The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 18, 1907, Page 8, Image 8

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The Commoner.
VOLUME Y, NUMBER I
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Mil. MTHTIOL, tho now governor of Coo
inilo, Ik a iMethodlHt clergyman, and al tho
llmo or IiIh noir.lnatlon was chancellor ot the
Denver IIiilvcsrHlty. After his election ho ox
proMHod a desire that tlio inaugural ceremonies
bo hold In Trinity Methodist church, which
church ho had much to do with building up.
Many Colorado puoplo objected lo these ceremo
nies hiking place In any church, insisting that
tho stale Iiouho wa the proper place, The gov
ornor had his way, howovor.
TIJI3 CAUSE OF arbitration and peace is tak
ing on now InipotiiM every day. The latest
plan to promote the cause of arbitration Is to
OMlnhllMh a "prone bureau," which shall servo to
gather and convoy Interesting and popular matter
favorable to tho cause of arbitration and peace
and against violence. It Is also proposed to hold
public meetings from time to lime, and national
conferences llko those now held at stated periods
In Franco and England. The American Poaco
society Is promoting the plan and asks for con
tributions to pay tho necessary expenses. Rev.
James K. Tryon, Is chairman of tho society, 31
JJoacon street, Roston. It Is tho aim of tho so
ciety to furnish matter for the press and public
speakers on call, and further tho work of peace
In every way possible
TIIIO FIRST ANNUAL report of the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement of Teach
ing has been made public. It is pointed out in
this report that denominational Institutions are
rigidly oxcluded from tho benefit of this pension
system, Mr. Carnegio's purpose being to provide
a pension for superannuated professors of col
leges not dependent upon denominational support.
It Is said that as fast as institutions throw off
their church alllliatlons and conform to tho edu
cational standards required by tho Carnegie pen
sion rules, they will bo admitted to a share of
tho fund. Under this rule John D. Rockefeller's
University of Chicago will not sharo in tho bono
ilts of this pension system.
'"pi-UIS LIST OF "accepted institutions" in (ho
JL Carnegie pension system now Includes Am
horst, Belolt, Carleton College, Case School of Ap
plied Science, Clark University, Clarkson School
or Technology, Colorado College, Columbia, Cor
nell, Dartmouth, George Washington University,
Hamilton, Harvard, llobnrt, Johns Hopkins, Knox
College, Iowa College, Lawrence University, Le
high, Lehind Stanford, Jr., University, Marietta
College, Massachusetts, Institute of Technology,
Middlebury College, Mount ilolyoko College, New
York University, Oberlin, Brooklyn Polytechnic,
Princeton, Radcliffo, Rtpon College, Smith Col
lege, Stevens lnstltuto of Technology, Trinitv
College, Tuft's College, Tulano University, Union
College, University of Pennsylvania, University
of Rochester, University of Vermont, Vnssur, Wa
bash College, Washington University at St. Louis,
Washington and Jefferson College, Wellesley,
Wells College, Western Reserve University Wil
liams College, Worcester Polytechnic Institute,
Western University of Pennsylvania and Yale.
In Canada they are Dalhousio University, at Hali
fax, and McGill University at Montreal.
Xy-Qy
T7 1GIITY-EIGIIT professors, according lo the
A annual report of the Carnegie pension sys
tem as printed in rho New York World, have been
retired on a ponsion. These are: William Cole
Esty. of Amherst; George Huntington, of Carle
ton; William Porter, of Boloit; John K. Ross and
Edward II. Castle, of Columbia; Hiram Corson,
Georgt C. Caldwell, Isaac P. Roberts, Charles M
Tyler and Charles R. Mandeville, of Cornell
James Liechti, of Dalhousio; II. P. Bowditch and
Allen Danforth, of Harvard; S. J. Buck, of Iowa
H. de C. Stearns, of Stanford; H. M. Baird, of
Now York Univorsity; W. A. Packard, George Ma
closkio and Charles A. Young of Princeton- E
H. Men-ell and C. II. Chandler, of Rlpon; C W
MacCord and Edward Wall, of Stevens Institute '
T. W. Wright, of Union; G. Hamhach, of Wash
ington; Helen F. Smith, dean of Wells; E M
Morley and L. S. Potwin, of Western Reserve '
Richards, A; W. Wright, G. T. Ladd, Mark
r and Addison Van Name of Yale, bight
,t. ne M,v,rnaamu luivn linen nensioned. Of
E. j,
llnllnv
wi.inwB nf nrnfPRsnrK have been pensioned.
