The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, August 30, 1907, Page 2, Image 2

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The Commoner vi
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is tho railroad, not the public, that demands the
removal of authority to Washington.
Tho domocrats can bo depended upon to
opiioso with all their might this movement to
ward centralization.- If any democrat wavers
his constituents should look irito his business re
lations and see whether he is under obligations
to tho railroads. A Hamiltonian republican, like
tho president, may honestly think that the
farther the government is removed from tho
people tho better it will be, but a Jeffersonfan
democrat does not cherish any such delusion.
Even tho Hamiltonian republican ought to hesi
tato to trust congress with any more power
while the United States senators are elected by
It is fortunate that the people have had an
object lesson so recently. The federal law
stopped robates and passes, but the railroads
make more money than they did before. The
states, on the other hand, gave the people a re
duction in rates and those who are receiving the
benefit of these reductions will be slow to sur
render tho advantage thus far gained.
It is very doubtful whether the republican
congressmen from tho west will dare to support
the president's proposition, but if an attempt
is made to put such a measure through congress
the democrats will stand a good chance of re
tiring every western republican who votes for
it. Lot the democrats present an unbroken
front on this vital proposition.
But Mr. Williams should have strongly ,
qualified that sentence about "thinking after, tho .
manner of Calhoun and Davis." It cost th,e
country a good deal to settle the falsity of ,the ,'!
main phase of that manner of thinking. Mil
waukee Sentinel.
In the above the Milwaukee Sentinel refers ,,
to John Sharp Williams' declaration that Mis
sissippi "will have a man in the senate who will
at least think upon political subjects after the
manner of thought of Calhpun.and Davis, Tilden
and Walthall." Arid the Sentinel is very unfor
tunate,; in Us comments. It overlooks the fact
that the republican party today is- construing '
the Declaration of Independence, Hot as Lincoln
construed it, but exactly as Jefferson Davis con- '
stru.ed it. We promise to give to the Filipinos
all- the liberty they are capable of enjoying, a
.doctrine that Lincoln denounced as the "doctrine
of kings." Jefferson Davis construed the Declar-
atlon of Independence as having been "written
for the benefit of the white men who wrote it,
and to be construed "according to the circum- ,!
stances under which it was written.'" That-pol-
ioyiij. exactly in line, With the present republican
administration's policy towards the Filipinos,
find the Milwaukee Sentinet supports that ad
ministration and endorses that policy.
". -UK "
ointment to those who expected a clear, bugle
noto in favor of reform. There is not a alnlo
qositionn n h h tak(iS a Btrons advanced
On the railroad question, he is in favor
of preventing watered stock, opposes the consoli
dation of competing lines and the duplication '
of directorates. So far so good; but ho doeg
not advocate the ascertaining of the value of the
roads or the reduction of rates, He even de
fends the president from the charge of favoring'
the reductions made by tho states. The rail
roads may object to his rhetorical, denuncia
tion of abuses, but they will hardly be scared
by his remedies.
ttmt ?wTe , tr"st question In" thunders "at.
UNLAWFUL trusts, but not only does not recom
mend new legislation but takes the position' that
a monopoly may not be harmful. He seems to
lean toward the idea that it must bo convicted:
of some harmful actand this throws the bur
den of proof upon the government. Ho recog
nizes that "restraint is more difficult" when one
corporation swallows up a lot of other corpora
tionsthat it involves enormous labor On the
8? ie governraout to prosecute such a com
bination because the proof of the gist of the
offense lies underneath an almost limitless va
riety of transactions" and yet he Is opposed to
the licence system which would enable the gov
ernment to absolutely prevent a monopoly. In
other words, he gives the be'rteftf of' tST doubt
JEinia rr:r in3lem oJ.-toi.thQ people. -He
but he uses so many qualifying words that one
is left in doubt as to what he really favors.
