The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 17, 1908, Page 6, Image 6
rw,-yrfVmtf'r VOLUME 8, NUMBER I 6 Jim TII11, and tholr nlnown of war from similar nourcoB. That UiIh movement 1h anti-domo-oratlc coiiHpirnoy, and not an lionoMt fight? waged for what aro doomed to lio Ihc liont interests of tho party, 1h evident not only from its source from tho rharactor of those who wage tho flglit lniL alMO from tho fact that It 1h not waged In hc.half of any particular candidate. Tho plan of campaign Ih to get anll-Hryan votcH by any and every moans". At tho national oommltteo meeting two soliumes wero proposed l)y thoHo conKplratorH, but forhinalely wero de Tented. One wan to forbid the Instruction of dqlogatoH, tho other was to abollHh the unit rule. The purpose of the first wjih to make It possible for delegates to betray (heir constitu ents; of the second to secure a few stray anti Uryan delegates from states that are overwhelm ingly committed to the Nebraskan. These schemes blighted, the plotters aro iiqw turning to the ancient "favorite son" re course. With .Fohnson they want to Boduco Minnesota; with Harmon, Ohio; with Gray, Delaware; with Wilson. New Jersey; with Daniel, Virginia; with Clinulor o,r some other, New York, and so on down tho lino. Then, where they win develop no favorite sons, they will fight for unlnstructed delegations; delega tions, even, which may seem friendly to Bryan, but which contain jih many delegates as possible Unit can be counted on to oppose him if it be comes evident In the convention that there is a chance to defeat, him. It Is Important that the democrats of tho United Stales should Inform themselves as to what Is going on. The plot depends entirely on the ability of tho plotters to deceive t ho peo ple. They will deceive them with favorite sons if I hey can; with pleas for uninstructed dele gations -if they can; with anti-Mryan men mas querading as Mryan's friends if tliey can. It would lake .'I2!t delegates to prevent Bryan's nomination under tho two-thirds rule. Tho plotters profess to believe they can get 240 of the.so from New York, New lOngland, Now Jor Hoy, Pennsylvania and Delaware; tho rest they want to get from Minnesota, Ohio, Virginia anil two or three other states, either by chicane or under tho favorite son pretext. There is very slight danger, in the World Ilorald's judgment, Unit this plot will succeed. Tho. reason i won't succeed Is that the rank and file, of the party is overwhelmingly for Bryan, in tho east as well as in the west. When tho rank and file realizes the true nature of the schome it will rise and crush the schemers, and the Denver convention will be a love feast presaging victory rather than the riot forbodlng disaster for which tho plotters are hoping. Omaha World-Herald. Mr. Bryan Before the Jefferson Club in Chicago .,.. .. . ....... - MM. ,.li : niu iwimwiiiK ri-pon OI banquet in Chicago is taken the JetTor.on club frmn tho P.hlfnir - - ..w w...v0V Kccoru-uorald: The opening gun in tho Illinois campaign of William Jennings Bryan was fired last night at the Jackson day dinner of the Jefferson Club nt the Auditorium hotel, when Democrats of all the warring factions in the state buried their differences and toasted tho Nebraskan as "tho guiding star of 100S," as William IS. Dover, toast master, ph rased it. The "peerless one" responded In an address In which he nourished the harmony idea. He devoted much attention to the principles of Jefferson and Jackson, at tacked the republican loaders as "aristocrats" and therefore unable to understand the needs of tho country, whacked at the tariff, blamed tho recent financial stringency on the republican party and wound up with tho utterance that all that Is necessary for a democratic victory noxt falls "for the democratic party to .convince the public that it will bo truly democratic if ontrusted with power." Considerable attention was also devoted by Mr Bryan to "federal encroachment," a phrase extremely popular with the members of tie Jef ferson Club, which had -blaaened on its memi cards such quotations as: I he spirit of encroachment-tends to consolidate the powers of all tho de partments in one, and thus to create whatever tho form of government a real despotismWashington. view A ( n!!Ll0!!l?P' from. n democratic Point of -.. v... uttuiiuiuu irom the father The Commoner country was supplied by Mr. Bryan when in Ills speech he drew the following distinction between the two great parties: "The aristocrat would substitute national remedies for state ones because predatory wealth can protect itself from national legislation more easily than from state legislation. The demo crat would add the national remedy to the state remedy and thus give to the people the pro tection of both tho state and federal govern ment." This drew a burst of applause from all tho tables, and later on Toastmastor Dover took oc casion to read from the menu cards another quotation on somewhat similar lines: What has destroyed the liberty and tho rights of man in every government which has ever existed under the sun? Tho generalizing and concentrating all cares and powers into one body. Jefferson. In a passing reference to the money ques tion tho Nebraskan shot the following bolt at the republican leaders: "If the republican leaders had spent half as much time in trying to make depositors secure as they have in trying to increase the profits of the banker, we would not have had any panic at all." The address was applauded by 750 guests, nearly every section of the state being repre sented at tho banquet boards. All cliques and factions wore on hand, and from the easy way in which they broke bread and spilled salt to gether tho gathering was taken as a further indication that feuds will bo forgotten in Illinois in the Bryan campaign, at least on the surface. The Burke men were there in full force, in the full glory of dinner coats and diamond studded expanses of shirt front. The Sullivan faction was well represented by State Chairman Charles Boesehenstein and others. Roger C. Sullivan himself did not attend, the report being that he was suddenly called to Mount Clemens, Mich. Tho regular county organization had a deputation of over 100, in their ordinary clothes; the Jefferson club and the Iroquois club filed several tables; the Dunne men were there, and the followers of