the eighty-eight pensioned professors, forty-five
were in "accepted institutions" and thirty-five
wore individual allowances to men, some of whom
were not in the "accepted" colleges, but were
conspicuous for services rendered to education.
Among the number was W. T. Harris, United
Slates commissioner of education. The Founda
tion trustees have adopted a sliding scale, under
which a retiring professor who has a small salary
gets a proportionately larger pension than one
on a larger salary. Tho pensions vary from $S00
to $3,000, and average $1,552 to those in "accept
ed institutions," $1,302 to individual professors,
and $833 to widows. In all, the pension list is
now $122,130. Tho administrative head of the
fund is Prescient H. S. Pritchctt of the Massachu
setts Institute of Technology. President Eliot, of
Harvard, heads the board of trustees.
T
HE GERMAN PROVINCE, Hanover, according
to a writer in tho St. Louis Post-Dispatch,
owns 1,9(57 miles of highways, on which there
arc 175,79-1 fruit trees pear, cherry, plum and
apple sufllcicnt, if set out eighty to an aero, to
form an orchard of more than 300 square miles.
Tho fruit raised on these trees is a source of in
como for tho province, which sometimes makes
$'10,000 a year by selling the products of this
elongated orchard. The province maintains a
nursery of 403 acres to supply young trees for
roadside use and for promoting the interests of
fruit culture. The profit of a tree is very small,
but tho Hanover people do not worry about that.
Shade is afforded in summer, the roadbed is free
from dust, tho presence of trees retards the wash
ing out of tho soil from the banks into the road
side ditches, and the attractive appearance of
the roadsides stimulates an interest in tree cul
ture and benefits the province in many other ways.
They find it worth while.
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE, with customary en
terprise, gives a detailed statement of the
embezzlements and kindred thefts for 1906. The
Tribune presents the following figures, presum
ably taken from the dispatches: "The total of
embezzlements and kindred thefts for 1906
amounts to $14,739,653, about $5,000,000 more
than last year. Of this total $10,745,3S7 was
stolen by officials of banks, $1,684,554 by public
officials other than postoflice employes, $22,585 by
the latter, $379,5S1 by agents, $248,100 from loan
associations, $223,6S7 by means of forgeries, and
the other defalcations, amounting to $1,42S,969,
were so varied in their nature that they must be
classed as miscellaneous. The comparison with
last year is not so much to the discredit of this
year when it is remembered that more than $10,
000,000 of the money embezzled was taken by
three men one in Chicago, one in Philadelphia
and one in Cuba, tho agent, of a New York house.
In each of these three cases the figures repre
sent tho total of many years of stealing which
was discovered only this year. It is unfair to
charge it all against the year 1906."
AN AMERICAN business man who has resided
for twenty years in the Mikado's realm, made
this statement to a representative of the New
York Herald: "Wo are not allowed to own real
property or to have any mining rights. We can
only buy certain securities. Wo can not hold
Japanese on certain mortgages. When, in order
to do business, we place certain properties or se
curities in the name of a Japanese, and the said
Japanese absconds, the courts will not even con
sider his act as a criminal one. Wo are not al
lowed to attend Japanese schools, old or young
We are permitted to reside only in certain -sections.
