The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, June 03, 1910, Page 10, Image 10

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    , -v'Ty'-
The Commoner
(Contlnuod from Pago C)
out;of thirtoon shall bo olected,
whufoaq, ' tho people of Porto Rico,
Bpcaklng through Porto Rlcans, ask
that all of tho members of the senator-bo
oloctod. 'I will not discuss
the-' (iliodtfon whother It should bo
flvo'j prhjrtoon, but I will romlnd
you 4that at this tlmo nono of tho
sonata are elected. One person with
wlidhi I havo spoken went so far as
to feay tho now bill was not as good
as ho prosent law, because only five
out of thirteen are to bo elected,
whoreaa there are now five Porto
Rfcuhs among the cloven members
so that the proportion of Porto
RIcans would be decreased. But
.that argument can not be made by
one who believes In representative
government, for if you can make an
argument in favor of electing thir
teen instead of appointing them, the
same arganxuil must be made in
favor of Meeting the Ave instead of
appointing lliem. Now, if this, I re
peat, is not ,u leap in advance, it is
at least a step, it is a recognition of
the principle of election in that
higher bodj and let this step in ad
vance be an assurance to you that
other steps will be given. I desire
that you who live in Porto Rico shall
make known with the utmost free
dom what you think ought to be
done. Send to Washington just as
many men as you like. J do not
know how many you havo there now
and I havo never had a chanco to
hear them speak, but I have hoard
throo spoak tonight and I move that
you send them in addition to .those
you havo already sent. I would bo
glad t6 havo them present their arg
uments bqforo tho committees which
havo this measure In charge. I would
like to havo them speak at public
meetings, for If tho people who op-
xivbv itihii. uiiu uua. uun hoc oring
arguments to answor their argu
ments, I havo such faith in tho sense
of Justice in tho American heart that
I feel sure that tho verdict will be
with those who ask and speak for
Porto Rico. I believe that those peo
ple there will do what they believe
is just and best and I believe that
they will do this, whether they are
republicans or democrats. If they
make mistakes it will be because
they do not understand tho situation,
not because they desire to do so. I
know of no selfish intorost that they
can havo in denying to the people
of Porto Rico a single right. On
tho contrary all of their interests
political, economical, financial are
on the side of doing absolute jus
tice hore.
I bog you, therefore, to act hero
as wo act in tho United States. You
are a part of our country. You are
not now a territory, but you some
day will bo. You will not then be
a state but you will some day bo a
statQ. You do tho American people
Injustice If you for one moment
mum mat tney Intend to exclude
you from a full share In the shaping
of the destiny of our nation.
Let no one tell you that there are
differences between your people and
our,s, that make harmonious co-operation
impossible. Sometimes it is
said that, because you come from
southern Europe while we como
largely from northern Europe, there
fore there is a gulf between us. This
is not true, in the United States
wo havo people from all parts of
Europe, and they have no difficulty
in Hiving and working together. Do
not. listen to those who toll you that
because you speak tho Spanish Ian-,
guage and we tho English language
wecan not act in harmony together
orjchferlsh tho Same ideald. Can you
forgetfcan Wo forget that nearly
eyepyjropubllc except ours is a Latin
peaking republic? Can you forget
can wo forgot, that the people
who havo followed our institutions
most closely are those who use tho
Latin tonguo? It was in Brazil that
tho first attempt was made to follow
America's example In securing inde
pendence. Scarcely had the guns
coasod to thunder at Yorktown when
tho spirit of the American revolu
tion manifested itself on tho banks
of the Amazon; and in less than fifty
years after tho Declaration of Amer
ican of Independence tho spirit that
actuated our forofathers had mani
fested itself from Panama to Cape
In Argentina they havo not only
adoptod the spirit of our institutions,
but they have adopted the federal
system of government. In Brazil
they havo not only adopted the fed
eral system, but they have made
their flag the only one like burs, 'as
far as I know, in that every state
Is represented by a star.
