The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 10, 1909, Page 4, Image 4

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The Commoner
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VOLUME 9, NUMBER 48
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The Commoner.
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Addross all communications to
THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Nob.
Where Congressmen Stand -
Defiance, O., October 16, 1909, C. W. Bryan
Publisher The Commoner, Lincoln, Neb. Dear
Sir: I recently wrote Colonel Bryan that I was
in jheartyj. accord, with, the tariff platform .pro
posed by him. It ia sound democratic doctrine
and had the democratic senators and congress
men stood solidly for the democratic idea during
the late lamented special session our position
would have been impregnable.
Very truly yours,
T. T ANSBERRT.
FERRER
The New York Tribune says: "We can not
believe that even the present reactionary gov
ernment of Spain would be so fatuous and. so
wicked as deliberately to make a martyr to free
thought and to put such a man as Mr. Ferrer
to death for no other reason than his 'modern
ism;' If it had done so it would be guilty of
one of the most foolish crimes and most crimi
nal follies of the age. It must be that there
wore other reasons for its action. In that uise,
for its own sake and for the sake of humanity,
it is to be hoped that it will speedily make those
reasons known so clearly that the world will
be convinced of their sufficiency and justice."
But Spanish authorities have already shown
signs of regretting the killing of Ferrer and it
seems to be agreed that the king quarreled with
his premier because of the execution. What
ever may bo the differences of opinion, with
respect to Ferrer's teachings history reveals that
governments make mistakes when they seek to
meet argument with blows or undertake to de
stroy organized movements by the killing of the
leaders.
The answer to Ferrer's teachings was a Span
ish government which the people would love
rather than fear. Conditions are only aggra
vated when the government resorts to methods
which increase popular hatred for it.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
THE BLOOD OF THE MARTYRS
It is an old saying that the blood of the mar
tyrs Is the seed of the church and the phrase
embodies an important truth. The punishment
of one who is not a criminal but merely the
representative of a righteous sentiment Is sure
to strengthen the sentiment. If Mr. Gompers
and his associates are imprisoned they can well
afford to endure it with patience because they
could not in any other way advance their cause
so much in so short a time. Prisons were not
intended for those who battle for human fights
and the use of them for such a purpose reacts
against tho persecutors and, In tho end, hastens
justice,
President Taft'g message delivered to con
gress December 7 is not a long address nor a
particularly impressive one.
In the beginning tho president says that the
relations of the United States with all foreign
governments "havo continued upon the normal
basis of amity and good understanding and are
very generally satisfactory."
Several pages are devoted to a description of
our relations with several European countries.
In this it Is said that the questions relating to
the fisheries on the north Atlantic coast which
have been a cause of difference between the
United States and Great Britain for nearly
seventy years, have been submitted to the per
manent court of arbitration at The Hague; tho
treaty concerning the Canadian international
boundary provided for the appointment of two
commissioners but these commissioners failed
to agree and this question must now be sub-
mitted to arbitration; a system of uniform in
ternational regulation for the protection of food
fishes in international boundary waters of the
United States and Canada has been completed
by the-international fisheries commission and
will be submitted to congress for the enactment
of proper legislation; Great Britain has not yet
ratified the treaty approved by the United States
senate March 3, 1909, and providing for the
settlement of differences between the United
States and Canada, relating particularly to cer
tain of the boundary waters; the United States
has apppinted commissioners to act with those
of Canada In examining obstructions, in the St.
John river; negotiations are in progress lor au
international conference between the'- United
States, Great Britain JapaiTahd Russia' for an
arrangement for the protection of the fur seals
in, the north Pacific; the "declaration of Lon
don" agreed to, in February 1909, by the United
States, Austria, Hungary France, Germany,
Great Britain, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands,
Russia and Spain, agreed upon certain provi
sions relating to .the subjects of blockade, con
traband, the destruction of neutral prizes and
continuous voyages and the president hopes for
the "adoption of this declaration in International
maritime law; a project concerning the limita
tion of the responsibility of ship owners and one
concerning marine mortgages and privileges have
been submitted to the different governments; a
conference of these governments will be held
again April 11, 1910; an International confer
ence for the purpose of promoting legislation
concerning letters of exchange will meet at The
Hague in June, 1910; congress is urged to ac
cept Belgium's cordial invitation that "a fitting
display of American progress in the useful arts
and inventions" be made at the world's fair to
be held at Brussels In 1910; with respect to the
Belgium annexation of the independent state of
the Congo, the president says: "The attitude
of the United States Is one of benevolent en
couragement coupled with the hopeful trust that
the good work responsibly undertaken and zeal
ously perfected to the accomplishment of the re
sults so ardently desired, will soon justify the
wisdom that inspires them and satisfy the de
mands of humane sentiment throughout the
world;" negotiations are being made for the
placing of American Inventions on the same
footing as nationals, have recently been initiat
ed with European governments whose laws re
quire tho local working of foreign patents; the
report of our commissioners to the republic of
Liberia will, in the president's opinion, result
In some measures helpful to both countries.
