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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1909)
VOLUME 8, NUMBER 51
17 ; ptWJ" -i
J V. 1 sSi J
Tho Chicago Itecord-Horald says:
"Miijor Orlando Jay Smith, vico pres
ident and general manager of the
American Press Association, who
died at his homo in Dobb's Ferry,
N. Y., for moro than forty years was
a prominent figure in American jour
nalism and, as tho head of tho larg
est newspaper syndicate in the
United States, held relations with
leading publishers throughout the
country. Mr. Smith wns born on a
farm near Terro Haute, Ind., in 1842,
and entered the field of journalism
soon aftor tho civil, war. His first
position was that of editor of tho
Terro Haute Mail. Later ho pur
chased the Terro Haute Express, and
'in 1878 removed the paper to Chi
cago. In 1882 ho foundod the Amer
ican Press Association, with head
quarters in Now York City. Major
Smith was the author of many art
icles on religion, philosophy and
Frederick A. Burnham, former
president of the Mutual Reserve Life
Insurance company, was found dead
in bed In his Now York home. It is
claimed that ho committed sulcido
by Inhaling gas. A, New York dis
patch says: "The Mutual Reserve
Life Insurance company went Into
tho hands of recolvers in February
last. President Burnham, his broth
er, George Burnham, Jr., the treas
urer of tho company, and George D.
Eldrege, the actuary, were indicted
on charges of larceny and forgery
which grew out of an alleged pay
ment of tho funds of the company In
satisfaction of personal claims
against sorao of its officers. George
Burnham, Jr., was tried on "the
charge of larceny, convicted and sen
tenced to serve two years in prison,
but the appellate division of the su-
.prome court set aside this verdict
anct Burnham was released. . The
case against Frederick A. Burnham
had not come to trial, and it was
N understood that it 'would not be pros
x ecuted Unless that against his broth
er George was eventually won by the
prosecution. A civil suit to collect
some of the funds alleged to have
,ban paid in settlement of personal
'claims naa lately been Instituted
against one of tho officers of the
AH, Mineo, Patti and Castroreal, Si
cilian towns; all badly damaged.
Palmi, Bagnara, San Giovanni and
Cannitello, Calabrian villages; all in
ruins. President Roosevelt cabled
America's sympathy to Italy and tho
Red Cross society in this country are
taking steps to aid in the relief work.
The will of the late Claus Spreck
ols disinherited two of his sons and
it is now promised there will bo a
contest over the fifty million dollar
Abraham Ruef, once the political
boss of San Francisco, has been sen
tenced at San Francisco by Judge
Lawlor to fourteen years in prison.
Tho Kansas state prison Is under
investigation by a commission- ap
pointed by Governor Hoch. The
charge Is cruelty to prisoners.
States, to bo expended under the di
rection of the secretary of tho treas
Tho development of the secret ser
vice has been gradual. It finally bo
came necessary to carry tho monoy
for that purpose in two separate bills.
The employes and officials of the
secret service are taken care of in
the legislative, executive and judi
cial appropriation bill, the sum al
lowed in the last measure being
$17,000. The sum allowed for de
tecting and punishing counterfeiters
was $115,000. The sum allowed by
A San Francisco dispatch to the
Now York World says: "Former
Congressman Eugene F. Loud, sixty
one years of age, who served twelve
years in the house, but was defeated
in the fall of 1902 by tho letter car
riers, died today at the home of his
son-in-law, Captain J. J. Callundine.
For several months he had been in
poor health, recently aggravated by
the death irst of his daughter, and
then of his wife. He was born in
Abingdon, Mass., went to California
when he was thirteen and served in
the civil war. Before going to con
gress he was the tax collector of San
Francisco. In congress he was close
ly associated with President McKin
ley and his policies. He was promi
nent in ail legislation affecting the
Walter Wellman says the Panama
canal has developed Into a vexatious
tl problem from tho engineer's stand
. point. He says it is now believed in
' many quarters that the present canal
scheme may not be safely adhered to.
1 Mr. Taft will visit the canal site ac
companied by a number of engineers.
Thousands of lives variously esti
mated from 100,000 to a quarter of
,a million were lost in an Italian
earthquake. Great distress prevails
among the people of the various sec
tions affected and in all parts of the
world organized efforts for relief are
being made. Tho cities In which loss
iof life was heaviest are as follows:
'Messina, population 100,000; wreck
ed by shock and Bwept by tidal wave;
Reggio, population "60,000; destroy
ed; nearly all Inhabitants dead.
.Catania, population 140,000; in
ruins. Cassano, population 6,700; in
ruins. Cosenza, population 21000;
badly wrecked. Sominara, small vil
lage, destroyed. Scilla, population
7,800; in ruins. Paterno, popula
tion 24,000; in ruins. Vittorla, pop
ulation 32,000; badly wrocked. Naro,
population .12,800; half destroyed.