It was for Latin-America that our
nation announced the Monroe doc
trine and notified the old world not
to lay hands upon another 'foot of
American soil. It was for a Spanish
speaking country that, at the close
of the civil war, when the south was
crippled and the north was burdened
with debt, our nation warned Europe
that wo could not stand unconcerned
while European influence held a
monarch upon the throne of Mexico;
and tho people Of Mexico will tell
you that It was this act of friendship
by the United States for a Spanish
speaking people that enabled them
to drive Maximilian from power and
restore a republic In Mexico. A few
years ago, a little country not far
from you Venezuela a Spanish
speaking country, had a controversy
with Great Britain. Great Britain
has the largest navy in the world.
She is friendly to the United States
ana is the largest purchaser of our
products, but when that little Spanish-speaking
nation was about to en
tor into an unequal struggle with
that great European power, it was
the United States that asked Great
Britain to submit the matter to ar
bitration; and it was the United
States that, when Great Britain
seemed unwilling, announced that
tho United States would find the
boundary herself unless the question
was submitted to arbitration. That
established a precedent that protects
all South and Central America. It
was for Cuba', a Spanish-speaking
country, that our nation took np
arms against another nation, and de
claring that they did not want the
land of Cuba or its liberty, appro-
prlated $50,000,000 to begin the
It was the United Statos that,
keeping her pledge, gave indepen
dence to the Cubans, a Spanish
speaking people, and, called in by
tho government a' second time, again
retired anuT left the people in the
enjoyment of self-government.
Let no one say, therefore, that
our nation is not friendly to the
Spanish-speaking people of this west
ern hemisphere. After traveling
through South America, I am con
vinced that during the next century
South America will do for Europe
what our nation has' doiie for it dur
ing "the past, namely, furnish homes
for its surplus population. During
the next century I believe there will
be a tremendous immigration to, and
development of, the . countries of
South America. The Spanish-speaking
people and the English-speaking
people are cotenants of the western
hemisphere. They are united In
their ideals of government; they are
attempting to secure the advance
ment of the race along the same
lines. These two sections of the
hemisphere must act together, and
I conclude, as I began, with the
declaration, that this little island, ad
has been suggested, occupies the
strategic point between North and
South America.
Trust those with whom vour lot
has been cast; let their conduct to
wards others who speak your lan
guage bo an assurance that they will
not be unjust towards you. Let the
grand achievements of our nation
during the century passed be to you
a pledge that its bright name will
not be stained by iniustice to a tjgo-
pje whd love it as you do.
My appeal to you, therefore, is
that you shall have faith in the
American people. If I, a defeated
candidate, can trust those who de
feated me, you ought to trust all of
uio American people, acting togeth
er. If the more than thirty millions
of people who supported me can
argue, labor and wait, let not the
million people of Porto Rico be im
patient. I .promise you as a citizen
that your hope shall not be in vain.
I promise you as one who knows the
American people that they are and
will be your friends. If progress is
not as rapid as you .would like, there
will nevertheless be progress. If
justice is not done at once on all
subjects, it will be done at last, and
if you- do not live to join in the.
shouting when victory is secured,
your children vill yet rejoice; for
the day of rejoicing will come.
" I ' I I !
Washington News
President Taft will not take part
in the homo coming celebration of
Theodore Roosevelt fn New York
Juno 18. He has accepted an invi
tation to be at St. Thomas College
Villa. Nova. Pa., receiving tho rio-
grqe of doctor of jurisprudence on
that day.
son with Rayner. Senators Bank
head, Bulkley, Daniel, Hughes, Mon-;
oy, Newlands, Penrose ' and Percy-
wero absent and unpaired."
Fred W. Carpenter, secretary to
the president, -has been appointed" as
minister to Morocco. Rudolph For
ester, present assistant secretary;
will succeed Carpenter as secretary
to the president. -.
President Taft's traveling expenses
havo exceeded the limit of $25,000
per year and a heated debate took
place in the house1' over the proposi
tion to allow the president to draw
on next year's appropriation. In- the
course of the debate Mr. Tawney, one
Clubbing List
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Agricultural Epltomist 25
American Boo Journal.... 1.00 '
Black Cat l.oo
Bank Deposit Guarantee
Journal .. :..... 1.00
Boys' World 50
Brooder's Gazette -. . 2.00
Current literature.-. 3.00
with. :;.. 4
Commoner ,.')'
Homestead !.'."