Under the title "The Near East" the president
says that our relations with Turkey under the
new sultan aro satisfactory and that we ought
to get a' large and increasing share of the trade
of "tho near east."
Under the title "Latin America," the presi
dent shows his gratification by the settlement of
the dispute between Bolivia and Peru; calls
attention to the fourth Pan-American conference
to be held July 9, 1910, at Buenos Ayres- and
asks for a liberal appropriation for "a distin
guished and representative delegation;" calls
attention to the International agricultural ex
position to be held at Buenos Ayres from May
to "November, 1910, and advises participation by
this country; he emphasizes the importance of
tho government granting full protection to
American citizens doing business in South
America; points with pride to his meeting with
President Diaz; expresses gratification that all
but one of the cases which for so long vexed
our relations with Venezuela have been settled;
says the government of Panama has agreed to
indemnify the relatives of the American officers
and sailors 'who were brutally treated by the
Panama police; says Cuba is maintaining the
sanitary improvements inaugurated by this gov
ernment; says that the United States was
obliged to intervene diplomatically to bring
about a settlement of the claim of the Emery
company against Nicaragua, effecting settlement
in September, 1909. In referring to the trouble
of the Zelaya government of Nicaragua, the
president says that many complaints against this
government have been made and that our rep
resentatives have acted very carefully. . He re
fers to "the sad tale of unspeakable barbarities
and oppression alleged to have been committed
by the Zelaya government" and he adds: "Re
cently two Americans were put to death by order
of President Zelaya himself. "They were report
ed ,to have been regularly commissioned .officers
in the organized forces of a revolution which
had continued many weeks and, was proceeding
in an orderly fashion in control of about half of
the republic, and, as such, according to the mod
ern enlightened practice, of civilized nations,
they would be entitled to be dealt with as pris
oners of war,"
In a chapter entitled "The, Far East" tho
president says we, are doing weJU with China. He
says that jthe administration encouraged a group
of American bankers to participate in the Chi
nese railroad lQan and that one of the terms
was that American railroad material should bo
put upon an exact equality with that of other
countries joining in the, loan He says that no
monopoly was Intended or accomplished, in min
ing privileges along the South Manchurian and
Antung-Mukden railroads in the September 4
agreement between China and Japan.
The president makes brief reference to our
relations with Japan, saying those relations
are" as cordial as usual and that the matter of a
revision of the existing treaty, which terminates
in 1912, is receiving the study of both govern
ments. In a chapter entitled "The Department of
State," the president recommends favorable ac-
tlon on the recommendation of the secretary of
state to the effect that there be created divi
sions of Latin-American and far eastern affairs
together with a certain specialization in 'busi
ness with Europe and the. near east.
On the question of "government expenditures
and revenues" the president appiovea the pro
posal that the deficit be met by the proceeds
of bonds issued to pay for 'the Panama canal.
The deficit in the ordinary expenditures for c
fiscal year ending June 30, 1910, will exceed the
estimated receipts by more than $34,000,000.
Ho says the Panama canal will be completed by
January, 1915, and that its cost will be $297,
766,000 instead of $139,705,200 as originally
estimated.
The president recommends the establishment
of some system of civil pensions for superanuat
ed governmental employes. In discussing tho
question 'of public expenditure, the president
says "we can not, in view of the advancing prices
of living, hope to save money by reduction in
the standard of salaries paid. Indeed, If any
change Is made in that regard an increase rather
than a decrease will be necessary."
Referring to the frauds "in the collection of
customs at New York City he says that criminal
prosecutions are now proceeding and efforts will
be made to discover all the wrongdoers including
the officers and employes of the companies who
may have been privy to the frauds.
Referring to the maximum and minimum
clause In the tariff act, the president points out
that that clause provided that if the president
finds that the laws and practices of a country
are not unduly discriminatory against the
United States the minimum duties, provided in
the tariff bill, are to go into court, otherwise the
maximum duties, being a 25 per cent ad valorem
Increase over the minimum duties, aro to do
enforced. The president says that there need
be no worry that this power conferred upon tiif
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