In recommending for the third
time tho remodeling of the sched
ules of the tariff act of 1846 and tho
reduction of the revenues from cus
toms, I have felt constrained by a
conviction of its propriety again to
recommend, as ono of the models of
reducing the revenue, that tho raw
materials used in our manufactures
bo admitted free of duty.
"Under laws of great wisdom and
forecast all manufacturing coun
tries, except the United States, now
admit tho raw material used in their
productions free of duty, thereby
giving constant and profitable em
ployment to capital and labor, and
enabling their factories to furnish a
cheaper article and better command
of. both the home and foreign mar
ket, with beneficial employment to
their tonnage in making tho ex
changes." Again, in his report to congress
on December 1, 1856, Mr. Guthrie
urged congress to put raw material
on the free list. He said:
"It seemed to me that good pol
icy required the raw material used
in our manufactures to bo exempt
from duty and our manufacturers
placed on an equality with those of
Great Britain and other manufactur
ing nations who admit the raw ma
terial to free entry. A tax upon the
raw material is calculated to in
crease the cost of the production by
the profits of the importer on the
tax on tho raw material, and the
profits of the manufacturer on his
outlay for that tax, and the import
er s profit thereon, and of the mer
chant through whom it passes to the
consumer, interfering with the man
ufacturer's enjoyment of both the
home and the foreign market on the
same advantageous terms of the
manufacturer of other nations who
obtains tho raw material free of
duty. A single example illustrates
the case: Great Britain admits wool
--a raw material free of duty and
du0tvUnfIte,dn States imposo Son' it a
duty of 30 per cent. This enables
tho English manufacturer to inter
fere with tho American manufac
turer in tho American maTkets and
to exclude him from tho foreign
market. It does more. It surrend
ers the markets of J;he countries pro
ducing the raw material to the na
tions who take it free of duty."
And in accordanco with Mr. Guth
rie's repeated recommendations, con
gress did, in 1857, put a long list of
raw materials for manufacture on
tho free list.
In a letter addressed to the people
of the United States on November
30, 1867, in which he denounced the
protective system of the republican
party, Robert J. Walker said:
"After a close investigation of this
subject and after examining the
tariffs and the manufacturing estab
lishments of foreign countries in
1851-52 and 1863-64, I am con
vinced that to admit tho raw ma
terial of manufactures in all cases
duty free would greatly increase ouri
wealth, augment our exports, im
ports, and revenue, and diminish the
burdens of taxation. Let us remem
ber that in taking the duty off the
raw material the consumers, the peo
ple of tho United States, get the
manufactured article at a lower rate.
This, then, is another step in the
reduction of taxes."
Now let mo quote what Hon. Wil
liam L. Wilson had to say on this
subject in a speech in tho house of
representatives on January 8, 1894.
Mr. Wilson was at the time chair
man of tho ways and means commit
tee and tho democratic floor leader.
He was a man of great learning and
a democrat of tho strictest sect.
After a most brilliant career in con
gress, he was called to the presi
dency of Washington and Lee uni
versity, as a man whose high char
acter fitted him to be the successor
of Lee. In discussing the great work
of tariff reform which tho demo
cratic party w,as then undertaking,
"We begin our task by an effort to
free from taxation those things on
wmcu ,tne industrial prosperity and
growth of our country so largely
"Of all the reductions made In
this bill there are none in their bene
fit to tho consumer, none in their
benefit to the laborer, that can be
compared with tho removal of t'
taxes from the materials of indus
try. We have felt that we could not
begin a thorough reform of tho ex
isting system, built up, as I havo
shown, story by story, until it has
pierced tho clouds, except by a re
moval of all taxation on the great
materials that lie at the basis of
modern industry, and so the bill pro
poses to put on the free list wool,
iron ore, coal, and lumber."
Again, Mr. Wilson said:
"I have already said, Mr. Chair
man, that I believe no tariff bill
could carry any benefit to the Ameri
can people comparable to the pro
posed release from taxation of the
materials of industry. Better give
a workingman untaxed materials to
work with than give him untaxed
clothing to wear. Better give him
untaxed materials on which to exer
cise his industry than untaxed and
cheapened necessaries of life His
wages depend on the products' of his
S0fW?l?t?rop goes as a tax to
tho material ho uses is a diminution
of the wages of the laboring man
As you cheapen his materials you
widen the market for his nroduof
With untaxed iron and steel J &
cruder forms, or even in the humbler
beginning of the ore, with untaxed
i0lJ,ndcoal and luner, you en
able him to put his finished products
n ,S marlfet at Prlces that will
rapidly and indefinitely increase the
number of his consumers, and in
this way you secure him steady em
ployment, increasing wages, anOhat
personal independence he can never
a3aeSBCJ55y5r" MJL FaH LwaT
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Writ for BoUl introductory PropoitUea.
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