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Attorney Vertries for Secretary
Ballinger addressed the Balllnger
investigating committee and accused
Pinchot, Garfield and Glavis of
being in a conspiracy to discredit the
In the arguments before the Bal
linger investigating committee At
torney Brandeis denounced the sec
retary of the interior as an unsafe
man who is under the domination
of special interests.
The Cummins amendment to the
railroad bill requiring the approval
of the interstate commerce commis
sion tb all proposed lncife"ases-6f Tail
road rates before they become effec-
V .
uve was aereated by a vote of 29
to 43. The Associated Press report
says: "Tho vote on this amend
ment was by no means so close as
had been predicted by its friends and
feared by its opponents. Three days
ago tho advocates of tho bill as sug
gested by the administration had
been apprehensive of the success of
the Cummins provision, but during
that time they had been extremely
active with the result that while they
made important concessions they
scored the defeat of the provision.
Of the twenty-nine votes favorable to
the amendment, twelve were cast by
insurgent republicans, as follows:
Beveridge, Borah, Bourne, Bristow,
Burkett, C app, Crawford, Cummins
Pon, Dollivor, Gamble and LaFol
lelte. Only four democrats Bailey,
McEnery, Smith of Maryland, and
Taylorvoted against the provision.
I'airs on the voto were announced
Ktf?llo.s:??ot wIth Taliatferro;
Flint with Culberson; Tjorlmer' with
Davis; Dillingham -with Tillman;
McCumber with Foston and Richard-
Cosmopolitan, The.
Country Gentloman.,
Courier-Journal . .
Olio tin yrrxtvn Matito
Constitution. The . . .7.' ' " '
Democrat, Tho Johnstown 1.00.
Delineator The.. ...-..i, l.oo
jtftuao, Tiio 1.50
Enquirer, -The. ...... ... 1.00
Everybody's Magazine.... 1.50
Farm and Homo.. . . r. .... '.35
Farm, Stoclc & Home;.-. -.50
Farm & Fireside......... .35
Farmers Advocate Ii00
S?r,m's Vfc ... . . .i. . . r.00'
Field & Streanv.i,. .;-.'.. ',1.50:
Fruit Growor 1.00
Green's Fruit Grower....' .50
Good Housekeeping. ..".;.. 1.00
Health Culture 1.00
Hoard's Dairyman ....... 1,00
Homo & Farm' 50
Housekeeper, Tho.... 75
Harper's Bazar , ' 1.00
Industrious Hen ...., .50
Irrigation Ago... 1,00
Independent, Tho 2.00
Kansas Farmer 1.00
Literary Digest..-. 3.00
LaFolleito's Magaxine. ..... LOO
McCall's Magazine 50
McCIuro's Magazine 1.50
Metropolitan, The 1.50
Modern Priscilla. 75
Michigan Faxmer 100
National Monthly im
News-Times .. .L.. ...... 1 no
Farmers Nowa-Sclmitar.. '.50
National Fruit Grower... .50
Nat'l Stockman & Farmer 1.00
National Farmer & Stock .
Grower kq
o!H?Jarmor" ' i-OO
OuHng, r 3.00
Outlook, The 3 "q
Oranso Judd Fatmor. -1 AX
Ssft? Mpny-. l!50
i uuui;, jlhu. ............... 1 nn
Peoples Ponulav Mrmflilw
Poultry Success
.ttepuDiic, Tho
Republican. The,
SSyteY f Rview 3!00
Roliablo Poultry Journal. :50
Recreation j'nX
Southern Fruit Grower .'.'. gn
Taylor-Trotwood ...!!'..'. iro
Technical "World .., 'kq
Toxas Farm & Fireside inn
Travel Magazine. ... . . .; J'gg
TTnn? Gntur,y Mag... 2:50
Up-to-Dato Farming 50
Uncle Remus' Magazine.. l.QO
Vegetarian inn
"World, Thricoa-Week inn
Wlndlo's Gatling Gun inn
Wallace's Farmer. ."..::: inn
Word and Works ......... 100
Woman'a Home Compan'n 1 50
World-Horald, Daily...?.. 4 no
World To-Day...... .,; 150
S? Je"ersonian.... lioo
World Herald, Dally ex-
cept Sunday.. 3 0n
World-Herald, boml-Wk Kn
World's 3D vents.. 7....,.:: lioo -
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