The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 10, 1909, Page 7, Image 7
BKKKKKKmfK vj-wjt ilf r-f'TS' vq&mr tw"TgSR mjnfmamwnup -"-- '-r.. ,zz, , --. z: ..w.nw.iW,,,,iWili iJiiiiunnvpiiiiipiiipiHpHniRiinin DECEMBER 10, 1909 Aldrlch, republican leader of the senate and foremost advocate of the establishment of a central bank, has-been in the middle west re cently making numerous public addresses. It is interesting tonoto that while the democrats are strongly opposed to such a bank, a majority of the republicans in all sections are in an un certain frame of'mind. The World presents the following concrete expressions of opinion on this point: Against a central bank Democrats (16) representing each of the four geographical divisions, Senators Johnson, Alabama; Fletcher, Florida; Congressmen Palmer, Pennsylvania; Nicholls, Pennsylvania; Small, North Carolina; Lamb, Virginia; Slayden, Texas; Ashbrotik, Ohid; Barnhart, Indiana; Sabath, Illinois; Gra ham, Illinois; Borland, Missouri; Booher, Mis souri; Latta, Nebraska; Martin, Colorado; Rucker, Colorado. Summing up the general drift of opinion on this bank question, it would seem that 90 per cent of the democrats are op posed to it, while 75 per cent of the republicans, regardless of sectional lines, are of undecided mind and apparently open to conviction. The next important question raised by President Taft is that of amending the Sherman anti-trust law so that its scope shall be narrowed to actual conspiracies and monopolies suppressing trade. This would relieve labor unions of liability in case of boycott and likewise exempt a great va riety of corporations that are now technically violating the law'. On this subject there is no division of opinion politically or sectionally, democrats and republicans alike can be' divided into two classes -those who favor a Revision of the law and those who are of doubtfuropinlon. They stand in about equal proportion in these two attitudes. Very few members of congress, are opposed to considering the subject.v Among . tliose who declare'op'enly for amendment of. the law reducing its ;rigidity and scope are: Rep resentatives Palme" r pt Pennsylvania f Nicholls, Pennsylvania"; Splglit, Mississippi: , Astxbrook, Ojiio; barnhart,. Inftianfc, Sabath, Illinois; tatta, Nebraska; Rucker, ( ' Colorado, all y, ? democrats, Among the reptiDljeans, Hayes,, .jSaiifornia; Kopp,' Wisconsin 'c . PearTe, .Maryland Fuller, Illinois, may be citeX as 'specific examples of those' who are "decisively for amendment. . The establishment of postal savings- banks appears not to meet with the general favor claimed for it by persistent advocates in the past. On this subject, .as with others at issue, there is. no par-, tlcular party line division. The proposition has strong advocates and strong opponents, among both democrats and republicans. For example, out of twenty representative democratic mem bers of congress with whom the World com municated on this subject eight declared t for postal savings banks, nine, reported themselves opposed, and three were not prepared to give an answer either Way until examination of the details of the scheme., Similarly, among twenty republicans nine layered the plan, two opposed it, and nine preferred to. give no definite answer. Among members pf congress approached by The World on this Subject there appears to be al most unanimity of .opinion that a new law gov erning the practice of, injunctions must be en acted. There is very little expressed opposition in either party, the only question being how strong a curb should, be imposed. Among re publicans, particularly those of the eastern and northern central states, there is a more favor ableview to subsidies, as a number of repre sentatives who assert that they have not yet made up their minds are inclined to take a rather lenient attitude toward the proposition." THE UNITED STATES government has sev ered diplomatic relations with th6 govern ment of Nicaragua. Secretary of State Knox on December 1 returned the passports of Felipe Rodriguez charge d' affairs of the Nacaraguan legation with a letter scathingly denouncing President Zelaya and his government. An As- sociated Press dispatch from Washington says: "The Letter is definitely declared to represent the views of President Taft, and is about as plainspoken" as anything emanating from the state department in many years. The extra ordinary feature of the letter is that it seems to evidence an intention on the part of the "United States to hold President Zelaya person ally responsible for the alleged torture . and execution of the Americans, Cannon and Groce, and exhibited the unique situation of one gov