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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1909)
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DECEMBER 3, 19 OS
REPUBLICAN M3ADERS OHABLES DICK
By Senator .Robert M. LaFollette of Wisconsin.
-It was during the "morning hour" of a day
In the early part of a session of congress. A fow
spectators were in the galleries of the senate
'seeing the menagerie," as Tillman says. In
the ladles gallery two women were talking in
!!LV?nder wh0 that senator is," said the first.
"Which senator?' asked the second.
"That tall senator with the military 'strut'
who has just walked down to that desk in the
middle of the third row on the republican side
that ono with the long hair," replied the first'.
Oh, that one,!' said the other, "I'm suro I
don't know. Ho looks like the actor who played
Hamlet in the show that came to Greenville last
"Oh, look!" exclaimed the first, as the sen
ator in the third row arose and beckoned for
a page. He is going to make a speech!"
But he didn't. He handed a bundle of papers
to the page, to take to the clerk's desk, said a
few words that could not be heard in the gal
lery and sat down. Then the vice president an
nounced In quick, stentorian voice, "The senator
from Ohio introduces tho following bills."
Whereupon tho Teading clerk proceeded, even
more rapidly and stentoriously, to read the
titles of the bills introduced by the senator from
"A bill granting a pension to William White."
"A bill granting an increase of pension to
"A bill for the relief of Henry Smith."
"A bill granting an increase of pension to
"A bill to place Frank Brown on the retired
list of the army." -
"A bill to correct the military record of
James Green." : "'
"A bill for the relief of the heirs of John
"A bill to erect a public building at Squash
"A bill to promote Robert Roe on the retired
list of the army." s ' ' : - .
"A bill for therelief.of the' estate" of 'David
"A bill to -increase tho pay of the army, navy,
marine corps, and-the revenue cutter service."
"A bill to provide campaign badges for
service in certain campaigns in the Spanish
"A bill to extend the franking privilege to
officers of the national guard."
"A bill to readjust fthe pay of civil war
soldiers on a gold basis."
"A bill to erect' a memorial structure at Fort
"A bill to erect a statue of Edwin M.
"A bill to create a civil war "officers' annuity
Contemplate that list, gentle reader, and
ponder well the constructive statesmanship of
s8na?or Charles Dick of Akron, Ohio. The
fianleis. of course, are ' fictitious, but the list
is ndne the less representative of that genius
which combines more ways than were ever be
fore discovered of asking for something from
your Uncle Samuel for someone who did, does
or may wear a uniform and who votes in Ohio.
These bills are general special, public and
private. The -general legislation proposed must
bo ahead of the times for it falls to impress
the committees to which it is referred. Of
course, the introduction of It serves to endear
the senator from Ohio to the proposed bene
ficiaries and this is possibly one of the purposes
of its Introduction.
As for the private bills, the ingenuity of the
senator from Ohio is exceeded only by his in
dustry In this field of statesmanship. During
the laBt congress he introduced about ninety
private bills, mostly proposing benefits for ex
soldiers. Over half of them were private pen
sion bills. Anyone who knows enough about
senate business to discharge the duties of mes
senger to the senate committee on disposition
of useless papers could have told the senator
from Ohio that the committee on pensions could
have told the senator from Ohio that the com
mittee on pensions could not report half that
number of bills for any senatpr. Presumably
tho senator from Ohio did not know there was
a limit. Presumably he was not baiting any
one. In the senate, Dick Is not much of a warrior.
He is one of the kind of senators Dolliver had
in mind when he pleaded with his colleagues
not to be a bunch of "intellectual come-ones."
SlSnfy T-sLncl.L111 Ration consisted
introducing I ftlng by ,tho cniittco" and
bill 0anutCaViLt,me8 on P"?vBlonii of the tariff
Aldrlch niv1 f0l,p Ms votes wero with
A ShpI, ono of th08 four "mid glvo
aNewP ilenSfi' ,Ho votc(1 for a motion b?
