The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, May 08, 1908, Image 1

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The Commoner.
WILLIAM J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
VOL, 8, NO. 17
Lincoln, Nebraska, May 8, 1908
Whole Number 381
CONTENTS
AMERICA AND CHINA
INSURING BANK DEPOSITS
THE RAILROAD VOTE
GOVERNMENT BY CORPORATION
EXACTIONS OF THE BEEF TRUST
REPUBLICAN PUBLISHERS AND THE
PAPER TRUST
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
MILLION ARMY PLAN
WASHINGTON LETTER
COMMENT ON CURRENT TOPICS
HOME DEPARTMENT
WHETHER COMMON OR NOT
NEWS OF THE WEEK
DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSIONAL
COMMITTEE
Mr. James T. Lloyd, democratic member of
congress from Missouri, has been made chair
man of the democratic congressional committee
and has in charge the campaign that is . being
prosecuted for the election of a democratic con
gress. The work of this committee is scarcely
second to the work of the national committee,
for without a house of representatives, a demo
cratic administration is helpless. With a dem
ocratic house of representatives, the president
Is able to bring pressure to bear upon the sen
ate, for the president and the house working to
gether can present issues to the senate and focus
public attention upon remedial legislation.
Mr. Lloyd's committee is a democratic com
mittee a committee composed of real demo
crats who are wedded to democratic ideas, and
who are making a flght for democratic reforms.
That being true, the committee has no disposi
tion to collect funds from predatory corpora
tions, and could not secure such contributions
if it desired to. It must make its flght upon the
contributions sent in by the democrats who aro
interested in democratic success. The Com
moner, therefore, appeals to its readers to send
contributions to Mr. Lloyd for the carrying on
of this work. The democratic flght ought to be
made by the rank and file of the party; a small
sacrifice on the part of each democrat would en
able the committee to supply the necessary lit
erature and get the party records before the
public.
C? W
CORRUPTION ADMITTED
Mr. Ryan, of the Metropolitan Street Rail
way Company has admitted on the witness stand
that his company contributed $500,000 to the
campaign in 1900. As a part of this sum was,
according to Mr. Ryan, used to prevent Mr.
Bryan's nomination, it is quite evident that the
rest was used to defeat him after the nomina
tion. When one corporation and that a local
one gives more money to a national campaign
than the democrats were able to collect from
some six million and a half of voters the Ameri
can people ought to get some idea of the cor
rupting influence of predatory wealth. These
contributions are not gifts, they are investments.
They are advance payments on contracts for the
future delivery of the government into the hands
of the contributors. These same influences are
now trying to control both the leading parties
and every intelligent man ought to know it
by this time. Fortunately the masses are in
corruptible and the scheme will fail in the dem
ocratic party.
Ik '
WILL HE KILL THE GOOSE THAT LAYS THE GOLDEN EGGS? NOT YET!
AMERICA AND CHINA
The president in his message urging the
building of four warships attempts to use China
as an argument In favor of a big navy plan.
He says: "It would be equally foolish to rely
upon each of them possessing at all times and
under all circumstances and provocations an
altruistic regard for the rights of others. Those
who hold this view are blind indeed to all that
has gone on before their eyes in the world at
large. They aro blind to what has happened in
China, in Turkey, in the Spanish possessions, in
Central and South Africa, during the last dozen
years.
"For centuries China has cultivated the
very spirit which our peace-at-any-prico men
wish this country to adopt. For centuries China
has refused to provide military forces and has
treated the career of the soldier as inferior in
honor and regard to the career of the merchant
or the man of letters. There never has been so
large an empire which for so long a time
has so resolutely proceeded on the theory of do
ing away with whajfc is called militarism."
"In external affairs the policy has resulted
in various other nations now holding large por
tions of Chinese territory, while there is a very
acute fear in China lest the empire, because of
its defenselessness, be exposed to absolute dis
memberment, and Its well-wishers are able to
help it only in a small measure, because no na
tion can help any other unless that other can
help itself."
It is strange that the president should at
tempt to make the absurd mistake of attribut
ing China's position to an overweaning desire
for peace. It is not China's lack of military en
thusiasm that has caused her misfortunes. It
is the fact that she has been the abode of ig
norance and selfishness. A few of her people
have had a little learning, and have run the
government on the graft system while the
masses have dwelt In ignorance, and have been
taught the philosophy in which each one looks
out for himself and the devil for the hindmost.
But to compare the United States with China,
Turkey, Spain and South Africa Is to Ignore es
sential differences. Our nation Is the most ad
vanced nation in the world; its people are Intel
ligent and well-informed. Our nation has abun
dant resources and our people have an enor
mous productive power. Wo have an ocean on
either side to protect us against attack, and no
nation is foolish enough to invite a conflict. If
there is any nation that does not need to im
poverish its people with preparations for imag
inary war, our nation is that nation. Not only
do we need less protection than any other na
tion, but our ideals forbid that we should enter
into the mad race for physical power that has
Jed "other nations to decay.
The president ,and other naval enthusiasts
advocate a gigantic navy on the ground that it
promotes peace. The theory Is antagonistic to
all that religion teaches or that history proves.
The very spirit that leads us to rely upon a big
navy will lead us to use it. Some regard tho
parade of our ships around the world as an ex
hibition of our strength. It is to be hoped that
this is not the real reason for the trip that they
are taking. If this was tho reason, why should
not other nations parade their ships, and how
long would these parades continue before they
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