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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1909)
VOLUME . 8, NUMBER 61'
SOLVING THE MYSTERY OF
S mm .... -. i.t tti ir rrU tnf1i
rey jh:. f, uay, rraino viuw, xvuu. x mu-
f qnco that gained us votes was six or seven thor
oughly posted men wno wore noi airuiu iu lum.
and the republicans, not "being ,ablo to answer
thoir arguments, were kopt on tho defensive.
A good many votes were lost hecauso of fear
of a business panic; this fear was strengthened
by a swarm of traveling men who made
it a point to see every business man
in town. They received a hot reception hero
and were told that Russia was the place for a
business man of that sort where one party was
in power all tho timo and business was never
disturbed by elections. Tho democratic party
can nevor olect a president until it has tho loyal
support of at least half of tho newspapers of
tho country. During tho campaign I had here
samples of county and village papers from dif
ferent sections of tho country, and -it was all
Taft, Taft, Taft! Taft would have been elected
if running for Icing. Tho most dangerous foes
of liberty are capital, business and venal press,
Just as in 177G.
L. J. Mason, Kansas City, Kan. As tho
same tomptations, tho samo fears, and the same
leadings of truth come to all, by watching our
own mental operations wo can know. something
of. the mental workings of others. There is no
, man bo depraved but that ho can feel the lead
' Irigs of truth, and no mortal man so gpod but
' tflnthb has the temptation to err, and whether
' v 'f iro$ risht or wrong depends, upon the weight
ftp, gives to trh or .error. To overcomq error'
. in the life pf the' (najtipn,, as well as in tho life
,,.Uf tl'e' individual takes,. ,$ , struggle, a re-adjust-
hipnt; requires,, courage,,. trip through .eRed'
, soft and the wild.erness., in,order to. e,ach the
, ;prpmised land. Evil will ,,off$r..rewardjTto its'
tl$ervahts and it takes, conviction, and strength
,. to say "Got, behind ipe Satan, .,1 do nqt be
. libVo there is anyone who as .apnatteis of. ,prin
,. clple. would nott agree thai oqual rjghts to all..
t mankind aro b,eter than special privileges, and
if th cpnscioncq of men were voted wrong'. would
, not b.e perpetuated, But working against. every
' advancement of the nation, are, three elements
of human character i)rejudicq, avarice and
fear. Prejudice does not think;, does nqt study
'principles; does not get down to the issues of
today, but votes preconceived irrelevant notions
of tho past, Avarice fqods on special privilege
and looks to the maintenance of evili fop. its
support. But the greatest campaign oratp'r of ,
special privilege is fear.. Fear says, .that, .special .
priiloge is, responsible tor all, g.oqd t .things, ,.
threatens the manufacturer with less orders.", the.
merchants with less business,, the' fanner .with' .
lower "prices, the ,laborqr with, less wages,, Many '
said got behind me, Saj:an,. but many believed
fear. But prejudice,, ayarice. and fear havq no
kingdom nor pow,er;, hold nothing of good for
mankind. Their falsity will be detected and
l''jthVay twill be cast out.
James Z: Quinlan, Kansas Qlty, Kan. I
wish to give my idea as a democrat who voted
for every democratic presidential candidate from
Cleveland up to the present. This timo I voted
for Mr. Debs. First, your ' platform and Mr.
. Taft's was identical insofar as it affected the
man who was looking for work. Second, if this
country is so weak that a few men can stqp all
industries and cause thousands of people to suf
fer for food, then the quicker this system of
government is destroyed, and out of the wreck
something solid is built tho better. Third, why
should man cry for work and watch his children
starvo while our resources are still untouched,
just because some one says that is not tho
way to run the government. Fourth and last,
I' have began to think that I am just as much
entitled to live as J. D. Rockefeller.
O. S. Grinnoll, Big Rock, 111. I stood in
Chicago the night of election and read reports
coming from democratic wards that were an
astonishment to me. Bryan barely carried the '
First ward and in and around, the stock yards
Taft made so !great a run that wonderment was
expressed on all sides. Those precincts were '
dominantly Catholic which ordinarly were democratic-
There is only one explanation the .