At the theaters the Japanese rate is 60
sen. No foreigner is admitted under 200 sen
The hotels are on a similar 'basis. It is a known
fact that justice can not bo had except in the
higher courts, and every case against a foreigner
is carried to the supreme court before justice is
given. The legation at Toklo knows this point
only too well. In taxes foreigners pay double the
rates paid by tho Japanese. On tho last steamer
for San Francisco, the Nippon Maru, about eighty
soldiers embarked. Dining at a tea house I hap
pened to occupy a room adjoining the banquet
room, where about one hundred Japanese had
assembled. During the dinner a major of the
regiment the soldiers belonged to made a speech
in which tho Japanese were told not to forget that
Hawaii was but a stepping stone to the mainland
and that when they reached the mainland they
must not forget that the Pacific belonged to Ja
pan; that while the United States pretended to
bo friendly with Japan at present it was only be
cause they were afraid of Japan."
THE SAN FRANCISCO Star quotes the state
ments made by an American business man,
and intimates that before President Roosevelt
undertakes to remove the beam from San Fran
cisco's eye he should try to take the mote from
Japan's eye. The Star says: "We advise Mr.
Roosevelt to see to it that Americans in Japan
are treated with at least the same decency and
respect as British residents, before he again un
corks the vials of his hasty wrath and vast mis
information upon the heads of Californians who
object to having their little children seated side
by side with immigrants from Asia, whose vices
are of such a nature that decency can not name
them-. Let him sauce the Japanese goose before
he begins to sauce the California pedagogical
gander. We may listen to him scolding us when
ho has shown the courage to talk boldly to Japan
concerning the mistreatment of our fellow-citizens
by that power. Until then, he may as well
save his breath to cool his porridge."
GENERAL INTEREST in the new state of
Oklahoma is felt throughout the civilized world.
The Ardmore Ardmoreite gives this timely infor
mation: "Oklahoma county is first in population.
The census of 1900 gave it 57,655, whereas Musk
ogee county is estimated at 40,000. Pottowatomio
has over 44,000, Logan over 37,000 and Garfield
over 30,000. Of the other new counties Sequoyah
has 30,000, Hughes 25,000, Tulsa 25,000, Pittsburg
30,000, Bryan 35,000, Carter 42,000, Grady 25,000,
Comanche 30,000, Caddo 31,000, the remainder of
the counties running from 18,000 down to 5,000.
Latimer, McCurtain .and Harper counties have
8,000 each; Cimarron county, the smallest in val
uation, has 5,000 people (estimated). The largest
of the Oklahoma counties untouched is Kiowa,
with 1,515 square miles. A singular fact is that
Custer, Dewey, Grant and Washita counties are
of the counties averaging 946 square miles. New
La Flore county is 1,500 square miles, Pushma
taha 1,400 square miles, McCurtain 1,600 square
miles, and Pittsburg 1,368 square miles. Murray
and Marshall are the smallest, with 450 square
miles each."
POR SOME TIME the interstate commerce""
f m com1mission "as been investigating the
traffic alliances and other business deals of the
Harriman railroads. When the commission ad
journed at Chicago it was announced that tho
investigation would he resumed at New York
when Harriman, William Rockefeller, H. H. Rog
ers, H. C. Frick and James Stillman would bo
nj-?itnesf es- The Associated Press report
sas. The attorneys who are for the govern-
!?iSLn0fnn?C nJ? nvestisation into the man:
SS? hni w G ?ar,rlman lines announced that
they had determined to take steps to prevent
E. H. Harriman, Henry C. Frick and H. H Rog
ers from, leaving the jurisdiction of the nterstate
SrwinTlkl0 IU rder t0 PtSJ
steps will be taken to cause the issuance of
writs of ne exeat, by authority of which" they
will be compelled to remain within the jurisdic
tion of the commission." Duiisuic
AN INTERESTING witness before the inter-"
Q state commerce commission was James H
Z LtrTvT? VllG ChicaW MiTwau:
icee ana bt. Paul railroad. He said thnt h
Union Pacific and Southern Pacific were former v
competitors for Pacific coast business i Mr fflS
Bun exist if all tho railroads in the country were