a wow England senator to refer tho Philinninn
Pine TihlTi l th C0,"m'U" on " " "n
.!! h,ch ho was a mombor. Tho othnr
three votes wero for duties that Aldrlch t did
pVobablv no?Ur and,D,lck8 vo 'or SiS was
by tho "hn gaJ,dodns a brGach of discipline
oy the boss." The first ono was In favor of
skdn7Xh amendment to subject kip aTcnl
A drioh nronn WSP r fr?0' to tho samo .duty as
Was for I Z T nr hGaVy hldCS- Th 8CCOml
dufv ! a dGmocratIc amendment increasing tho
of Tinm?n"r!)PleS ai!Vh0 thIrd wa8 vor
or Tillman s ten cent tax on tea. Ho voted
always for Aldrich's motions to table amend
ments proposing reductions of duty Ho voted
mitteefrZ'r0 f?po8fld by "ce com
mittee, from "Dutch standard" to tho cotton
Shinf T8?' eXCGPt tWlC WhCI1 1,e mi88Gd
fS i?i t Ul ., 0n 80Veral occasions ho voted
woiiM t iut,0B U,lan, th0 flnanco committee
rS?H CmT1Gn Includlne tho Penrose and
m arP,e"dments proposing duties on potro
c n ith0 0,Shty-two roll calls whoro tho
Jfn n ?8 d,raw,i clearly between higher duties
on one hand and lower duties on tho other, ho
lower duty fr Ul h,ghor aDd agalnst tho
He introduced amendments proposing to in
oneifJh "recommended by tho flnanco
committee and thereby set tho stage for the
Playing of that tragic farco of Aldrlch object
ing to a tariff increase. At such times Aldrich's
treatment of Dick suggested Tiow much bettor
it Hi to insurgo" a bit, a la Elkins,' If you aro
a system senator and want to bo accorded a
cnanco to make a play for a homo interest not
on the Aldrlch program. When Dick wanted to
propose the restoration of the house rate on
gypsum rock, which the finance committee had
reduced, Aldrlch cut him off curtly, declaring
There has got to bo an end of this business
(ho almost said nonsense) at some time." Dick
started to protest, "But Mr. President " when
Aldrlch broke in and called for tho considera
tion of the next paragraph of tho bill and tho
"steam-roller" proceeded, scarcely allowing tho
senator from Ohio time with scant dignity to
take himself out of the road. The moral of
which being that a "system" senator of tho
Dick calibre sits in tho senate for tho purposo
of voting with Aldrlch and should learn to
accept the answer of tho "big boss' and not
try to do "stunts."
An example of Dick's alacrity in the service
of Ohio trusts was his voluntary defense of tho
cash . register monopoly. This monopoly, said
Senator Beveridge, "has probably not been ex
ceeded In the atrocity of its practices by per
haps any other similar concern in tho country,
unless it might be the Standard Oil company,
even if the things that aro alleged about that
corporation are true." And he put into tho
Record a list of 170 cash register "firms which
this concern has either forced v to tho wall or
forced into its arms." The cash register trust
sells cash registers all over the world and, be
cause, of a' high tariff duty, has been able to
charge the American purchaser about twice as
as much as it charges the foreigner for tho
same article. Beveridge proposed an amend
ment to reduce tho duty to 15 per cent. Both
Ohio senators voted against it and curiously
enough It was defeated by just two votes.
In Ohio, as in other central and middle west
ern states, public sentiment demanded of con
gress that the tariff be taken off lumber. The
Ohio state legislature memorialized congress for
free lumber. The republican state convention
in Ohio last year declared for free lumber. Now,
such demands might appeal to some statesmen
in congress. They doubtless appealed to Presi
dent Taft and helped form his determination
to insist that the tariff confereesreport for free
lumber. But these demands of the people of
Ohio, the recommendation of her state legisla
ture or the declaration of the state republican
cpnvention could make no appeal to the "sys
tem's" senator from Ohio. Ho was senator
from Ohio but not senator for Ohio. So ho
looked not to Ohio to deterimne his course in
legislation. Aldrlch was there in tho senate
to tell him what the "system" wanted him to
do and he looked to Aldrlch. The house had
reduced the duty on lumber to $1 per thousand
feet. ,- Aldrlch brought in an amendment to put
tho duty back to $1.50 a thousand and Dick
voted for tho Aldrlch amendment. Alno ho
voted against every amendment offered (n
thTiZlZ fLX "Publloan members"
nV niJi. TfH t0 ohooHO a nator nt tho end
from Ohlnlr!"i Wrm iQ.c.,d0 lo ,mvo ft r
Magazine! Ohio. From LnPollalto's
A QUESTION IPOlt TODAY
Strait" H,,1!1? ;U,ln' "KoI,lnK the Itacord
oiraignt, a southern jmpor hays
The Norfolk VIrglnian-PIlot ' Ik not wlllliiic
f?nn r 0r,B,,.ll.lUo.n of th0 n"on for tho elec
tion of president, vlco president and senators
Andro vrC?n,XOt0 f ho P0I,,' ai,d IL lte XS
Andrew Jackson, who was born In North Caro
tin, urged In his first message to congroLa tlmt
the president and vice prosldont JliSSd ?o
chosen by tho people without the In?ervcntlon
of tho electoral machinery. Sixteen years liter
nilrC!V Joh,rn' thcm a ,nc'r of the ho 2o!
