The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, August 14, 1908, Page 9, Image 9

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AUGUST-14, 1908
The ommorier.
tection of the nation's natural resources, In tim
ber, "coal, iron and oil, against monopolistic con
trol, the development of our waterways for navi
gation and every other useful purpose, Including
the Irrigation of arid lauds, the reclamation of
swamp lands, the clarification of streams, tho
development of water power, and the preserva
tion of electric power generated by this natural
force from the control of monopoly, and to such
end we urge tho exercise of all powers, national,
state and municipal, both separately and in co
operation. We insist upon a policy of administration
of our forest reserves which shall relieve it of
the abuses which have arisen thereunder and
which shall, as far as practicable, conform to
tho police regulations of tho several states
wherein tho reserves are located, which shall
enable homesteaders as of right to occupy and
acquire title to all portions thereof, which are
especially adapted to agriculture and which shall
furnish a system of timber sales available as
well to the private citizen as to the large manu
facturer and consumer.
The establishment of rules and regulations,
if any such are necessary in relation to free
grazing upon tho public lands outside of forest
or other reservations until the same shall event
ually be. disposed of should bo left to the people
of tho states respectively in which such lands
may be situated.
The democratic party recognizes the impor
tance and advantage of developing closer ties of
Pan-American friendship and commerce between
the United States and her sister nations of Latin
America and favors the taking of such steps,
consistent with democratic policies for better
acquaintance, greater mutual confidence and
larger exchange of trade as will bring lasting
benefit not only to the United States but to this
group of American republics having constitu
tions, forms of government, ambitions and- in
terests akin to our own.
We believe that the Pnnama canal wiH
prove of great value to our county and favor its
Bpeedy completion.
We favor full protection by both national
and state governments within their respective
spheres, of all foreigners residing in the United
States -under treaty, but we are opposed to the
admission of Asiatic immigrants who can not
be amalgamated with our population or whose
presence among us would raise a race issue and
involve us in diplomatic controversies with
oriental powers.
The democratic party stands for democracy;
the republican party has drawn to itself all that
is aristocratic and plutocratic.
The democratic party is the champion of
equal rights and opportunities to all; tho re
publican party is the party of privilege and pri
vate monopoly. The democratic party listens
to the voice of the whole people and guages
progress by the prosperity and advancement of
the average man; the republican party is sub
servient to the comparatively few who are the,
beneficiaries of governmental favoritism. We
invite the co-operation of all', regardless of pre-,
vious political affiliation or past differences, who
desire to preserve a government of the people,
by the people and for the people and who favor
such an administration of the government, as
will insure as far as human wisdom can, that
each citizen shall draw from society a reward
commensurate with his contribution to the wel
fare of society.
the latter explaining tho action of tho railroads
by referring to tho fact that no reduced rates
had been put into offect for any events in Ne
braska since tho paBsago of tho two-cont faro
law in that state. Ho also emphasized tho fact
that the reduced rates to Cincinnati were offered
by tho Central Passenger Association.
"Tho action of tho roads is simply a dis
crimination against the democratic party," said
Mr. Mack. "They state there Is a two-cent rate
In Nebraska which will not permit them to give
a reduced rate to Lincoln. But I desire to call
attention to tho fact that thero is a two-cent
rato In Ohio, which did not prevent a grant of
reduced rates to the Taft meeting. As I under
stand it, most of the railroads which compose
tho Central Passenger Association are also mem
bers of the Western Passenger Association."
Mr. Mack's letter to Mr. McLeod follows:
"Directing your attention especially to tho
occasion of tho notification of tho democratic
candidate, William J. Bryan, which will tako
place at Lincoln, Nebr., August 12, my attention
has been called to the fact that the local com
mittee at Lincoln has made application to your
committee for special rates over lines In that'
territory for that occasion and that they have
received notice that it will bo impracticable to
accord anything other than tho ordinary rate
of two cents a mile. I have received an urgent
demand from tho chairman in charge at Lincoln
that I tako this up with your committee and
mako a strenuous effort to secure a substantial
reduction. I must seriously insist that our party
Is entitled to the same consideration and favor
on the occasion of our notification meeting that
was accorded to the republican party on tho
occasion of their notification meeting. The date
of our notification meeting is so near at hand
that there is little time for consultation or con
ference with regard to this matter, and I trust
that you will seo your way clear to at once tako
such action as will remedy this apparent dis
crimination and give us a special rato within
your territory for this meeting on August 12,
at Lincoln,. Neb., which will at least bo equal
to the rate accorded to the republicans for their
recent meeting at Cincinnati. Kindly notify mo
at your earliest convenience of your final action
in the premises. Sincerely yours.
The following dispatch carried by the Asso
ciated Press explains itself:
Chicago, August 7. Norman E. Mack,
chairman of tho democratic national committee,
was notified tonight that no reduced railway
rates will -be put into effect for the. Bryan noti
fication meeting at Lincoln, Neb., August 12.
The communication came from Eben McLeod,
chairman of the Western Passenger Association,
in reply to a letter sent to that official by Mr.
Mack earlier In the day and calling attention to
tho fact that reduced fares had been granted
on tho occasion to the Taft notification in Cin
cinnati, whereas no concessions had been made
for tho democratic gathering. The correspond
ence was interspersed by several telephonic con
versations between Messrs. Mack and McLeod,
Henry Watterson, editor of the Louisville
Courier-Journal, who is chairman of tho news
paper committee of the democratic campaign,
made public the names of the democratic press
committee of advisement as' follows:
Alabama Birmingham Age-Herald, 1?? W.