After submitting an argument in support
of an inheritance tax and a graduated income
tax, ho concludes by saying that he is not in
favor of adopting either of them NOW-. At
some future time he may favor them IF THEY
He cornea out strong in favor of govern
ment by injunction, but does not take any posi
tion on arbitration and election of senators by
the people. . -
. He takes a rap at socialism, denounces the ,
initiative and referendum and presents. an argu
ment against government ownership of railroads.
Ho is stronger in stating what he opposes than in
stating what he favors and he unintentionally,
of course misstates Mr. Bryai.'s position on sev
eral questions.
He makes out a strong case in favor of
tariff reform, but when he gets to the remedy
he' goes no farther than the republican leaders
have gone in former campaigns. He wants
enough tariff to cover the difference in cost of
labor here and abroad the excuse given, for
the present tarift-r-and he wants the tariff re
formed by its friends. "Tariff reform by the
friends Of the tariff" is a farce and a fraud and
the secretary runs away -from the conclusions
which would naturally be drawn from the sta
tistics which he presents.
The conservatives may object to his speech
because it admits many democratic contentions,
but no real reformer will find encouragement in
it. It is a straddle of the most important issues
a compromise instead of fight for reform.
Last year 100,000 acres of American spruce, '
poplar and hemlock forests were denuded in
order to furnish the paper used by the news
papers arid periodicals of this republic. And
while the administration is boasting of its efforts
to renew' the forests it persists in; maintaining
a tariff oh vpdod pulp that puts a premium oh
the destruction of forests which progresses faster
than the government cdh replace,, and at the
same time Increases the cost of print paper for
the benefit of a paper trust.- The tariff on lum
ber and the tariff on wood pulp and paper puts
a heavy tax on consumers for the "benefit of a
few tariff, barons, and at the same time offers a
heavy premium for the destruction of our
IP the same column of the same? issue in
which the St. Louis Times demands the immedi-
1 ate building of the free bridge for which the
people Of St. Louis voted bonds, it asserts that,
"public ownership is a public bust." The logic
of the Times is wierd and wonderful. St. Louis
voted bonds for a free bridge to rid itself of
the exactions of the bridge and terminal com
pany. Municipalities vote bonds for lighting and
water plants to rid themselves of corporate ex- .
actions. The Times should call a meeting of Its
editors and endeavor to reconcile them.
The, N6w York Times declares that the
Standard Oil company has been chosen as the
scapegoat" by the present administration because
it has no friends, is decidedly unpopular, and
because "it may be cudgeled to death without'
dislodging the smallest copingstone from the
top of th6 tariff wall." --
A hit.; a palpable hit!
by the government in its big Washington plants,
and at its various plants throughout- the country
is thoroughly organised. The government's me
chanical work is done by mechanics, ninety per
cent q whom are members of their various
trades unions. There are no strikes against
Uncle Sam for the simple reason that he is a
considerate employer, 'works the short day, pays
good wages" and employs only adults. Uncle
Samfo craftsmen are the best paid "craftsmen in
the world-, as well as the best treated and the
most, skillful. . . ....
The Chicago Record-Herald says: "There
are some citizens who do not like Taft. It .may
be assumed that John D. Rockefeller, is one of
these. Otherwise the unwelcome praise of Taft
would not have been given in Kis sensational,
half-denied interview the other day,"
Was the New York Financial Chronicle also
showing hostility for Mr. Taft when it said:
"Mr. Taft is a man whom .everyone respects and
no opposition can be made to him except on the
ground that he is the heir to the place appointed
by the present ruling president and his designat
ed representative of . the policies he will- have
been foremost in advancing during nearly-eight
years when, his present term expires. This ac
tion has a hopeful aspect, as it scatters some
hitherto disturbing doubts.. There can be no
question hereafter as to an impending third
term; that danger is wholly removed. What
is also highly important is that Mr. Taft is an
extremely able, many-sided man of 'sound judg
ment. - He is not controlled by pride of opinion,
petty prejudices nor by a 'hysterical tempera
ment. If time should prove that any of the
recentlyenacted laws are working industrial mis
chief, he will not hesitate to urge remedial legis
lation, notwithstanding he wears Mr, Jloose
velt's mantle' .. N - ,
Referring tohe New Yorlr Financial Chron
icle, the Springfield (Mass.)- Republican: says it
is "above any other publication the organ" of
the 'great corporation interests. The Republi
can interprets this statement quoted from the
New York Financial Chronicle in this nvay:
"Which amounts to saying that the policy of
'persecuting' the railroads and trusts ;will un
doubtedly stop with the outgoing of Mr. -Roosevelt
and the incoming of Mr. Taft, and may even
be 'remedied' so far as now obtaining force.