Catholic voto was crivon tJn Mr. rPnft Mr nrumi
mado strong inroads upon republican wards.
Perhaps this may be an oxnianation whv Now
York, a Catholiq city, reversed its previous great
democratic' niator'itlqs "ad gave Tft' 15,000 to
the good. ThV'course rpFeforme'r" As to keep
right on sowing; thV good WoV "'A -man must
be a fobl to think he can 'reap -a 'crop before "it
THE SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY
In its issue of November 13, Tho Commoner
invited contributions to a symposium, having
for its purpose an inquiry into tho causes of
the results of tho 1908 election. The Commoner
asked the co-operation of its readers in every
section of tho country, submitting these
Did 'the democratic party make losses In
your county and precinct?
If so, to what influence were such losses
"What course shall reformers adopt for
Can the democratic party hope ever to gain
control of the federal government?
Tho fourth installment of this symposium is
printed in this issue; It should be understood
that the publication of any particular opinion
does not mean that The Commoner endorses
that opinion. In order that the inquiry shall
be thorough it will be necessary that wide scope
be given the contributors to this symposium,
and these opinions are to bo printed with the
names of the writers.
is ripe," is an pi d saying but good. However,
it is a question whether the democratic party
will ever kgqt control of the federal government .
again. There are thousands of republic.ins.who"
have sthe 'utmost confidence in William Jennings
Bryan and sincerely believe in the reforms and'
principles he has advocated, but they do not1''
look with confidence upon his party. At the;
crucial moment they are afraid to break away
from their, political affiliations.
E. Diefendorf, Leavenworth, Kan. In an- ,
swering questions in your issue of the 13th inst..,
relative , to .the causes of the last presidential,'
eiuuuou; v irst, i ue poorer pi mpney econa,rn
The disregard of civil service and' the employes '
of the government, from the highest te, the. jlow-. ,f
est by their votes. Third, Thq purchase of. .dem
ocratic newspapers and voters. fourth, The,,
government pensions.' Fifth, The Cathol.iq vote.
Sixth. The foreign imperial influenqq. .Seventh,, ,
The Jewish influence. Eighth, Influence of ,
national bank,s, railroads and combines, , , ,,,f
' . i C, R, Pleasants) Poseyville,i Indk-We made-: :
r a great fight, for you in Indiana this. yearandrf:
-,ou,r onlyregr.qt isthat wq 'could not putthev
statp In the democrat column, for you. We'how-J ..
ever, elected a fine governor, and eleven out of ti
thirteen congressmen, and will soon elect aJ. .
senator to succeed James A. Hemenwayj thei.f
gentleman from this district whom we have been-"u
trying to dqfqat for eighteen years, We all hope
that wo may yet see you elected president'. ,
R. O. Harris, Sedalia, Mo. No doubt you
were, for and away, th m'ost popular candidate ' :
in the field, and deserved success. The result,
however, so far as I am concerned, has proven " !
the straw that broke the camel's back and par
alyzed me. As to how it happened that seems
. very evident you were beaten in your third race
by the same influence that beat you in your
first and second ra'ce and will likewise beat
you again. Tho fact Is. union labor will not
vote tho democratic ticket and. reinforced at
elections with the negro vote, it is very plain
that this country must follow in the footsteps .
of Mexico, Russia and Turkey.
T. J. Hughes, Ruthven. la. Guaranteed
banks, election of United States senators by;
direct vote of the people and tho tariff to a
revenue basis are coming. Mr. Bryan's place
in history will b6 greater than the man who acts
as president and signs the measures that Bryan's .'
influence has forced through congress.
