The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, June 03, 1910, Page 10, Image 10
, -v'Ty'- r v itf The Commoner VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1 I v . r Mft. liliVAN IN POKTO RICO (Contlnuod from Pago C) out;of thirtoon shall bo olected, whufoaq, ' tho people of Porto Rico, Bpcaklng through Porto Rlcans, ask that all of tho members of the senator-bo oloctod. 'I will not discuss the-' (iliodtfon whother It should bo flvo'j prhjrtoon, but I will romlnd you 4that at this tlmo nono of tho sonata are elected. One person with wlidhi I havo spoken went so far as to feay tho now bill was not as good as ho prosent law, because only five out of thirteen are to bo elected, whoreaa there are now five Porto Rfcuhs among the cloven members so that the proportion of Porto RIcans would be decreased. But .that argument can not be made by one who believes In representative government, for if you can make an argument in favor of electing thir teen instead of appointing them, the same arganxuil must be made in favor of Meeting the Ave instead of appointing lliem. Now, if this, I re peat, is not ,u leap in advance, it is at least a step, it is a recognition of the principle of election in that higher bodj and let this step in ad vance be an assurance to you that other steps will be given. I desire that you who live in Porto Rico shall make known with the utmost free dom what you think ought to be done. Send to Washington just as many men as you like. J do not know how many you havo there now and I havo never had a chanco to hear them speak, but I have hoard throo spoak tonight and I move that you send them in addition to .those you havo already sent. I would bo glad t6 havo them present their arg uments bqforo tho committees which havo this measure In charge. I would like to havo them speak at public meetings, for If tho people who op- xivbv itihii. uiiu uua. uun hoc oring arguments to answor their argu ments, I havo such faith in tho sense of Justice in tho American heart that I feel sure that tho verdict will be with those who ask and speak for Porto Rico. I believe that those peo ple there will do what they believe is just and best and I believe that they will do this, whether they are republicans or democrats. If they make mistakes it will be because they do not understand tho situation, not because they desire to do so. I know of no selfish intorost that they can havo in denying to the people of Porto Rico a single right. On tho contrary all of their interests political, economical, financial are on the side of doing absolute jus tice hore. I bog you, therefore, to act hero as wo act in tho United States. You are a part of our country. You are not now a territory, but you some day will bo. You will not then be a state but you will some day bo a statQ. You do tho American people Injustice If you for one moment mum mat tney Intend to exclude you from a full share In the shaping of the destiny of our nation. Let no one tell you that there are differences between your people and our,s, that make harmonious co-operation impossible. Sometimes it is said that, because you come from southern Europe while we como largely from northern Europe, there fore there is a gulf between us. This is not true, in the United States wo havo people from all parts of Europe, and they have no difficulty in Hiving and working together. Do not. listen to those who toll you that because you speak tho Spanish Ian-, guage and we tho English language wecan not act in harmony together orjchferlsh tho Same ideald. Can you forgetfcan Wo forget that nearly eyepyjropubllc except ours is a Latin peaking republic? Can you forget can wo forgot, that the people who havo followed our institutions most closely are those who use tho Latin tonguo? It was in Brazil that tho first attempt was made to follow America's example In securing inde pendence. Scarcely had the guns coasod to thunder at Yorktown when tho spirit of the American revolu tion manifested itself on tho banks of the Amazon; and in less than fifty years after tho Declaration of Amer ican of Independence tho spirit that actuated our forofathers had mani fested itself from Panama to Cape Horn. In Argentina they havo not only adoptod the spirit of our institutions, but they have adopted the federal system of government. In Brazil they havo not only adopted the fed eral system, but they have made their flag the only one like burs, 'as far as I know, in that every state Is represented by a star. It was for Latin-America that our nation announced the Monroe doc trine and notified the old world not to lay hands upon another 'foot of American soil. It was for a Spanish speaking country that, at the close of the civil war, when the south was crippled and the north was burdened with debt, our nation warned Europe that wo could not stand unconcerned while European influence held a monarch upon the throne of Mexico; and tho people Of Mexico will tell you that It was this act of friendship by the United States for a Spanish speaking people that enabled them to drive Maximilian from power and restore a republic In Mexico. A few years ago, a little country not far from you Venezuela a Spanish speaking country, had a controversy with Great Britain. Great Britain has the largest navy in the world. She is friendly to the United States ana is the largest purchaser of our products, but when that little Spanish-speaking nation was about to en tor into an unequal struggle with that great European power, it was the United States that asked Great Britain to submit the matter to ar bitration; and it was the United States that, when Great Britain seemed unwilling, announced that tho United States would find the boundary herself unless the question was submitted to arbitration. That established a precedent that protects all South and Central