offered a joint resolution to amend tho const Itu-
n0nthoo,n,H Ul,0;V th0 ,,Gop, t0 voto d?re Uy
in tho selection of senators.
when Johnson was president, In 1808 ho
fuocZ"!t?"Br"", u, fo,lowlnB "';"
1. For tho election of president and vico
SfrTrohynft d,r0Ct VOt f ?h0 P Mo? InsteaS
thnm inXi ft0 ?Bwy .ot c,(ict. nd making
them Ineligible for rc-clcctlon to a second term.
wi. ii!" ! ,d,Btlnct designation of tho porson
who shall discharge tho duties of vrcaUUmt In
tho event of a vacancy In that ofllco by the death,
res gnatlon, or removal of both tho president
and the vlco president.
Qf3; Fwr tl1,0 !ect,o of senators of tho United
States directly by tho people of the several
states, instead of by the legislatures thereof.
4. Lor the limitation to a period 'of years of
tho terms of the federal Judges
iJioidfna' t!,rough th0 action of a democratic
legislature demanded tho direct election of sen
ators in 1890, before tho populist party had
gained any headway, and since that time tho
states nave petitioned xor an ouiSSwSES-JSiws-ators
as follows: . -T
1. Arkansas, April 25, 1001.
2. California, approved; 1'DOOtv ! MNi
3; Minnesota, Fobruary 9, 1901.,--t, "HaS!
4. Utah, March 12, 1003. ' ' ' T
5. Kansas, certified, 1908.
6. Texas, April 17, 1001.
7. Illinois, April 9, 1903.
8. Indiana, March 11, 1007.
0. South Dakota, .February 2, 1907.
10. Idaho, February 27, 1901.
11. Washington. March 12. 1003. ;Mi '
12. North Carolina, March 11, 1907f"'lii
i o rn. . i, -time- rWA
14. Montana, February 21, 1907.
15. Wyoming, February 10, 1895.
10. Nevada (date not noted).
17. Michigan, session of 1901.
18. Wisconsin, certified March 11, 1908.
19. Missouri, March C, 1907.
20. Iowa, March 12, 1907.
21. Oregon, March 10, 1903.
22. Louisiana, November 25, 1007.
23. Colorado. April 1. 1901.
24. Kentucky, February 10, 1902.
25. Pennsylvania, February 13, 1001,
2G. Nebraska, March 25, 1903.
27. Oklahoma, January 9, 1908.
This effectually disposes of tho claim of popu
lism that it Instituted the demands for the direct
election of president, .vice president and senators.
Houston (Texas) Post
It Is not so Important as to" what particular
party Is entitled to the credit for originating a
particular reform, It is more important to know
the parties that advocate the reforms today
It would seem that among a progressive peoplet
a reform that has been agitated for seventy
five years should at this time be able to com
mand the serious attention on the part of Presi
dent Taft who, prior to tho election, declared
that he personally favored the plan.
I would bo true, for there are those who trust me;
I would bo pure, for there are those who care;
I would bo strong, for there Is much to suffer;
I would be brave, for there is much to dare;
I would bo friend of all tho foe tho
I would be giving and forget tho gift;
I would bo humble, for I know my weakness;
I would look up and laugh and lovo and lift.
Howard Arnold Walter in American Boy.
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