The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 17, 1908, Page 2, Image 2
2 The Commoner. VOLUME 8, NUMBER 1 IE His curiosity ho attempted wall to6 i) ro ll und red foot the lakca aro ho will 1)6 careful lo Holoct the beat acod, ho mm to Hoeuro the inaximuni yiold; ho will investi gate 1.1 in different; kinds of cultivation and uncer tain the bent time for planting; ho will uko the implomontu which will make oach hour's work iiQcompllKh moHl. That ho Ik entitled to the rewards lhat naturally follow his work in uni vorwilly recognized; and,, wo may add, no one has over traced a swollen fortune to a farm. From the beginning of history no ono haw actual ly mado out of Ihn noil by hln own unaided 'efforts, a fortune largo enough to be, In itself, a men ace to li Ik country. A man might make money onough in Homo other way to buy up the land of a community or of a state, and, through a sys tom of landlordism, he might Hap the life out of the producei'H of wealth, but he could not begin by tho cultivation of tho lands an largo a pieco as ho could himself cultivate and out of tho land accumulate enough to make himself danger ous to his fellows. It Is posslblo for a man to make money out of the rise in land, and yet do it legitimately. Our government has seen lit to offer inducements for tho settlement of now land. Wo havo had tho homestead act, the desert act, the timber claim act, and later onirics under tho Carey act and tho reclamation act, which enable pioneers to secure laud by contributing their pro rata to tho cost of bringing tho land under irriga tion. Tho purpose of theso acts Is to offer a re ward to those who open up new settlements and extend the cultivated area. These acts offer a bonus fo,r early settlement, and tho results havo justified 'tho laws. Wo have recently had an opportunity to observe tho development of a largo district by ono man- a development which has brought him a pecuniary reward, and yet a reward well earned. Twenty-eight years ago, when but olghtoon years of age, this man was riding along tho north bank of tho Snako river in southern Idaho, whon ho chanced to seo In a eanvon be low him two transparent lakes, was oxcltod, and, tying his horso, to descend, but found tho canyon clpltous, for bore tho river is five bolow tho level of tho desert, and Homo two hundrod and fifty feet abovo tho river. no went along tno Dank until he found a pluco whoro ho could descend to tho fiver, and then ho climbed up to tho lakes. Ho found that they woro fed by springs, and that tho stream flow ing out. of the lakes disappeared into the ground. A hundrod and fifty feet below the lakes he found a spring with a flow sulllcient to irrigate eight thousand acres of land, noy though ho was, ho Haw tho possibilities of tho place, and located thore. At this point the walls of the river re codo, leaving something like a section of land that can be cultivated. Mo began to dig ditches, and, as time went on, orchard after orchard was planted, many of tho trees growing among tho rocks. Vlnoyards and alfalfa fields followed Tho lumbor for his house was let down into tho canyon by ropes. In a few years he built a road up ono wall of tho canyon, later established a ferry, and built a road up the opposite wall. At first ho had to haul his produce fifty miles, then twonty-flvo miles; now the railroad is with in threo miles of his ranch. When his income became sufficient ho married, and his wife has boon his colaboror. For years (hoy lived far from their nearest noighbors, and devolopod this sholtored nook which ho had found by tho river. In tko courso of time ho began to wonder ,h 10,WrUt0i;,oC Ul? SnakG rivor "light not be utilized for tho reclamation of tho desert about Mm. Ho surveyed tho river banks, carrying tho chain Himself, to ascertain tho levels. He esti mated that live- thousand acres of land could bo brought under Irrigation in his immediate neighborhood. Ho selected tho sito for Ua am and then wont out in search of capital to del velop the plan. At first people were skeptic and he had dlfllculty in convincing the nXciers that tho scheme was feasible. At last hi" perse voraneo was crowned with success, am within tho last three years ho has seen 170,000 acres or arid desert on tho south side made to blos som Uko tho rose. Whoro three veora Yco sice b!rllll TIB, th0 only vegetation there a?o now alfalfa f elds yielding seven tons to the acre and oat fields yielding eighty bushels to the ac"e Towns have sprung up on this tract ono with a population of two thousand people, witlbail carrying deposits of $500,000 S On tho north sldo of the river his nlnn ,. now being worked out; canals are hi ing cl ig fo? 350 000 acres more, and ho has surveyed f3r still other ditches. Within three years t h, sand people will find homes o the newlv opened torritory. Hero is wealth creation" lnnin(I and industry combined hnvoTrawnSlth'SSS tho generous breast of Mother Earth, and no one will begrudge him the fortune not largo when measured by tho standards of great cities, but enough for him which he has earned by tho development of tho land along the Snako river. This illustrates how wealth can be cre ated by irrigation. Others havo made fortunes In tho Improvement of horses, of cattle, of sheep and of hogs; and still others by tho improvement of grains, grasses or fruits. OOOO TAFT ON INJUNCTIONS Secretary Taf t has boon answering some questions submitted to him by a labor organ ization and, be It said to his credit, he does so quite frankly, although there are a few qualifying phrases which weaken the reply. On the Hubject of jury trial in contempt cases he speaks clearly and emphatically. He is opposed to the jury in such cases and insists that the judgo should hoar and pass upon the evidence. This is the main point and on this point the secretary is against the laboring man. The writ of injunction is invoked because no jury trial is permitted in contempt cases and tho great corporations havo stubbornly -resisted all efforts to provide for a jury in such cases. The reasons for and against the jury system are so well