America. It was for Cuba', a Spanish-speaking country, that our nation took np arms against another nation, and de claring that they did not want the land of Cuba or its liberty, appro- prlated $50,000,000 to begin the war. It was the United Statos that, keeping her pledge, gave indepen dence to the Cubans, a Spanish speaking people, and, called in by tho government a' second time, again retired anuT left the people in the enjoyment of self-government. Let no one say, therefore, that our nation is not friendly to the Spanish-speaking people of this west ern hemisphere. After traveling through South America, I am con vinced that during the next century South America will do for Europe what our nation has' doiie for it dur ing "the past, namely, furnish homes for its surplus population. During the next century I believe there will be a tremendous immigration to, and development of, the . countries of South America. The Spanish-speaking people and the English-speaking people are cotenants of the western hemisphere. They are united In their ideals of government; they are attempting to secure the advance ment of the race along the same lines. These two sections of the hemisphere must act together, and I conclude, as I began, with the declaration, that this little island, ad has been suggested, occupies the strategic point between North and South America. Trust those with whom vour lot has been cast; let their conduct to wards others who speak your lan guage bo an assurance that they will not be unjust towards you. Let the grand achievements of our nation during the century passed be to you a pledge that its bright name will not be stained by iniustice to a tjgo- pje whd love it as you do. My appeal to you, therefore, is that you shall have faith in the American people. If I, a defeated candidate, can trust those who de feated me, you ought to trust all of uio American people, acting togeth er. If the more than thirty millions of people who supported me can argue, labor and wait, let not the million people of Porto Rico be im patient. I .promise you as a citizen that your hope shall not be in vain. I promise you as one who knows the American people that they are and will be your friends. If progress is not as rapid as you .would like, there will nevertheless be progress. If justice is not done at once on all subjects, it will be done at last, and if you- do not live to join in the. shouting when victory is secured, your children vill yet rejoice; for the day of rejoicing will come. ci " I ' I I ! Washington News President Taft will not take part in the homo coming celebration of Theodore Roosevelt fn New York Juno 18. He has accepted an invi tation to be at St. Thomas College Villa. Nova. Pa., receiving tho rio- grqe of doctor of jurisprudence on that day. son with Rayner. Senators Bank head, Bulkley, Daniel, Hughes, Mon-; oy, Newlands, Penrose ' and Percy- wero absent and unpaired." Fred W. Carpenter, secretary to the president, -has been appointed" as minister to Morocco. Rudolph For ester, present assistant secretary; will succeed Carpenter as secretary to the president. -. President Taft's traveling expenses havo exceeded the limit of $25,000 per year and a heated debate took place in the house1' over the proposi tion to allow the president to draw on next year's appropriation. In- the course of the debate Mr. Tawney, one THE COMMONER'S Clubbing List Publisher's American, Tho -. SJ .50 American Magazine 1.50 American Mothorhood... . 1.00 American Boy...'.....;.., l.oo Agricultural Epltomist 25 American Boo Journal.... 1.00 ' Black Cat l.oo Bank Deposit Guarantee Journal .. :..... 1.00 Boys' World 50 Brooder's Gazette -. . 2.00 Current literature.-. 3.00 with. :;.. 4 Commoner ,.')' Homestead !.'." .?i:25'"..;v- 1:75 -' 1.75 ., ' 1.25 JfX 1,65 . 1.70 . : 1.00 1.5,0 1.00 .50 1.Q0 Attorney Vertries for Secretary Ballinger addressed the Balllnger investigating committee and accused Pinchot, Garfield and Glavis of being in a conspiracy to discredit the ouvjiuuiiy. In the arguments before the Bal linger investigating committee At torney Brandeis denounced the sec retary of the interior as an unsafe man who is under the domination of special interests. The Cummins amendment to the railroad bill requiring the approval of the interstate commerce commis sion tb all proposed lncife"ases-6f Tail road rates before they become effec- V . uve was aereated by a vote of 29 to 43. The Associated Press report says: "Tho vote on this amend ment was by no means so close as had been predicted by its friends and feared by its opponents. Three days ago tho advocates of tho bill as sug gested by the administration had been apprehensive of the success of the Cummins provision, but during that time they had been extremely active with the result that while they made important concessions they scored the defeat of the provision. Of the twenty-nine votes favorable to the amendment, twelve were cast by insurgent republicans, as follows: Beveridge, Borah, Bourne, Bristow, Burkett, C app, Crawford, Cummins Pon, Dollivor, Gamble and LaFol lelte. Only four democrats Bailey, McEnery, Smith of Maryland, and Taylorvoted against the provision. I'airs on the voto were announced Ktf?llo.s:??ot wIth Taliatferro; Flint with Culberson; Tjorlmer' with Davis; Dillingham -with Tillman; McCumber with Foston and Richard- Cosmopolitan, The. Country Gentloman., Courier-Journal . . Olio tin yrrxtvn Matito Constitution. The . . .7.' ' " ' Democrat, Tho Johnstown 1.00. Delineator The.. ...-..i, l.oo jtftuao, Tiio 1.50 Enquirer, -The. ...... ... 1.00 Everybody's Magazine.... 1.50 Farm and Homo.. . . r. .... '.35 Farm, Stoclc & Home;.-. -.50 Farm & Fireside......... .35 Farmers Advocate Ii00 S?r,m's Vfc ... . . .i. . . r.00' Field & Streanv.i,. .;-.'.. 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