Mr. Taft, in a word, is not only vastly to be pre
ferred by these interests over Mr. Roosevelt, but
is open to consideration tis a, first choice on ac
count of his highly judicial temperament." -
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The. telegraph operators strike will give
argument to those who believe in government
ownership of public utilities. Who ever heard-
of a strike in the civil service or- postoffioe de
partment? However, what would become of- the
telegraphers' union? Marshalltown (Iowa)
It would probably grow stronger than ever,
and be more what its organizers intended it .
should be a helpful fraternity bound together -.
by ties of friendship, common interest and mu
tual helpfulness. -Columbia Typographical
Union is the. second largest typographical union
in the international. It is located at Washington
D. C. Three-fourths of its meinbors n.A oml
thinks that. nutting n.iA7,;rr"i:w:'',f ;1UU.U ..". "F Printing office, .and
in th npnifnfin..r.ri-,Ti "- l'i.iBnaieB.Jj tney , constitute practically
in fho npnUflntinmr i ii woi uiusuums ,4 uiy uusutuie pracucaiiy one Hundred nor cent
in the. penitentiary, would hay a, Wealthy, effect,,,, of .the force. Every, mechanical trade employed'
"Little man,.. what of, the night?.". !". '
; "I know not the. night,v he-said.".,!;..-"I
wake in the morning light,
And mother puts me to bed
When the sun in red gold. is dressed,
And he goes down the hill to rest' lj
"Busy boy, what of the night?" !-.',"..' '),. .'."
"The 'night? Oh, it comes too-'spon-r
And then takes a sudden flight ; ..;' i ?
In tow with the dreaming moonjrr-ti '
Scarce my head on the pillow lies "-'4. .-.
Ere there's light in the morning: ;skifis7vtl!, .
"Young -Jover, what of the night?" .., "iVa'"
, 'The beauty of sky and , star,.' '- ,,..r,.
And there, in. the vast -midheight . ..,.,V.'
, A face that is fair and far-T-C.r'-..
To. the lqv.e;.ia whose glorious, eyes .VjCJ A
All, my heart offers sacrifice.". "t ai'
"Laborer; what of the. night? '-SH '.' ..
. ."A sanctuary, of peace V-V?i?2 V
And-rest to tharweary wight; . Vdfc
' ..., Aird , sleep . that .hiB bones doth.ease, .'
'Tis the. .blessing which God's rigfelSand." . .
Kindly giveth to every land.' W-'MiVS
"Tfemt)iin'g heart, what of the-'nigKt-4
.'The stars' eyes have closed iH-lee'pT :
The moon has withdrawn her-ligh't-?1'1 '
Dread shapes from the shadows creep
And mingle, and grow into one .
That keeps "'me near tlri iilght is done.'" ' '.
. "Trusting soul, what of the night?" '.y-.' -"The
spirit of God seeks mine, ,-; J
The deeper the dark, his light . "-.& -
Dpth kinder and brighter shin& &
In the, day we btehold God's , mighfc-r 4?M
. But his .love fills our hearvts at. night.t
, Mary. A. O'Reilly: in St: Louis Globemoq'rafc
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