Barrett; Montgomery Advertiser, W. W. Screws,
P. P; Glass.
Arkansas Little Rock Democrat, Clio
Colorado Denver Rocky Mountain News,
T. M. Patterson.
Connecticut Hartford Times, W. O. Burr;
New Haven Union, Alexander Troup.
Georgia Atlanta Constitution, Clark
Kentucky Lexington Herald, Dosha Breck
enridge. Louisiana New Orleans Picayune, Thomas
E. Davis; New Orleans Times-Democrat, Pago
M. Baker.
Maine Portland Argus, Thomas E. Calvert.
Massachusetts-r-Boston Globe, Charles H.
Taylor; Lowell Sun,. John H. Harrington; Wor
cester Post, E. M. Moriarty.
Michigan Grand Rapids News, J. W.
Mississippi Jackson Clarion-Ledger, R. IT.
Missouri Kansas City Post, B. L. Sheri
dan; St. Louis Republic, Charles W. Knapp.
Montana Helena Independent, J. S. Neill.
Nebraska Omaha World-Herald, Gilbert
M. Hitchcock.
North Carolina Charlotte Observer, J. B.
Oklahoma Oklahoma City Oklahoman,
Roy E. Stafford.
Pennsylvania Philadelphia Record, Theo.
Wright; Pittsburg Post, Albert J. Barr.
South Carolina Columbia State, A. E. Gon
zales; Charleston News and ' Courier, J. C.
Tennessee Chattanooga News, J. C. Rice;
Knoxvillo Sentinel, G. F. Milton; Nashville
American, Charles H. Slack.
Texas Galveston News, John R. Hedges.
Virginia Richmond Times-Dispatch, Jo
seph Bryan.
West VIrginiaT-Wheeling Register, J. A.
. Miller.
.Washington-r-A. J. Blethen, Seattle.
In his speech of acceptance Mr. Taft, sneak
ing of tho tariff, said:
I'On tho other hand, THERE ARE SOME
measuro of protection which they should rccelvo
upon republican principles."
Tills is sufficient to prove that "rovlsion of
the tariff ' as understood by tho republican load
ers does not moan revision in tho interests of
the people, but does mean that the protected
interests will recoivo flrnt consideration. It
also demonstrates that the Indianapolis Nows,
a republican newspaper, knew what it was talk
ing about when, in its issue of July 2, It said:
"All that was noeded to prove that tho re
publican tariff plank is a delusion and a snore,
as far as the tariff reformers are concerned was
the commendation of tho Amorlcan Economist,
the high tariff organ. This it now has. Tho
Economist Is fairly jubilant over tho victory
won in behalf of extreme protection. 'Tho re
publican party,' It says, 'In national conven
tion assembled, has declared anew for tho policy
of protection protection that shall bo adequnto
and has rejected tho demands of tho tariff
agitators for a revision of tho tariff downwards.'
Which, of course, moans that the party has de
clared, either in favor of leaving tho tariff as
it is, or of revising it upward. Wo quoto from
the Economist, which, bo it remembered, is tho
uncompromising champion of Dlngloylsm:
" 'The free traders and advocates of
tariff revision downward will not find a
word or syllable In this tariff plank that
tends to furnish them tho slightest crumb
of comfort. There Is no promise in tho
platform of tariff rovlsion downward.
After full consideration of tho wholo
subject, tho republican party In convention
assembled did not dcclaro for revision of
the tariff downward, nor did It glvo tho
slightest Intimation that tho belief is en
tertained by the great body of republicans
throughout the land that the tariff rates of
tho Dlngley law are too high."
"Even tho maximum and minimum tariff
plan which is advocated contemplates, according
to tho Economist, making tho present rates or
other 'adequately protective rates' tho mini
mum, and the imposition of still highor rates to
force fair treatment from other rations. Wo do
not often find 'ourselves In agreoment with tho
Economist. But It seems to us that what It
says about 'the amazing plank adopted at Chi
cago is true. Every one knows that there are
hundreds of thousands of republicans all over
the country demanding tariff rovlsion in tho di
rection of lower rates. Manufacturers who aro
held up by the trusts feel very deeply on this
subject. When tho convention met it knew Just
what this demand was, Just what it meant. It
knew that it could not bo silent on the tariff
question, knew that It could not refuse to pro
tend to promise a real revision.
"And yet this convention put itself on rec
ord as favoring sufficient protection to put our
manufacturers absolutely on a level with those
of other lands, and then to give them 'a reason
able profit' besides. This can mean nothing else
than what the Economist says it means. It is
no promise of revision downward. The proposi
tion Is not to equalize condition? hero and
abroad, not to make up to our manufacturers
the excess of the wages they arc supposed to
pay over those abroad, not to help them out in
the matter of raw material, but after having
done all these things, after having removed every
obstacle, and taken off every handicap, wo aro
to tax ourselves to give the manufacturers
such as the steel trust 'a reasonable profit.'
So it Is a great victory for the standpatters. Thfi
Economist Is quite right. For once It is abso
lutely right. The party has thrown itself into
the arms of the standpatters. Taking this plank
in connection with the refusal of tho convention
to demand publicity for campaign contributions,
and also In connection with the great activity
of the agents of the steel trust at Chicago, it is
hard to seo how any tariff reformer can get
much hope from the tariff plank of tho repub
lican platform. There is less comfort than ever
to bo got from it now that tho American Econo
mist; a besotted high tariff organ, has commend
ed Jt with such touching enthusiasm"
Ifr 1r t W'
Mr, Taft says workmen "have a right to
accumulate funds to support those engaged In
a strike." But another Ohio judge, following
the Taft injunction precedent, restrained the
International Printing Pressmen and Assistants'
Union from paying strike benefits.