Carter H. Harrison, also the leaders of tho Hearst movement four years ago. Added to all these elements was a large sprink ling of down state democrats. The leaders said that tho attendance was substantial evidence that all the multifarious factions in the local democracy have clambered into the Bryan band van. The democratic party of Indiana was repre sented on the programme by a speech from John W. Kern, who indicated during his remarks that the democrats across tho state line are with the Nebraskan. Senator W. J. Stone of Missouri handled the topic "1908" in a manner that brought rounds of applause from tho banquoters. On gazing into tho crystal the senator was able to discern signs that led him to augur a democratic victory in the national election, with Bryan heading tho ticket. Tho list ot' toasts was completed by Adlal E. Stevenson, former vice president of the ITnlted States, who dwelt on "Thomas Jef ferson" and preached democratic doctrines to his listeners. The address of welcome was de livered by Edgar Lee Masters, president of the Jefferson Club. Alderman William E Dever served as toastmaster. Although the dinner began at 7 o'clock and an early start was thus obtained on the speech making, tho orators were so imbued with their themes that it was not until a late hour that Mr Bryan was called on for the concluding address. In his remarks the Nebraskan said- . "Jackson was democratic in the same sense n which Jefferson was democratic. Both be lieved in the people both in their right to self government and in their capacity for self-government. And what is of no less importance both considered society and society's needs from the democratic standpoint that is, from the stand point of the interests of the whole people 0l this day, when we meet in the memory of Jack son, is entirely fitting that we should con sider this the fundamental and far-reach?, k question, namely, from what standpoint shall we look at society? The aristocrat regards so ciety as an organization suspended from the top tho democrat considers society as a strueh, A -0. ..... nlv iiiLVMUSLS (II rnfi W in n .. i - vwtlllLl of his assured that the prosperity of the find its way up through the various classes that rest upon the masses. "The aristocrat is always demanding some thing for the well-to-do the employers, the cap tains of industry on the theory that these would generously divide with- the rest of tho people. The republican leaders I do not mean the comparatively few reform republicans but those who dominate the party's policy in tho House and in the Senate these look at society from the aristocratic standpoint, and therefore cannot understand the real needs of the country or propose the legislation necessary to correct existing abuses. "If the trust question is under consideration tho republican leaders at once become solicitous for fear rash and ill considered legislation may disturb the gigantic business enterprises which are crushing out independence and industry. The democrats look at the trust question from the standpoint of 80,000,000 of people who aro victimized and insist upon effective legislation. If the tariff question is the one under dis cussion the republican leaders at once insist that the high tariff is responsible for the nation's prosperity and warn the country that any inter ference with the profits of protected manufac turers would bring business prostration. "Just now they are not so noisy as usual be cause we have a panic with the high tariff system in full force. But even panics cannot convince the more partisan republicans of the falsity of their boast that panics are impossible under the republican rule. The democrats insist upon tariff reform because they regard it as unjust that the entire population should be taxed for the benefit of a small portion of the population, especially when the beneficiaries of the high tar iff are so ungrateful as to soil abroad cheaper than at home. "If the railroad question is under considera tion the republican leaders at once take the side' 01L thJr ralIrad magnates and assume that any efiechye regulation will bring business to a standstill. The republican leaders in the senate have refused to permit an inquiry into the pres ent value of the railroads, and they have pre vented legislation which would prohibit the is- ??;nnf water2d stck- The democrats, look ing at the question from the standpoint of tho patrons of the road and the stockholders, insist that the railroad business should be put upon an honest basis so that there will be no great flUCtn iVthe v?!u of the stocks an bods Hie iortunes that have been made by rait road managers have not come from salaries for even enormous salaries do not make miliion- recerves $1UU,000 a year he has to work flftv years to earn $5,000,000, but if he allowed to juggle the stock of the road he can make more in a lew months' time on the side thaiUie en -xr attention to the en. n m "T1e 4?uestions which involve a discussion of the rolat ye spheres of the nation and the state bring out the difference in the noint nf ,5? The aristocrat wants to get the governmen "ns Nr away from the people as possible; the demo crat desires to bring the government as near to the people as possible. The aristocrat L?i substitute national remedies for state ones be cause predatory wealth can protect itself f national legislation more easily than frn 5? legislation. The democrat wL ddd Se Sa" tional remedy to the state remedy and thua" give to the people the protection nf w? state and federal governments th the "The labor question is considered from both standpoints; the aristocrat thinks o ly of th5 large employers; the democrats of theaimvnf employes and of the cenernl niiiii i!i ,y , inconvenienced by any dlsrunUor nf Wfh h , relations betweennU,LyerS1aPdenmpYoyerien(lly "And the question of imperialism in nir manner presents the difference in viiL ! imperialist thinks moVeltthoxtlliP011'' the tively few who engSgo inLpor trade PY democrat knows that trade purcniSX cannon's mouth costs more than i? 1 ? and the cost falls uponU th people while the profits accrue'to but a few in til ? e have to furnish the sons as well as the ZT to support a carpet-bag government nGy' fuul tleve be tound in the money stringency thm,,S l,s,t, wo are passing. ThoubSSSS at'oiS (Continued on Page 9) masses would T - " U. "? '