known that the secretary's position may bo accepted as an indication that his sym pathies aro with tho corporations in thoir deter mination to use the writ of injunction to coerce employees into the acceptance of terms and con ditions offered. OOOO Til E REPUBLICAN MASTER "Referring to tho Aldrich bill the Phila delphia North American (rep.) says: "It is meant to penalize still more the business of the nation for the benefit of New York's stock job bers. U is meant for the relief only of banks that havo perverted tho true functions of the banker. It is meant for the opening wedge to make tho government ultimately exchange cur rency for any wildcat security Wall Street may wish to unload. It is nothing more nor less than an insult to tho integrity and the intelli gence of tho American people." Yet this same Senator Aldrich is the ac knowledged republican leader in the United States senate. Indeed, he is more than a leader; he is master. OOOO RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PANIC Tho Milwaukee News has at last located the responsibility for tho recent panic, being aided therein by a careful perusal of its repub lican exchanges. The democrats, according to the News' republican exchanges, are wholly re sponsible because "if it hadn't been for Bryan Roosevelt might have stuck to republican policies." The Milwaukee News is thanks of a wondering people settled a vexed question and sponsibility. - OOOO AVRITE AT ONCE Write to your senators and to your con gressmen (and if your legislature is in session write to your state senators and representatives) urging thorn to favor tho plan of protecting de positors. It will only cost you a two-cent stamp and it may save you many dollars. Let everv reader of The Commoner act at once. OOOO ARE THEY IN EARNEST? The fact that so few of the leading remih- Fnn1! ar0n atlV0?atlns the nomination of Si Folletto-- ho only real reformer among repub lican candidates suggests tho question Do the republican leaders want sure enough reform? OOOO PROTECTING DEPOSITORS No other reform advocated bv The On moner has grown so rapidly as thnt I ? i ,m" for its object the protect ofepSsftoT s 01 H homa has already adopted it nnri ti,i 0kla" of Nebraska, Kai sas and l TotiS VJ? ?overnc to call extra leg slativo sPinrfo '1 e being ur&ed the plan into operation "S In rder lo Pt Kentucky and Mississippi leelslotn,. this winter and thev will rtm,iti tures meet subject, and Lou fcia r the in May, is sure to bo afl ed ln V h ci! meets Plan, it is being discusi establh the cuib discussed in congress and entitled to the for having thus located the re- A PRESENT FOR REPUBLICANS F. J. Wagner, Kewanee, 111., writes: "A. M. Dnlrymplo of Oregon says about six months ago lie suggested that each reader and friend of The Commoner pay for a six months' subscription to some re publican friend and has been waiting ever since to see how the proposition would take. lie says now: 'I see in last week's paper that F. M. Hall has made the same , proposition, but he has gone me one better and sent in $1 for a year's subscription to one of his republican friends.' Now then I glory him in his spunk. Ho is the right kind of a democrat, but I will have to go him one better. I will send $1.50 for three good old republican friends. Now then good democratic friends make your repub lican friends a present in this way. I think it is everybody's duty to try and abolish boss rule and corruption. Let us lend a helping hand to W. J. Bryan and he will be sure to win in 1008. I have heard that under a republican administration the laboring mun would always have a full dinner pail. But, alas, the dinner pail is now empty." national bankers are beginning to ask for it. A Pennsylvania banker has sent the comp troller an argument in which lie offers to join other banks provided 5,000 unite in protect ing depositors, each bank to be assessed in pro portion to capital stock and surplus. This is a good beginning, but the system ought to be put into operation at once without waiting for live thousand to join. When the system is once inaugurated all the banks will be compelled to adopt it for the depositors will demand security. The assessment, however, should be on the deposits and not on the capital and surplus. It is the depositor not capital or surplus that is protected and each bank should contribute to the guaranty fund in proportion to its deposits. Security of bank depositors is bound to come the sooner the better. OOOO THE "FULL DINNER PAIL" They have had "rent" rio.ts on the east side in New lork, and the Chicago Tribune (rep ) advocates the establishment of a soup house for the benefit of unemployed and hungry men. And this is under a republican administration and tbe1!r,ei)llblican emblem was -'the full dinner OOOO POWER It takes two-thirds of both houses of con gress to override a president's veto and yet the supreme court by a majority vote can over lide both houses and the president all put to gether. Great is the supreme court! OOOO JEFFERSON WAS RIGHT Jefferson was right; the United States su preme court is the least democratic of all the de partments of government and yet a bare ma ority of it can stretch the constitution out of shape Tor contract its powers. ipe or OOOO NO LIABILITY HERE JJow that the employer's liability act haq been, held unconstitutional the peoplethe m ployers of the supreme court-can not be he?d liable for the miscarriage of justice that will fonowfrom the decisions of ud ma?oVtyVtte OOOO NOT ALL IGNORANCE The Buffalo (N. Y.) Timp n , the New York World's attack? upon M?C?fs!,1S says: "The World is eSernrlaine ?? tag to make a newspaper ad it has lit IT corn about what hannpnQ V , ttle con" party so long as it if oSo democratic which willTnfei'est the peSp'le ST S Paper ers of the World sliouh? w ?e1moc1ratic read too seriously. It i .no? ihi a?Vts politics those who L earnestlf ines?ed ingHde fr cess of their partv Tti ",., In the suc- fop it is much life a Ti e fly'1 S " How. Here one minute and there the next be SGen m??S gme. and other dem method in the W lLTol -i. .4ii2:ti '