ernment holding the chief executive of another practically as a common malefactor. Zelaya is branded as a violator of solemn international convention, a disturber of the national and in ternational peace, a tyrant whose administration The Commoner. has been a blot on the namo of good govern ment. Secretary Knox virtually announces the recognition of the Nicaraguan revolutionists, de clares it to bo the conviction of tho United states that tho revolution represents tho senti ments of a majority of tho Nicaraguan people, and that therd is evidently no responsible gov ernment with which tho United States can deal. He therefore announces that all parties will bo held accountable for their actions as affecting the interests of Americans and tho poaco of Central America. Ho further informs Sonor Rodriguez that while ho haB loBt his diplomatic quality, ho may still serve as an 'unofficial' chan nel of communication with tho faction which ho Is regarded as representing. This brings the crisis as near to the status of war as it could bo brought by oxecutlvo action without a dofinite declaration by both houses of con gress which will convene next Monday. Mr. Knox's letter in all but so many words makes it plain that the action represents tho wish and attitude of all the Central American states with tho single exception of Honduras, which Is re garded hero as entirely dominated by Zolaya. Mexico has all along shown its sympathy with the United States in this matter." A STUDY FOR men and women everywhere Is provided in tho following news item printed in the Chicago Record-Herald of Thurs day, December 2: "Tho benevolent management of 'Freiberg's,' Ike Bloom's notorious resort on Twenty-second street, yesterday served notice of a series of 'Christmas awards' on all the girls who frequent the place. The prizos are to bo given to the girls who sell tho most drinks be tween December 1 and January 1. They are three in number as follows: To the girl who sells the most drinks, $100; to the next most proficient drink seller, $50; to tho third most proficient drink seller, $25. About twenty girls are regular -attendants at tho dance hall and the' monthly sales of drinks, especially during holiday Reasons, run up to many thousands of dollars. Although the character of the resort Is 'well known numerous efforts on the part of reform organizations to close it have been in effective, chiefly because Alderman 'Bathhouse John' Cough lin, poet and cotillon leader of the First ward ball, owns the building which houses it. Formerly the resort was run in a rough-and-tumble fashion that brought down on it much public condemnation and even warnings from tho police, but recently Bloom has put it on a 'business basis,' Which has eliminated much un necessary expense and brought in the money fasten Under this new regime 'Freiberg's' has become very exclusive as to the women who are admitted within its portals. Applications for 'positions' are referred by the attendant at the door to Bloom himself, who, before accepting any girl, makes her subscribe to a series of rules of which tho following are a few: 'All girls must be in the hall by 9 a. m. and must re main until 3 a. m. No girl may leave without the verbal or tacit consent of the manager. No girl may refuse a drink if her companion offers to 'buy.' She need not drink It, but she must accept it.' The only pay the girls receive is the right to remain in the place. All the 'house' gets out of it is the profit on the drinks but that's plenty. A complete system of white slavery is, however, obvious. Largely on ac count of the political influence that Is back of the place 'Freiberg's' has been immune from the order recently enforced against all tho other resorts in the district, requiring that no men shall be employed on the premises, So far as the moral tone of 'Freiberg's' is concerned it is no better than the worst 'joint' in the 'ten derloin.' " AN INTERESTING statement relating to tho government's revenue through tho liquor traffic is given in Washington dispatches. These dispatches relate to the annual report made by the commissioner of internal revenue. Accord ing to this report the receipts from taxes on whiskey were $5,509,831 less during the fiscal year of 1909 than in the preceding year and on ales and beers, $2,444,183 less. Apparently, if the figures are any indication, the drinkers turned to tobacco for solace in their deprivation, for the revenues from that source increased during the same period $2,024,423-. The largest increase was in chewing and pipe tobacco, $1, 478 875 and the revenue from cigarettes in creased $722,912. The total revenues amount ed to $246,212,719, of which $128,315,181 came from spirits, $50,303,496 from fermented 7 ) liquors, and $51,887,187 from tobacco. Tho clgaretto hnblt Is stoadily growing despite tho efforts of loglslaturos in somo of tho Mutes. Thoro wcro 6,080,291,908 "coffin nails" smoked SJJSIns th,s flscal ycar ftn Increase of 703,087- . 