RIposto, population 7,000; in ruini.
An Associated Press dispatch from
Cleveland, Ohio, says: "James Cor
rigan, 79 years old, who had a bit
ter financial struggle with John D.
Rockefeller about fifteen years ago
and who since has made millions,
died here from the effects of a recent
operation. He was the leading mem
ber of tho firm of Corrlgan, McKin
ney & Co.; was president of three
Pennsylvania furnaces. Ho leaves
one son. His wife and three "chil
dren were drowned in a' yachting ac
cident several years ago."
The jury in the case of Beach
Hargis at Irvine, Ky., charged with
the murder of his father, the late
Judge Hargis, failed to agree and
was discharged. HaTgis was re
leased on $25,000 bail.
Charles P. Taft and Senator For
aker have both withdrawn from the
senatorial contest in Ohio, thus in
suring the nomination and election
of Congressman Theodore Burton.
SECRET SERVICE ACTIVITY
Commoner readers will be inter
ested in a story describing the activi
ties of tho United States secret ser
vice, which story was printed In the
New York World:
Washington, Dec. 13. The ap
propriation of public funds for the
purpose of suppressing counterfeit
ing, the only employment to which
under the law the secret service can
bo assigned, began In 1860, when
tho legislative, executive and judi
cial bill contained this clause;
"For the detection and bringing
to trial of persons engaged in coun
terfeiting tho coin of tho United
Jl A ! l.vll Vtlll -Cam 4-Vtj-i ..-,
uiu muiuiy uivu ujui j-ui tiio bu
pression of crime" was $170,000.
Tho aggregate available for detec
tives was $302,000.
In 1904 the secret service reached
high water mark for a thirty-year
period, when tho appropriation was
$125,000. In forty-four years It
climbed all the way from $10,000 to
$125,000. This does not take into
account anything but the legitimate
employment of the secret -service.
It is still proposed to enlarge the
scope of the secret service r.n'd in
crease the number of employes, ac
cording to tho estimates furnished by
the secretary of the treasury for the
fiscal year which will end June 30,
1910. The sum of $135,000 is re
quested for that year, which is
$10,000 more than for any previous
I year and $20,000 more than for the
prosonfc fiscal year.
No Specific Authority
There is no authority in any gen
eral statute of the United States for
the creation and maintenance of the
secret service. It exists simply be
cause from year to year provisions
In regard to it are carried in two or
more of the great supply bills.
The secret service division of the
treasury department consists of but
ten persons one chief, one assistant
chief, one custodian and seven clas
sified civil service clerks. They are
provided for in the legislative, exec
utive and judicial appropriation bill.
But they are not the individuals
whose use has angered the lawmak
ers to such an extent that the law
makers placed them--on a blacklist
and made their employment for any
detective purpose impossible.
The men who do the investigat
ing, the spotting, the keyhole spy
ing, the shadowing, are not, strictly
speaking, secret service division men
at all. They are but day laborers
in the treasury department, assigned
by the secretary of the treasury to
work under the chief of the secret
service division. They report to the
chief of the secret service division
every morning. If he gives them any
work to do, they get paid for that
day, but not otherwise.
The so-called secret service man
does not get his pay from the fund
used to paying the salaries of the
ten persons who constitute the secret
service division. The fund amounts
to about $17,000 a year. They get
paid from the sundry civil appropria
tion set aside each year for the de
tection, arrest and delivery of coun
terfeiters to the United States mar
shal having jurisdiction, and "for tho
protection of the president" that is,
they get paid from that fund if they
are employed on work of that kind.
Paid by tho Day
Every executive department has a
miscellaneous or contingent fund.
The miscellaneous fund is the liv
ing for the so-called" secret service
agent, who Is, in the eyes of the law,
a by-the-day workman in the treas
ury department. If the department
of justice wants a man to look up
land frauds it asks Chief Wilkie if
he knows of a suitable man. He
does. If ho doesn't happen to have
one handy ho can go out and get
him. There are 3,000 men in the
country who are on the eligible lists
of the civil service commission fit
(Continued on Page 14) ' '
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Start 1909 right
The bank failures for 1908 ran into the
hundreds, the DEPOSITORS whose savings
were jeopardized numbered THOUSANDS.
We hope you were not among them. You
can avoid being among the unfortunate
ones in 1909 by keeping your account in
a state bank of Oklahoma.
Banking by mail is made safe in Oklahoma.
We have depositors from 29 states. We
arc especially fitted to handle deposits by
mail. Booklet on application.
GUARANTY STATE BANK
M.G, HASKELL, Cashier. MUSK06EE, OKUL
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