Frank E. Parke, McCurtain. Okla. I am
very doubtful of the ability of the democratic
party to ever get 'control of the national govern-
. ment, under tho name, but I do think the prin
ciples of democracy as taught by Jefferson and '
which are the spontaneous sentiments of every
nnbias'ed heart will yet prevail.' Too much straw
' is ,yot. given thq children of tsrael to use in
making brick, when the supply is denied them
, they will seqk. M.oses, and by his leaflnraiiin i,
v Pharoah of, trusts will be buried in a redder
.the. instituting a, systqm of Internal' .Imm'
. i V . iY? employment and- wages .. to ' the
unemployed in times of money stringency and
other things that may later appear for the good
of the great producing part of our population
all combined in a platform may lead to victory
tho party adopting it regardless of name. Some
of the younger generations having been taught
that our government is a republican form of
government think when it has passed from the
hands of the republican party that the enemy
have it. An old fellow whom I once asked why
ho was a republican told me that "our govern
ment is a republic and I think it is right to be
S. T. Davis, Kansas City, Mo. The cause
of our defeat in Missouri is about as follows:
The negro vote aroused by threats to disfran
chise it. Also the immigration of republicans
from Iowa. Hereafter reformers must adopt
state and national prohibition. No hope for
democracy aside from this issue. Republican
money, 200,000 public officers and coercion de
feated Bryan. Liquor defeated Bryan. Also
white slaves (laborers) have lost the spirit of
"give me liberty or give mo death."
Dr. A. J. Sparks, Lansing, 111. By your
request, why we lost: We must come to the
conclusion that since the republicans are in and
have been in so long, that there are more repub
licans in the northern states than democrats.
We had to get some of thqm to win. We offered
them patriotism, reform and liberty. The re
publicans offered them the dollar, good times
and plenty of it. They did not take Mr. Bryan's
advice but. took Mr. Rodsevelt's and will get it
in the neck., What shall we now do? If we
werq. right just, keep right on. Shall we ever
get in? Not until the democratic, party reforms.
I can't illustrate jny meaning. any better than
to say I was at a. political ..nieeting. in Chicago
in 1897 and among the rqst.there was a negro
who prided, himself on beings as democrat. He
raadq a. tftwe.-speech and saidr "I am a demo
crat., jl do not. expect anythlngiahd do not want
anything'.", , iSomejone a.democrat just behind
ihim whispered to.- some- 'one beside him,' "and
y,o.Utjrti;, never get anything.?'' ; NqwjJth.qrtfs the
pointy .He wanted the, .negro votq but was1 not
willing to. divide up but when in he wanted it
all himself. .
H. W Kimball, Nqodesha, Kan. "How did
it happen?" I will1 give the result in this coun
ty., Wo have' 'sustained losses Itl thq last four
-campaigns, -In 1896 Bryan carried this county
by 167 majority; in 1900 lbstr,by 350; in 1904'
lost by 9.76;? lirf 1908 losfc,rby '650. All'straw
votes showfecPtoh'at Bryan Wtild' carry the coun
ty again butUhq yotqrs dfd rnot vote as they
talked. It would, now seem .impossible to regis
ter the honest sentiment of the American voter
against intimidation and 'bribery.- I believe
democracy should require educational qualifi
cations to all1 voters or tax paying qualifications.
This would- eliminate1 about all of- the purchase
able vote. 'V Democracy could .'then legislate a
little for the interest of the common people.
CARNEGIE ON THE WITNESS STAND
(Continued froni Pago 5)
and the committee has that difficulty all the
"Because I 'am no longer in steel. I have
retired," Mr. Carnegie said resignedly.
Mr. Cockran asked if the .decrease in the
price of steel as a commodity had been accom
panied by an equally steady, increase in the
rate of wages.
"I hardly .think so," replied Mr. Carnegie.
I would not be prepared to endorse that."
Mr. Dalzell objected to Mr. Cockran's
"I want to ask you a question to see wheth
er or not T understand your testimony," ho
said to Mri Carnegie. "Your opinion that steel
can be put on tlie free list is not based on any
figured cost but on broAd general principles,
taking into account that we do not import steel
and wo do export some steel, .and taking Into
account alsp, ;the great-resoui;cqs, of the country
arid the business energy of our people. As I
understand you, this is ypnr position. Now,
do I state, it jcprrectly?" i,l0
"That ja, true," affirmed the witness.
"There has beqn a general consensus of opinion
among the sjpl ,me'n that the'ritarjff was a back
number,; t, ha,Yp heard the .rraarfer-" .
"I though I understood-q and I ram glad
to have 'you confirm me," agreed Mr. Dalzell,
apparently pleased. with the, reply..,,. .::f ;'
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