278 over tho amount consumed in 1908. At tho samo time thoro was a decrcoao of 152,185,830 i ol.-,VLn!bor oC c,KurB mlKl and an Ihcronso or- .$4,047,925 pounds of smoking and chewing tobacco consumed. Tho snuff hnblt nluo uooms to bo growing, for there woro 27,019,027 pounds of this sneczo mlxturo sold during tho year an incroaso of 4,471,866 pounds over tho procodlng year. Tho commissioner estimates that tho re ceipts from tho tax on corporations will produco $15,000,000 in 1010 and $52,000,000 in 1911. Tho cost of collecting tho Internal rovonues for tho pnBt fiscal year was 2.02 por cent, compared with the average cost of 2.09 por cent since tho creation of the buroau. The states producing nlH, ln,'K8t nuantitlcs of spirits aro Illinois, 37, 793,376 gallons; Indiana, 21,916,486 gallons; Kentucky, 27,521,275 gallons, nnd Ohio, 9,119, 611 gallons. Now York loads in tho production of ales and beers, followed by Pennsylvania, Illi nois and Wisconsin. Pennsylvania and Now York produced the greatest numbor of cigars, New York the largest numbor of cigarettes and North Carolina and Missouri ran closo in tho amount of smoking and chewing tobacco pro duced. Because or tho restrictive legislation against tho sale of liquors In tho southern' states, thoro has been an lncreaso In tho numbor of' seizures of property for violation of tho Internal revenue laws in that section. In Georgia thoro wero 688 such seizures, In Alabama 228, North Carolina 450, South Carolina 20, Virginia 204 and Tennessee 108. Tho total valuo of property seizod during tho year was $543,255. REFERRING TO the result of tho liquor fight in Alabama tho New York World says: "Alabama has rejectod by a substantial majority tho proposed prohibition amendment to tho stato constitution, but tho fact does not necessarily imply a repudiation of prohibition. All that tho stato has done Is to refuse to make abatlnonco a constitutional question. It decline to bind Itself Irrevocably to prohibition. The opposition of "temperance leaders to tho amondtnont and the reversal of tho vote of cities and counties which had long fn some cases for twonty yoara given their support to prohibition undor local option may properly bo taken as evidencing a view of temperance as a question of legislation and not of fundamental law. It was moreover Inevitable that a reaction should occur. against a drastic law rigidly enforced. A protest qgalnst the strict enforcement legislation enacted last August may perhaps be discerned In tho result of Monday's election. But even so, tho verdict Is not conclusive. The liquor Interests may bo expected to make the most of this apparent set back to 'the dry law. It Is their first victory to break a long series of defeats. Prohibition has made gains during tho past twelve months In thirty states. Nino states with a population of above 12,000,000 havo prohibition Jaws Maine, Kansas, North Dakota', Georgia, Okla homa, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina and Tennessee, where liquor traffic was stopped last July and the manufacture of liquor abolished after December 31 next. Florida will voto next year on stato prohibition, and active tompor ance campaigns are In progress In twelve other states. There aro 375 prohibition cities with a population of 2,000,000, and no one knows quite how many inhabitants of towns and counties living under 'dry' conditions by local option. Tho Alabama verdict may prove hardly more ' than a' temporary check to the Impetus of the extraordinary wave of prohibition sentlmeht." MR. STEVENSON'S BOOK Mr. Bryan has just received an autograph cop of a book recently Issued by a former vice presi dent, Adlai E. Stevenson, through his publish ers, A. C. McClurg & Co., of Chicago. The title of tho book Is "Something of Men I Have Known." Those who are acquainted with Mr. Stevenson personally need not be assured that tho book Is worth reading. Mr. Stevenson has had an unusual opportunity to meet and know personally the great men who havo come into prominence since the civil war. His skill In narrative has given him more than national re nown, and his comments upon the men whom ho. has known will enhance his reputation. Thoso who read "Something of Men I Have Known" will add to their store of general knowledge, as the book will be an invaluable addition to this department of literature. ill mi m ..' lii-l' 4&l '